Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 7, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
The Lethbridge Herald LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 7, 1975 15 Cents Canada warned to balance export controls NIPPY WE A THER NIGH Southern Alberta's luck has run out as far as the temperature is concerned. The weather office today forecast lows tonight of 10 to 15 degrees below zero. Cloudiness with periods of light snow and a high of 12 above zero was expected through today. The outlook Wednesday looks as grim with a high of zero predicted. Temperatures recorded at Kenyon Field have shown the temperature has dropped below zero only twice this winter. The coldest day so far was Dec. 23, with a reading of five below. North Viets seize provincial capital WASHINGTON (CP) A call for Canada and other ma- jor trading partners to "balance its self-interest with the common interest" is made in a top-level survey of the im- portation into the United States of critical raw material. "Although we cannot expect any country to tie its hands in matters vital to its national interest, we consider ar- bitrary use of export controls basically inconsistent with the goal of an open world economy in which market fac- tors play an effective the report states. "We cannot continue to re- main an open economy if other countries are to control their exports without ade- quate recognition of the interests and needs of their trading partners." The report suggests it is de- sirable to seek "improved international rules and procedures to ensure ade- quate access to foreign supplies and to minimize fric- tions among nations over ex- port-control actions." The special report on critical imported materials was produced by the Council on International Economic Policy. It was prepared under the state department and included representation from the office of management and budget, the domestic council, Central Intelligence Agency, general services administration and departments of treasury, defence, interior, commerce and agriculture. Its recommendations go to President Ford. The study concludes that the U.S. will have a sufficient sup- ply of imported industrial raw materials to last through this century and that the U.S. will not face a crisis in other re- sources similar to that which occurred in oil. However, it states that "to- day's unsettling conditions are creating a potential for mistrust and conflict among nations" as each country recognizes that "other nations' actions can have an adverse impact on them." "Canada, Australia, South Africa and other developed nations" supply more than two thirds of the industrial raw material the U.S. im- ports; "Canada alone supplies the report states. These countries "would be unlikely to particpate in any embargo of exports to the U.S., Western Europe or Japan." it says. "Since these three countries are most important sources of raw materials for the U.S. any embargo threat for commodities they produce is greatly diminished." The report, however, says there is "growing government regulation or actual control of production facilities in export- ing countries." Lighting the Games torch Health Minister Marc Lalonde carries a torch moling the Canada Winter Games Feb. 11-23. Charles from the Centennial flame in front of the Parliament Virtue, president of the Canada Winter Games Society, buildings in Ottawa Monday to the large ceremonial and Lethbridge Deputy Mayor Vera Ferguson torch which is to travel across the country pro- witnessed the ceremony. Gunman sought CALGARY (CP) Police surrounded a 10-storey high rise apartment building in southwest Calgary Tuesday morning after a man armed with a .22 calibre rifle began shooting at trees. Police officers, armed with rifles and teargas, were searching the building after the gunman eluded police by apparently moving from building to building inside a two-block area which had been cordoned off by police. The gunman was described by police as possibly "emotionally disturbed." Ghandi ''real target' of terrorist bombs NEW DELHI (AP) Prime Minister Indira Gandhi said today that the assassina- tion of her railway minister last week was only a "rehear- sal" for an attempt on her own life. U.S. gold auction a flop WASHINGTON (AP) The U.S. government's great gold auction was a flop, but it prov- ed that people have kept their common sense, officials say. Although the government was auctioning two million ounces of gold, it received bids on only ounces and accepted bids for just ounces. In addition, it appeared that most of the gold was bought by foreign banks. The biggest bid was for about ounces from the Dresdner Bank of New York, a sub- sidiary of a major West German bank. Two Swiss banks also were among the major bidders. The complete list of successful bidders was to be made public later today. Except for a few industries and banks, most U.S. bids were for a single 400-ounce bar of gold, the minimum amount being auctioned. The minimum bid price ac- cepted by the government was an ounce, considerably below world market gold prices, although a few bids ranged as high as an ounce. The gold sold Monday will bring the government more than million in revenue. Treasury Secretary William Simon expressed delight that U.S. citizens did not buy up all the gold at sharply higher prices. "It once again proves that the American people are a good deal smarter than many people give them credit Simon said at a news conference. Of the 219 valid bids received, 