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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 7, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XL LKTIIBRIDGE, ALBERTA, luNDAY, JAN lT A IVY 7, 1918 NTM1JKR 22 V SPEECH BY ALLIES Clear Statement of Allies' Objects in Universal Approval BRITISH AND U. S. COMMENT GIVEN 4 Red Cross Workers Needed ' � 1 *1 TERMS OF P Maximilian Harden Out on the Political Sit- Speak \ uation in Germany Every woman in Lethbridge will be given the opportunity to the following pledge: "Realizing that the wonu'u, under the embb in of the Red Crofts, .sewing and working for the men overseas are playing aa invisible but essential part on the battlefields of France, an1' in their work, car*; and.thought arc fighting beside th* ir won. I do hereby plclgo ;it least, two hours each week to Red Crops wo"l:." The mmes v.i!l be listed as those who .' lne civilians began leaving in ,lurge tente. Germany, it adds, finds herself , numbers for places of greater safety, taken seriously and it is the supreme* NO MILITARIST CAN DICTATE THE TERMS ermans t i, m Canadian Army Headquarters in France, via London, Jan. 4.- (Delayed) - (By the Canadian Ovcrsee.s Correspondent)-Behind the Canadian front another page ia being written in tho war tragedy of France, and Prance knowing it, fights on with unbroken spirit and unfaltering determination to the ultimate end of victory. Again today the enemy was shelling Noux �ties jUiuesm continuing that policy of destroying civilian areas which he has pursued intermittently since the Canadians returned to the Lens area. Hersin,'*?oupiugy, Bruay and other tpwns in this district, together with liethune, many miles behind the line, have been shelled and bombarded with a regularity which threatens to reduce them to ruins, making of Bethune another Ypres or Arras and of the towns such wastes as are Uevln, Angres and Vi;ny, within the forward battle area. * ; The French population has been j slowly evacuating the shelled areas, i while the people remaining are living the nation : in sand-bagged lower rooms or under- "Londori, Jan. 7.- Maximilian Harden, in Die Soukunfi, urges that the reichstag, which is Germany's only popular organization, should be assembled i:n- j mediately or otherwise chances of peace with Russian will be lost. The rek-hstag," he says, "must shoulder its responsibility and tell the world what Germany wants, not what tliis general or that minister wants. "Not otherwise can the world be convinced that Germany's war aims are sincere. If the reichstag misses the supreme chance, ^ the war must continue and no mortal being can foresee for how long, or what the end will be." Great Perturbation. Loudon, Jan. 7.-A beiated dispatch from the correspondent of the Associated Press in Berlin, which is dated Friday, shows that, there was great j political perturbation following the meeting of the main committee of the reichstag that day. The meeting lasted bareiy 45 minutes, a motion for adjournment being supported by all factions except the independent Socialists. Immediately on adjournment all the parties entered into caucus sessions, which continued throughput the clay and until late at night. The indications pointed, the correspondent says, to an endorsement of the government's London, Jan. 7.- Dispatches from Russia says 25,000 German soldiers eastrof Kovno have revolted. One motive of revolt.was that sending troop3 to the western front war* a contravention of the Rutso.-German armistice agreement. The revolters entrenched themselves with ri^Jes, and machine guns against other German units. German military authorities were powerless against the revolters, and are trying to cut off their food. / London, Jan. 7.- British casualties reponod during :|k* week ending Today totalled ls,-Ufj>. Tho lo.;.-.('s were divided as follows; Ofileers killed or died of wounds men :\,W>>~- "Officers, wounded or missing i4�S; men H,�;i'.i. Definite Breaking Off of Peace Negotiations Leads to Active Measures i DON'T WANT HELP FROM ALLIES NOW Telegraph Briefs RECOGNIZE FINN REPUBLIC Amsterdam, Jan. 7,-Germany has -recognized the Finnish' republic. An official despatch from F'erlin says that after the Russian government declared ItR willingness to recognize the independence of Finland as soon the application of the Finns was received. For the virtual doubling of P.ritlsh casualties over the previous week, when the total wan U,\l;tI. the sharp j fighting just before New Year's D.1y in the vicinity of Welsh Kidge, on the the C'amhrai front south oi Marcoing. may have been largely responsible. It is possible also that belated reports on casualties in the Palestine, Italian | and other theatres may have gone to swell the total considerably. Geo. Watkins Fatally Shot When Lad Shows Him Revolver (Spreki] to the Herald) Milk River, Jan. r>.