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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 7, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUR TIIE T>r,T:iBniDGE DAILY IfERALD MONDAY, JANUARY 7/1918 &etbbti^ae Detalb IctbbriDac alberta DAILY AND WEEKLY Proprfetoc* and Publishers vTHE LETHBR1DGE HERALD PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED S23 6th Street South, Lethbrldge W. A. Buchanan President nnd Mttnnglng Director John Torrance - - Business Manager TELEPHONES HuslDess Orrico .............. 1252 Editorial Office .............. 1231 Subscription Rates: Dallv, (icllverocl, per week ..... .10 Dally, (ielivered, per year .....$5.00 Dally, by mail, per year ......M.OO Weekly, by mail, per year .....?1.50 Weekly, by mall, per year to U.S..$-.00 Dates of^explry of subscriptions appear dally on address label. Acceptance of papers uUe:- expfratlcn date Is our authority to cenUnuo the suh-scrlptlon. remove the duty so that they would come within roach of more farmers, who are only too anxiotts to buy If Itl^oy can see thoir way clear to do so, A special short course In how to operate such tractors would be an excellent addition to the winter coursos at the guvernmont aBrlculturnl high schools. � It mlsfat not bo amtss for the Dominion and provincial governments to look into the Ontario plan however. Some adaptation of it might bo lundo which would help the small farmers of the west Increase their production. But the main problem is to popularize the tractbr by making It more cheaply obtained, and training experts to ope' rate them. THE PROGRESS OF THE WAR The revolt of 25,000 Germans on the eastern front is reported and may portend serious things for the German army, it Is stated that the revolt is not yet under control. The peace negotiations have definitely bean broken oft between the Russians and Germans, the Germanl themselves now hsTlng made this an-aotmcement. Lloyd-George's speech setting forth e clcai-ly the alms and obJecU ot the elites in the var has been received with universal approval, and has trengthaned hla stand in the country tremendouily. GOVERNMENT DID RIGHT THING H. W. Wood, president of the U.F.A., jpressed hImaeU as heartily in sym-' pathy with the decision of the provincial goremment to postpone the operation .of the Farm Loan AcL "I think the government is entirely justified, under existing conditions In postponing the operation of this act," said Mr. Wood. "The reasons given by the government are sound. The government Is unable to get money at as low a rate as the farmers expected when they asked for the legislation. ' "Any capitalist In Canada haying any amount of money to loan at a rate ot interest wlbilch would make the proposed scheme workable, took'>ad> vantage ot the recent attractive bond issut to invest his money In bonds secured by the Dominion government absolutely grjarsnteed against tax. "I think for the provincial government to undertake to make this act operative at the present time would defeat the ends for which the act was designed. The demand for money among the farmers of Alberta is nothing like a� pressing as it was. Many of them have paid off their mortgage Indebtaeaa eBtlrel?, while others are meeting their interest paymenta readily. Tiiere are atlll acme, of course, who, oa a�eount of bad erc>p seasona, are stlU hard pressed and in seed of ' moaejr. Cheap money would be very aeoeptaMa to tbam. But cheap money at tha pffaaant ttma la impossible: i think the mortgage companies will be tally pfapared to take care ot this �U�s of fannara for the present at aa low a rate of Jnteraat as the govern-mant coald naw fumlih it to them. "After flia war la oirar and conditions �atUe down ta normal, the goTemment (iHU very prabably b� able to take the act up and nuke it operative on the kaala oriclnalJy Intended. This, la my astlmatlon, win ba bettar than' to defeat tha original purposes of tlie act by trying to operate it under impos-plble clrcnmstances." ^PICKED UP m ^ FOR THE BVSY MAN THE SHEEP RANCHERS AND THE DUTY REMOVAL The Herald is Quito In accord with the wish "of the South Alberta Wool Growers' association to safeguard the available sheep range against .Montana ranchers who may desire to bring their breeding flocks to this province for summer ranging, only to