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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta SNOW Forecast high Saturday 10 , The Lethbridge Herald ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIV - No. 23 "LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 8, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS - 22 PAGES BRITISH AMBASSADOR KIDNAPPED - Geoffrey Jackson, British omboisador to Uruguay since leaving his post as senior trade commissioner to Toronto in 1969, was kidnapped Friday morning in Montevideo, Uruguay by Tupamaro urban guerrillas. France pushes development of H-bomb By DAVID LAULICHT PARIS (Reuter) - France has decided to push ahead with rapid development of an H-bomb system expected to be operational within five years, official sources said Thursday. The decision means postponing the longer task of developing multiple-warhead missiles (MIRVs) until after 1975, It was made by President Georges Pompidou after discussion with Defence Minister Michel Debre follow-ming French hydrogen-bomb tests in the Pacific last year, the sources said. The choice was based on Pompidou's judgment that the situation in the Middle East and other areas contains serious risks of broader conflict, they said. He also took into consideration the continuing Soviet-American arms race and the lack of any concrete sign that a disarmament agreement is near, the sources added. Pompidou was also said to have decided it is time to stop cutting the relative place of the military budget in national spending and if necessary to allow a slight rise in its share of the budget in coming years. Rough but ready The result of the decision is that France's thermonuclear strike system is expected to be more primitive than those of the super-powers but operational sooner that it would otherwise .have been. The only operational part of France's nuclear strike force at present consists of more than SO Mirage-IV bombers carrying atomic bombs. These were originally expected to be phased out in the 1970s but sources said Thursday they now would be retained until 1980. Priority in the coming years will go to developing a fleet of five nuclear-powered submarines, to be equipped with Polaris-type missiles. France now has one nuclear sub in service. Work will go ahead on lengthening the range of existing types of French missiles and on equipping nuclear submarines with missiles with hydrogen warheads. France's land-based missiles, which are not yet operational, are designed to have a range of 1,240 to 1,550 miles. But Debre has advocated efforts to lengthen the range, and French experts believed this can be done in a relatively short time. Pompidou faced the choice of strategies after last year's hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific resolved basic technical problems and left the questions of technological and industrial development, sources said. France has been conducting atomic tests since I960, first in the Algerian Sahara and since 1966 at atolls in French Polynesia. Its first thermonuclear explosion was at Fangatufa Atoll in August, 1968. Alter the hydrogen tests last summer, Debre told reporters France lias the scientific and technical knowledge and "military applications are now within our reach." Observers believe the main problems remaining concern miniaturization, and tests this summer are expected to concentrate on resolving them. The 1971-75 French military budget of about $17 billion contains just over $5.5 billion for nuclear weapons. Leftists snatch envoy MONTEVIDEO (Reuter) -The British ambassador to Uruguay, Geoffrey Jackson, was kidnapped by left-wing guerrillas here today as he was being driven to the embassy. Four of the guerrillas, members of the extremist Tupamaro urban group, battered Jackson's guards with clubs before escaping with the ambassador in his car. The drivers of the ambassador's car and an escort car and a bodyguard were injured. The boyish-looking soft-spoken ambassador, who is 55, joins a Brazilian diplomat and a United States agronomist-Aloysio Dias Gomide and Claude Fly-as prisoners cf the Tupamaros. A U.S. security adviser, Daniel A. Mitrione, was murdered by the guerrillas Aug; 9 when the government refused to release more than 150 jailed Tupamaros. The guerrillas are expected to use Jackson as an extra bargaining point for the release of the 150. CARS COLLIDED He was being driven through central Montevideo when the attack came. First reports said his car and an escort car were stopped when a vehicle belonging to the guerrillas collided with the British vehicles. After a scuffle with Jackson's guards, the guerrillas drove Jackson off in his embassy car, police said. The vehicle was found about two miles away. Gas bills to in southern