-A loaded revolver in the bands of a ten year old attitude against moving" the' pence ! neighbor's boy .caused the tragic death negotiations from to Stockholm by the Right, Centre^ and MUST DEFEAT MILITARISM New York. Jan. 7.-1'eace can come only after every nation is convinced that all military conspiracies against, the peace of the world areN foredoomed to failure, former President Taft declared in an address on "The great war," in Brooklyn yesterday. Will Act As a Special War Am- bassador to Wash-1, 1- ington \ Ion Thursday of George Watkins on the Watkins farm 12 miles east of this Progressive parties, including the j place. The boy, Gerald Sinclair, and pacifists, the democratic wings of the : the deceased were between the house Nationals, Liberals and Clericals, and land the barn when young Sinclair the SeheUlemami wins of tho Social- pulled the gun from his pocket say-ists, but the attitude In general of the lug, "What do you think of this?" The Socialists was problematical. The Liberal Tageblatt reflects the,1 general attitude of the press in de- COAL EMBARGO RAISED Toronto, Jan. 7.-The embargo placed by the New York Central railroad on ehipments^of coal coming into Canada via the Michigan Central line was raised on Saturday night. The embargo 6n coal entering Canada over the Grand Trunk is still 1p. force, but does i not. seriously affect the situation as oal Into Can- j and rc-route it 1 test of her sincerity. To tlfe Daily Chronicle the careful terms in which the aim of an effective league of nations is formulated, seem among the most, valuable parts of the historical utterances. The view of the Morning Post, is that victory is the only war aim worth considering and if British governments had conducted the war from the'beginning on that principle, victory would have been won long ago.' R ap- ' while the city at nightfall.seemed deserted, those who remained in it having taken shelter in cellars and dugouts. hi the field there is little of interest to report. Our patrols have been unusually active against tnValert enemy, (Continued on Page 4) (Continued on Tagis 4) ALLIES ENTIRELY Annexationists in Germany Trying to Oust the Foreign Secretary Amsterdam, Jan. 7.-The entente allies having failed to take advantage of the period of ten days of flrace, have by their silence rejected the programme of peace without annexations and Indemnities, the7 Frcmdenblatt of Vienna declares. The central powers no longer are bound to the principles they set up for a general peace. The entente powers alone, it sayo, new must bear the -responsibility for the continuance of the war, CROSS PIAVE Amsterdam, Jan. 7. - There was calmer feeling In German parliamentary circles Saturday afternoon, according to the Tageblatt and the Reichstug majority parties firmly in- � tend to support tho government. On | the other hand, the Socialists hold ; meetings on Sunday, which Vorwaerts caJls "perhaps the most momentous'" since August, 19.14, The Socialist organ says that the Socialist, party will make its attitude dependent 0fw whether the government returns to the J declarations made on December 2F.. hi ! the meantime, tho Tageblatt says, the annexationists ,are making efforts to overthrow Foreign Secretary Von I Kuehlnmnn. certain serious conse-' being threatened openly if he stays in office. Dr. Wekerle, the Hungarian premier, land Dr. Von Wimraer, the Austrian [ minister of finance, have arrived In � Berlin. daring that negotiations at Stockholm would be impossible. The newspaper says that. British, French and American diplomats and their numerous agents are buzzing about. Stockholm and would promptly weave a net of intrigue around the conference and that espionage would flourish, making successful negotiations - impossible. A 'Router dispatch from Amsterdam dated today says the hitch over Brest-Lit-ovsk is considered to endanger the cohesion of the reichstag majority, but that great, efforts are being made to prevent the falling away of the Socialist majority. The