take them back across the line for sale, so that all the benefits would go to the Montana sheepmen to the detriment of Alberta ranchers. But, we are not In favor ot such restrictions as are demanded by some of the loc^ ranchers whose evident fear is that some new sheep owner may encroach on his range with sheep secured from Montana as a result of the removal ot the duty. This is a selfish view and one that is not consistent with the evident Intention ot the government's order removing the duty-the increase of sheep produc-Uon. The Herald's opinion is -that we should secure every possible sheep that we may produce more wool and mutton. We quite admit that there will he some crowding ot the range until adjustment takes place, but the established sheep man, who has been making enormous profits for the past two or three years should be the last to object to the new order of things. Instead of trying to discourage new"j llock-masters he should be doing his best to encourage them. If the present ranges are too small, he should lend his aid to the association to have , , , . ,._ Di,- __V ' Rev. James S. Stewart, one of the new ranges opened up. Plans for mak-_ ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ missionaries of the Ing use of our irrigation-grown alfalfa jpresb-terlan Church^of Ganada, died Wm. Grayson'is again chairmaQ ot tho Moose Jaw school board. , The Recorder and The Times of Brockvlllo have been amalgamated. Capt. W. A. P, Durle, of Toronto, has been killed in action. The Manitoba legislature will meet on Jan. 17. An autot\jatlc telephone system has been Installed at Brandon. Wm. Parker, proprietor of Parker's Dye Works, at Ottawa, Is dead. Toronto and Montreal financiers have fixed flS 5-8 as a minimum price for Victory Bonds. Thomas J. Balnc. a piano and real estate dealer of Hamilton, was found dead In his apartments. James Gray, of Grays, Limited, a new man, headed the polls for'the board ot education at London. Ex-Counclllor George H. Ferris ot Amherstburg township is dead from the effects ot an operation for appendicitis. - Peterboro carrlod a bylaw providing for a return to the system ot electing aldermen for the city at large. Lee Bailey, a Yanuputh tbw^nshlp farmer, died from blood poisoning, supposed to have been caused' by his finger nail in picking a sore Up. { . ,, � .3 Lieut.-Col. P. A. Moore, well known big game hunter, and returned officer from the great world war, is In command of the Calgarj' draftees under the Military Service Act, The official returns for thp federal election in Queens, P.E.I., are: Union -Martin 4,435; Nicholson 4,484; Laur-ler Liberal-Sinclair, 5,344: Warbur-ton 5,140. Rev. Robt. Godfrey, superanuated Methochst minister, died at Saskatoon, Dr. Forbes Godfrey M.P.P. for west York, Ont., and J.M. Godfrey, bhrris-ter, Toronto, are sons. should occupy his attention. The alfalfa growers should be 'encouraged. The old days of free range and free hay are passing, but that does not mean the end of sheep ranching. It is only the start. Alberta is an enormous province, but It his only about 300,000 sheep as compared with Montana's B.OOO.iBOO "and Ontario's 1,500,-000.' What we need Is a wider vision of the sheep industry In this province. The Xtaminion government is giving the sheep men invaluable aid. They are'ready to go farther to encourage the industry If the established sheep meii will show that they are willing to do something to put sheepralslng on a higher plane than In the old days when the sheep man considered the public domain on which his bands ranged 'as his private property and woe to }ilm Who encroached thereon. OAYjlF PRAYER IS OBSERVED, LONDON Crowds Fill Churches, Including Many Sailors aipd Soldiers MAKE THE SMALL TRACTOR INCREASE PRODUCTION Last summer the Ontario government bought quite a number ot small tractors, secured men to operate them and rented them to farmers to do ploughing at just enough tier acre to pay the cost of the gasoline an^ labor. As a result thousands of acres were mafle ready tor crop that would otherwise been left untouched. The suggestion has been made to the Herald that the Alberta government might follow the same plan for increasing productiou in this province. The Herald quite approves ot the principle, but we doubt very much whether the plan would