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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 7, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, January 7, The Kissinger interview U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger's refusal to rule out force in dealing with oil producing nations has brought the expected stormy response from Arab countries in the Middle East. It has also probably caused some un- easiness among Canadians, particularly those whose imaginations have been spurred by fictional prognostications of U.S. troops moving north across the border to secure oil supplies. Before uneasiness becomes hysteria, two questions should be asked. The first is almost rhetorical in nature. What else could Henry say? The U.S. secretary of state is a pragmatic man and he is aware that the world is listening to him. A "no comment" answer would have led to the worst possible interpretation. On the other hand, if he had said, "The U.S. will not use force to save the industrializ- ed he would immediately have been tabbed as a liar or a fool. Neither appellation holds much appeal for him. I As it was, he spelled out very carefully that force would not be used in any dis- pute over price but that it couldn't be dis- counted if the West was in danger of strangulation. This brings up the second question which may provide further insight. What countries of the West are in danger of being strangled? Not the U.S. and cer- tainly not Canada. However, a few Euro- pean nations are on shaky economic ground because of Arab oil policies and possibly this fact is the reason for Kissinger's comment. The U.S. has just succeeded in organiz- ing the oil consuming nations into a bloc to attack problems of energy supply collectively. Even France has agreed to partial participation in the organization whose activities, regardless of the eu- phemisms employed, are designed to counteract those of the producing nations. To have denied this consumers' group the full backing of U.S. power might have undercut its effectiveness and per- suaded its various members that uni- lateral action was better, particularly in view of the fact that many Middle East oil producers are better armed than their European customers. In short, Kissinger, the pragmatic analyst, was simply telling it like it is, to revive a defunct cliche. He said nothing that was not already assumed by the realists of the world. The interesting aspect is that he chose to use this kind of pressure on the OPEC countries at this time. He may have decided that they needed to face reality too. He may have thought that the International Energy Agency needed shoring up. Or he may simply feel more outspoken now that he has Nelson Rockefeller behind him in the government. Rockefeller is more than just a friend to the American secretary of state. He is also a pragmatist to whom the use of force is not unthinkable. ART BUCHWALD Humor shortage in 1975 WASHINGTON I had calls from the Los Angeles Times and the Boston Globe last week asking me what my prediction was for the humor business in 1975.1 had to regretful- ly inform them that humor economists were predicting a great shortage of humor for '75 and the cost of a barrel of mirth might go as high as A year ago a barrel of crude laughs was selling as low as and it was difficult to give the stuff away. But then Watergate ended, Nixon resigned, and suddenly the country found itself with a shortage of humor. Since there is more demand for humor now than ever before, the producers and refiners say they had no choice but to raise the price of it for 1975. At a meeting of the Humor Producers Assn. in Cleveland, Sheik Russell Baker told the press. "The world has been exploiting humor producers for centuries. There is no reason people should not pay as much as they do for gas." The Shah of Herblock warned the world- thai it was wasting its humor. "By raising the price of a barrel of mirth to we might wake people up to the facfthat unless strong conservation methods are taken we could run out of humor by 1984. For too long the nations of this earth have been depending on Polish and Italian jokes as their main source of humor. Unless other jokes are discovered soon, we could find ourselves in a very grim world." The shah's warning was reitereated by Sheik Art Hoppe, who told the press, "There is just so much hunor in the ground; and while we regret that some people will have to suffer because of the new price increases, we have to think of ourselves first. Everyone has been taking humor for granted. As long as the economy was good, people used laughter as if there was no tomorrow. But no one expected 1974 to end so miserably. Now people who used to laugh at anything aren't laughing any more." One of the reasons for the sharp increase in humor according to Sheik Oliphant was that most world loaders have become dull. "It takes twice as much effort to produce a barrel of laughs as it did a few years ago when Charles de Gaulle, Lyndon Johnson, Golda Meir, Gamal Nasser and Ho Chi Minh were in power. You have no idea what it costs to produce one cartoon on Gerry Ford. Ob- viously we have to pass this on to the con- Hans Yoakum, a humor economist, said despite the recent CIA disclosures lie saw no relief from high humor prices in sight. "The humor producers are adamant that the price of crude will remain at and refined laughter could go as high as a barrel. "We're going to have to live with he said in a report to the president. "You can't have recession and inflation and expect cheap humor to boot." Mr. Yoakum warned the president that if the price of crude humor remained at the humor producers would soon be making billion a year. Unless, this money is recycled it could cause