dispatch refers to the possibility of a new constellation of reichstag tfa rties. The Berlin Vor.wacrt.s, the Socialist ' organ, refers to the declaration by the chancellor on the endangering of the peace negotiations as having fallen oh the spirit of the nation Hke a black cloud. The newspaper says the situation is extraordinarily serious. Condemn Annexationists The Vorwaerts publishes speeches by Philipp Seheidemami, leader oi! tho majority Socialist .party in the reichstag and Hugo Haase, the minority Socialist leader, condemning what they determine the annexationist program of the German government aa disclosed at Brest-Uitovsk. The speeches were delivered before the reichstag main committee. Approves of Action Amsterdam, Jan. 7.-Admiral Von Tirpitz, voicing the demands of the Fatherland party and tho pan-Germans regarding the negotiations with Russia, has telegraphed to Chancellor, Von Hertllng, 'formally commending!, the firm stand taken by the chancel-1 lor towards the Russian demands. In the position taken by Russia, aays the admiral, is seen ".'.the fruit of ten day3' work of the entente." He claims the transfer of the negotiations to Stockholm would constitute a decisive step on the path to general peace which would have no regard for Germany's vital needs. ing, "What uo you turn* oi mis: me \ not seriously affect the gun in some manner went off, the bul-j lt� is poasiDie to brl�g i;-;n)sler peace negotiations from Bi-or-t Litovsk to Stockholm the emu nil powers hud tempora rily suspended neent iai ions wit h Russia. Strengthen Defences London, .Jan. 7. The JJolsheviki are definitely strengthening the front. Pe-trograd advices say. The correspondent of the Daily Ne\va obtained this information from M. I'.adek, one of ttlie Russian delegates who took a prn- ( minent part, in the negotiations with the Austrians and Germans at Petro-i grad. He said the, Bolsheviki were | intending to send home all who did not ; wish to fight, so that they would have inn army which was willing to fight, i fur an ideal. j The correspondent asked what would j he the altitude of the Bolsheviki, in 'the case of actual war,'in regard to help from the allies. M. Kadek replied : "We do not desire their help. Our strength lies in our weakness and if we accepted help from the allies the significance of our position would be dest rcyed. The weaker we are the stronger we are. The Germans can drivtviis back, but what good would it do them ? "The country behind tlie front has been stripped bare. There is not. enoi;^h there to feed a single., horse. The Germans will not. wish" more, starving prisoners on their hands. "We stand for a democratic peace. So do the German working classes. If the German government attacks us it will display itself to its own people.^ in its true light." A telegram from Brcst-Litovsk" to Amsterdam gives a wireless message sent to M. .loffre, chairman of tho Russian delegation, by Foreign .Minister Von J\uehlmcnn for the German delegation, Foreign Minister Czernin. for the Austrians, Foreign .Minister Nesimy Bey. for the Turks, and Minister of Justice Popoff, for the Bulgarian?. It reca lis the f a c 1. 11 j a t w ii en the central powers outlined the terms on which they were willing to make, peace they stipulated that these terms would be valid only if the belligerents hound themselves within a certain period to observe them. The Russians then fixed ten days as the period in which the other belligerents were to decide whether to join in the negotiations but although tins' time elapsed January \, nothing has been heard" from them. Another telegram from Brest-Litovsk states that informal discussions there* w on Friday between the Germans and the Ukrainians took a direction favorable to Germany. Workmen's Congress to Meet London. Jan. 7.-Th# central executive of the workmen's and soldiers' London, Jan. 7.-Earl Reading, lord chief justice, has been appointed British high commissioner in the United States. Besides taking over the work of the British embassy in Washington, he will have charge of the work of the British war mission and its establishments in New York and Washington. Represent War Cabinet London,,Jan. 6.