100 were accepted. "The real target was not Lalit Narayan she told persons gathered in New Delhi to mourn Mishra's death. The railway minister died last Friday of wounds suffered in a terrorist bomb blast in his native Bihar state. "It was not an accident, but a well-planned Mrs. Gandhi said. "It was a rehear- sal for a bigger event. "Everybody knows who the real target she con- tinued, raising her voice and clenching her fists. "I'm not afraid of any danger to my life. If they kill Indira Gandhi, it is nothing. I am only a small person." Plane held LONDON (Reuter) A man in an Arab headdress seized a British airliner at gunpoint today and was reported to have demanded and a parachute. MacKenzieKing 'wasn't a crackpot' OTTAWA (CP) The man who served as Mackenzie King's personal secretary during the Second World War says the former Liberal prime minister was hard-headed and snobbish at times "but he wasn't a crackpot." "He had this idea, as all leaders do, that he was the smartest man Walter Turn- bull said in an interview Monday. "His ego was very big... but he was one of the sanest people I ever knew in my life." Mr. Turnbull, who worked for William Lyon Mackenzie King from 1936 to 1945, said he dis- agreed with the decision to make public the former prime minister's personal diaries spann- ing the 13-year period up to 1944. "I don't think it was very he said. In the diaries, made public last week by the national archives, Mackenzie King mixed major matters of state with personal matters such as his struggle to keep his weight down, his lavish fondness for his pet terrior Pat and his frequent encounters with the spirit world in visions or for- mal seances. Mr. Turnbull criticized the news coverage of "that Mackenzie King stuff about spirits." "I arn appalled by these writers, who in the smugness of their small minds, seem to think that because we've never heard of it, it doesn't exist." Mr. Turnbull said, however, that he does not believe in spirits. "I have never had any ghostly he said. "It may be evidence of an insensitive mind or a lack of faith." Mr. Turnbull, who worked with King almost every day for nine years, .said the bachelor prime minister kept his business life and his per- sonal life separate. "I never went to a he said with a chuckle. "I guess he knew I would be skeptical about that kind of thing." Mackenzie King, in one of his diary entries, recorded an elaborate posthumous apology he believed he received in a seance from Sir Robert Borden, a former political opponent. The 1938 posthumous conversation from Borden came at the close of a day when, among other things, King had been disturbed upon reading that Borden criticized King for apparent hypocrisy and double dealing. "I didn't hear about Sir Robert Borden coming back to Mr. Turnbull said. "I think that was just a bit of wishful thinking on Mackenzie King's part." Mr. Turnbull, who went on to become deputy postmaster-general, was not involved in trans- cribing King's diaries. He said some of the prime minister's best per- sonal friends were practising spiritualists. "Mackenzie King, on the other hand, was a searcher, hoping it was all true but not entirely convinced." Although King interpreted a number of the position of the hands on messages, "when he reached a deci- sion he came to it by the process of any hard- headed politician." "No one ever takes he said. "We shop around until we find the advice that agrees with our ideas." As a politician, Mackenzie King was a realist, Mr. Turnbull said. "I challenge anyone to find any political act he ever did that shews a minute trace of an un- balanced mind or even a neurotic personality. Beef inquiry 'purely political SASKATOON (CP) The federal government's propos- ed beef inquiry is purely political and will not solve the short-term problems of the in-' dustry, Beryl Plumptre, chairman of the food prices review board, said Monday. Mrs. Plumptre, speaking at the University of Saskatche- wan's farm and home week, said Agriculture Minister Eu- gene Whelan has not given any explicit reason for spending tax money on the beef inquiry. "It is certainly not clear to the board what the federal government hopes to achieve with this proposed she said. "We believe that in the light of our extensive work in this area and our proven exper- tise, the only justification for a special beef inquiry is of a purely political nature." From a taxpayer's view- point, the special inquiry is not necessary, "however, if this inquiry is launched, it is of some satisfaction to know that it will have available the varied and comprehensive reports of the board on the beef industry." Mrs. Plumptre made her comments following a news Conference at which the board released its seventh report on the beef industry. The report said consumers can save money if retailers used more heifer carcasses. Syria, Lebanon discuss arms deal SAIGON (CP) President Nguyen Van Thieu called on South Vietnam today to "ac- knowledge the noble sacrifice of our soldiers" with three days of mourning for the loss of the first provincial capital in nearly three years. Powerful North Vietnamese forces overran Phuoc Binh city after a six-day siege, completing their conquest of Phuoc Long province. They left parts of the city in flames. In a separate drive, they also seized a base guarding Tay Ninh city, threatening that provincial capital 70 miles southwest of Phuoc Binh, the Saigon command said. The U.S. defence depart- ment and the U.S. Em- bassy in, Saigon denied reports