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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 8, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta LETH BRIDGE,. ALBERO^A, TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1918 NUMBKH 23 ifvotsky Has Gone to Brest-Lilovsk'To Meet the^ .Germans NORUSSfAN REPLY TO LLOYD-GEORGE London, Jan. ^.-The Kii.s.'ilan peace rtelogatloii, IncluainR ForelRn Mlnlst>c]' Trotzky, roacbcU ' UreBt-Lltovsk (>n Monday for the re-openhig o{ negotiations that atlernoon, according to ii Berlin rtesDatch vecolvcd in Copenhagen and torsslarded by the Exchange Tolosraph company. Continue to Attack Allies London, Jan. 8.-There 1� no Indl cation thus far of the maimer,In which Premier Uoyd George's Biiocuh on war alms has. been received in Iliiasia or whether his speech has l>een published there. The Bolahovlkl press of Petro-Krart contlnnes to attack Great. Britain and her allies. The Pravda and tho Izvostia, pnbliahed .on Sunday an article based on- some words of Mr. Jjloyd George, apparently one of his speeches in the house oC commons, accusing him of desiring to have ,tho passenqer/Vrains over quebec bridge � ^ ^ 4* ^ Quebec, Inn. 7,-RegutBr passenger train traffic' avhr the new Quebec bridge liM been Inaugurated. The service was oponed-yesterday, when a train from Moncton used thin route. Hereafter trains will leave tho Urflon station in/ Quebec city daily for Montreal and eastern points via tho bridge. Labor Meii Decidf. Not to Permit The Farmeral Union to Affiliate AT CONVENTION U. S.War Review Optimistic-Baker Says Allies Can Master Situation WashlngtoH, Jan. 8.-The expected German offensive In the west. Secretary Baiter's weakly war review today says, "win possibly he tholr greatest assault," but "the British and Freaoli armies can be relied uiion to withstand tho shock. Summarizing the aituatloa on the eve of a possible great offensive, � Secretary Baker confidently polnt�-out that-through sixteen'fierce battles of great magnitude, the British Russians make peace with the central and French have steadily pushed ahead powers so as to give tho allies a free , with methodical and cumula'tivfe gains. hand to negotiate to thoir udvaijtage. Othor allied leaders'have oxprejsed theraselve.^ similarly, the article says. It contlnujQs: *"The allies are preparing their ptib-lies for peace and think that if Russia %vcrc forced to come to tdrms with her enemies she and not her allies would bear the cost of peace. The greater uacrltlces Rusala makes the less the( alljes will have to pay. � M. Farbroan, former London corres-pondent of the Potrograd Bourse Qa* lette, writes for the London press thaif the premier's statomont of war alms has widened the gulf between the east and west In revolutionary Russia .,�teail of bridging It. The premier's rp-leroijce to Russia, aaya M. FarbmTin, �win ho Interpreted tU'ei;o as giving Germany a free hand to deal with Russia as jihe-"desires,,�. ^ ^ The expected offensive, he points out, probably" is being delayed for massing great supplies of munitions, guns and troops and the Germans may be expected to "strain every fibre of their remaining strength." On the Italian front, the secretary points out, French succeases have turned thf scale against the Austro-Ger-man invaders and the west bank of tlfe Plave is being held firmly. Hampered by heavy snowfalls in the Alps, he says, the Invaders now; are confronted with a tremendous handicap of maintaining -his' transport, which ueutral-! Izes the advantage -of holding higher ground;  The period of adjustment, Secretary Baker says, ha$ passed and it may Alberta Federation of Labor in Convention Here Decides That Farmers llave Littlein Common With'^age Earners, Therefore They Should Not Be Allowed to Affiliate. WALTER SMITTEN^ Seorofary of the A.F. L., knqwn Calgary man. well AddillonaLNews of Coiventlon on Page 9. Alberta trades unioiilKts In convention Monday afternoon voted by ,30 to G/to pift: up-the bars against affP liatlon of the. United Farmers of Alberta with the, Alberta Federation of Labor. The Vote came at the end of a