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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 7, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHBRIDGE HERAIO Friday, January 7, 1971 Italy's peacemaker After 23 votes, a lot of. shouting and gesticulating in the volatile Italian fashion, the country finally has a new president. He is Chris- tian Democrat Giovanni Leoni, who has been premier twice before and is known as the "peacemaker." He is going to need superhuman ability for pacification if he is to restore any kind of order in Italy's frag- mented political set-up which has led to unrest, disorganization, and economic instability, and earned his country the label, "sick man of Europe." Mr. Leoni's name was scarcely mentioned as a front runner during the elections which would indi- cate that his hold on his fragment- ed party is weak. The fact is that men of stature are badly needed in Italian politics. General elections in Italy are scheduled to take place in 1973. There is some fear already that resurgent-Fascism may become a political force because the Fascists made quite a respectable showing in local elections last summer. How- ever most commentators believe that their success was merely the result of a protest vote against pre- valent chaotic conditions. Communism is strong in Italy too. The party is the largest in all Eu- rope and has heavy representation in Parliament. But the political force of the fu- ture in Italy may be the trade union movement, which is showing itself capable of transcending the barriers of religion and party affiliation to work towards unity. There are plans ahead for the dissolution cf the three separate union movements to make one organization which would have tremendous clout if it can avoid disagreement within its ranks. Boris Kidel of the London Ob- server admits that Italy is today the European country in .greatest, fer- ment, but because of the unique role of the "new" union movement, he thinks it "may turn out to be the place where original answers are found for the tensions of capitalist Western society." He says that be- low the surface the country is very much alive in its search for con- structive solutions to its myriad problems. It's a ray of hope in a gloomy that's about all it is. Keep it flowing! The current influenza outbreak in Calgary has put a severe strain on the central Red Cross blood bank maintained there. Lethbridge hospi- tals are dependent on this bank for their supply and officials here state there's only enough blood on hand in local hospitals to perform emer- gency operations. Although the Red Cross conducts four mobile blood clinics annually, the supply is forwarded to the cen- tral bank where it is dispensed to all Alberta areas. Under normal con- ditions the blood donor clinics are able to keep ahead of their quotas and Lethbridge volunteers are al- ways generous in their response. But the present situation indicates that some measures should be taken to guard against shortage of this vital medical supply. As there are no facilities in the city for residents to donate blood, perhaps an emer- gency unit could be temporarily set up in one of the hospitals where local citizens could donate bl o o d until the current shortage is over- come. The flu bug which is now creeping into our area is a reminder that epidemics are not necessarily a thing of the past, and all precautions should be taken in an effort to avoid running low on all medical needs. Magnanimity in Nigeria Nestled quietly among a variety of recent news items assembled by the Nigerian government for news- papers was a remarkable one about the disposition of the cases of offi- cers of the secessionist Biafran army. In a world still being rent with vio- lence, hatred and revenge the gen- erous treatment accorded these offi- cers is worthy of attention. Some officers who participated in the coup of 1966 are being held in detention, a few others who held high rank in Biafra have simply been dismissed, 32 have been discharged with full benefits, and 63 have been cleared for reintegration into Ni- geria's armed forces. Such magnan- imity, having few parallels in his- tory, continues the spirit of recon- ciliation which marked' the end of the war in January, 1970. Nigeria has plenty of problems as a developing nation but it is obvious- ly not lacking in strong humanitar- ian impulses at the top where Gen- eral Yakubu Gowan presides as head of state. WASHINGTON "Ladies and gentle- men: "This is John Chancellor of NBC News and I am standing at the entrance of the Democratic National Headquarters here in Washington, D.C., with Larry O'Brien, chairman of the Democratic party, as well as many other political dignitaries on what 'indeed is an historic occasion. We are gathered to honor the one millionth person to announce his candidacy for president of the United States on the Democratic ticket. "The excitement has been building all morning. As you can see by the computer behind me, the Democratic candidates have been announcing on the average of 45 an hour. "In just a few minutes the millionth can- didate wil] walk through this door, and he will be in for many surprises. "There goes the computer