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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 10 - THI LETHBAID6I HMAID - Friday, January 8, 1971 AGR0-OUT1.00K By STEVE BAREHAM rT,HE Alberta Hail and Crop Insurance Corporation will try a new scheme this year that rewards subscribers with no claims and penalizes those with too many. Board members of the corporation feel not all crop losses are due to nature, and an insurance program must also contend with the spread in farmer management abilities. Directly, If a farmer suffers frequent crop losses due to weather, then he could either change his crop program or handle it in a different way. Now, according to the hail corporation, claim-free operators are subsidizing the others and may be contemplating dropping their policies. Southern Alberta farmers do not appear to be the worst offenders, with the least number of claims coming from this part of the province. Conversely, the Peace River country in recent years has suffered terrible seeding and harvesting weather, so the insurance payout has been greater. The area reporting extremely high claims is central Alberta. A recent statement from the Alberta Hail and Crop Insurance Corporation said that since the inception of crop insurance in 1965, payment has exceeded premium by a small margin. If the federal share of the program were excluded, then the deficit would be about one third greater than the premiums paid by farmers. Under the new ruling, a policy holder who has received! loss payments for three consecutive years, will have his coverage reduced according to the amount of loss payment. Where a loss payment is less than a premium paid, no reduction will be made. Where the loss payment is equal to or up to three times the premium, the reduction will be 10 per cent; from three to six times, 20 per cent. For losses over six times the value of the premium, the reduction will be 30 per cent. The plan will cover a moving six-year period, so any payments for three of these six years or less means his coverage will be adjusted. When the operator has had less than three years of loss in six, he reverts back to basic coverage. Tlte corporation will continue the good-experience discount. For this year, loss-free farmers will benefit from a discount of up to 25 per cent. Basic premium ami coverage rates will remain unchanged for 1971. One exception will be the Vulcan-Warner district that will experience premium increases for most crops. Corn market excellent First year trials successful By Ralph M. Trimmer, P. Ag., Regional Plant Industry Supervisor, Alberta Department of Agriculture, Approximately 2,500 acres of grain corn were produced under irrigation in southern Alberta in 1970. About 400 acres was grown by a group of farmers in the Bow Island - Medicine Hat area. This was a pilot project under the auspices of the Alberta Corn Committee. The project was intended to demons t r a t e the potential of this crop. The balance was contracted with growers by the Federal Grain Company Ltd. It was an excellent corn growing year. Average temperatures during the growing season were higher than normal, resulting in good heat unit accumulation. Yields varied, with the highest reported being around 100 bushels per acre. The average yield would probably be approximately 50 bushels per acre. Canada western grades ranged from No. 1 to No. 3. Harvesting requires "corn heads that are attached to ordinary combines. Also drying facilities must be available. This special equipment was supplied to the growers on a rental or custom basis. Corn can be harvested with moisture as high as 30-35 per cent and then artificially dried to around 14.5 per cent. In 1970 the crop matured very well in the field requiring a moisture reduction, by drying, of only 4 or 5 per cent in some cases. There arc indications that there is a good potential market for Alberta corn. Market outlets in western Canada are expressing an increasing interest in using the Alberta product. The major users are feed manufacturers, and distillers. For example statistics show that approximately 1,136,000 bushels were brought into the three Prairie provinces in 1969. B.C. is also a large user. The use of corn varies from year to year depending on price and other factors. The Bow Island pilot project growers have already sold several carlots to feed mills in B.C. Quality appears to be as good as far as these major outlets are concerned. The corn committee intends to gather additional in-formation regarding market possibilities. The Alberta Corn Committte was organized early in 1970. In addition to generally promoting the production of grain corn, a major function is to facilitate the testing of corn hybrids in Alberta. Both silage and grain trials are carried on. Assessments are made on the basis of yield and earliness for each of the hybrids tested. This testing program Indicates the early, high producing hybrids suitable for Alberta and is one of the main factors in helping to establish a corn industry here. Grain yields up to 150 bushels per acre were obtained in the trial plots. Hybrids are also rated according to their heat unit requirements. This in turn al lows them to be classified by earliness relative to different districts. In 1971 it is planned to establish trials at four different sites, one of which will be in the Brooks area in co-operation with the Provincial