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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 7, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 12 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, January 7, 1975 Arab renaissance delayed by slow Israel settlement SEYMOUR TOPPING New York Times Service NEW YORK The prospect of devastating fonriict with Israel is frustrating the Arabs' vision of an economic renaissance made possible by their new oil wealth. Throughout the Arab world there is growing impatience for a resolution of the -OTfron- tation with Israel so that urgently needed development projects can go forward. This was evident in talks with Arab leaders, intellec- tuals, businessmen and diplomats during a tour of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Lebanon, Syris, Jordan and Kuwait. Nevertheless, the Arab leaders, locked in a web of historical commitments, internal politics and passions, seem unshakably bent on recovering the lands lost to Israel in the 1967 War, whatever the cost to their societies. Most say that war will come if there is no sub- slantative progress in negotiations with the Israelis Ihis year. Moderate Arabs look to Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to compel Israel to enter productive negotiations for withdrawal from the oc- cupied lands. NO MATCH Well informed official sources in Cairo and Damascus say that the Egyp- tian army, which is short of vital equipment, and the Syrian army, still insufficient- ly trained in the use of its highly sophisticated Soviet arms, will not be a match for the Israeli forces for several years. However, war through mis- calculation, or out of frustra- tion and with the aim of bring- ing internal pressure on Israel, is considered likely in Cairo. Damascus and Riyadh. The Syrian officers who have romanticized the im- provement in their showing in the engagements in Sinai and on the Golan Heights are reported to be agitating for early renewal of military ac- tion. In return for Israeli withdrawal from the territory occupied in 1967 Sinai, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and the Golan Heights Egypt and Syria are in effect offer- ing an agreement on limited coexistence. According to government sources in Cairo and Damascus, the two countries would accept an arrangement of nonbelligerence with Israel and demilitarized zones in Sinai and on the Golan Heights. East Jerusalem, a part of the West Bank, would come under Arab civil ad- ministration, but an inter- national statute could be negotiated to guarantee free access. Egypt and Syria, according to these sources, would accede to the agreement's be- ing guaranteed by the United States and the Soviet Union, co chairmen of the Geneva conference, the forurn in which a final settlement would be concluded. "Egypt is ready to accept the existence of Israel, but there are crosscurrents in Syria." said a ranking Arab official closely familiar with the internal politics of both countries. AMENABLE President Hafez Al-Assad of Syria is widely regarded as a moderate amenable to coex- istence with Israel, but there is apprehension in the Arab capitals that he might be put under pressure or toppled by younger, more militant of- ficers. While Egypt has shed the Nasser mantle of revolutionary leadership. Syrian nationalists aspire to the role and arc said to be us- ing the confrontation with Israel as a vehicle for their ambitions. Furthermore, Arab officials did not offer convincing assurances that a Palestinian state on the West Bank and in Gaza would not become a new irredentist force in confronta- tion with Israel. Jordanian officials believe that the projected state would not be economically viable and that frustrated nationalists eager to expand might come to power. The West Bank, where peo- ple live, and crowded Gaza, with could not accom- modate the bulk of the Palestinian refugees in Lebanon, Syria, Kuwait and Iraq. Nor would such a state be attractive to the scores of thousands of well educated, energetic Palestinians who hold good professional, com- mercial and political jobs throughout the Arab world. A Jordanian government minister said that such a state might eventually try to push "West against Israel or East against us." In an interview in his heavi ly guarded palace, King Hus- sein said he was very pessimistic about the prospects for peace. Hussein, who relies on the United States for support and has has been more con- ciliatory toward Israel than the other Arab leaders, had just returned from meetings with the envoys of the presidents of Syria and Egypt Now, attired in casual dress, he sat in the lounge of his residence, his fingers clasped before him and his ex pression tense. "I don't see a way he said. "There is an urgent need for action if we are to avoid an eruption more costly than that in 1973, perhaps in the near future. Nothing much can be suggested from the Arab side Israel must make a contribu tion to peace instead of concentrating on building up its military machine Terrorism will stop when there is progress toward peace." What the king fears is the coming of spring, when the terrain will become suitable for fast tank sorties. If the Israeli and Syrian forces become deadlocked in Golan, in his view, the opposing tank columns may slash through Jordan and Lebanon in flank- ing operations. The spreading conflict, he believes, could bring about a confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union and disruption of oil supplies to the west. In Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, envoys of the United States and Western European countries have already been told that war would mean oil cutbacks. The Arab producers seem committed to Such a policy, but they would under- i take another blockage with j great reluctance. i In a Geneva settlement the Arab governments now propose to offer little to the Israelis beyond the pledge of nonbelligerence. Such vital issues as the es- tablishment of diplomatic relations and the end of the Arab economic blockade would be left to subsequent bilateral