ONE MILLION! And here he comes-the man who is the one rrJUionth candidate to announce he will run for president of the United States on the Democratic ticket! "There is bedlam here in the lobby. That cheer you just heard came from vol- unteer workers. And now, as you can see, the millionth candidate is being surround- ed by the Democratic party dignitaries who are congratulating him and slapping him on the back. Let me see if I can get my microphone in here and talk to him. Excuse me, please. Excuse me, please. Can the TV cameras get in, please? Thank you, thank you sir, what is your "Archibald Partridge IV, of Cranberry Falls, Kan." "How does it feel to be the one millionth Democratic candidate to announce for Ihe presidency of Uic United "Well, il certainly came as a surprise to me. When 1 left Cranberry Falls two days ago there wns only an- nounced candidates and J really didn't think I was near It. But my wife Elspeth said, 'If we drive by way of New Jersey you could have a "Sir, could you tell us why you have announced for the highest office of this "I want to give the people of this country a choice. The other Democratic can- didates are all saying the same thing. 1 feel the people want new ideas, new inno- vations and new leadership. They are sick and tired o[ Hie rhetoric and old formu- las. Partridge stands for the people." "Are you going to run in the primar- "All of them. The polls inolcate I have a very good chance to take New Hamp- shire, Florida, Wisconsin, California and Indiana, providing the voters split between the other candidates." "Thank you, sir. Mr. O'Brien is about to make the presentation. Let's listen." "Mr. Partridge, on behalf of the Demo- cratic party it is a great honor ma to welcome you as the one millionth 1972 presidential candidate. To show our appre- ciation I would like to present yon with a cheek for "I also am presenting you wilh this pre- paid airline ticket which entitles you to one round-trip flight on the shuttle between Washington and New York. "Furthermore, to show our gratitude we are giving you this bag of dimes so you can make 100 local telephone calls to launch your nationwide campaign. "That isn't all, Mr. Patrldge the De- mocralic party takes care of ils own. Here is a gift certificate which entitles you to one bucket of Kentucky Fried Chicken in any sbitc where you choose to run. "Ladies and gentlemen, as you can sec Mr. Patridge is speechless. His wife is cry- ing and even Mayor Daley has a tear run- ning down his check. This has indeed been i day that will long be remembered in American political history. This is John Qiancellor in Washington. Now back to our studios in New York. (Toronto Sun Ncwi Strvlce) Joseph Knifl A look at U.S. presidential aspirants WASHINGTON 'Tis the season for declaring Pres- idential candidacies. And t h e rich crop of announcements makes two things clear. There is going lo be a tough contest for the Democratic nomination. There is also going to be a tough contest for the general election in November. On the Democratic side, Sen. Edmund Muskie looks to be way ahead. He has Presiden- tial stature, strong appeal to independent voters and a strong organization. He offers Mr. Nixon less of a target than any other Democrat. He holds Ihe middle position on the is- sues and if he can win the early primaries he will be home free. But can he win the prim- aries? The one weakness of the Muskie operation is the Senator's ability as a cam- paigner. Those who have trailed him around find that he can- not turn on 'a crowd, that he lends to lire, thai he does not up for small occasions or rise to big ones. Head to head with Mr. Nixon, the Senator shows to great advantage. But until he gets the nomination, Sen. Muskie has to be account- ed vulnerable to strong Demo- cratic campaigners. Two of these are in Ihe race for sure. One is the mayor of New York. John Lindsay is an appealing figure of great mag- nitude, tireless in energy, un- shakable in self-confidence, and with a strong case to make. He has Ihe money and the public relations know-how to get the case across. To be sure, Mayor Lindsay has innumerable troubles too, He is a Democrat of recent vintage. His argument that Ihe country needs to loosen the centres of authority is dubious the more so since it conies from a man who blew the fix in New York and then didn't know what to put in its place. In thu end, these liabilities will probably deny Mayor Lindsay the nomination. But nobody should imagine that he will not make a strong race. Then, of course, there is Sen. Hubert Humphrey. He is also not without blemishes. He Is a veteran of the political wars, and close up, at least, he looks to be past his prime an old model. But Sen. Humphrey has plen- ty of friends all over the coun- try and money enough to go the distance. The latest Gall- up Poll shows him far more popular with Democrats than Sen. Muskie. He has a new or- ganization more efficient than in his previous campaign ef- forts. Moreover, he is a truly great campaigner, tried and tested and with an unrivaled love of the political game. The cam- paign he ran in 1968, consider- ing the enormous handicaps, has to rank as one of the most phenomenal