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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 8, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLL'MK XI. LETHBKIDGE,. ALBERTA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1918 NTM.BKM 23 r j passenger Drains over quebec bridge Quebec, Jan. 7.-Regular passenger train truffle over the new Quebec bridge has been inaugurated. The service was opened yesterday, when a train from Moncton need thin route. Hereafter trains will leave the Union station in Quebec city daily tor Montreal and eastern points via the bridge. a a > > v A Labor Men Decide Not The Farmers 9 Union Permit to Affiliate 16 o Trotsky Has Gone to Brest-Lilovsk To Meet the Germans NO RUSSfAN REPLY TO LLOYD-GEORGE ALLIES READY T London, .Jan. - The I�us;dan peace Uelegrtihm, including Foreign Minister Trntzk}, reached BreKt.-Litovsk on Monday Tor tin: re-:,penin;; of nOROtlull t^ns that afternoon, according to u Jirrlln despatch received in Copenhagen and forwarded by lite Lxchange Telegraph company. Continue to Attack Allies London, Jan. s.--Thero is no indication finis far of (lie manner in which Premier Lloyd George's; speech on war aims has been received in Russia or whether his speech has been published there. Thn Bolshevik! press of Potrn-grad continues to �*ttaek Great Britain and hot- allies. The Pravda and the Izvestia. published on .Sunday an Article based on some words of Mr. Lloyd George, apparently one of his speeches in the house of commons, accusing him of desiring to have the Russian* make peace with the central powers so as lo give, the aliies a free hand to negotiate to their advantage. Other allied leaders have expressed themselves similarly, the article says. It continues; AT CONVENTION U. S. War Review Optimistic Baker Says Allies Can Master Situation Washington. .Tan. S.-The expected German offensive in the west, Secretary Baker's weekly war review today says, "will possibly he their greatest assault," hut "the British and French armies can be relied upon to withstand the shock. Summarizing (lie situation on the eve of a possible great offensive, Secretary Baker confidently potnts'out that through sixteen* fierc; battles of great magnitude, the British and French have steadily pushed ahead with methodical and cumulative gains. The expected offensive, he points out, probably is being delayed for massing great supplies of munitions, guns and troops and the Germans may be ex- Alberta Federation o{ Labor in Convention Here Decides I hat Farmers Have Little in Common With^age Earners, Therefore They Should Not Be Allowed to Affiliate. t i WALTER SMITTEN Secretary of the A.F. of^ L., known Calgary man. wtif I '"The allies are preparing their nub- j pected to "strain every fibre of their  peace and think that if Russia \ remaining strength." lies foi were forced to come to terms with her enemies she and no? her allies would On the Italian front, the secretary ! points out, French successes have turn-hear the cost of peace. The ^ greater j ed the Hca]e against the Austro-Ger- man invaders and the west bank of tlie Piave is being held firmly. Hampered by heavy snowfalls in the Alps, he says, the invaders now aro confronted with a tremendous handicap of maintaining his transport, which neutralizes the advantage of holding higher ground. The period of adjustment, Secretary Baker says, has passed and it may now be expected that "French, British and Kalians, fighting side by side, will be able to master the situation." The reviews make no mention of American troops. sacrifices Hussia makes the less the allies will have to pay. M. Farbman, former London correspondent of the Petrograd lionrse Gazette, writes for the London press that the premier's statement of war aims has widened the gulf between the east and west in revolutionary Russia instead of bridging it. The premier's reference to Russia, says M. Farbnfan, will ho interpreted there as giving Germany a free hand to deal with Russia Sis she desires. - Additional News of Convention on Page 9. Alborta trades union's) s in convention Monday afternoon voted by 30 lo 5/(o pift up the bars against affiliation of the United Farmers of Alberta with the Alberta Federation of Labor. The vote carne af the end of a somewhat acrimonious discusr-iou, in which those opposed to the action because of the proposal to form a new labor party pleaded that, the farmers be not barred been use t heir help would then be needed, while those favoring the course declared that the farmers and traces unionists had nothing in common in the industrial field but are rather oppoosed to