negotiations; since these questions would be taken up in conjunction with the tangled claims of refugees to property and homes in Israel, progress would be slow. Miles Mediterranean Sea .00 -j z------------. I I Zl Poor nation surplus may aid hungry Asian neighbors Independent home The Palestine Liberation Organization's dream of a Palestinian State would provide an independent home for a people who have been without homes since the British mandate in Palestine ended and Israel was born in 1948. PLO leaders believe that "their proposed state should be set up in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and that it would provide a base for Palestinian self-rule. They maintain that eastern Jerusalem is also part of this area. By JOSEPH LELYVELD New York Times Service BANGKOK When the world food crisis is discussed, the talk usually focuses on the rich nation's surpluses and the poor nations' deficits. Little is said about poor nations that have surpluses or about the possibility that those sur- pluses might be used to meet the threat of famine in neighboring countries. The possibility exists in Thailand and, to a lesser ex- tent in Burma, which have usually had surpluses and which have barely begun to explore the green revolution in rice through the high yield varieties. Before the Second World War, the Thai and Burmese surpluses, taken together, were on the order of five million tons a year. As recent- ly as 1962 they were able to ex- port more than three million tons. In the coming year Thailand is expected to export about a million tons, but Bur- ma's exports, aside from un- determined quantities that smugglers slip to Bangladesh and Malaysia, will be negligi- ble or nonexistent. Even if the old level of ex- ports could be restored, there would be no mechanism for regional distribution beyond the open market. It remains an easier proposition to ship food from the United States, Australia and Canada to deficient areas of Southeast Asia than from Bangkok, geographically next door. Foreign advisers have been unanimous until recently in urging Thai planners to concentrate on diversification of export crops. The argument, advanced by representatives of the Inter- national Bank for Reconstruc- tion and Development and others, was based on a rosily optimistic assessment of the green revolution. Progress in other countries in the region, it was said, would rapidly undermine prospects for rice as a marketable commodity. Thailand's current five year plan, adopted three years ago, did not list rice produc- tion as a priority. Since then, because of growing shortages, the price of rice has more than quadrupled on world markets. Given the higher prices and concern over the impoverish- ed lot of most paddy farmers in Thailand, there is renewed interest in stepping up output. In the last decade Thailand has steadily increased rice yields and acreage, with production rising fast enough to outpace a dangerously high population growth rate by a slight margin. The population, expanding by more than 3 per cent annually, is 41 million. The Burmese agricultural failure, unparalleled in Asia, makes a startling contrast. Essentially, yields, acreage and production have been stagnant for 35 years. In 1939, when there were 14 million Burmeue, the output of paddy, or unmilled, rice was 7.4 million tons. This year, with the population at about 30 million, it will be no higher than eight million. Despite that contrast the problems that would have to be overcome to increase production rapidly in the two countries are strikingly Only about 5 per "cent of Thai and Burmese rice acreage is planted with high yield varieties. The basic problem is water. 7th St. andlstAve. S. mOTORS LETHBRIDGE Phone 327-1591 DEMONSTRATORS Stock No. No. No. No. 3416 FURY ;f 4 door sedan, golden door sedan, golden in color, automatic automatic door sedan, 360 door hardtop, 4 speed mission, 360 radio. Reg. 3612.45 A 1974 RETIRED DAILY RENTAL CARS STOCK NO. 3424 BRAND NEW 1974 CRICKET j Block Bros, finance merger halts in B.C. VAiVCOUVlSR (CP) Block Bros. Industries Ltd. announced Friday it is deferr- ing negotiations towards a merger with City Savings and Trust Co.. at the request of the British Columbia government. An announcement that the two firms would exchange shares was to have been made Dec. 20 but was delayed at the request of Premier Dave Barrett. Block Bros, said Friday in a press release a meeting was held Dec. 30 between Arthur Block, chairman, Henry Block, president. Mr. Barrett and members of the government, "during which we reviewed the scope of our plans as well as our existing activities within the province." "As one of Canada's major companies in the housing in- dustry, we fully appreciate the government's interest in these areas and for this reason we are pleased to co- operate with the government. "In the interim, we are (iefcrring any further definitive the statement said. Stock No. 2566 Stock No. 2573 Stock No. 3396 1974 1974 1974 PLYMOUTH PLYMOUTH PLYMOUTH FURY II FURY III CRICKET 4 door sedan avocado 4 door sedan, automatic 2 door coupe, green in in color, radio, automatic transmission, 360 engine, color, automatic Iran; transmission, 360 engine. radio. m o i rad o Reg. 5621.95 Reg. 5777.90 Reg. S3498 J4250 in color 4 speed manual shift REG. j STOCK NO. 5486 fa BRAND NEW 1974 j DODGE D-600 c? Chassis cab 108" 361 engine, 4 speed matic transmission, H.D., equipped with power steering. REG. i Stock No. 3400 j 1974 VALIANT "1 4 door sedan, -green in color, automatic trans-% mission. P.S.. 225 engine, i radio. Reg. 4509.80 i J3400 No. 3410 1974 VALIANT CUSTOM 4 door sedan, red n j" color, automatic tran f mission. 225 engine radio. SOLD FULLY WINTERIZED j 'f FINANCING AVAILABLE f i! AVAILABLE FOR TEST DRIVE At 3rd Ave. 10th St. S. Lot TopQualilu YOUR PLYMOUTH f Stock No. 3413 1974 No. 3420 1974 f VALIANT rt 4 door sedan, automatic 4 transmission, P.S., P.B, 225 engine radio 2 door hardtop. 225 engine, P.S., b ue in ruDvei CD heater Reg 487060 automatic trans- mission, radio. f RBg. 4672.30 NOW UuOU i-- DODGE TRUCK J" DEALER ;