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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1921, Lethbridge, Alberta TOW TW IUTLY HERALD SATURDAY. JANUARY 8, 1921 REPORT FOR 1920 By G. R. Marnoeh, President, Lethbridge Board of Tnufo, and Chalnnan, Irrigation Development Association. t THE FIRST SUCTION OF PRESIDENT M-ARNOCITS ANNUAL KKPOItT APPEARED IN THE OF FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31ST, UNDER THE TITLE "THE OLD YEARS AND THE NEW YEARS." THIS IS TEE, MCOND AND CONCLUDING SECTION. THE REPORT. WILL COME BEFORE THE ANNUAL GENERAL VESTING OF TBS BOARD OF TRADE ON MONDAY, JANUARY Part II. General Business BANK CLEARINGS. The Bank Clearings as registered week by week by the eight chartered banks during business in Lethbridge give a good index to the state of business generally. The iignres for the past seven years are as follows: 19H 1917 .1915 1918 1916 1919 COAL PnoDcpTiOK. The coal mines, some of which are almost within the city limits, have produced record quantities of the excellent doines coal for which Lethbridge continues to extend its reputa- tion. Lethbridge coals are the best that Western Canada pro- duces for household use, and Winnipeg citizens ire increasing their orders year by Several of the mines improved their equipment for sorting the coal as it comes from the mine, and the imaller of are now so completely cleaned that they are made available for use at cheap The pro- duction from thone mines within a radius of thirty miles from .Lcthbridge was increased this yew to over tons. Tho from this industry to the business of the city are very great. The Lethbridgt wholesale houses derive considerable business from the great coal mining centred through the adja- cent Crow's Nest Pass, where very high grade coal for indus- trial and railway purposes is mined. The production from these mind will run to about tons for the year 1920. WHOUSALK AND RWAIL BUSINESS. Wholesale business in all lines has been very brisk through- cut the year. The large grocery, fruit, and hardware ware- houses have turned over a big volume of business both with the towns in the farming districts, and with the coal mining centres jdtfhg the Crow's Nest Pass for which Lethbridge is the dis- tributing centre. Automobile sales from the many well equipped garages were heavy, particularly during the early part of the season. It was mentioned in the Annual Report for 1919 that there was a good opening for a wholesale house distributing boots and shoes from Lethbridge; such a ware- home was established during the year, and good business is reported to have resulted. The largest agricultural implement wholesale warehouse in Alberta is located in Lethbridge, and all the distributors of farm machinery have had alarge turn- size. One of the eight chartered banks having branches in Lethbridge has under construction now a handsome new office Several new residences-have been built during llic building, ACCOMMODATION. The existing hotel accommodation continues to to the limit, even although it has been extended somewhat dur- iug 1920. There is ample business for another good hotel. i Jtoum The two floor mills in Lethbridge have dona t good year's business, although their .foreign export'trade across the Pacific has been interfered with owing to the money exchange situation. MACASOKI MANTJFACTUIIE. The Columbia Macaroni Factory continues to extend the large business in this product that they have established in Lethbridge. CKBAMBMBS. The two creameries in Lethbridge, and the creamery at Csrdston, hare done excellent business throughout tite year. IBON WORKS ANB MACHINI SHOPS. The foundries and iron works and machine shops have all been fully employed throughout the year; the class of work now turned out compares most favourably with what was form- erly brought in from distant places, and there is very little jn the way of repair parts for farm machinery and for use in the. coal mines that cannot be quickly and efficiently supplied from Lethbridge. PBOSPIOTB JOR GAS, OIL, AKD IRON ORB. Efforts continue to be made to extend the available supply ft natural gas, but the results have been only partially encourag- ing. The existing gas wells show some signs of exhaustion; some of the manufacturing plants that have been using gas are somewhat more of the mind that they would have done .well to have considered more closely the advantages that an almost unlimited supply of coal, such as is available around Lethbridge, held out to them. There have been no develop- ments in the direction of investigating possibilities of gas pro- duction from the less used grades of coal that .could be put to .nee; but these are undoubtedly well worth looking into. Canada holds one-sixth of the known coal supplies of the world, and .there is 86% of that in the Province of Alberta, most of it, and certainly the highest grades, being in the south-western corner of the- Province, in which. Lethbridgs is situated. Prospecting for oil