Horticultural Station. The Lethbridge Research Station also conduct trials pertaining to cultural practices. Research was done on date and depth of seeding, plant population studies, row width, fertilizers, and weed control. Mainly the trials are carried out under irrigation, but some testing under dry land conditions has been started. The corn committee is also attempting to assemble information regarding the economic aspects of grain corn production. Some growers kept records during the 1970 season for this purpose. These records will be analyzed and it is intended that meaningful data relative to costs of production, returns to growers, and other economic factors will result. It is expected that corn acreage will increase in 1971. Also that yields of grain will in* prove. Continued testing of hy. brids, increasing expertise resulting from research, and expanding markets all indicate that a viable corn industry is possible in Alberta. The corn committee has prepared a leaflet showing the "heat units available for corn production in Alberta" and "corn hybrids recommended for Alberta." This publication will be up dated and reprinted for 1971, and will soon be available from district agriculturists. j8� ttfflOM Q UTHBRIDGE RESEARCH 1971 grasshopper forecast DR. D. S. SMITH Entomologist .. All Indications point to increased numbers of grasshoppers in Alberta this coming spring. The low point of the population appears to have passed. If the summer weather this year is similar to that of 1970, we can expect to move into a period of increasing numbers. The warm dry weather of June, July, and August in 1970 resulted in a high survival of young 'hoppers, so that, despite a late hatch and no appreciable damage, the fall population was considerably larger than that in 1969. The principal species is still the two-striped grasshopper but the disturbing thing is the appearance almost everywhere within the grasshopper area of clear - winged grasshoppers, which have been almost absent for the last several years. This species has the capability of increasing rapidly and must be watched carefully. Their numbers are still small, although they caused some damage and required control in a few fields between Ponoka and Edmonton. The main area of infestation is centred, as last year, to the northwest of Lethbridge but it is larger and contains a denser population. The border of this area runs northward from Lethbridge through Vauxhall to the Bow River, then southwards through Vulcan and Claresholm to Fort Macleod. Finger-like extensions of the area extend west to Pincher Creek and south to Raymond. In addition, there are several small spots of "light" infestation, each two to four townships in extent, around the periphery of the grasshopper region. In all there are 3,600 square miles in the "light" category and 550 square miles in "moderate." This is an increase of about 2V2 times the area in 1970. It will be important to watch closely in late May or early June for the young 'hoppers as they hatch along roadsides and to use control measures where the 'hoppers are present in large numbers. Effective control while the 'hoppers are small and before they spread into the fields could slow down the build-up of the anticipated outbreak cycle. For the first time since grasshopper forecasting was begun, the fieldmen from the various agricultural service boards involved have gathered and supplied most of the data on which this forecast is based. We are most grateful for their co-operation. Ideal conditions may not guarantee germination Give your seeds water, warmth and fresh air and they will germinate. At least they should, says J. D. McElgunn of the Canada Agricultural Research Station at Swift Current. That's the general rule, but there are exceptions. Strange as it may seem, there are seeds which just won't germinate easily even when they are nurtured with the best of care. Coming agricultural events January 10 - Lethbridge-CFCN-TV - Canadian wheat board in world trade. January 12 - Bow Island - Grain Corn Meeting January 13 - Taber - Horticulture-House Plants, Bulbs, etc. January 13 - Claresholm - Mgt. for higher beef production January 13 - Nanton - Mgt. for higher beef production January 14 - Vulcan - Beef cow short course January 14 - Medicine Hat - Mgt. for higher beef production January 15 - Milk River - Mgt. for higher Leef production January 15-16 - Regina - Palliser Wheat Growers Annual meeting January 17-27 - Banff Farm Leadership Techniques Short Course January 19 - Bow Island - Potato Day-storage and ventilation January 19-22 - Pincher Creek - Artificial Insemination school January 20 - Etzikom - Weed Control meeting January 21-22 - Edmonton - Western Hog Growers Association Convention January 27 - Lethbridge - Regional Agricultural Service Board Conference January 29 - Calgary - Agricultural Outlook Conference and Agricultural Industry Development February 1 - Lomond - Agricultural and Homemaking Short Course February 1-3 - Banff - Western Stock Growers Convention February 2 - Vulcan - Agricultural and Homemaking Short Course February 3 - Arrowwood - Agricultural and Homemaking Short Course February 8-9 - Calgary - Meat Packers Council of Canada Annual Meeting CALGARY AL BERTA GRASSHOPPER FOBEC�ST 197 t LEGEND | | NORMAL EJiH^i MODERATE 3 LIGHT CANADA AGRICULTURE RESEARCH STATION. LETHBRIDGE. ALTA. They are dormant and this dormancy can