grave economic conditions throughout the world. He suggested the best way for the humor producers to recycle the money with the least damage to the economy was for the United States to sell them Pan American airways. Letters "Now I don't want this to sound like a threat... however..." Debate on the future By Richard Gwyn, Toronto Star commentator What kind of a country do you want Canada to be? A country that keeps on growing so that we become more dynamic, more varied, more exciting, more wealthy because there will be more of us to take in each other's washing, and more powerful in the world's scale? Or a country that ceases to grow so that we save farmland at the edge of cities from being chewed into asphalt and brick, so that we conserve our resources like oil, so that we halt over- crowding in our cities and in our parks, and so that we avoid delusions of inter- national grandeur? Canadians never have asked themselves basic questions like these. This country has pretty much "justgrowed" by itself into the size and shape it now has excepting, for in- stance, the drive to fill the empty spaces of the West at the beginning of this century. Demography usually is the driest of classroom subjects, a mass of statistics about pop- ulation, its distribution and its characteristics such as age and racial origin. But the peo- ple behind the numbers who they are and where they live and how many of them there are in all add up to the country of today and tomorrow. Unnoticed, the Trudeau government has put demographic matters among its main policy objectives. One of the few documents that cabinet ministers carried with them to their day-long "think tank" at Meach Lake a month ago was a paper on demography. Backstage studies have been going on for more than two years, first in the Privy Council office and now directed by Manpower and Immigration Minister Robert Andras, who shortly will publish a "green paper" on population and im- migration. That paper will set the stage, Trudeau hopes, for a national debate about the future of the country. Among those within cabinet pushing for the debate, besides Trudeau and Andras, are Don Jamieson of the department of regional economic expan- sion and Jeanne Sauve of en- vironment. A few years ago such a debate would have been pointless. That growth equal- led good was taken for granted. But goals have changed and so have attitudes about the goodness of growth. The most dramatic opinion shift has taken place among ordinary citizens. In 1945 a Gallup poll found that 65 per cent of the Canadians inter- viewed believed our popula- tion should be larger. In a comparable poll in 1973, only 30 per cent still held that view. For a recent Toronto Star survey eight in 10 Toron- tonians interviewed said they wanted their city which in fact is forecast to grow to four million by the turn of the cen- tury to stay at its present size. "Sure-footed little beasts, aren't Experts also have shifted their ground. Economists once assumed that more peo- ple meant larger domestic markets and hence economies of manufacturing scale. A recent, as yet un- published, study by the man- power department concluded: "There is no support for the theory that a rapidly increas- ing population will bring significant benefits to Cana- dian industry." Economies Of scale, the department calculates, would come into play only with a population of 100 million or more, four times Canada's present size. A new phase, "diseco- nomies of is turning up in official jargon. Amid all our rock and scrub we have today only 24 million acres of prime arable land. Unless urban expansion is strictly controlled the first steps are being taken in British Columbia and Ontario we will be down to 17 million acres or less by the century's end, too few to feed our then larger population. Some of the consequences of a no-growth policy are as un- comfortable. Canada traditionally has relied on im- migration to fill up the gaps in our own professions, such engineering and medicine, and in recent years we have counted on immigrants to dp the dirty jobs, from picking summer fruit to cleaning city streets, that Canadians no longer are trained to do. If im- migration is sharply reduced, who will send their sons and daughters, or go themselves, out to the fruit orchards or to clean the streets? Demography is as much about where people live as about their numbers. The choices people make can matter: Bilingualism policy will be threatened for ex- ample, if Statistics Canada is correct in its forecast that by the year 2001 Quebec's popula- tion will be down to 22 per cent of Canada's total. The contest between city 'and countryside, until now un- eveii because of the urban bright lights and jobs, will become more balanced. An incredible 32 per cent of Canadians, according to Gallup, would like to live on a farm although only seven per cent in fact do. Urban refugees are starting, to revive, and to change the small towns of Ontario and the Maritimes. Grand designs aren't in the Canadian tradition, nor are public discussions about problems that are not im- mediate and specific. The demographic debate could break that tradition. It will provide Canadians a chance to say what kind of country they want to live in, and therefore what kind of people they want themselves to be. USC sends thank you This very second the mailman has come in, with a brown envelope in which I dis- covered a clipping from The Lethbridge Herald, Dec. 27, carrying the triumphant heading "Cup of Milk Fund spills over (The total, as of Jan. 2, was I can hardly believe my eyes, but there it is, in light blue print and my profound gratitude is flying out to Cleo Mowers, the friends who work in The Herald, and the evergrowing number of readers