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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 8, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta BETTER CONDITIONS ON U.i RANCHES AMERICANS HAVE LEARNED L ESSON FROM CANADA WHICH WILL SAVE LOSS OF tMO.OOO.OOO IN CATTLE TRADE-;2,aa7,027 HEAD DIED FROM EXPOSURE AND HUNGER LAST YEAR-FOLLOW THE LEAD OF ALBERTA STOCKMEN ONE OF LETHBRIDGE'S INDUSTRIES another wreck on c.p.r ' Chicago, 111.. Dec. �.-"M�ybe tktH no|t steers bawling out there la the feed Iota would ju�t hate all tkia warmth and light aad band music,** drawled a Texaa ranehman. He arawwl , hit hand inclusively about (he amphitheatre where the great how ww held recently. "Beet from the range always have gat a bum deal, even since we began getting in this expensive breeding . stack. Plenty oi show and north wind for them in winter, hauled for hewn in crowded ears without water, �tdf to get knocked in the bead with-owt a �nell of high life like this." Owt in the cold and snow there were SaJOOO tired steers waiting their turn p the runway to the slaughter room. iJeemingly no - Thanksgiving or Christmas or New' Year's brings to the millions of range cattle cause for rejoicing. And yet if they did but know it, the millions of suffering steers upon the range have cause for a grand celebration this year, for at least they would have found o friend. Alarmed at the frightful loss and suffering ...during severe winters, the, United . .States, government 'has" intervened on behalf of the. ill-used cattle and is moving a thousand '''governmental wheels to bring^ about better conditions for the live stock which form such a ldrge item in America's., annu-' al bill of fare*'' Art Expsnsive Lesson Bound up with the government's  tardy action is the story of the dis-. covery of an $800;000,000 leak in the . nation's wealth, of a lesson learned from Canada and of conditions  on the. range that beggar beliei; For years reports have poured into the'department of agriculture-.of> the uflering and- wholesale1' deaths of cattle left to winter on the range with no other food than, the grass that the snow did not cover and no shel-shelter-but many new line fences. Kach year the .report was worse, and. f.- Snally^ hot tlpnV ago> the .department Sat an agent to investigate' and to suggest possible remedies. . . The, situation ho found was fright-iwl. In the last year, for which fig-tires are available, 2,637,027 catt'.e died from all causes, over half of - them succumbing from exposure. Ore* 1,000,000. sheep died from exposure and another million from other causes. Hundreds of thous- - and* of sheep and steers are left to ""..their own devices'every winter, when - snow and ice' cover the grass of the plains (the only fodder for the cattle) and after frantic, futile efforts made by the cattle' to penetrate the crusts -of ice, with lips and noses jtoin to the bone ing cleaned from grease and dirt will not give more than thirty of forty pounds of blankets. The other wools give from fifty^per cent, upwards. All the wool is sorted into three grades according to its fineness. ? * V � DON'T BUY The Material for jdur shed, burn or house nntill youjjhnve seen our 4m. Ship-lap Finest material on the market at closest "price" yet X ? y ? v y ? ? t f Y X Carload each of fresh Lime, Wood Fibre Plaster and Cement in 6tock. Rogers-Cunningham Lumber Co., Ltd. Lethbridge, Taber, Stirling, Raymond, Magrath, Coleridge t 6* �t f I still sell them at a profit in competition with other steers. The Canadian Pacific Railway company have orders for 1,500 cars for the shipment of cattle, during the month of November alone, making this month's stock shipments the largest in the history of the country. An idea of the quality of the range bred oattle in some of these shipments can be. had by noting the prices they brought.. A top load recently averaged 1,396 pounds and sold at $6.10 per cwt., grossing $85.18 per head. A second load, averaging 1,374 pounds, was put over at $5.50, grossing $75.57, and the third load, averaging 1,245 pounds �t $5.30, grossing- $66. The fourth cut, 04 head, averaged 1,159 pounds, and sold at $5.00, grossing $53.34. Some medium weight cows grossed $40 per head. Red Deer is the most northerly point from which cattle have ever been shipped to Chicago as yet, but representatives of Swift & Co., in Al- berta predict that the Peace River region, lying away north of the next decade be the centre of an important range cattle industry.. Na Problem in Canada In other Vords, Canada has no 3uch live stock problem as there is in the United States, and the question now before Uncle Sam is whether our western range can be put on an equal footing with that of Alberta by mitigating the effects of our severe winters. The department of agriculture has opened its campaign by trying to induce stockmen to provide food and shelter, by showing them the profit to be made in that way. In the next place it is urging them to rest their All these points are brought out in the recent report of J. S-jGaUfOfrrVlT is assistant in range investigation for the government's bureau of plant industry. The hearty' co-operation of the livestock men is required before any great results can be accom- plished. 8ut if this co-operation 'is given- a stop will be put to what is now a blot on the country's industrial life as well ns a source of great loss, and a brighter day will dawn for the much abused steer, over-grazed lands and to promote better grass growth by resoeding of pastures. The stockmen themselves are asking for. some kind of legislation which will enable them to lease and improve sections of the public land so that they will be capable of taking care of the large herds now grazing on them. Lastly, the best solution of the difficulty lies in cutting down the herds and' grading up the stock, so that when the stockman can no Vonger grow beef he will bo in a pos/tion to dispose of high class feedhj^cattle, which ho will aim to seTfns yearlings or 2-year-olds to eastern feeders. A Great Buy Two miles from town. A Good Half-rSection for MINAIID'S DlPllTMEItlA, MX.IMENT OUHES $9.50 Easy Terms W. R. DOBBIN Dealer in Farm Lands and Lethbridge Properties.'''. Southard Block, Letb.bric!ge, Alta. Phone 122 [^aiMa^HA&Tjay i tut* ;