in American his- tory. In the end, the Demo- cratic choice will probably be between Sen. Humphrey and Sen. Muskie. On Ihe Republican side, Pres- ident Nixon has the nomination locked up. The challenge in the New Hampshire primary from Congressman Pete Mc- Closkey on the progressive side of the party and from Con- "Whenever the driveway needs to be shovelled, I simply tell my wife that there's a big sale gressman John Ashbrook on the conservative side should help him if anyUiing. They will raise Interest in the campaign, and show that Mr. Nixon Is a cejilerist. As to the fall election, Mr. Nixon now has the momentum of events. He will be visibly acting as president on two oc- casions rich with drama. There will be Ihe China visit in Feb- ruary and the Moscow visit in May probably accompanied by the signing of an agreement limiting strategic arms which Mr. Nixon is sure to call his- toric. Perhaps even rightly BO Alter that he has a further chance to improve his standing by the choice of a vice presi- dent. If the polls show Mm doing nicely, he can go again with Spiro Agnew a comfort- able choice above Mr. Nixon and the Republican party. If the polls snow him to be in trouble, the president can pick a more illustrious running mate. Secretary of the Treas- ury John ConnaUy is a particu- larly likely choice in that event. The recent monetary negotia- tions showed that Mr. Nixon can, as many doubted, handle him with ease. Still there is a central fact that will not down. Mr. Nixon is not a popular president. Not a man to warm the cockles of the electorate's heart. His share of the national vote, in the polls as in the 1968 election, does not go over the 50 per cent mark. And he is particu- larly unloved by young voters, who are an uncertain factor this year, and in the most papu- lous states. Furthermore, the course of events during the coming year may not be at all rosy. The arms agreement with the Rus- sians Is almost sure to be only half a loaf. The China trip will probably have as Its main ef- fect a dispelling of the illusion that somehow Uie Vietnam war can be settled in Peking. The war is apt to continue with mounting intensity around elec- tion time. And while the econ- omy as a whole seems to be picking up, unemployment, which seems to be the crucial figure, is falling very slowly. In these circumstances, the 1972 election is apt to be what most recent presidential elec- tions, unskewed by a dramatic personality, have been. That is, very, very close. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Charles Foley Charlie Brown, believe it or not, is twenty CANTA ROSA, California If a seven-year-old kid called Charles Schultz had not found himself the youngest and smallest Jiny in his class eat- ing lunch alone in the school yard, overlooked at birthday parties and when baseball teams were chosen it is un- likely that the most extraordi- nary comic strip in history would have been born. Today, Mr. Schulz has been drawing Snoopy and Charlie Brown for 20 years, yet he still wonders, as he mails off six more strips each week, wheth- er they are good enough and if, perchance, some malign fate will not intercept them on their way to thousands of newspap- ers all over the world. he says, "I have a Charlie Brown complex. We both belong to the Age of An- xiety." And, just the same as Charlie, Schulz likes to be liked. So when people stop him on the way back from the post of- fice for autographs he usually obliges, adding a sketch of Snoopy for good value. Some- times they pursue him to his 30-acre estate nine miles out of Santa Rosa, where a sign on the gate attempts to warn off visitors. "But what can you groans Mr. Schulz. "Some of them write saying they are coming and arrive by air from the east coast with ballpoints in their hands." But it is when one comes across Mr. Schulz's latest and greatest venture, here in the of San Francisco, thai it is legitimate to question the. image of the shy, greying car- toonist which ho likes to pro- ject. This Is a mammoth ice- skating palace which, as Mrs. Schulz says, Is "like no other in the country." It cost a cool million and one of the at- tractions is the chance of see- ing Charlie Schulz himself re- volving on the ice, complclc with crew-cut, horn-rimmed glasses and a big Snoopy lapel pin in his jacket The arena, in mock Alpine surroundings, also fcnlnrcs a midget In en nine clothing tkaling on one leg to Iho tune "Raindrops keep and a Warm Puppy coffee shop to remind you that Snoopy is something more than a paper dog. It can be converted into a concert auditorium which has already displayed the Ice Fol- lies, Liberace and other stars. The Schulzes launched it so they say to give their three daughters and two sons some- where to learn to skate. Already the tourists are call- Ing the arena "Snoopyland." Schulz disowns any idea of building up a Disney-type em- pire. he told me, "is not my bag, except as a cartoonist." But now that a whole generation has been raised on the thing is hard to stop. The crew of Apollo 10 named their space modules Charlie Brown and Snoopy. The strip has been translated into GO languages, including Chinese. A Peanuts documentary has been seen by 40 