Canadian Western Natural Gas Co. Ltd. was granted a temporary order Thursday enabling it to increase gas bills by 13 per cent, effective Feb. 1, to 130,000 southern Alberta residents. The order, announced at a Public Utilities Board hearing in Calgary, provides that part of the increase will be refunded by Canadian Western if the board -- turns down the applica- increase pJolymer dumps AlDGrt3 shares '/ see the January sales have started!' Kidnapped man found dead PEREIRA, Colombia (AP) -A millionaire coffee planter and exporter kidnapped Dec. 27 was found dead in a ditch Thursday. His kidnappers had asked $250,000 ransom for the freedom of the planter, Jose TrujiUo Ca-david. Authorities said they have five of the kidnappers in custody. Wardair to fight flight ban edict OTTAWA (CP) - The Canadian transport commission has ordered Wardair Canada Ltd. of Edmonton to cease booking international charter flights to anywhere except the continental United States effective Feb. 15. The commission order, filed Tuesday, says Wardair has failed to show it can maintain enough funds in trust to cover the value of charter contracts. Wardair is a non-scheduled airline. The order only affects flights originating in Canada. The order says the only way Wardair can charter future international flights outside the prescribed limits is to "file and maintain in good standing an agreement of guarantee or a performance bond acceptable to the committee which secures prepayments on such charter flight contracts.. . ." The committee also reserves the right of approval on each charter application made by Wardair for flights outside the U.S. and Alaska. However, charter flights approved for departure up to Feb. 15 may be completed by War-Tire company workers urged to take cut TORONTO (CP) - Dunlop Canada Ltd., which less than six months ago closed its Toronto rubber products plant, throwing more than 600 out of work, has asked 700 employees at its Whitby, Ont., tire plant to accept a 10-per-cent wage cut. Published reports quoted unidentified sources as saying the company may close out operations at the plant, 29 miles east of here, unless the pay cut is accepted. dair, including return flights scheduled later than Feb. 15. In Edmonton,; Maxwell Ward, president of Wardair, said his company will appeal the commission order, asking the transport minister to reverse it. "We believe the Canadian transport commission has exceeded its authority in this action," he said in an interview. He declined to elaborate. Mr. Ward said the airline has no immediate plans to announce the cancellation o f charters planned for outside the continental United States after Feb. 15. tion or allows only part of it. FIRST SINCE 1959 When the company said it would apply for an increase last summer, it indicated it wanted to implement the price increase Feb. 1. Intervenors at the hearings, however, requested tend received delays in the inquiry to force the board to approve a temporary increase. Canadian Western, supplying 91 communities including Lethbridge and Calgary, is seeking its first rate adjustment since 1959 that would raise the average residential bill $13.92 per year. The hearings are expected to adjourn today with the board sitting again Feb. 2 to hear further evidence from the City of Calgary, opposing the application. LETHBRIDGE BRIEF The City of Lethbridge told the board Thursday that an increase in rates to consumers would add to inflation. Appearing for the city, Aid. Rex Little told the board the original 13 per cent rate increase proposed by the company would snowball to about 20 per cent in Lethbridge and district when counting higher municipal utility charges that will be borne by taxpayers. Increases to industrial consumers would be passed along and eventually paid for mostly by farmers, said the brief. The Lethbridge', brief added that "to impose an additional burden on the farmer at this time is to see the demise of the farm as we have known it in southern Alberta. Further, it shall mean the destruction of many small towns and villages of the region, the backbone of our democratic heritage." Under cross - examination, Mr. LRtle said he could not support technical evidence in the brief which dealt with the company's financial position and structure. He also conceded the company might need an increase because costs have risen since the rate was last changed in 1959. (HOSTAGES HELD AT PRISON - Picture shows yard of Kingston Penitentiary with arrow indicating the building that houses the industrial woodworking shop where two convicts are holding three prison officials. Armed prisoners hold hostages^ KINGSTON, Ont. (CP) - A federal official began negotiations today with two Kingston penitentiary prisoners who have held three prison