work out in prac^ tice as it has in Ontario. For one s thing we have thousands of acres of , virgin prairie which the owners wish to have broken, wtiereaa in Ontario the individual farmer who has 100 acres to plough each year Is the exception rather than the rule. The result would be tbat In Alberta, Hon Duncan Marshall would be swamped with orders .if he planned such a BcHeme. Then again; in Alberta the difficulty Js not o'mucb to get the ploughing done as ii^ securing tractors^ and finding men i|Oiqpetent to W. Roa has been reelected chairman ot the Edmonton school board. The people of I3iisigii wised $1,000 for tho Red Cross by an auction sale., Mrs. L. B. Coupland, prominent Winnipeg social welfare worker, la dead. Rev. W. W. Adninson, Xtethodlst pastor at Roland, Man., la dead. R, W. Craig, K.C., was elected'chairman of the Winnipeg scliool board. Bert Hampton' and Prank Barr, two j-oung farniors of Newdnlo, Man,, were suffocated in a well. ' On the civilian vote.,). A. Se.\smitli, Unionist, had a majority of 9'J9 in East Peterboro. � ' / Hugh Cant, an e^Tw.iyor ot Gait, i|#irt president of the Gore .Mutual Flro Insurance company. Is dead. City Clerk Lusted ot Windsor is ot opinion that only male ratepayers are eligible to the city council. Major A. P. Moniies, formerly pastor of St. Andrew's church, Whitby, has been awarded tho Military Cross for gallantry In action ut the front. George H. Evans ot Hamilton died suddenly at London wlille on a visit to his son, iJeiit. George T. Evans, O.C., A.S.C. detail. Thomas Porter, an inmate of the House ot Refuge- at Woodstock, 70 years of age, slipped away, and was found frozen to death. A smelter for smelting scrap Into pig iron win be erected at Hull, Quebec, by the newly-incorporated Electrical Smelting company of Urantford. .Air. Justice Rlddell at Toronto do-' elded in one exemption appeal that the appellant must raise 200 hogs ^ year and york his ten-acre property. That Sir Wilfrid Laurler be Invited to enter the cabinet was the suggestion made by Dr. Salem G. Bland, of Winnipeg, in an address at the People's Forum at Ottawa. The coal famine in many Ontario cities is alarming. Schools may (have to close. In Guelph_famllles are talking ot clubbing together and living in one house. f i , � A plebiscite to abolish the board of control was carried; at i^ondon by OF E (CoNTIVtrKD from FHONT PaOB) proves ot tho premier's statement by Implication in saying that It assuipes that the spuooh means tho country will go on to victory, despite oil sHorltlcos, Historical Epoch  London, Jan. - Premier liloyd George's spoocJi to the delegates t,i Trades Unions on Saturdniy Is characterized . � tho woBkly nowspapors ns marking !\ h'.atcrlcal epoch In tho war. The Weekly Despatch nsaerta that It Is 'a "courageous call for unity in . the nation in tuc face of tho trials and dangers that Ho ahead and ii tho best answer to tho clamorous, it imlmpo.-t-ant, minority who have'been endeavoring to drive n wedge between the goveritmont and the Idbor party on the folse plen that there aro unVrldgo->fl)la Integral dlttlcultlos In the respective conceptions ot tho war alms tor which wo are flghtlnR.'- Tho News ot the World declares tho speech outlined the British war alms "with a degree ot precision which leaves no loophole for misundorstand-Ing." � , Tho Sunday Times says the most satisfactory, phrases ot tho .speech and tho moat discomforting for the Prussian war! lords nre those wUlch reveal it a8"nol ar. utterance ot olthor mere statesman or a political party but as the considered utterance of the British people." i The People asserts: '"It will no longer be possible for our present eno-mlcs to profess honest doubt as to what we are fighting tor, or to delude any Intelligent German with the fable that our aim Is the deatruction or the disruption of the German state or 4ts people." "The Sunday Observer describes Premier Lloyd George's speech as epoch-making and fateful. "He has done a weighty service to the cause 6f 'national unity and the In-lisregts of the allies," says the paper. "He has replied to the German pence offensive in Russia by a counter offensive. Premier states the allies' Irreducible minimum. He puts the onus on tho enemy. There must be an answer from Berlin." The Stand ot Labor London, Jan. 7.