million people, Peanuts films and a stage production, You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown" have won awards in New York, London and San Francisco. Great Pumpkin sightings have taken over the limelight even from UFO's. Schroeder and his toy piano have been commemorated in a cathedral stained glass window along with Bach and Martin Luther. Sales of books on Charlie Brown and his friends are up 'Crazy Capers' Psst! Slop referring lo me as your accompli eel to the 60 million mark. The world's greatest loser has ap- peared on more magazine cov- ers than any comic strip char- acter since the art began at the turn of the century with "The Yellow Kid" and "Bring- ir.g up Father." Schulz deprecates inquiries about the philosophy of Pea- nuts because he really does not know what that "philos- ophy" is. "The strip has a bit- ter feeling to it. It deals in de- feat. I suppose I express some of my own thoughts about life and the fears which seem to plague us. I try to see the 'funny side' as well. Children see more than we think they do, but they almost never seem to know what's really going on. In this way they are hardly dif- ferent from a lot of adults." If further pressed, Schulz re- fers you to an in-depth investi- gation of the Peanuts phenom- enon, prepared to celebrate the strip's twentieth anniversary by Lee Mendelson, producer of the Peanuts films. In this first and only biography of the two Charlies we learn that it took five years of experiment to evolve the shockingly intros- pective Snoopy, Schr o e d e r s obsession with Beethoven, Lin- us and his security blanket, Lucy, and the bold, bad Baron von Richtofen. It is hard lo believe hut early cartoons prove it that the lone loser, Charlie Brown, began as a bouncy character who was given all the funny lines, that Lucy was a cute, lovcable lillle girl and lhat the strip was titled "The Liltle Folk." Gradually the charac5 ters look over. As Charlie Brown grew more defensive, as Lucy developed her strong personality "sud- denly these kids were being identified with many children across the S c h H1 z says. "Snoopy climbed on lop of the doghouse and then this whole Ihing with the secur- ity blanket and baby Schrocd- or ploying Beethoven began. They grew up quickly there- after." Many of Ihe original Idcns camo out of Schulz's own child- hood loneliness, but now lie has to come up constantly with new ideas. "I start off drawing what I hope will be funny little pic- tures of Snoopy dancing or the kids arguing. Sometimes I get something good and laugh out loud. Sometimes I sit in my studio staring out of the win- dow, thinking. I hear the door open and quickly grab a piece of paper to start draw- ing something so tiiat people won't think I'm doing nothing. "I have no assistants. All I need is four pens and a pencil that doesn't give me much for income tax deductions on equipment. I rarely do any backgrounds. Keeping it all very simple is the key. I enjoy the drawing job. I like drawing Linus's hair standing on end when Lucy has done something terrible to him. Snoopy is Ihe most flexible you can make his nose bigger or smaller. But Charlie Brown's Etupid round head is difficult lo draw, and as you go round in a circle your hand always runs into wet ink." Schulz finds that thinking up new ways of making poor old Charlie Brown lose gives him satisfaction "The kite, the little red-haired girl, the base- ball games, the Valentines. But of course he just keeps fighting back. I guess this theme has caught the imagination of read- ers; we all need the feeling that someone really likes us. And I'm proud that somehow all these ideas about Charlie Brown's struggle might help in some very small way." His best idea? Schulz be- lieves it was Linus and the se- curity blanket. "It suddenly made security blankets and thumb-sucking okay all around the world, and if we can get parents a little less worried about their kids then this would have to be one of my biggest thrills." (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1922 The Bail Bireann, in Dublin, tonight voted for the ra- tification of the treaty creating the Irish Free State. The vote was 64 to 57. 1932 Derailment of the Coutts passenger train near Wilson occurred T h u r s day morning. I.W2 Money is pouring inlo the Dominion Government's coffers to finance the war ef- fort al Ihe rate of between and monthly from Lethbridge. 1952 A buffalo meat dinner was served the Clareshoun Ho- lary club at its regular meet- ing last Thursday night. 1962 Canada Packers have purchased the controlling stock of the Alberta Canning Com- pany which opcrales a modern vegetable cannery at Magrath and a new vegetable quick- freezing plant in Lethbrldge. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lcthbridse, Albcrln LfiTIIBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall RcnUlrnllon No. Ml? Member of Tho Canadian Press and The Canndlan Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Uuroau ol circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Edllor FIOY F, MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advtrllilng Manager Editorial Peno Edllor "IHE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;