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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta REPORT OF BEEF COMMISSION meu familiar with the lotion of advisability of furthv existing' aud are thereby able to stop j investigation. the leak which means the difference Vfv commoner it as a" The following are further graphs from the iteef Ifcport. jfreat deal of complaint has been Jbdged against the C.P.R. for negli- fwttce in supplying of cars tenable time after lii several instances raen bad to wait weeks to have para- ments but they were not fully cogni- zant of conditions as they actually exist..- Just here we may say that j between profit and loss in the export business. These men have facilities of their own all along the line, be- sides having agents in the old coun- try who arc thoroughly familiar with and assist mater order to geiitbmen of h conditions as they have own present- ed befora this Commission aud at their request; we have tave' taken from the evidence excerpts which in order and on certain occasion themselves 'explain most cleurly th, the practio- remains tion in restraint of or affecting, trade in cattle, shi.vp, hogs- or meat, or or all of them in the Province or elsewhere such us infringe up- on the provisions "of" the Criminal Code of-Canada, 18U2, and aineud- [that'nany of those who have shipp- Grass Lake ts against T ed through commission men have J to sav that we have prob- found it ino.st unsatisfactory and it tn's matter in every oxtail and appears to us not. only, a, curelgss but .although', the producers, furnished "a- copies method of doing business great deal of ciixuinstaritia! "evidence which j The condition c? affairs was very ,that .was.jm- agreement among! C'-r-Ti- oflicos in aptly summed up in private conver- buyers -the allowing Winnipeg be. forwarded to Hail-jsa.tion wilh one of the export-' districts f or operation and that one! it be ask- ers ot- he.said: "The would, not trespass grievances faet oj- the matWr is gentlemen, that of the other, and it was also in- SMALL RANCHERS ROBBED the Alberta, rancher raises "his steer timated that buyers .agrtvd as to till four or five years old and .then Prices but on ho occasion have we says. 'Strang-eri take my in able to .elicit information .which' words- the rancher trust substantiate the charges. Ques Was tkc a Witnessess Made Before Cmnissiei Mr, states: "My experience from start to finish shipping cattle was -that all with to.-the honesty of the stransrer. tions pertaining- to the existence of whom make I had, to deal were bound what ..-they could out of to >t .First, the hay and feed; secoad. the rope for ties and men to cross with the cattle v-hich we Again in slapping through the com- a confine were asked those- charge mission man', there are too many peo- implication and without, exce; pie who share the pro'iits. When the these, men emphatically denie final returns are to the charge. Burns states unde ducvr he has little left for his trou- oath: j "I say there has rieyer. been a com In selling- direct to the exporter the existence" of this count know." complaint is that he pays too little. Jas In order to effect an immediate re- rnedy of -the. export sRuation wo Excerpt from evidence of J. T. Gor would respectfully recommend thatj "Your name is connected with Pa the-'Alberta Government appoint ajBums. What are your business re- e found at Bos-ton Hvc stock commissioner chief lations? A. have been accused of at fl.OO per head; third, the space business it would be to attend to wc sent, Pat Burns out agreed upon here Messrs. Spar- row Johnston at 30 shillings per ficials- who are of work. head, crossing from Boston to Liv- by some of the C.P.R. of- crpool. and when settling I had to responsible lur this shillings. So far as I can learn the ship's agent and Mr. Hugh We 6nd that the C.P.R. have very Gilchrist, -the Montreal man who se- 'few stock cars which arc furnished with manners for feeding. This. cured to hack up: this had 7i shill- believe would be a valuable addition SOme idea how the smaU arc to the present stock ear and whcn on robbcd: fourth, then again the- runs where it Is not deemed advis- aScnt- Mr- Pritchard gets 5 shillings to unload it would prevent ani- per head his commission, and one irom suffering, as they undoubt- edly suffer, from hunger and at the same time. lessen the I of that again Christ of Montreal, formation from Mr. Gil- I have this in- Pritchard him- self; fifth, the agents in Liverpool In cqpnection with favoritism ?OVBK if nat according the marketing of Alberta export cattle- This commissioner should tie a man thoroughly conversant with the live industry and a man sufficiently acquainted with business transactions. to enable him to carry such an exten- sive scheme to A successful issue. We wish to emphasize the suc- cess of this undertaking'on the part of the government will depend large- ly on the choice of the commissioner. that we He is a bigger man than any of us for us doing -that, that we were ing him out to get the export cattle is absolutely untrue. There is more connection in the business of Pat Burns with -any one of the, mem- bers of the firm of Gordon, Ironsides Fares than there is between the Chairman of -this Commission