each other in many directions. Delegate Tatlon, who spoke towards the end of the discussion said that lie supposed the newspapers would herald* the action of the Federation in flaming headlines but it waa of no use to continue further believing that the interests of | the farmers and the wage earners were synonimous. The contentious question was precipitated to the floor of the convention by Chairman J. Johnston of Coleman of the committee on constitutions in presenting the report of his committee. In the .preamble of the constitution tli^ word "wealth producers'" is applied to those who may become member* of the Federation. The committee moved that "wage earners" be substituted, and a couple of paragraphs further on the Lf. F. Ai were made eligible for affiliation with the Federation, and this body the committee asked to be cur out, for although the fanners are "wealth producers" they have different problems than the "wage earners". Mr. Johnston said in explanation thai the United Farmers, though they had been included in the affiliation when the Federation was organized five years ago, had taken very little part j in the activities of the central labor ' body of the province. For one year there were two T'.F.A. local? registered as members. For the past four years there had been none, distinctly showing that there was no sympathy between the two organizations. In fact, they come into opposition at times, as is seen by the opposition of the far tiers as a class to the inclusion of farmers among those who come under the compensation act on the same basis., as other employer.-: of labor. Thrills Congress With Speed In Which He Gives Answer 1 To H un Peace Terms UPHOLDS PRINCIPLES RECENTLY ENUNCIATED BY LLOYD-GEORGE national armaments- to the lowest, point consistent with democratic safe-t v, "o---Impartial adust men' of all colonial claims based upon the principle that the people.'; concerned have equal weight with the interest of the gov - e rnment � "(J- Kvaeuaiion of all Russian territory and opportunity for Russia':; political development. "7 - Fvacuat ion of Belgium \\ ithoiu any attempt lo limit her ^ verciguty. (Continued on Page 6) �0 s ? * * * * * v Thousand Children Montreal Not Getting An x Education in ? ? ? A REPORTED DEAD f Today's casually lists report John J. Ingram, enlisted at Champion, home at Nanton, as having presumed to have died in action. Montreal, Jan. S.-Dr. J. T. Flnnle, �i M.L.A., in an address yesterday to the i Montreal Women's chib, home and education department, urged the need of the adoption of compulsory education j in tile province of Quebec. He made a \ comparison between the country' schools of Ontario and Quebec, in favor j o Washington, Jan. S.-President Wilson today, addressing congress delivered a ro-stafemont of war aims in agreement with the recent declaration by the lint ish Premier. David Lloyd Cfeorffc. The president presented a definite programme for world peace containing fourteen specific considerations. The president presented the follow- j iiiR as necessary elements of world | peace: "1-Open covenants of peace without private international understandings. "2-Absolute freedom of the seas in  111 _.. A 1 , , , , , . . , . it . , dlan who has ever won all three mill ated ut Central school for the south ' tary war decorations-Major Bishop, till 8 p.m. Hide and Westminster school for the vx; D.s.o., M.C, of the Hoyal Flyinp north side. Polls are open from 9 -a.m. | Corps-will come from Washington to address the club. Sir Frederick R. i Smith, the British attorney general, 1 who is now in Washington on a special mission, wHl address the Canadian 1 club of Montreal on JanuaYy 25. REPORT HUGHES through the ice. A light snow fell today ^nnd the Campan^e presented the unusual appearance ot being in a snow storm. WEATHER Harden declares, lies in the capitol at Washington. High Cow Forecast- M 1 � + * * 4 � 43 30 Colder, local snow. Loudon, Jan. S.-(Via Router's Ottawa Agency).-A despatch to Reuter's from Melbourne states that the Hughes cabinet has resigned, and Tudor, the leader of the opposition, has been summoned to form a government. Labor Convention W ants the r *  Fact'y Act Strictly Enforced An early despatch from Melbourne' stated that Hughes bad proposed to resign unconditionally and that Tudor would probably ask for dissolution. So far as the Alberta Federation of Labor is concerned they want, the Alberta Factory" Act strictly enfarcad. The Federation will ask for no amendments to the act at the coming session, believing that this might open the way to amendments from the employers for amendments which would do much to neutralize the effect of in favor- of the clerks the ma Iter war, transferred by them to the Calgary Trades and Labor Council and they had decided to ask for a strict enforcement of the act. That attitude they still^ take. Delegate Bellamy of Medicine Hat, wanted to know whether the act was going to be interpretatcd to mean that Toronto, Jan. 8.