still' continues south-westwards and south-eastwards from Lethbridge, but yet no oil has been found. It i; interesting to note the fact that the investigations of Prof. Allan of the University of Alberta indicate possibilities ,pf the presence of iron ere at Burmis in the Crow's Nest Pass, just 80 miles west of Lethbridge. Fin IHSCBAJTSS. With the increased costs of all building material and labour, as well as of all merchandise, it has been incumbent upon everybody to reconsider the amounts carried upon lire insurance policies. At one of the Board of Trade meetings E. A. Lilley, of the Lilley Adjustment Agency, was good enough to address the members on this subject. Fire Insurance companies have not evinced any approach .towards reducing premium rates as an inducement in this direction, although it is quite rightly pointed out that they benefit by the increased premiums that fall to bo paid, while their standing charges for staff and office expenses have not increased in anything like the ratio of the increases of premiums that fall to be paid by those who have been wise enough to increase the insurance carried. .POST OFFICE SEUVICES, During the year an inspector of post offices with his staff .were established in Lethbridge. Early in 1920 it is expected that several additional rural routes giving service to adjacent towns and farms will lie established, but there seems to be some difficulty in inducing contractors for such work to take up the duties. SKHVICES. Owing to the increasing use, particularly of long distance telephone service between cities, towns and farms in tliis dis- trict, a re-division of areas has been made whereby Lethbridge headquarters fov wide territory. The staff in Leth- bridge has been considerably increased to cope with this work. NEW BDILDINOS. facilities for conducting the increasing miriness of tile Telephone Department, both for local and long distance having outgrown the available accommodation, the and plant have been increased to double the previous Mar. Apr. June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. 0..5 0.15 ,.....11.27 S.M 5.95 0.69 0.84 0.02 0.43 O.S9 O.SS 1.12 1JM 3.21 ISO 0.18 0.58 0.70 1.W 0.74 0.41 O.BS 2.M 1.13 1.10 2.M O.M 1.44 1.19 1.99 C.6S 0.80 0.03 1.36 0.35 0.25 0.54 1.30 2.J1 0.83 4.70 0.16 1.93 0.81 0.88 0.84 1.03 1.H 3.M 1.43 2.30 3.24 0.05 0.14 0.33 1.10 0.87 S.78 7.84 0.41 0.89 0.73 1.16 0.35 0.37 1.51 4.27 O.t2 1.M 0.21 0.49 0.40 0.53 0.54 0.17 0.28 0.79 0.53 0.09 1.07 2.01 0.59 0.41 0.94 0.33 0.82 1.90 4.71 2.27 3.03 4.16) 0.57 0.95 0.77 Government regarding the necessity for their action in helping lo push forward ail of the irrigation projects to completion. Some remarks on the financing of these irrigation project will bo found in the first section of this Eeport. y 28.05 14.SJ fl.40 1J.5S J2.48 15.50 18.77 11.69 7.95 21.32 Jan. Feb. Mar. Juni July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. 1912 191J 1914 1I1S 1918 1917 1818 191D 1920 0.69 0.80 1.09 0.73 0.46 0.06 0.84 0.40 0.38 0.94 0.86 O.S7 0.78 0.9B 1.21 0.44 0.4S 1.13 0.22 0.90 0.10 0.68 0.75 0.89 O.JO 0.62 0.54 0.04 0.46 1.57 0.13 0.47 4.S7 O.M 1.70 OH 3.03 3.77 0.95 O.M 1.75 1.73 4.70( 444 3.54 1.42 0.75 0.40 0.93 3.44 3.33 1.37 O.SS 1.08 2.59 1.41 1.93 3.59 0.96 2.97 2.00 1.23 1.05 2.61 1.65 1.07 1.S2 4.66 1.67 1.07 3.04 0.05 1.07 0.50 2.17 0.96 1.99 0.72 O.J4 1.78 b.99 0.99 0.36 0.63 0.75 0.49 0.00 0.43 1.26 0.06 0.23 0.00 1.19 0.27 0.51 1.13 0.46 0.55 0.79 19 yr. aver 0.70, 0.647 0.604 0.830 2.C87 1.834 1.853 0.910 0.538 O.BS2 Part III. Railway Services RAILWAY PASSKXOSR SKKVICK. During the year an additional passenger service, giving daylight connections all along the Crow's Nest Pass through the Rocky Mountains west of Lethbridga has been in operation. Besides providing a ranch needed facility for daily bnsineM .among the busy coal mines in the Pass, this service provides in alternative route for tourists see thia interesting part of the Rockies, with connections making a quick journey to the States of Washington, Oregon and California, or north- wards through the Arrow Lakes, or westwards by the Kettle Valley line to Vancouver. RAILTAT EXTSKIIONS. It is only the difficulty that was experienced during the year in getting tiie necessary labour that has prevented the line from Lethbridge through Foremost into Saskatchewan from being completed. There still remains a gap of about fifteen miles to finish before through traffic from all the lines west- wards from Lethbridge will have this alternative route to Winnipeg, and from Weybnrn southwards to the marketo of St. Paul, Minneapolis, Chicago, etc. soon as work is commenced on the Lethbridfe Northern Irrigation project, it is likely that the Canadian Pacific will build the connecting link between Lethbridge north-easterly to make this additional connection with the main line. FEEIOHT AND PASSENGER RATBS. In the succeeding increases in freight and passenger jates that have been established, this Board ol Trade joined with the other