somewhat > licrlmonious discussion, in Which tho�e'_ opposed to the action because of the proposal to form a new labor party pleaded that the farmers be not barred' because their help would then bejuscdcd, while those fa,vorlng the course declared that the farmers and tratfes unionists had nothing -in common lit the Industrial field but are rather oppoosed to each other in many directions. Delegate Tallon, who spoke towards the end of the discussioii';said that he supposed tlio newspapers would herald'the action of the Fodieration in flaming head-i lines but it wa^ of no use to continue j further belle'vlng that the Interests of the farmers- and tho wage earners i were synonimpus. * ' The contentious question was precipitated to the floor of the convention by Chailiiiau J. Johnston of Coleman of jthei'committee'on conslt-tutlons in presenting the report of his committee. In the .preamble of Nine Tliousand Children Montreal Not Getting An ^ Education tn Montreal, Jan. S.-Dr. J. T. FInnle, M.L.A., in an address yesterday to thie Montreal Women's club, home and education department, urged the need of the adoption of compulsory education in tite province of Quebec.' He made a comparison between the country th^ constitution the word "wealth producers" Is applied to those who may become members of the Federation, The comnilttoe moved that "wage oarnors" be substituted, and a couple of paragraphs further on tho U. F. Ai were made eligible for affl-liation with the Federation, and,, this body the" committee askod to be cut out, for although the farmers are "Wealth producers" they have different t>rbblems than the "wage earners". Mr. Johnston siid in explanation that the United-Farmers, though they had been Included in the afflllatton when the Federation was organized five years ago, had taken very little part In the actlyltioB. of tho central labor body of the province. For one year ihere were two U.F.A. local.s registered as member.s. Foi-the past four years there had been none, distinctly showing that there was no sympathy between the two organizations. In fact. they ,come into opposition at times, as is seen by the opposition of the farmers as a class to the Inclusion of farmers among those who come under tho compensation act on the sanfe ba8ls_fts other employers of labor. Thrills Congress With Speech; ^^^i^^^ In Which He Gives Answei.-To Hun Peace Terms UPHOLDS PRINCIPLES RECENTLY ENUNCIATED ' BY LLOYD-GEORGE (CONtlNDED ON BaOZ 6) REPORtED DEAD, ? ? ? o * � � ? * � * * *  � Today's casualty lists report John J. Itigram, enlisted at Champion, home at Nanton, as having presumed to have died In action. now be oxpecited:,that "French, British schools of Ontario and Quebec, in favor and Jtaliatfs,-fighting side by sldo, will be able ITT master tbe situation." Tho tevie^B fiiUke no mention of A'iriWlcSHtl^ooij/. ' ' . Ratepayers of tho city of Lethbrldge > win tomorrow vote on the money hj' to raise some $7'i;000 tor the purpose of purchasing and InstaJlins ^a 1200 kilowatt turbo-generator in the power hcuse. All ratepayers assessed for ?400 or over are entitled to the v^te, and all should go to tho polls a* It is very necessary that the generator lie secured. - Mr. Freeman, commis-aloner of the department, strongly urges the passage nt the bylaw at this time for the reason that the plant 1� afready loaded to capacity Mrlng. peak-load hours and � anything happened,-egpeplally to tho present turbo-generator the city would-be left without pow--r except probably for lighting purposes. ThelcoBt of� the new machine is to bo bornei;:out of the. profits of tho plantv which ;now are annually about |12,000^with "good prospects ot an In-crease.each year. Tbe polls are situated aC Central ichnol for the south side and 'Westminster school for the :Torth'side. �Polls are open from 9-a.m. tni 8.^,U>,' London, Jan. �.-�Vl� Reuter's ^Ottawa Agency).