that the aircraft carrier Enterprise and a group of escorting ships were sailing into South Vietnamese waters to back up the Saigon government. Thieu, whose ouster is one of the objectives in the Com- munist offensive, urged the South Vietnamese to cease all entertainment because of the loss of Phuoc Binh. The Saigon mayor's office ordered all coffee houses and night clubs shuttered for the. period. "This morning, Jan. 7, our Phuoc Binh provincial capital has been overrun after 25 days of valiant fighting by our sol- diers and people with difficult and harsh conditions to resist against the North Vietnamese 7th division, supported by ar- tillery, anti-aircraft, rockets, tanks and sappers that out- numbered our Thieu said in a statement read by announcers over the govern- ment radio and television network. "But the North Vietnamese have paid a costly price In order to acknowledge the no- ble sacrifice of our soldiers, cadres and people who have died for the nation I appeal to the entire population to reserve three days from Jan. 8 to pray and hold memorial services for them and avoid all luxury distractions and to stop all entertainment. Those three days will reveal our wholehearted unanimity for the determination of the en- tire South Vietnamese people against the Communist aggressors." Phuoc Binh is. the first provincial capital to fall since the Vietnam peace accords were .signed in Paris two years ago. Insurgents first penetrated Phuoc Binh on Saturday and fierce fighting around the city has continued ever since. The Saigon military com- mand said government forces in Phuoc Binh were out- numbered four to one, and poor flying weather had hampered air support for the government defenders who had only armored cars against the insurgents' tanks and heavy artillery. The command also reported the loss of another strategic position, on Ba Den mountain, 60 miles northwest of here. The mountain camp overlooks the city of Tay Ninh. Fighting also continued around the district town of Hoai Due, 75 miles northeast of Saigon. In Washington, U.S. of- ficials were considering what steps could be taken to bolster support for South Vietnam in the face of the Communist offensive which the officials expect will intensify. Intelligence sources here say -the North Vietnamese- Viet Cong strategy is to force a coalition government in Saigon that the Communist forces could dominate. Information received from the field indicates that the North Vietnamese' are attempting to overthrow the pacification effort in South Vietnam and re-establish themselves in the countryside. From AP-REUTERS Syrian President Hafez Assad arrived in Lebanon to- day on a six-hour visit to dis- cuss military co-operation against Israel. Assad was met at the border by Lebanese President Sulei- man Franjieh, who was seek- ing Syrian arms and other equipment to help his army repel Israeli attacks on Lebanese territory, official sources said. The leaders also were to dis- cuss joint strategy in case of an Israeli attack on Syria through southeast Lebanon. Lebanon's premier denied an Israeli charge that Palesti- nian guerrillas in Lebanon are armed with late-model mis- siles obtained from Syria. Premier Rashid Solh said the claim by Israeli Defence Minister Shimon Peres was "baseless." The guerrillas in Lebanon have no such weapons, a statement dis- tributed by the official national news agency said. Peres told the Israeli Knesset (parliament) Monday that Palestinian troops from Syria had joined the guerrillas in southern Lebanon and brought with them anti-tank and anti-aircraft missiles. The Lebanese premier's statement also denied that any non-Lebanese Arab troops are in his country. Peres warned Lebanon and Syria that Israel would regard any attempt by Syria "to take a foothold" outside Syrian borders as "the start of a con- frontation and the extension of aggression." Meanwhile, a Lebanese representative at United Nations in New York filed a protest charging Israel with 423 acts of aggression in the last four weeks. The list included 44 supersonic flights over Lebanese territory, 10 in- cursions by Israeli warships into Lebanese waters, 347 ar- tillery shellings, 14 machine- gun firings across the border and eight troop raids across the border. CP Rail to appeal rate ruling OTTAWA (CP) CP Rail has informed the Canadian transport commission it is ap- pealing a commission ruling granting only part of a rail freight rate increase sought by the major railways. A commission spokesman said Monday the railway has asked for a Federal Court of Appeal hearing Friday on an application for permission to appeal the commission decision. The commission last week allowed increases in general commodity rates amounting to between 10 per cent and 15 per cent. CP Rail and the Canadian National Railways had requested 25 per cent. The railways asked for the increase on rates frozen 18 months ago at Transport Minister Jean Marchand's re- quest. These rates apply to freight which accounts for about 22 per cent of rail traf- fic. Seen and heard About town Litter blessed Gordon Sheen shocking neighbor Ron Beck by hand delivering a Christmas parcel that looked suspiciously like a packaged puppy, then dampening him by overturning a water glass concealed inside. Inside 'Heard the latest? Gold is up to 5 dollars an 24 Pages Classified........20-23 Comics.............8 ....13-15 Markets...........17 Theatres...... 7 TV................: 6 Weather............3 LOW TONIGHT -15; HIGH WED. 0; SNOW, COLDER.