officials hostage in a workshop since about 4 p.m. Thursday. Assistant Warden Edgar Bab-cock said John Maloney, regional director of federal peni-tentiaries, had entered the workshop and that some indication of the prisoners' demands might be forthcoming shortly. Mr. Babcock said Warden Arthur Jarvis had not yet authorized release to the press of the Itfs not your imagination -sun, clock out of whack OTTAWA (CP) - Have you noticed that while it stays lighter later in the afternoon these days the sun seems to be rising no earlier in the morning? It's not your imagination. Not only are the days getting longer but, for a while, more extra minutes of daylight are occurring in the afternoon than in the morning. For example, from Jan. 1 until Jan. 8 the sun rose at the same time each day- 7:43 a.m. here-but it set a minute later each day. This is an annual occurrence which involves a variation of slightly more than 30 minutes over a year between the clock and sun time. Two main factors-cause it. One is that the eliptical. rather than circular, orbit of the earth round the sun causes a variation in the relative apeed of the two bodies. At the same time, the sun as seen from a given point on the equator varies in position, changing between points north and south of the equator. EQUATION OF TIME The net effect of these factors throws the clock time and sun time out of whack. To correct the clocks so that over a year they conform to the sun, scientists have worked out the equation of time. Through the equation, the difference between clock and sun time can be calculated. It is the basis of the sunrise and sunset tables found in almanacs. The equation enables clocks to be geared so that while running at uniform rates they will compensate for the differences with sun time. At the points of greatest variation, clock time in February is 14.3 minutes behind sun time, and in November is 16.4 minutes ahead of sun time. People from time to time become aware of the clock and sun time differences. So the time men at the National Research Council, which now is responsible for Dominion observatories and the "official" time, have worked out diagrams to help scientists answer questions. "You will soon see a distinct difference in the sunrise time," said Dr. Peter Millman who heads NRC's upper atmosphere research. Slash prices SYDNEY, Australia (Reuter) - Two of Australia's major foodstore chains announced Friday nationwide price cuts on about 4,000 items which could mean a 10-per-cent drop in most family food bills. Medics take stand on sterilization OTTAWA (CP) - The Canadian Medical Association is informing doctors that they run no greater danger of legal action for performing sexual sterilizations than from any other surgical procedure. Main impact of the association's action is expected to be with respect to vasectomy, the simple surgical procedure of male sterilization. Tubal ligation, the method of female sterilization, is regarded as a more hazardous procedure than vasectomy, which can be safely performed in a doctor's office. The medical association is making its first pronouncement on the legality of sterilization in the current issue of its Journal. It results from the action of the general council last June which voted to endorse surgical sterilization as ethical under particular circumstances. The statement says changes in the Criminal Code are not needed. Medical groups have in the past raised the possibility of criminal action against doctor* for doing sterilization operations. EFFECT NOT INSTANT At Lhe same time, the association cautions that vasectomy does not necessarily produce instant sterility. Men who undergo it should be told in writing to continue normal contraceptive measures for three months and should be checked at intervals in that period to determine the effectiveness of the operation. Doctors are cautioned that they should obtain the written consent of the patient to the op- eration after clearly explaining its effect to both husband and wife. The spouse also should be asked to sign a form agreeing that the explanation has been given and approving the operation. The association says many doctors wrongly assume that only hospitals are responsible for getting signed consent-to-op-erate forms. "A hospital does not treat or operate on a patient; the physician does," says the statement. prisoners' names, although the hostages have been identified. Mr. Babcock said earlier he believed one of the prisoners was serving a life sentence for non-capital murder and the other a lesser term for armed robbery.The prisoners were believed armed with a knife or knives. Earl Button, a penitentiary supervisor, identified the hostages as C. E. Turner, a senior correctional officer, and two instructors in cabinet