^The miniiter of marine In Paris has published dla-grlms howihg.'the losses'of allies merchantmen owing to the sub-.' marine >warfare has steadily decreased since June. Measures taken after the serio>is crisis which culminated in April 1917, so reduced the li;ss*8. that the, situation in Oscsmfaer, 1917, was better than bsce'mber, 1916. The losses In supply ships was reduced by ^M per cent bwt>ig to the convoying results. . The destruction of ensmy submarinas was. also very encouraging/ MAJOR BISHOP HONORED of tho former, and he called attention to the tact that in Ontario the children had tho inspiration ot seeing the Brit-, ish flag flying on their schoolhouses,! This whereas in Quebec, some ot the little' scholars hardly realized ' that they were subjects of the Britisu empire. Miss Isabel Brlttaln inft)rmed the audience'that there are nine thousand children in Montreal neither ^yotest-ant nor Catholic, whose education is being absolutely neglected. aimr, killeo Young Man Has Nccli Brolcen In Jump-A Hungarian of ^ Lethbridge Washington, Jan. 8.-President Wilson today, atldressing congress delivered a re-statoment of war alms in agreement with the recent declaration by the BrlllKh Premier, David Lloyd George.' The president "iiro-sented a ' definite programme for world peace containing fourteen specific consldeMitions. Tho president presented the following as necessary elements of world peace: "1-Open- covenant.^ of peace without private International understandings. , * "2-Absolute freedom of the seas In peace or -(var except as they may be closed by international action. "3-P.emoval of all economic barriers and 'establishment of equality ot trade conditions among nations con-feonting to peace and associating themselves fot its maintenance, "4-Guaratees tor tho reduction ot wsafe: f� lASION Says Maximilan Harden Condemning Scliemes of ^ / Annexationists Amsterdant, Jan. 8.-Maximilian Harden, in Die Sunkunft, scathingly (Special to the Herald) Taber, Jan. 7.-^A serious accident occurred In town on Monday afternoon, (Jan. 7th). In jumping from the westbound train at the crossing Steve Skibo was thrown violently to tho grbuhd.' "When picked up ho was unconscious and was tf�kea.tb the'flro hall. Ther? It was found on exa:nlna-tlon by Dr. Hammaii that tho young man's neck had been broken in tho fall, and that deathr had already ensued. The , body Is being sent to Lethbridge for interment. The deceased was a Hungarian and had worked IN FE� TO AKEREFERENDyM OF IRISH PEOPLE On Question of Free Ireland But ,yote Doomed To ' Failure the lowest umocratic safety. ".T--Impartial adustment of all' ool-onlal claims based upon the priticiplo that the pooplo.M ronccrned have equal weight with the ot the gov-cniniBnt. "6-Evacuation ot all Rtisaian terri-[nfy and opportunity tor llussia'.s political development. "7-Evacuation of Belgium without any attemat to limit her sverolgnty. �'S-AH French territory to be freed and restored, and reparation^'for tlio taking of Alsace-Lorraine. "9-Readjustment of Italy'.s frontiers along clearly rccoguizubl�J'lines of nationality. '"10-Freest opportunity for autonomous dovolopracnt ot the people o� Austria-Hungary. "I'l-Kvacuation nf Runiania, Serbia and Montenegro, with access to thO/ .sea for Serbia, and inaugui-atiou of economic and political independencis and territorial Integrity ot the Balkan states. "12-Secure sovereignities for Tur--ijcey's portion of the Ottoman empire but with other nationalities imdor Turkish rule assured security of Ittc and opportunity for autonohious do/el-opment, with the Dardanelles permanently open'to all nations. "13-Establishment of/an Independent Polish state including territories inhabitatcd. by indisputably Polish population with free access to the soa and political and economical independence and territorial integrity guaranteed hy international covenant. . "14-Generftl associatioti qf nations under specific covenants for mutual guarantees ot political independence and territorial Integrity to large and small states alike. "For such arrangements and covenants,"-said tho president in conclusion, "we are willing to fight and con- (CONTINUED ON PAGE 8) condemns Austro-German plans tor | for several yea^s in the mines here, annexations in the eaat. He declares-] We understand that he has a brother that a broad chasm still yawns be- lying dangerously lUat the present tweon the two parties at Brest-Lltovsk � moment in the Gait hospital, Leth-and that if the denfatids of the central . bridge. S po\vers to aniiex brjoin the territories ' Venice,- Jan. l-pThe public achobis, which w'ere ordered closed when Venice was threatened and the city eva'c-uated, have been ordered to reopen on January 15.  ' This Is an Indication ot the rb-estab-liahm^nt of pact normal conditions as the school boarjl is making 4116 order declared Us .confidence that the fences were sufficient to insure tlio protection of Vopico from "Invasion. Venice Is experiencing an unuatially cold snap. The canals are frozen for Moutreal, Jan. 7.-A special lunch- .the flrst^lmeln years and tho gon-ooh of the Canadian club hero will be doias find it difficult In forcing a way . ' London,.v'Jan. 0,-(Via Rautsr's OttawA Agency).-A despatch to . Reuter's .from Melbpurns states that tKe, Hughes cabinet has rp- jslghsd, arid, Tudor, the leader of the opposltfon, has been summon- ' ed to form, a.government. An' early despatch from bouri)e~ stated that Hughes bad proposed to i^cslgn unconditionally and that Tudor would probably ask for. dissolution. ^ held on Friday, whdn the only Canadian who has ever won all three miliary war decorations-Major Bishop, V.C., D.a.O., M.C., of the'Hoynl Plying Corps-wWlU come from ;Wa3hIngton to address the club. Sir liVederIck E. Smith, the British attorney general, who Is now in Washington on-a special mission, wHI address the Canadian club ofMontreal on Jamift-y 25. through the Ics. A light snow fell to dayVnd the Campanye,presented the unusual appearance of being in a snow Btom. in question to the two last empires in Euroi^e, there will be again only an armistice and there will he no lasting peace with Russia, who could not eternally wear Lenine's red livery/or Ije satisfied with the disintegration and coninlunlstic dwarf communities. � lierr Harden says that even were the Letts, Llthuanlanaf Livonian'' and Ksthoulans, who for; five centuries haviB been opposed to all Germanism, contrary to all oxpeptations to vote foi ulil^h with the Gernian empire, Ger,, riiariy would be obliged to refuse that union .for its body cannot bear fresh de~~torelgn'elemonts an|l it does not deaire by^provoklng the deep hostllitf'of the Rusaiah people, which before 1950 w comprise^ 200,000,000 souls, to brew a consoling.dmught tor its western enemies, Tho key to the temple of peace, Herr Harden declares, lies'in the capitol at Washington. VVEATHBB, High...................... Low........ .............-.. , Forecast-Colder, local snow. 43 \30 iSI BLOW TO TURKS Chicago, Jun. 8.-:Siu>wbuhkB that n hj^n cn'imot see over lay on. ^ho downtown streets today. ThIrty-sIx hours 'after the" vjfcord breaking bllzsiacd which 8wej>l the middle w",'st last Sun-'�dsy had coased. The task of romov-'ing the blK'snowdi'lfts la a� great that !ij,B0Oi^roe�i dnd nearli_a thousand-toams have made little progress ulthougl) the work Was''contlnuod all: through" the 'ulfilU.^ Labor CJonvefntion ^ ants the Fagt^y Act Strictly Enforced So far as the'Alberta Federation favor/of the clerks the matter >vas I "JJ? Labor Is concerned thfey want.tjie Al- J^'ansferi^od them to the ^Calgary, VSout 'cond herta . F80tf�rV~'Acl strictly enlfDrced. I'he Fe)I�raiIon will ask for no ara-endment's' to, th�: act at. the coming session, beltevlhg that this might opeu the/ytray to ai)iendnientB from the employers for atnendmonts which would do .much to u4&^itraVir.e tho effect of the act in its' relation to tho wage oarnurs. The labpr unions will therefore stand put until the act has been In force a year and they will endeavor ylo see to it/that the provincial Inspectors strictly enforce tho let^ter of the law, 'fhis dociBlot\ was arrived at in a dlscuBsIon of^ho report of tho com-pitttbe on officers''reportB as presented l)y Chairman Farnvilo of timt committee,^ ..... While disoiUainr tho act Delegate Tallpn of Calgary, explained the, situ-utloir In Calgary which had been complicated by tho pleblaclto giving all clerks tt Wednesday hplf holiday. TUe clerkB' bad \lmlf promlsocl that It the Woduesday l^lf bbtt^^jK' wero granted they would ralhjTM^vor -the" stpres te keeping - opqn' 91) *){^i^ti|rday, evenings, 'i HowevQr.on thet-^telkii^cltQ^VOte bolug ; �� ' '  ----�" H ' Toronto, Jan. 8.