-The Maiband Empire today carries a special cable from the Daily News correspondent nt Geneva, who writes: "1 called on Medhal Bey this afternoon, lie said: " 'In spite of censorship and the secret poKeo, reports continue to reach us about conditions and the state of fee'h'nK in Constantinople. Tur- London. Jan. S.-The Bolsheviki government, the Times says it understands is offering to Norway the wheat stored on the Munnan coast and shipped from America for use in Petrograd lit says that as the offer is made at a i t!me when Petrograd and Finland are ; both said to be on the verge of starvation and the Finns are appealing to Sweden, Great Britain and the I-n-ijed States to send wheat, it would seem to hi'.ve been made at the instigation of Germany who wishes'to pose as a friend of Norway. Germany itself Ik offering wheat to Holland ami the Scandinavian countries, it is added, although the only supplies available for exportation are those in Belgium and other occupied territories and the food of prisoners. question of *a free and ^independent Ireland' and hope to have the full return ready in a fortnight. "Questioned on the matter, a prominent member of the organization said thai the voting wouhlj open soon und when the figures were announced it would be open to any voter to examine the votes as to their accuracy. "A vote on those principles is bound to be a failure as I here are numbers of people in Ireland who will refuse to vote under any conditions and a big majority who would vote in secret to remain within the British empire but will not; vote in open ballot. Since the publishing of the German peace terms pointedly ignoring the Irish question which the Sinn Feiners told the country was one of the trump cards of the central powers, the sting has gone out of the republican organizations and they are now hard set to put a new stunt before the people.'1 DISSOLVE THE CORTES Madrid. Jan. S. -Marquis Althuce-mas, the Spanish premier, declared to,-day that the government had decided to consider the decree dissolving the Amsterdam, Jan. 8.-King Ludwig of Bavaria, is quoted in a Munich despatch as having said yesterday at a reception on his birthday that the terms of Germany's cnoiuios were exorbitant. "Xot one' inch of German territory will be given up," he declared. '*YYo must try to safeguard our frontiers." Asserting thai the Bavarians, 'like, the other Germans were victorious everywhere, the king added: "May we succeed also in defeating our latest enemies, the Americans." Await German Reply London. Jan. 8.-A reply from the central powers to'tlie statement of British war aims made by Premier Lloyd George Saturday is awaited hero | with the greatest interest. It is believed that Germany and her allies cannot decline to reply iu some form as to make the reply move straightforward a ad definite ihnn any provious statement''of their aims. Hut if the German papers correctly Cortes as not having been signed. nieimir,.or tne situation there, the test ministry, he said, proposes to submit which the Bolsheviki have made of a new decree to the king, thus giving him opportunity of studying the* situation afresh before signing. o% ** A % a A a A s Germany's attitude toward the principle of no annexations has thrown Germany into political turmoil. Ad-! vices from the capitals of neutral coun- I* *> > > OOETHALS DIRECTOR TRANSPORT, U. S. ALLIED SUPPLIES RELEASED. An Atlantic JPort, jftn. 8.-A number of ships loaded with supplies tor the allies which have hcejj delayed horn' for more than two weeks because of lack of coal sailed today for Kuropean ports. One of flic steamers carried key has reached the end of Its tether, j tho ffrst jmail to leave here in 17 days. the act in its relation to the Mage (there should be no more overtime un-earners. The labor unions will there-! less a special permission is secured for The capture of Jerusalem has probably proved tho finishing blow, though, goaded on by the Germans, the Young Turk government may continue to tyrannize over the people a little longer. " 'Latest, reports from Constanti- Many vessels are Jocks. v a Seere- Washinglon, Jan. 7.