who have given their Friendship Dollars to help the children of Bangladesh. Surely that country is the most suffering in the world at the moment, needing even the barest and most basic essen- tials to care for its children, always the greatest victims. Readers, certainly understood the urgency and many no doubt were very grateful to The Herald for providing a reliable channel the USC to come to the rescue of these starving, suffering little ones. 1 wish that 1 could go from home to home in The Herald's entire reading area and shake hands with those who have the warm hearts and the readiness to share their own relative plenty. I pledge that when I reach Bangladesh next April. I shall tell the truly touching and beautiful story, as I distribute the hundreds of cups of Canadian milk, given With ready hearts and hands by the wonderful friends we have in the Lethbridge area. A special big thank you, and the joyful news that in spite of all my fears, we have sailed over the top and at the mo- ment our USC income stands at over in funds and gifts in kind. Surely this is the largest miracle we have ever witnessed in USC history. DR. LOTTA. HITSCHMANOVA Executive director, USC. Ottawa Hurlburt-Benson speech In the last days all signs shall fail. Can it be that the last bastion of liberalism has been shaken? Is it possible that this organ of enlighten- ment lias succumbed to the goading of its conscience? Perhaps a full page copy would do it. Double coverage for good measure! One column for Ezra T. Benson and one column for Ken Hurlburt. Surely this will atone for the sin of omitting the speech from being publish- ed when it was originally delivered last May. Besides, wasn't that about the time the Great One in Ottawa was tour- ing the eastern townships with appropriate fanfare? Alas, no room for copy then! How observant of the professor to detect this monumental crime of Mr. Hurlburt's. What keen percep- tion lurks in this profound and analytical mind! How could anyone be so bold or presump- tuous as to repeat a speech delivered by the former secretary of agriculture in the United States government, simply because it was the truth? To repeat the address of a great man, one who has forgot more about free enterprise than the learned professor will ever know; is unthinkable. But let him parrot some euphemism such as "the government has no business in the bedrooms of the nation." ah then, holy writ! Enshrine him in the Hall of Fame of the great dis- pensers of rhetoric of all time! To quote a colleague of Mr. Benson's, Mr. Neal A. Max- well: "Some of the harsh realities of our times are citizens who are untutored in restraint and who are driven by their unchecked appetites can neither behave as free men, nor leave other men free; truth includes a knowledge of that harsh reality! He who is merely a bundle of appetites and has no capacity for. self discipline is neither educated or free. A permissive climate is really a cruel climate, for it deludes its citizens into believing they must confront others but not themselves; it elevates appetites by suggesting that we be accountable to these drives but not to people." I suppose if Mr. Hurlburt was to quote this gem of truth he would immediately be labell- ed a plagarist! Should not the critics search their souls and realize that the lustre of truth will not be diminished by repetition? Rather it grows brighter with constant use, and in the end; "Ye shall know the truth and the truth will make you free." B. V. H. Raymond Re-enact death penalty In view of the increase in crimes of violence in Canada and in particular the slaying of police officers in the last several months there should be a review of punishment for murder. There is growing sup- port for the view that the penalty of death should be applied to all those convicted of murder. Although one can raise argument against the taking of life by the state, concern for public safety and the morale of the police forces in Canada shifts the balance in favor ,of increased penalties for convictions for crimes of violence and the death penalty for murder. Members of Parliament who enact our criminal laws should be contacted by all concerned citizens and re- quested to declare their views on this vital issue in writing, free of ambiguities and ob- scure generalities. This may be an insurmountable proposal to some politicians. There are those who will say that hanging is not a deterrent to the commission of murder. My opinion is that it is a deterrent to most who would commit a crime of violence, except in some cases of insanity. This divergence of opinion cannot be assessed on any statistical basis. We have an obligation to provide protection for the peo- ple against crimes of violence. The police and judiciary play a vital role in the enforcement of our laws and administration of justice, however, it is the Member of Parliament who must decide what laws the judge must en- force and what protection must be extended to our police forces. If the morale of our police should be permitted to deteriorate, public safety could be seriously under- mined. In light of recent increases in crimes of violence, public safety should be a priority item of business in Parliament. ALBERT LUDWIG, QC, MLA Calgary Canine letter writer So. A. F. Smith (Dec. 23) children are just as convinced believes my children's com- that A. F. Smith's letter was ments on The Herald's really written by his dog! editorial, For the children's sake, (Dec. 6) were written by KEITH PARRY their parents. Well, my Lethbridge The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th SI S Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROY f. MILES Adverlising Managf DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;