--The MalLand Em-^Jplrotoday carries a special cable froni tho'Da(ly News correspondent at Geneva, who writes: ' . "I galled on MeiiUat Bey this afternoon; Ho said; ' ' 'In 'iiplto of censorship and the ' ------- npprts continue to conditions and the OFFER RUSS.1eat f SCANDINAVIA Effort of Germans to Pose as Friends of Scandinavian ' Countries Trades and Labor Counqll ^^^pI1p� ''*te oi reeling in Constantinople, tui- ,,uim. wi.n i.n. a^aai.,v,o ..,o tlley stillitoke, . Delogato Bollamy of Medicine Hat, wanted to kiiow whether the act-was going to bo luterprettttod to mean that there Vsliould be no more overtime unless a spoqial |)er,miB8lon is Bocured for each date I'on .which a concern requires to wpi'k. employees ovortimo, or whe thor a blanket permit could,be secur- , "Zm ./rnn.rnn .hi^^~^ �d Hp wnK toll .that ihn bnut wnv /wsalem. Mot only on the masses.of the ed..^He was told that the be^t.A^ay to^P^^plg ^^^^ oven upon Influential (�em-' leailh Would be to take;tho question up with the governmont. ." i It was pointed out during the dlu-cusBlon that Calgary, Lethbridge, and Mecj^'ine Hat retatlm-s had' employed solicitors .to go to Edmonton during the seasion to secure amendmonta, desired by them. � /  .^l Alex. Rosa, M.L.A., said the best method ta pursue In connection wlthi the act 1^ to wait' to soo how ^he f^oXr ej-nment enforces the act. Tljeh will be time.^to talk of uraendnientB, ivMr, capture of, JeruBalem has probably proved the flnlshlnK Wow, though,' goaded on by the Germafil, the Young Turk government may continue to tyrannize over tho people a little longer. , '"Latest repoirls r from Constantinople emphasize thie tremendous Im-prossion made b>. the capture of Jer- - London, Jan. S.-The BolshevikI government, the. Times says it understands l8_bfferlrig to Norway tho wheat stored on the Murman coast and shipped from Amprica tor use In Potrograd It saya that as the offer is made at a time wlien Petrograd and Finland are both said to be on the verge'of starvation and the Fluns ^are appealing to Sweden, Great Britain and the United States to send wheat. It would seem to have been made at the^lnstiga-tlpn of.Germany who wishosfto pose as a 'friend of Norway. Qferiiiany Itself, Is offering wheat to Holland" ond the Scandinavian coun-trieii, ili, is added, although the only .supplies available tor exportation are th.ose in-Belgium and, other occupied territories .and the food of prisoners. ALLIED SUPPLIES RELEASED. Ah Atlantic fort, jJii. 8.-A number of ships loaded wjth supplies for the alllqs, which have'boon delayed here for more tha^i two weeks because of lack of coal sailed today tor Buropeau portK.-''One-of tho steamers carried Toronto. Jan. S.-A spocial cable dispatch to the Globe from Cork, Ireland, says: "The Sinn Poiners have completed their organization for taking- a reteren-difm of th'e people of Ireland on the question ot 'a free and independent Ireland' and hope to hav6 the full return ready in a fortnight. I "Questioned on tlie matter, a prom-, inent member of the organization said that the voting would, open soon and^ when the' figures were announced it would be open to any voter to examine tho voces'as to their accuracy. "A vote on thos,e principles is bound to bo a failure as there are numbers of people in Ireland who will refuse to vote under any conditloris and a big majority who would vote In secret to �remain within the British empire but will not vote in opeh ballot. Since the publishing of tlio German peace terms pointedly, ignoring the Irish question which the Sinn Feliiers told tho country was oiie ot the trump cards of the central powers, the sting has gone out ot the ^republican organizations and they are now iliard set to put a new stunt before the people." dooks. DISSOLVE THE CORTES Madrid, Jan. 8."