Boards of Trade in Western Canada in representations made before the Board of Railway Commissioners for Can- ada. We have perforce to agree that the made in the most recent judgment of the Commisiion are say "One of the most important factors to be considered in reaching a decision as to what are fair and reasonable rates is that of the ability of the railways to carry on. The fact'that under the law the railways as public utilities are required to have their rates approved by the Board, does not justify the view that they should therefore be compelled to do business at a loss. Further, if the rates fixed are not fair and reason- able to the railways as well is to the public, the public- will suffer, inasmuch as no railway compelled to operate on a non- paying basis can furnish either efficient service or adequate facilities for the handling of traffic." t We are faced with the recognition of the fact that the chief factor in the operating expenses of the railroads is the that have been paid to the employees, and that until these share in the general readjustment that is now in progress, the rest of the general public must foot the bill. Part IV. Dry Farming CHAIN CHOPS. The grain crop that will find its way to the markets through the extensive railway yards at Lethbridge will amount to some bushels. Of this quantity about two-thirds had already gone forward before the close of 1920. The total quantity of wheat, oats, barley and rye that has gone through Lethbridge during the past sii years comes close to bushels. The seasonal progress of the crop, and the prospects for 1921 are discussed.in the first section of this Report, POTATOES AND VEGETABLES. The district around the town of Raymond, 18 miles south of Lethbridge, as well as other areas, have produced good crops of potatoes, cabbage and other vegetables, of excellent quality. These find a market not only in Lethbridge but farther afield, some having gone to Toronto. INSECT PESTS. The north-western States, and our neighbouring Provin- ces, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, were threatened with quite uuii serious damage from grasshoppers during the season, but by! combined efforts on the part of individual farmers and their Reeded- yieifo flom three to five tons, and timothy organizations, under the leadership of the Dominion ento-1 from one jwo {onB per mological branch and the Alberta department of Agriculture, the trouble was averted. Considerable damage was done to grain crops in some localities by cutworms, and unfortunately it was not possible to do much to control this pest. 13.21 14.-17 18.53 17.37 24.57 11.93 T.63 12.28 14.05 15.530 These records do not, of course, tell the whole of the story. It has been remarked that "crops are not grown on average and as President John Bracken, of the Manitoba Agricultural College says, "nnder dry conditions where crops will fail in spite of all we can do, we must build up a reserve of feed, seed and money. There will' be fat years in this country and lean years and we cannot get away from them. We must make a sacrifice by having on hand a reserve from the fat year." "Another fact is this, that the precipitation varies very largely from year to year and from season to season, and because of that we shall Have to diversify our cropping' system. It has been pointed and should be emphasized, that Western Canada is, first and foremost, a cereal-producing country; occasionally the precipitation comes in the early part of the season, with the result that cereals partly or-wholly fail. By 3iversifying our cropping system we can reduce this risk." Part VI. Irrigation IRRIGATION FOE 1930. Gross yield in 1920 around Lcthtridge, per acre. The following interesting table shows the actual results on the irrigated farms around Magrath, Stirling, Eaymond, Coaldale and Lethbridge in 1920: Crop _______ Alfalfa 13.534 Tlmotbr Wheat 39.912 Data Flax 2598 Barley bui Corn (silage) 35 ton Sunflower (silage) 34 ton Fotatoea bus Garden 522 Root! 23S ton Green Feed ton Misc. Grasses ton Timothy (seed) 300 IDS Totals Unit Average Area of Yield .per Total Value in Acres Yield Acre Yield, per Unit SJ2.CO 30.60 1.75 .41) 2.01) ton ton bus Bus bua 2.76 1.5 87 45 12 32 10 12 ISO 350 10.00 10.00 1.05 7 4 1 250 35.00 20.00 18.00 .15 Total Value Value per Acre t t 60.50 45.00 47.25 18.00 24.00 25.60' 100.00 120.00 16S.CO 200.0U 245.03 80.00 18.00 37.00 149.31 It will be noted that very conservative valuations have been' placed upon the various crops, and that even BO the results show a gross yield of per acre. The end of the season was very favourable for getting a good supply of water irrigated lands, and it has been remarked that 75% of the irrigable land has received a "Pall Irrigation." Our irrigation fanners fully recognize the bene- fits that come from this forehanded application of water, and the effects of it upon next year's crop will be very beneficial. Many upon the canal system have been effected during the year by the