and ne- ver has been." Many of the small buyers stated We would further recommend that that p- Burns set the price for the this commissioner, be entirelv under j the direction of the Department Agriculture and that he be paid used locally. Men Of! a shipped regular salary from fund collected to in greater quantities and Canadian and American" points stated -Umt they sot their by imposing a uniform tax on all Prices the Winnipeg, Chicago, and moni in bis P. R. to larger and shippers. Mr. McHugh that Mr Gor- when cafc- again you per head for onen-.have keys to all the dif. slaughtered so you can see it fcrent pens and" corrals itt the Winni- Stan tO fin' peg-stock- yards which is a libertv this commission cannot endorse and of shiP sPace in Montreal and at other AUan-tic ports we are led to believx "gambling iu space a privilege .-which no wcU managed it- rr pieces SWP boughVup mjusace which has come to our no- and reli tic5' Ittr connection vith favoritism casiiv 5, Co at a higher ivifc Gordon s out in the .Hugh.-, Herstates-as follows: "After leaving: Winnipeg- I was look Ing over the shipping bills with the conductor and I discovered three of additional freight and asked conductor what they -srere and he said tnat they were three cars offal, the property of Gordon _ Ironsides, shipped to cannot hope -Lnerfiooi. x then asked how ma- coveret! that there verp three cars of P- B, ilcDonsJ-d's cattle left, standing fro the side track and those three of offal taken in tLftir phice. Tou will note tha-t these- three "cars of offal vrore to go on thc same ship, the.Sacbon, from Boston with our cat-tie to Liverpool." that thew or in other figu number of animals shipped, these funds to to handled entirely by the government, j they wvre We believe that this gentlsman could country and bought accordingly." markets. Those who shipp- old country stated that as to prices in the occupy his time very profitably dur- ing the whole year acquainting him- -with conditions on tha diSercnt markets on the continent, with ship- ping conditions en route, etc. with stock aro exporting regularly have ag- ents at thgsfc different, ports'.to look after such business as the securing of space. Mr. Gordon states in his ev- idence that when he "was paying 30 lt" shillings per head on a certain boat there were those who were paying 35 on the same boat. Orlr. Gordon, also stated that "a man who makes one co get insur- ance as cheaply as .we irho shin such CHILLED MEAT SYSTEM Or. McEacfaen's Views-Alleged Combine Against Buyers Throughout our sittings in the sou- .._ ___....... them part of the province -there were ,'mention that although Bums Co. I many witnesses who advanced theW very extensive buyers of all class' argument that the establishment of of cattle in this Province, of late a chilled meat trade xvith the old they have done, no Mr. Burns, tvho can perhaps not be included in any of these classes, stat- ed: "Well, when the market- in the old country is high I fix my price, by rt iiVw wuvrn tne oia country market is low? A. Well then I fix my prices according to my best judgement.'' When the producer was asked how he set the price on his animal the in- variable answer was that he had to take what was offered and that he mostly took the first" offer for fear he should never get Another. In this connection we would like to THE NEW COAL TOWN Situated midway between Medicine Hat and Lethbridgeon Crows Nest Pass LinerCR-R- Townsite on the Market 2 Months i Lots to the value of GREAT INDUCEMENTS For all kinds of business openings. SOLD tO I A SNAP FOR SHORT TIME For Further Particulars, apply to WM. SALVAGE On'landing in Liverpool or old country ports the' regular' exporter has his-agent look after, the shipment while private shippers have in- formed private shippers us that they were not allowed to follow their tie to the slaughter house. the method ountry solve tlie export problem. given to consider the views of one, j Winnipeg-. _______ Dr. Duricam McEachern, as those of I don has selected Mr. Burns' cattie'at exporting their turn for this he is supposed to at- ing of but there is sufficient in o the stock yards. In some j the above excerpts explain mat- a man weight. who Dr. carries considerable shipping point, taking the ex- McEachern has been Ports to Winnipeg- .while 3fr. Burns cat- cattle may be kept for ten davs might just explain that these the old cars of Mr, McDonald's These in being slaughtered of the trainload in which Mr shipper has .was interested and it WJL? necessary fiftat the shipment should readi iifontreal together. This evidence would lead us to believe that Gordon. country stock yards before ami the private no means of knowing whether his cattle are being attended to or not, but he pays for serv- just the same. Again -the regular exporter keeps a close watch on his Co. receive great fa- cattle when they are being weighed, vors irom.the C. P. K. even at the Mr. McHugh states that "the agents j those entirely unable to at Liverpool have all in their, power if not honest -to do you in the weight manager of the Waldron Ranch -since took -the remainder or butchers' stuff to Calgary, Some of, the producers -y--c.on cases trie shipper is charged a We know that Mr. Gor- ton and