making, L. D. Bramley and Allen Marsden. Officials said the hostages were held in a carpentry shop and that there were plenty of weapons available in the form of tools. "We're quite sure they have knives," one official said. The first request made by the prisoners was for breakfast. Prison officials indicated the request had been refused. Officials said any major demands would have to be referred to the commissioner of federal penitentiaries in Ottawa. Canada Trust cuts rates LONDON, Ont. (CP) - The Canada Trust Huron- and Erie companies announced today a reduction to 9% per cent for residential mortgages. The rates for conventional home mortgages and National Housing Act mortgages had been 10 per cent. The rate for conventional loans for dwellings with more than four family units had been WA per cent. The companies reduced the prime mortgage rate for commercial and industrial property to lO'A from 10% and the rate for other than prime loans went to 10% from 11 percent. The Royal Bank of Canada cut its residential mortgage rate Thursday by one half per cent to 9'i for NHA-sponsored loans and by one quarter per cent to 93/j for conventional mortgages. REDUCES RATES TORONTO (CP) - The Toronto Dominion Bank announced today it is reducing its rate for National Housing Act mortgages to 9V4 per cent and the rate for conventional mortgages to 9% per cent. The new rates match those announced Thursday by the Royal Bank of Canada. Other major banks have said rates are under review. KARACHI (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau said today Polymer, the Canadian Crown corporation, now is divesting itself of its 5.6-per-eent interest in Sentrachem Limited, the South African company which owns the synthetic rubber company limited of South Africa. He made the announcement at a news conference here while en-route to the Commonwealth prime ministers conference in Singapore at which projected British arms aid to South Africa will be a major issue. Trudeau said the government decision that Polymer, based at. Sarnia, Ont., should divest itself of the South African holdings is being carried out gradually. Polymer could not dump all its shares at once or it would lose money, Trudeau said. Trudeau also said he will  have a meeting with British Prime Minister Heath in New Delhi Monday at Heath's invitation. He said he lias no particular development to discuss with Heath. He did not know what Heath's final position would be on the arms issue but that Heath is willing to listen to all arguments at Singapore. HEADS FOR INDIA Trudeau flew here from Rawalpindi and moves on to India Saturday for a three-day visit and talks with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi Tuesday. Trudeau said he has no reason to believe India is preparing to make an atomic bomb. Canada had reason to believe the contrary, in fact. He was replying to a question about concern by Pakistan that India might use its Canadian nuclear reactor to advance nuclear armaments. Tnifrvui said Canada has no in' this regard and does no? faiow vhe basis. ?i Pakistan's concern. Canada was firmly applying international safeguards that the reactor could be used for peaceful purposes only. FEAR TROUBLE RAWALPINDI (CP-AP) - While Pakistan's military government braced against the threat of more anti-British demonstrations, Prime Minister Heath arrived today to discuss arms sales to South Africa and other subjects with Pakistani officials before next week's Commonwealth conference in Singapore. The government warned demonstrators-mostly students protesting against a book published in Britain which they said defamed the Prophet Mohammed -of its "determination to take adequate steps" to maintain the security of diplomatic personnel. Boost quota for rapeseed WINNIPEG (CP) - A general increase to 12 from eight bushels per quota acre for rapeseed has been announced by the Canadian wheat board. The four - bushel increase, which went into effect Wednesday, applies to all delivery points within the wheat board's designated area and permits producers to deliver an additional quantity of about 20 million bushels of rapeseed. Producers deliveries of rape-seed totalling 29 million bushels from Aug. 1 to Dec. 30, 1970, are more than the double the amount delivered during the same period last year. Seen ond heard About town JTOSPITAL patient Vedtf Bcnniort and wife Audrey wondering to what George Brncliet attributes his longevity, getting the answer fiY>m fellow room-mate Henry Folsoni: "He owes it to not dying" . . . Chef Cal Post slicing his finger instead of beef for stew, not once, but three times . . . Linda Coyle and Diane B u z u n 1 g playing favorites w i t h husbands Randy and Ted in a recent Monopoly game only to be beaten by their hubbies. ;