superintendent, S. G. Porter; the company has- made the fullest'use of the most up-to-date machinery for keeping the canals and ditches in order. Average production figures from irrigated lands in this district over a long term of years show these interesting results: Wheat 53 bushels per acre; oats 108 bushels; barley 78 bushels, and potatoes 408 bushels. The yearly production is steady; THRE PLANTIITB. Some very useful educational work on the advantages of trees on the prairies was done by the travelling railway car that was seat round the country in charge of Archie Mitchell during the summer, under the auspices of the Canadian Forestry Association. Norman Hoss, who conducts the work done by the Dominion Government at Indian Head in encouraging tree planting, by free distribution of tree plants to fanners, and otherwise, has some very interesting infornuitiou regarding his observations on the growth of crops on similar plots of land, sheltered by tree growth, and unsheltered, WEM, WATSU SUPPLIES. The underground supplies of well waters in the area ol 500 square miles that was discovered by the Geological Survey of Canada in 1915 continue to bn developed successfully. It will be remembered that the survey was originally made at the instance ol! the Lethbridgo Board of Trade, and that three wells were developed by the Dominion Government to prove out the result of the original survey. Farmers and town communities in these areas south and east of Lethbridge are very grateful for this service. Some wells have been found even outside the orig- inal area marked out. There are still available at tho Board of Trade some copies of the report of the Conference on More and Better Water for our farms that was held under our auspices at Lethbridge in June, 1917. Part V. Precipitation Records PRECIPITATION RBCOBDS 1908-1980, IK INCHES 1902 1903 1904 1905 19M 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 Jan.....0.67 0.82 0.50 1.46 0.21 1.5J 0.40 0.14 0.70 Feb. 1.03 0.79 4M OJO Ml 043 IKSIOATION PKOJECTS: The progress made in further irrigation development is referred to in the -first part of this Report. Besides the Leth- bridge Northern project for bringing water to acres, upon which we hope to see construction started in 192.1, de- velopments may soon take place on the following: United Irrigation District, west of Cardston.. Acres This District has completed its organization. South Macleod Irrigation District............ Acres Organization is almost completed. Sundial, Retlaw and Lomond. Acres When formed, this project will likely be established as an extension of the Lcthbridge Northern. All of these projects will take their water from all-Canad- ian streams. In addition to these there is the great group of projects south Mid of Lethbridge that will take water partly from all-Canadian rivers, and partly from streams rising in the United States. Final survey work on these projects almost completed in the summer of 1920. Definite progress in the formation of districts Is delayed pending the outcome of the deliberations on the just division batween United States and Canada of the waters available; this subject has been engaging the close attention during the year of the International Joint Commission. Thia important body has three members appointed by the United States Government, and three who are nominated by Canada. It is hoped that a decision will very sliortly be arrived and the projects that will be affected, and which will be able to bring about acres under irrigation, will then able to forge ahead. There are about acres under irrigation near bridge now, so that it will be realized that there are possibili- ties immediatoly ahead that will increase this area to some to acres. It it fitting that we should record our thanlcs to W. A. Buchanan M.P., for the valuable services that he has rendered in maintaining the attention of the Ministers of the Dominion Part VII. Live Stock SHEEP AND WOOL PHODCOTIOIT. A The Southern Alberta Wool Growers' Association, of which Levi llarker is President, and N. T. Macleod Secretary, has offices and headquarters in Lethbridge. The association has i membership of over 150, representing holdings of sheep. Nearly two million pounds of wool was shipped in 1920, 1 PURE BKED CATTLE. Our irrigation farmers have endeavoured to continue t steady course in working towards shipping off the produce ol their farms '''on the hoof." Lack of capital has hindered de- velopment in this direction. John Davidson has added to his fine herd of pure bred Hcrcfords; Mrs. Pawson has splendid Shorthorn bull at the head of this herd, and Saru Sidles continues to improve his Shorthorns; and this breed is also favoured by Steed of Stirling and Dclany Lathrop at Coaldale. E. E. Lea at Coaldale has some Aberdeen Angus cattle, and Gardiner Co. of Lethbridge gradually building up their Shorthorn herd. u FEED FOR LIVE STOCK. After the shortage of feed that resulted from the drj season of 1919 became evident, very