-Marquis Allhuca-mas, the Spanish premier, declared to,' day that the govornment had decided to consider the decree,^ dtasolvlag the Cortes as not having been signed. The ministry, Ue said, prijpbses to submit a new decree to the king, thus,giving him opportunity ot studying, the* situation afresh before signing. ., * ? ? ? acting quartermaster,.general, * Major Qon. Godlhals lias been ? �5:^ dBHignated-director of trans-'^bf \.^saggert^tod. Bank-I'upwy' tbi^RoaB. the country,'  The Red Cross Needs Your Help ; ;lnvlew of the factthat all dur Recervo Rod Cross aupplieo weresfor-, Warded for .the relief^ of the, Halifax sufferers, the demand thiB'Hlme'Is-very great. Ami when we realize that according to official reports, diirlhg the last tourimontha there M'ero no less than 80,500 Cauad-lan'OBBUBlties, it Is not hard toAmdej-stand the cpnstant call, tor more and more Bupnlles fropi headqiiartors overseaH. These are Canadian. casuaUieV alAue.lana. both 'England and France must look Cfanada for-^uppliiia teecauso thqlr women are doing men's work. J ..^y.- . , ' -' :\ In ordor that Lethbridge may (^b her part In this gre'^t work-a house to,houH^ canvas for workers will be made Ihia week,'when-every woman will'bo .given un opportunity to suy sho will give at Ipast 2-boars ouch week to Red Cros.s work. It is also a part of the plan to onroll'every ohlld In Uetl)brldgo'in tho Jiinlpr Bed Cross.  . poesilt not\|Show an iippftlllng lack of Interest in the'saVIim of humUn* Ityr iwhenlliethbridgo with ita population of U,00Q baa oitly 133 membQrij' enroiledli) the Red Cross, after being '6 years at war?" , ' , / ' '"-T �---' ' ^ >� '_ Amsterdam, Jan, 8.-King Ludwig of Bavaria, i.s quoted In a Munich despatch as having said, yesterday at a reception on his birthday that the Jemi!} of Germany's enomlas were exorbitant. "Not one' Inoli ot German territory will be given up," -^le declared. "Wo must try to safeguard our frontleus." Asserting that the Bavarians, Hike, the othor Germans were victorious everywhere, tho king added: "May wo succeed also In defeating our latest enemies, tho Americana." Await German Reply London, Jan. 8.-A reply from tlvo central iiowons to'1110 statement of' British war nims made by Premier Lloyd George Saturday is awaited here with the greatest interest, it is believed that Germany and her allies cannot decline to reply In some form as to make the reply more atrnight-torwnrd and definite than any previous statonientf of their aims. But If tho German papers correctly mirror the situation there, the tost which the Bolshevlkl have made dC Germany's attitutte..toward tho principle oil no annexations has tUroWii Germany Into political turmoil. Advices from tho capitals of neutral coiin-trlea bordering on Germany show tluit tho opinion pravalout there is that one ot the ' severe national crises in the history of Gernmuy Is' developing i^jas the result of differences of views ; I betv/een the militarist and non-mJli-tarlst. leader* regarding 'the govorn-mopt'a attitude toward Russia, It la reported generally that; Gonoral Von Ludondorft, as leader cif ,the former group, actually has gone so far,as, to threaten his resignation ut himself and field Marshal Von Hlndehburg. If further countenance\ is given even to sucb-ylewB as those advauoed by men of the typo of Dr. Von Ktiehlmanu dU(,l Count'rCiiornIn, the' Gormau and Austrian foreign mlnlstera; y At the'Barao time the view of Voii Kuohlmann and Czernln tail to satisfy tho German Socinliats who regard their middle ot 'the road policy as tricky and whoaro detormluea that tho spirit of the' relchsfag resolution must be. folio wed sincerely and without qunlifl-cation. or reserve. ., ,'Neuirttl. observers declare that thp gap between the German parties suddenly' has become a 'ohnsm so wiSe that there Is little hope:ot bridging if, nnd that the development pf Internal crisis of Bprlotis proportions ppams In-ovltable. , . t:^g '. On the other Imnd It Is-pointed'ou(;p that tho varloiia partiiiii; In ; entontj},'^^ cou;itrlos ,nsver app0arodVsi)'con)plfiT.aM, ly united (ia In tlipir 8iiijporl,',p'f,(;i^^^(^|| \ war alms formulated by Premi^vLloyM^ i Georfio. 543838 ;