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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 18 THS IETHMIDGJ HHAID Solurdoy, January 1971 YOUR HOROSCOPE By JEANE DIXON SUNDAY, JAN. Your birthday loday. Read- justment proceeds throughout your coming year in abrupt, often dramauic, and usually very satisfying episodes. Much study, reflection are es- sential between steps. To- day's natives conscientous- ]y concentrate, are enterpris- ing, more truthful than ma- terial advantages require. ARIES (March 21-April Plan on the plainest, economy model of anything, expecting interruption from some unlike- ly source. Share your know-how and hospitality with friends. TAURUS (April 20 May By giving freely and readily of your time and attention this Sunday you help your own peo- ple in a subtle complex man- ner. GEMINI (May 21-Junf Your open ears pick up a hint of a pleasant secret don't let on you've heard since there's more to come. CANCER (Punc 21 July New information tends to upset your conclusions readjust plans where you must. LEO (July 23 Aug. For once you can't talk your way out of an impasse. It's time to Making gasoline Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the World Book Encyclopedia to Colleen Mur- phy, age 11, of Spokane, Washington, for her question: How do they make gasoline? Gasoline was made many millions of years ago, and blended with a large assort- ment of other ingredients. Now- adays, we extract the small percentage of gasoline from the oily mixture called petroleum Some of the other ingredients have large molecules that may be cracked, or broken up to yield more gasoline. Others have small molecules that can be joined together to yield still more gasoline. r Petroleum, or crude oil, was not made by human hands. It is the fossil remains of tiny organisms who thrived in the indent seas, millions of years ago. While they lived, they synthesized a vast assortment of hydrocarbon chemicals from hydrogen and carbon. Their re- mains fossilized underground, utder heat and pressure. The buried petroleum is a complex blend of hydrocarbons, made from molecules of various chapes and sizes. Some have many as 60 atoms. Some are linked in long chains, others are branched and some are rings- Gasoline is a mixture of sev- eral hydrocarbons. Their differ- ent molecules contain from 12 in 20 hydrogen atoms and from six to ten atoms of carbon. The chemicals in this range boil and vaporize near normal tem- peratures. Those in kerosene have higher boiling points. Hea- vier lubricating oils require more heat to vaporize. Groups of similar hydrocarbons can be vaporized at different tempera- tures and fractioned, or sepa- rated from petroleum. This is done in a tall fractioning tower with a furnace that pipes in air as hot as 700 degrees Fah- renheit. Most of the gasoline fraction Is a mixture of hcxane, hep- tane and octane. These c o m- pounds vaporize quickly and rise to the top of the tower. There they are cooled, liquified and piped away. Fractions of kerosene and heavier oils va- porize at higher temperatures. They are piped off at lower levels. Greases and tacky tais collect in the residues of crude oil at the bottom of the tower. Some compounds in the gaso- line fraction jre not suitable for autos. Heptane molecules are straight chains that causa the engine to knock. The best knock hydrocarbon is oc- tane. So the gasoline mixture is processed to increase its, octane rating. In the hydroforming pro- cess, hydrogen is added and the mixture heated with a cat- alyst. This forms straight mole- cules into rings. Other pro- cesses add branches to straight molecules. The alkylation pro- cess molds suitable gasoline molecules from simpler hydro- carbons. Other highly complex pro- cesses are used to improve quality of the gasoline and to increase the yield. But even with all this, not very much of the crude oil ends up as gaso- line. Most of its hydrocarbons are processed for a long list of diversified duties. For example, the benzene is used in making dyes and deter- gents, aspirin and glassy res- ins, synthetic rubber and doz- ens of other items. Ethelene is used in making rayon, dacron, vinyl and explosives. Propylene gives us epoxy glues, plexi- glass, cellophane and more de- tergents. The list of products from petroleum is a long without counting all the differ- ent grades of gasoline. Questions asxefl br chlMion of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box 765, HunUngton Beacli, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1971) put up and do what you've said you'd do. VIRGO (Aug. 23 Sept. Social business provides a shel- ter ar.d cover for much obssr- vation and serious thought. This lengthy (my has more titan a few little surprises. LIBRA (Sept. 23 Oct. Leisure hours produce future d i v i dends if conservatively used. Courtesy eases the way, adds to gracious living. Older people come up with minor happenings. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Familiars of about Ihe same age should form a comfortable social group for some mild storytelling, a little more ac- cent on future plans. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. Follow up on a personal finance project early, get back to weekend pastimes as prompt- ly as possible. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan Fararoey, perhaps an echo of long ago as well, holds a mystical magic in your mind this Sunday as something awa- kens a memory. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 181- Leave business and shop talk out of your Sunday althogether. It's more than your physical self that needs the rest. Home life may be a bit turbulent but winds up quite well tonight. PISCES (Feb. 19-March One of the big questions today is: What do you really want, without reservation or limit? (1972: By The Chicago Tribune) MONDAY, JAN. 10 Your birthday today: The open road upward and on- ward is before you and It's your option how well and how rapidly you fare. This year'i experience is healthy, nor- mal, showing that you get from life what you put into it. Today's natives prefer physical action, go far if taught how to formulate plans. ..ABIES (March 21 April Attend to correspondence, rou- tine formalities; take a count of your supplies. Friends have wildly improbable ideal. TAURUS (April Stay with essentials and prac- tical methods. Be prepared to avoid familiar people or to be very patient about an old, sad story. Seek serenity in medita- tion. GEMINI (May 21-June Everybody in your vocational field has his own bright idea as to what to do, who's to do it, and how. Give them plenty of space. CANCER 21-July The more precise your ar- rangements, the further off they are. Pick up the pieces as plac- idly as possible, go on with what you've got set or can sal- vage. LEO (July 23 Aug. Be- fore selling an idea or making a promise, feview your re- sources to see whether you can deliver. VIRGO (Aug. 23 Sept. Your money gets out of hand as others take you" up on what they think you've promised. Select unerowded, off b e a t times to do things. LIBRA (Sept. 23 Oct. Counting eggs before they hatch differs a little from advanced planning. Keep an eye on your financial arrangements. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. 21V Your week tends to begin a bit stiffly much effort to get a little movement. Brethren get- ting into the works help slow things down. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. It's very easy to scatter energy and waste a lot of Concentrate on keeping those important appointments. CAPRICORN (Dec. a Jin. Simply strive to follow your normal routine. A suffi- cient variety of exceptions, dis- tractions win occur to make, the day like a circus. AQUARIUS (Jan. :o-Feb. There's a stroke of good for- tune in vigorous pursuit of ca- reer. Resourses, at hand, with some changes, can be put to use. PISCES (Feb. It-March Doing things in response to Doing in response to hurry-up calls happens so nat- urally that some of it is liable to stray from real purpose. (1972: By The Chicago Tribune) The Music Box First love is writing By VICTOR STANTON TORONTO (CP) The in- terview with Ritchie Yorke took almost eight hours. It began over cups o[ tea in the mid-town turn-of-the-cen- tury home Hitchie shares with his wife Annette, baby daugh- ter Samantha and two Peking- ese dogs. It ended at a reception for the opening of a new record- ing studio, with National Film Board of Canada camera and microphone recording the last moments of the interview for possible use in a television documentary on rock music. In the interim, conversation with the Australian-born jour- nalist and rock-music author- ity was carried on in taxis to and from his home; in a CBC studio, and in a downtown parking lot in between shots for the NFB film. Since emigrating to Canada in 1967, Yorke has been writ- ing about Canadian musicians and their music as rock col- umnist for two Toronto daily newspapers; syndicated col- umnist for more than 30 other newspapers in North America and abroad; Canadian editor for the international music magazine, Billboard; regular contributor to such trade pub- GOREN ON BRIDGE BY CHARLES H. COREN What do you bid now? [e V71: Tit CIIUH TrthpMl WEEKLY BRIDGE QUIZ q. South vulnerable, you hold: A V10 8 6 4 3 0 AQ10 4AK10 The bidding has proceeded: Sooth West North East 1 <3 Pasi 3 V Pasi Q. s East-West vulnerable, as South you hold: What do you bid now? Q. South vulnerable, liter your right hand op- ponent opens with one spade, you hold: AKt VA952 OAQ7AAJHI Whit action do you lake? q vulnerable, is South you hold: AAiim otm The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 0 Pass I A 2 W Pasi Pail What do you bid now? Q. vulnerable, as South you hold: AKQIS3 <7A8S 063 S I The bidding has proceeded: South West North Kut 1 Tun 1 0 PDI 1 PlH 4 Ptll, t The bidding has proceeded: Nerth East South West Paal Pasf I 4 Pass 2