relate to any number of reasons. It might be because of chemical inhibitors, rudimentary embryos, dormant embryos, or, as is most often the case in legume seeds, the exterior seed coating" may pre vent the entry of water. Seeds in the latter group are "hard seeds". "A legume's seed coat is very hard and thick, and often covered by a wax-like layer which keeps moisture out," says J. D McElgunn. Any treatment that will change the seed coat so that moisture can enter - yet not damage the embryo - can be used to overcome the problem. To break dormancy scientists have used scarification (mechanical rubbing or scraping) chemical treatments and, more recently, far red light and ultrasonic energy. Seed dormancy is broken in the soil by chemicals, soil micro-organisms and by freezing and thaw ing. "The agricultural value o. hard seeds is not precisely known in that it is dependent on pre- and post-germination factors," observes Mr. McElgunn. "Germination is spread over a longer period because of the hard seed and this may or may not enhance the chances of a successful stand." Better gains from roasted com Roasted shelled corn produces better gains than high moisture, refrigerated or dried corn. Roasted corn is also the most efficient feed, says Iowa State University nutritionist R. L. Vetter, reporting recent feeding trials which compared the three types of corn. They were fed, without grinding, to yearling steers on a low-roughage, high-concentrate ration. Cattle fed roasted com were 12 per cent more efficient in gains than those on dried corn. Feed costs per pound of gain were 16.1 cents for the dried corn and 14.7 cents for the roasted corn. A soybean coker was used to roast the corn. In the process corn was heated to 300 d e g r e e s F. The roasted corn had a pleasant odor with an oily, puffed and slightly car-mcli/oti appearance, reports Vetter. Tom Rogers wins third NOBLEFORD (Special) - A member of the Barons - Noble 4-11 Garden-Grain Club, Tom Rogers, earned third place with his entry of Chinook wheat at toe Royal Winter Fair. Woofoa SATURDAY SAVE 11.98 3-PIECE LUGGAGE SETS Completely reinforced with fibreglas. Blue or Green. Reg. Woolco Price 39.86. SALE 27.88 WOOLCO PHARMACY OPERATED BY JACK AUSTIN PHARMACY (ALTA.) LTD. A Division of the Dominion Citrus Company Limited AQUAMARINE SHAMPOO For normal, oily, dry or color-treated hair. 22 ounce bottle. Reg. Weslce Price 1.99. SALE 1.39 SAVE 4.31 VIEW MASTER STEREO PICTURE PRESENTATION A step into the Universe. Reg. Woolco �k AA Price 10.97. SALE Q.OO HOCKEY STICKS North Star pro and North Star �p�� cial, A special clearance. 1.47 SAVE 20.97 SKI SETS Professional deluxe skis, polyr'on sol . interlocking steel edges, and ABS heel protectors. 25-piece lamination construe tion. Complete with thunder step-in safety bindings and safety straps. Black with White. Sires 175, 185, 195 and 205 cm. Reg. Woolco Price 59.97. SPECIAL $39 f FUN SAUCERS Air cushioned ride. Rugged construction, safe protective handles. 4.27 FROM THE PAINT DEPT. *j Mosette Sets 1 Decorate-by-number using crushed marble ��p stones, jewels, colored glass, glitter and braid, tfi Everything you need to make a beautiful W wall plaque. Frame included. f 9.871 t �4f89IKi fff&SlK* tyflSdlK* t/HSdlK* yfl&dlKj� Reg. Woolco Price 14.87. SALE INDOOR BULBS Includes varieties of Hyacinths and Amaryllis. A great indoor hobby for gardening enthusiasts. Reg. Woolco Price .59 and 1.79 SALE .43 T� 1.36 FINE CHINA MUGS Stack style. Set of four. Assorted patterns. Reg. Woolco Price 2.99. SALE 2.36 SAVE .91 to 2.51 LADIES' PANTY HOSE CLEARANCE large assortment of styles. Reg. Woolco Price 1.17 to 1.97 SALE 2 1.43 SAVE $2 - LADIES' PRINTED SILK SCARVES Geometric designs. Assorted styles. Reg. Woolco Price $1. SALE j for 3 for 51 SAVE $2 SAMSON DOMINION KETTLES Stainless steel, sturdy construction. 2 quort capacity. Automatic shut-off if kettle boils dry. Black handle. Reg. Woolco Price 7.99. SALE 5.99 SAVE 2.94 to $5 MEN'S DRESS SHIRTS Permanent press. Long sleeve style; button or trench cuffs, long point or spread collars. Assorted colors. Sizes 14'/i to 16'/2. Reg. Woolco Price 5.97 to $7 SALE 4.59 or 2 'or $9 SAVE .89 to 1.20 MEN'S SPORT SHIRTS Permanent press. Long sleeve style. Choose from checks, stripes and plain colors. Sizes S,M,L. Reg. Woolco Price 3.66 to 3.97. SALE SAVE .75 2.77 LADIES' FUR-CUFFED BEDROOM SLIPPERS White, Blue, Pink. Sizes S to 10. Reg. Woolco Price 2.97 to 3.97 SALE 2.223.22 SAVE 1.58 to 4.20 LADIES' WINTER BOOT CLEARANCE leather or rubber. Some with side zipper or buckle. Sizes 5 to 8. Reg. Woolco Price 7.88 to 20.97 6.30 16.77 SALE SAVE 3.22 INFANTS' SIMULATED SEALSKIN BOOT CLEARANCE Drawstring front. Sizes 8 to 12. Reg. Woolco Price 5.88. SALE s 8 to 12. f� 2.661 Saturday 10 a.m. Special ^ Saturday 2 p.m. Special & (ONE HOUR ONLY) (ONE HOUR ONLY) LADIES' NYLON SKI JACKETS Pile lined. Brown, Green, Blue. Sizes S.M.L Reg. Woolco Price 14.43. SALE S10 DINNERWARE SETS 20-piece starter set includes 4 plates, 4 bowls, 4 bread and butter plates, 4 cups and saucers. Reg. Woolco Price 8.88. SALE $5 oilggyiv* esiig^p/* �n*1�3J�v* e^^jjs* Open Monday and Tuesday 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Wednesday 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.) _Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.; Saturday 9 a,m. t0 e p,m. College Shopping Mall 2025 Mayor Magrath Drive ;