excellent arrangements were made by the Alberta department of agriculture, in con- junction with the Dominion department and the Canadian Pacific Railway, for securing supplies of hay on favourable terms from Eastern Canada. This was greatly, appreciated by the farmers. POUMHT. Farmers' wives who have disregarded the high prices of chicken feed, and who have maintained their -poultry reason to congratulate themselves; this is one of the very few farm products for which good prices still continue to bo paid. It is noticeable that the poultry on irrigated farms around Lethbridge has increased in numbers from about in 1919 to over in 1920. The spring season was rather late, so that not so many pullets as usual were raised, and this again interfered with winter laying; on the other hand, tin mild winter now being experienced has been f avourable' to a good winter production of eggs. The Lethbridge Poultry and Pet Stock Association .has1 done good work in this district by encouraging the production of pure bred birds. An exhibition of poultry was held 'in Lethbridge in December, under the auspices of the Association, BEES. Continuing .success attends the production of honey from the increasing numbers of aces that are being on the irri- gated farms. As much as 100 Ibs. and over of extracted honey is not an uncommon yield.from a single colony. The early difficulties in wintering the bees have been entirely overcome and it has been found that the best results come from winter- ing outside; this affords opportunity for occasional flights in mild spells of weather. It is noticeable that the bees do not become really active till the alfalfa fields are in bloom. Part VIII. General WESTERN CANADA IRRIGATION' ASSOCIATION. This Association held its meeting for 1920'in'Lethbridga in July. The 'attendance of farmers was" greater than at any previous gathering, and on the day devoted to the 'discussion of soil-drifting problems under dry-farming conditions, there was an audience of nearly four hundred, which listened with the closest attention to what President Jardine of the Kansas State Agricultural College, had to say, on the severe exper- iences which certain parts of that encountered and overcome. His address, with accompanying -illustrations, aa well as the excellent contribution to the discussion by President John Bracken of the Manitoba Agricultural College, and Prof. James Murray, of the Nobleford Foundation, are on record in the "Irrigation December 1920 and February 1921. The Lethbridge Board of Trade has a number of these" avail- able lor distribution. Various other matters of more direct interest to irrigation farmers were ably doalt with in the addresses which have been printed in other issues of the "Ee- view." 0. S. Noble was able to tell the farmers that the extensive farms of the Noble Foundation had escaped practically scot- free from soil-drifting troubles. The methods of cultivation, that they follow for leaving the top soil in a lumpy condition have been so successful that the little damage that they did suffer (not more than two per cent, of their large acreage was affected) arose from drifting that originated on neighbouring farms. OUB SOILS. A great deal of attention has been devoted recently to the nature of our soils aud the necessity for maintaining their fertility. At a "Better Fanning" conference at Swift Cur- rent in Saskatchewan during the summer, and again at a con- ference called by the Commission of Conservation of Canada at Winnipeg in July, these were the main theme. Your President recalls! that these important matters wera pointedly referred to by Miss Cora Hind, J. G. Rutherford, C.M.G., and others at a conference in Eegina away back in 1914, and that it was then suggested (and that was mayba not the first time) that the Governments would do well to institute soil-surveys to determine just what areas in Western Canada were unsuitable for opening up under cultivation. It is understood that this belated attetfcion is to be given, and that the provincial governments will collaborate with the Dominion govermnauit in- carrying out this very necessary work. AonioiriTURAL EDUCATION. During the year an Agricultural, School and Domonstra- tion Farm was opened at the thriving town of Raymond, 18 miles south of Lethbridge. This is the first of the Alberta schools 'of agriculture established in an area where irrigation farming is practised. At these schools boys and girls over sixteen years of age from the farms, are given a two years' course of training during the winter months. 'These schools ere established and maintaiucd by tho Dominion and Alberta governments, and the tuition is furnished free of charge to the pupils. Those of the boys who desire to take further training may go cither from these schools, or direct from tho High Schools, lo the Alberta College of Agriculture at Edmonton, where Dean Howos linn built up a stall of most instructors; this year the staff has becu_ augmented by the addition a ;