in others and in Cer- tain cases even more. Mr. McMullen, the C. P. R; Live Stock Agent states in his evidence as 1883, a vetermsry surgeon by pro- follows: and has 'occupied high. posi. objected to this method, claiming _ _ i "Q- Is there any limit as to th ten, fuily. This is indeed a great Besides this the hay is of poor quality; the yards are poorly tions throughout the Dominion of Ca nada. He vas at one time surgeon in Montreal Veterinary of the faculty of Comparative Medi. cine; McGiR University, Chief Inspec- that ft proof that there wag an. agreement between; the two compan- ies. We have- to- say that re of the opinion that such business is quite- legitimate in fact we are of the tor of Stock for the Dominion of Ca-j opinion- than; 'it nada, having- organized the quaran- has proved of direct benefit expense of bear it.: Again the evidence convinces us when the cattle are slaughtered Gordon Co. arc not the only here we Wouk3 rneaticm tine, system and conducted it for 23 years. Dr. MeEachern states that for a number of he has been greatly interested in the establish- ment of a chilled meat trade but he- to receive R. W, tha-t favours from the evidence leads us to believe that li 'rom the ev- the small shipper suffers on account rfence o. one. Mr. Urch of of the embargo. If. at the time of VCrJ" doulnful foment landing in th0 oki country the !ket is low it would be a great advan in shipping, "I sharped with thc Little Bow and went to the old country Jmyself. I went with the shipment that. Joseph Marion vent Q. What about the cattle that left Win- nipeg after your txa.inload and ar- rived in Montreal ahead of you? A. xvhen we left Winnipeg there 0. car.de in the yards and when we arrived in Montreal these same "T. 0. T." cat- ale were there ahead of us. They must'have passed us on the road. Q. you know why they should have that, preference? A. No, I do As it is at pre- 125 to 30 per tage to keep the cattle for three weeks or a month, sent, all imported stock must be slaughtered within ten days after ar- riving, and not infrequently the buy- take advantaire believes that the difficulties in the viay are insurmounf--abl total of his lengthy that the capita] necessary would be -enormous. Nevertheless, he stated if a dressed meat trade could be- estab- lished successfully it would be a great benefit to the producer. It would in- crease, the value- of his cattle easily is a method which to the stock raisers of the Province in that Mr, Bums-when purchasing does not cull- the- bunch as most of the buyers tO treatmen't at Jaw? A price he is allowed- to charge for hay A, There is a schedule of prices post ed up -at the yards. J. What is th highest price that can be charged A. a ton, at least that is m> understanding." In this connection we quote from the evidence of P. Burns, of Calgary "Q. Have you any complaints as do. For some reason there is a lack of healthy competition in this province. without exception the produc- argument jer made the complaint tha-t there-was particularly. I buy hay there at a ton." opinion that cent. He is of the if the Government would undertake the enterprise and thc-ir way clear to bringing it to we quote from the evidence of C. Knight, of Calgary: You have shipped through an absolute lack of competition.' Moose Jaw. We have heard a great One reason why there are aot more deal of comPlai'nt about that. Give buyers in the-, country is -that the ex- the an idea of your porting business' js an extensive one cxPeriencc there. A. My experience and as we before can only "be executed successfully by men of" ex- ceptional aoility and possessors of large capital. Another reason why there is not greater ct regarding my accommodation and water was very satisfactory. The hay was not satisfactory. Q, What was the matter? A. The matter is that the C.P.R. sell you hay in the at Moose Jaw at so -wit-.n-o .u- i i- in the buving of Stcc3c yards ___ _ Zt ih 11kSOTg SUCCeSsful iSSUe mean the cattle is due to the fact that'buvers much rackful... Thej- do not weigh Hrsirdle -nh think you did not price he would if it vere pos- Undoubtedly there sible 1.0 keep his stock longer. We vi'll confess that having inven'tigat- the old country on account of not. :d this matter in we are scarcely cons-iderable sale. a position to recommend but it ap- pears 10 us that it would'be wise to owns the endeavor to have this time increased A. Bader of Ba- from ten days to a month. i There are three rrir.i.'ruiris which thc rancher has o-f disposing of his cx- "T. 0. T." cattle? der 4 McLean. We might mention that Bader yards and report to him, and if in the report we con- demned them they would be taken over again and managed by the C.p. R. Co. We may say that we have advised the company of the condition of affairs and we believe that mat- ters will be remedied. We would fur- ther advise that all 'the stock yards be taken over by the company. Reference to WinniiJeg stock yards will be made -in a treatment of Mani- toba conditions. SHRINKAGE By tne shrinkage system we mean the method the buyer has of safe- guarding himself against loss in shipping-. In the first place there is a very serious shrink In our grass fed cattle if long- in transit. On account of the railway company