-Earl Reading, lord uhlef justice, will go to the United States as direct representative of the British war cabinet, according to 'the Daily Express. While Reading will iiave the title of ambassador, purely diplomatic matters will" be In the hands of a charge d'affaires, the earl controlling war activities. ICarl Reading's work will, according to the understanding in official circles, deal mainly with financial and general business matters and he will be relieved of the ordinary^ambassadorial functions of handling numerous minor diplomatic negotiations which constitute a large part of the embassy's work. Col. K. D. Swinton, assistant secretary of the war cabinet and one of the originators of the British tank, will accompany the lord chief' justlet as an attache. The appointment of Lord Reading as the ambassador is primarily for war purposes, it is said, and probably means that Viscount NorthcIIffe will not return to the United States as head of the perninnent British mission. (de Ucs hfl8 (k,{.idefJ to RBBCmble thc Lord iNorthcliffe_ will continue the ac- j third con.ress ot v;orkrnen-s an(l so]. tfive direction In England of the American mission offices which have just been established in Crewe house, a \ 1 Washington, Jan. 7.-The selective service act was today upheld as constitutional by the supreme court. The ' government's contention that the power given congress to declare war includes power to compel citizens to render military service both at home and abroad were sustained by the court. . London, Jan. 7.-The Germans made ]a strong local attack against British positions on the Hindenburg lino east of Bullecourt, but only a small part of the enemy succeeded in occupying an adVKiicf sap. On the remainder of the front the Germans were repulsed before reaching British positions, and suffered lottos. Recover it London, Jan. 7.- British troops last night attacked and recaptured from the. Germans the trench which j thesTeutons had occupied earner in the day east of BuIIecourt, on the Arras-Cambrai front. spacious old fashioned mansion in the heart of Mayfair. Lord Crewe* has loaned the house to the government for the duration of the war. jr \- v v v V DESTROYED DEFENCES' OF HATUM London, Jan. 7.-An official report received today from Aden, a British'port on 'he southern coast of Arabia, .-;ays that the British destroyed the defences of H'.uum on Saturday. Several casualties were inflicted on the enemy. ? ? ? v v v v v v v %* *? v Alberta Federation of Labor to Im 1SCUSS fliers* deputies Jan. 21. According toM. Zlr.ovcff. one of the Bolsheviki lead-era, t lie re is uo intention to conceal the tdvt that H?e motive for calling the co^ress is to oppose the constituent assembly which, in view 'of the fact that tlie. candidates were nominated before the October revolution, may not hti rjpr�i,ntative of the country, i\T. Zinoveff says the Bolsheviki program will l)e submitted to the constituent "L.^;nb!y for approval and if the ti*somh!y is willing to work iu hitrmoiiy it will jusiify the hopes atid expectations of the people. On the contrary, should it reject the Bolsheviki program, thc assembly will find itself in conflict with the laboring masses and be brushed away. A Powerful Effect London, Jan. 7.-A Copenhagen des-j I patch to the Exchange Telegrapli _ j company says thai the crisis between the central powers and Russia because of the Bolsheviki's demand tliat peace 'negotiations be discussed in a neutral country, is having a powerful effoct'in 1 w  Gorman politics and is likely to lead to Hf^lV^'11 snarI) r(mrli<'t- between the Centre v Word was received in Nohleford this morning to the effect that. Pte. Bei^ i | son, who enlisted there with an iufun-j **4tFy unit, and who was formerly em-; province would for legislation 1"ook- Imimatious that steps would be talteu towaAls the formal/on of a work'ng-class party in the province of Alberta and that the workers of the j and "Socialist, parties. The Conserv^a- __ tivea at present are making determin- ~ ed efforts to cause a rupture between for more evils of society than any oth- { philipp Seheidemami, president of the That an nun I, United Rome, Jan. 7.-British patrols have again crossed the Piave river, the war*offlce announces. They forced a passage nt various points, causing alarm in the enemy lines. ^ New York, Jan. 7.-The American steamer Harry Luckenbach has been torpedoed and sunk with loss cf life, i^cpording to word re-eti'ved by the owners of the vessel today. an effort will be made at 4he � convention next month of the Mine Workers to have the meeting place of the convention transferred to Lothbridgo or some other point more central for all the dele-' j�u. -- *vii�a�4 . gate3 Mas illtjmiUoti to ino Herald this aturday at tlie resi- mornmg bv Frank Wheatley of Banff, ler-jn-law,^ benator j oyjR of Ulc vice-presidents of the Alberta Federation of Labor which is in session here this week. Tho U. 