-tary Baker announced today that, in addition to his duties as act in/: quartermaster general, Major Gen. G'oethals has been designated -director of transportation and storage of the war department. A A A I still idle at the * ? v 1 a a a a a a a a a a v v v v v ) Chicago, .Tun. 8.-Snowbanks that a /win cannot see over lay on- the downtown streets today. Thirty-six hours after the record breaking bliz/.ard which swept the middle wlast Sunday bad ceased. The task of removing the big snowdrifts is bo great that 2,500 men and nearly.a thou.-vtnd teams have made little progress although the work was'continued all through the ui�hL Jaw. This decision was arrived at in a discussion of the report of the committee on officers1'reports as presented bv Chairman Farmilo of that com- leai% would be to take the question up with the government. It was pointed out during the dis- people but even upon influential mem-' bcrs of the committee of Union and Progress. The unwillingness or in-} mittee. While discussing the act. Delegate j solicitors to go to Edmonton during enssion tlmt Cilc-n-v e bbrid^ i "WHy of Germany to help Turkey has cussion unit caigao. Letlibudge and ; rt/in!1HirtMorl n Elinor r,f ,.^,i,,iT Medicine Hat retailers had employed Tallon of Calgary, explained the situation" In Calgary which had been complicated by tho plebiscite giving all clerks a Wednesday half holiday. The clerks- bad vhalf promised that if the the session to secure amendments desired by them. Alex. Itoss, M.L.A,, said the best method to pursue in connection with the act is to wait to see how the gov- Wednesday half holiday were granted \ eminent enforces the act. Then will they would rather favor the stores!ue lIme t0 taI]c ot' ""lendments. Air. keeping opop o,n Saturday evenings. However, on the plebiscite vote being (CONTINUED ON PAGE SIX) i occasioned a feeling of revlusion am-! ong pro-German circles which may , have far reaching consequences. The ' stop-the-war or^peace movement in Constantinople derives its principle impetus from the economic situation of the people rather than from any feeling of dismay at the dwindling of Turkish power and prestige. TJze terrible conditions of the poorer classes cannot easily be exaggerated. Hank-| r up toy ttiMfttens the country/ " The Red Cross Needs Your Help In view of the fact that all our Reserve Hed Cross supplies were forwarded for the relief of the Halifax sufferers, the demand for helpers at this time is very great. And when we realize that according to official reports, during the lust four months there were no less than 30.500 Canadian casualties, it is not hard to understand the constant, call for more and more supplies from headquarters overseas. These are Canadian casualties alone and both Tfinj^land and France must look to Canada for supplies because their women are doing men's work. In order that Lethbridge may do her part in this great work a house to house canvas for workers will be made this week, when overv woman will be given an opportunity lo she will give at least 2 hours each week lo Hed Cross work. It is also a part of the plan to enroll every child in Lethbridgo in I he Junior lied Cross. poes it not-show an appalling lack of interest in the saving of Immunity .when Lethbridge with its population of 11,000 has only 133 members enrolled in the Hed Gross, after being '<) years at war?" a I tries bordering on Germany show that the opinion prevalent there is that one of the Inost severe national crises in the history of Germany is developing as the result of differences of views between the militarist and non-militarist leaders regarding the government's attitude toward ltussia. It is reported generally that General Von Ludendorff, as leader of the former v i group, actually has gone so far as to threaten his resignation of himself and I Field Marshal Von Uindenburg it t'ur- 1 ther countenance^ is given even to such views as those advanced by men of the type of Dr. Von Kaehlmann and Count- C/ornin, the/ German and Austrian foreign ministers. At the same time tho view-of Von Kuehlmann and Czernin fail to satisfy the German Socialists who regard their middle of The road policy as tricky and who are determined that the spirit of the reichstag resolution must be followed sincerely and without qualification or reserve. Neutral observers declare that tho gap between the German parties suddenly has become a chasm so wide that there is little hope of bridging it, and that tho development of internal crisis of serious proportions seems inevitable. On the other hand it Is pointed out | that the various parties iu entcuto countries never appeared so completely united as in their support of the war aims formulated by Premier Lloyd i George. ;