causing Jong delays in certain shipments and the consequent heavy shrinkage, the buy- er safeguards himself by making a per cent- shrink on all cattle when uying, thus causing the producer to tand the loss, which in our opinion hould be borne by the buyer. It has he really is. ua consider what a 5 per shrink means in any single trainloa'd of cattle. On a 200 pound animal it means 60 pounds off and on 20 animals in. the carload it means 1200 pounds off or one animal per Car. -we have 20 cars in a trainload, it means pounds, which at 5c. per pound, means in one train- load, indeed a very fair profit in the shrinkage business alone. The shrinkage system in our opin- ion simple robbery and an .imposi- tion on the producer of cattle of this country. BRAND The system of brand inspection is on the poorest possible basis. Cer- tain men designate it as a "dead let- others as a and' there was scarcely one instance where .1 _ W1L11 now in vogue. In many cases the ev- dencc goes to that the brand inskector would sit in his office ahfl ask the shipper for a list, of brands without ever, seeing the cattle .that were shipped. In the majority of ca- ses the brand inspectors at present engaged are not competent men, not being able to decipher plainest brand. The system is not only worthless from a protective stand- point but it is an injustice to shipp- ers. The shipper is frequently sub- become a sort of custom with Jcctcd to the annoyance of having to he buyers to shrink. whether it easonable to do so or not and there y the shrinkage system is badly bused. We have instances in the ridence where men have driven cat- e a hundred miles and have then i search for the inspector when some- thing; more important should be oc- cupying his He also has to Pay 'the sum of Sc.1' head for ser- vices which arc of absolutely no val- ue or protection to him. On exam- ad them subjected to a 5 cent ininS some of the brand inspectors. hrink. In other coses where cattle fountl that on certain occasions weighed. Q. Do you know what they j tiave been starved 12 and 15 hours i they had to. pay in the neighbor- j charge for hay in Moose Jaw a ton? men have been charged the same- '3 [hood of for expenses in order per cent, shrink, when the producer {to inspect a few cattle when the am- was told that it was sold at -OO a ton. it was higher. Q. J understand that A. I know for J had a, .shipment, week. Q. I under- I stand it was A. I guess Commission Ilcport they get when they can. I The stock yards in the following gave the C.P.R. a cheque for places vere Calgary, Moose for 34 bales of hay. I figured that crjJaw, and Winnipeg.'. thy bales would weigh-. about 60 from 1 to 2 cents per pound less. Dr. We heard little or no complaint ae-. Pounds each. That would be which they are employed. On ex- man who undertakes shipping caUlo such men as P. W. Peters, to the oid country comes in a year 'Assistant General Traffic Manager, or possibly once in two years will R. R. Jamtcson, superintendent moot with trouble which will result division, and otheni in loss of money on account of his expectca tnat the JMcEachwn that the English iainst the Calgary yards. The Moose for 2040 pounds. I figured wer? convinced that they unfamiliarity with the details'of the sincere in their, endeavor to furnish shipping business, On the first class service for iive stock ship hand, the exporter and commission people 'would prefer it infinitely if all thc beef supply from this country would come in that chiller! form. We regret to stale that our inves- tigation in this matter has not been sufficiently' complete to warrant us making any recommendations. We would'1 respectfully ask your considcr- Jaw yards received a great deal of that 1 was paying at about the rate adverse criticism from both the large 934.00 a ton. I insisted on them and small shippers. Practically all weighing the hay but they said if I Alberta cattle which are shipped east like it I could do without the arc fed at the Moose yards. The hay." C.P.R. has leased them to a private could quotf from thc evidence individual who has tho. oxclusivo of others to that, the is usked why he stands for such treat moni. his answer'is "We" cannot dic- tatfi. in mn.kiTvo- tbo must accept what we are offered for our stock." For this' reason he as- serts that, there is no competition amongst buyers and that there is an buyers were asked to cive reason this unreasonable shrinkage wai charged they -maintained that it xvas a mere master themselves and between seller. Again there are occasions when the shrink- ags system is and is used by the buyer ox a mere clonk to make the producer believe that he is re- (Continued on next page.) To check a cold4 quickly get, from your druggist some little Candy Cold Tablets called 'Proventics. Druggists everywhere nrc now dispensing with for arc not only safe Imt dnr.irl.irllir _.......... i" contain no quinine, no lax ative, nothing harsh or Taken at thc stage" Preven- tics will prevent Pneumonia, Bron- chitis. La Grippe, etc. Hence name, Provcntlcs. Good for feverish right to sell to In re- shippers suffer injustice in the buy-jceiving a higher pries per pound than all druggists children. 48 PrevcntJcs Trial boxes sold for 5 cts. 25 cents. Sold by i. ;