'AL W. of A. convention was formerly held iu Lethbridge every year, but three y�iirs ago it was voted to take it to Fernie, headquarters of the district) executive. District-No. 18 is now greatly spread out, embracing as it does the Drumheller and Edmonton fields and there is a general demand for a more central convention �ntrc. PROMINENT ENGINEER DEAD St. John, N. B, Jan. 7. - William Harle, C.E., died Si deuce of his father-In Domville, Rothesay. He had done engineering work with the Canadian Pacific r ittway, was former manager of the St. John street, railway and latterly wus district engineer, Dominion public works in Manitoba. ployed with J. McLennan, had died of j ing to the establishment of a minimum wounds on (thristmas day. He recoiv-1 wage for all workers based on the cost ed a gunshot wound in the thigh, dy-' ing at the advanced dressing station. He has no relatives in the district. The lists this morning contain thc name of Duncan Ferguson, taken on the strength tit Lethbridge, next of kin in Scotland, as suffering from gas poison. ARTILLERY ACTIVITY London, Jan. 7.-''There was occasional hostile artillery activity southeast of Messines, (FlandersJ," says today's official report. DEATH OF SOCIALIST ' ' Amsterdam, Jan. 7.-The death of Englebert Pernerstorfer, the Austrian j Socialist leader, is announced in a dispatch from Vienna.^He had been vice-president of the lower house of the Austrian diet since 1909. WEATHER of living were expressed in the address of President Kinney of Edmonton in opening the annual convention of the Alberts Federation of Labor in the Labor Teniple this morning. The convention will bend most of its efforts along tffis line. There are more delegates present at the convention than at any preceeding convention since th$ Federation was organized here some years ago. Four lady delegates were present, and were given seats In the convention for the first time. The convention will move to the. Oddfellows Hall this afternoon. Over CO delegates in all are present. President Smeed and Mayor Hardie delivered" addresses of welcome to the delegates. In his address Mayor Hardie urged the expurgation of the old High ,........................ 43 Low................... 31 j law "Wives, obey your husbands," de-Forecast-Comparatively mild. I clarlrig that this had been responsible | the delegates. er condition probably with the poss-: social Democratic partv, and Matthias ,'ible exception of extreme wealth. He Erzberger Clerical Centrist paid a tribute to tho great part work- Newspapers such as the National ers have taken in the struggle for zoittnig and the Deutsche Zeitung democracy and uyged the delegates to cUIm tnat advances iiave taken phlc% leave comenuoffs domestic Questions between the National Liberal and the as much an possible alone until the! war is fought and won, and then to attack thc problems of the working-men and women with-all their strength to bring about better economic conditions. President Kinney in hig address said the labor men of the Dominion should follow the lead of the British Trades Unionists who will meet shortly to discuss after-the-war problems to bring about radical changes (n the system of production, having In view a min- [ Imum wage and the use of surplus wealth for thc common good. A credentials committee composed Centre parties and that they ar'o likely to lead to new developments In the German policy; The Deutsche Zeitung says: "It is to bo hoped that the change in the political situation caused by tho Breat-Litovsk episode will lead to the rescinding of the unfortunate peace resolution of July 19, which, in parliamentary circles, long has been regarded as inadequate and dangerous." BILLY SUNDAY SUED Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 7.-"Billy" Sunday, the evangelist, was sued for of R. Oakes, BanKhead, chairman; Kj*100;^ 111 *hf U,11"e^v VTT Nott, Edmonton, G. W, Bissen, Med!- here today by &ydne . Japp aiiTflrv n�ri w lot Kansas City, Mo., and author of cine Hat; J. Ray, Calgary, and W. Hawkins of Lethbridge went to work after the opening addresses to seat ,t books on the Bible. Tapp chargea Sunday with plagiarism md infringe wevt on copyright. / ;