-Arthur Henderson, leader ot the* Labor party. In the house of commons Saturday night, stated It was his opinion that British labor would welcome Premier Lloyd George's statement of the aims tor which Great Britain Is fighting In the world war. "In some respects," he said, "it.embodies tho prlnciplos and the objects which labor nl ovu recent conterenco. defined as essential to tho war aims." Labor stands for the absolute freedom nnd Integrity of' Belgium, Serbia, Rumania and, Montenegro and frtr the ostablishment on a firm basis of a ------- .league ot nations and peoples for dls 2,052 majority, anc� [another favoring; armament, and the prevention of fut-the commission fa?Ji-!0f government ure wars; Mr.'; Henderson pointed pjit. by 2,572. 1 "Jhese things," Mr. Hende'rspn �0n- ot contain Within It the seed of fiiluro wars." iDrttish labor; Mr. Hendorson added, warmly woiobnio^l'tho main prinolplos laid down by tho Russian goverjmiont, but it rejects aa completely as tho Bol-shovlUl IhemsQlves any Idon ot making ft nntlonnl orijnperlttl profit out of tho wtir. \ �; Mahehester Guardian , London, . Jan. 7.-'I'he Maucliestor Guardian sayS the premier's clear and comprehensive statements ot Oro.'vt Britain's aims is a groat gain, especially aa It was mado'ln the name ot tho opposition ns well as of tho govbrn-mont, but that the gain would have been still groutor' had tho statement boon made In the name of tho'whole western alliance and embodied in n formal declarntldn ns to the authority ot which there could bo no doubt. The'Guardian be'iieves repudiation ot any intention to disrupt the Gorman or Austrian stato Is valuable nnd may not. be without, effect in those countries. It says, however, that it mlssos in the premier's speech nny response to the effect which tho present Russlhn government Is putting forth under the greatest difficulties to muko the principles ot national freedom a reality In the parts of Rusaiiiti territory now under military occupation by the^ central powers. TlW newspaper .considers It neither wIbo _ . nor generous to assume that Russia's the greatest scourges the armies had efforts must of necessity fail and to ' to face. In reducing the cases practlc- who had been sweeping No Man's Land niglitly with raachlno guns. Two enemy working parties wore dishers-od with cnsuallles, Hvhife ono of oilr reconnoltering groups came under heavy heavy enemy "pindapplo" bombardment but escaped without loss. Our artillery has busy sniping enemy working pnrtlos with elglitoon pounder^ carrying out the usual hnraseflns tiro in cooperation with machine guns and trench niortprs, against tho onamy lines of communtcatiou, assembly areas, etc. ' ' � _ Our own and enemy planes havo boon active with engagpments one ot which resulted, in n hostile machino being brought down In fIan\o8. ' Health of Troop* Qood  I have already reported how good Is tho health of tho troops, dosplto tho rigors ot tho winter. Tho work being done by tho C. A. M. C, can he gathor-ed by the fact that owing to typhoid and pnra-typhold Inoculation, our sick wastage Is tho lowest In the army. During last month there were only two. cases ot typhoid in all the ranks and' corps-an extraordinary record when contrasted with tho, appalling figures ot the South African and earlier fcam-palgns, when typhoid fever wis one of' take the view In advance that this great region will be handed over to the war lords ot Germany and Austria. Now York Times .New York, Jan. 7.-The Times soys: "Ifithe prime minister's utterance has accomplished its essential purpose on British politics, that will make up for some of its shortcomings from the point of view of'Britain's allies. Wo in the United States are In ho position to complain or to insist upon a firmer tone and a stouter front, we are too palntliUy aware of our own shortcomings. Nine months after entering tho war not only are we giving our allies no effective military aid, but all our bustle and stir does not hide tlie fact that through incompotonce and lack of .organization, and system, we are far behind in our^ preparations to supply rifles, ammunition, machine guns, airships, unitonns, clothing for (ho troops we shall some time havo at tho front. Our b.Hckwardness Is naturally distiuioting to out: allies. "But wb could wish that Mr. Lloyd Georgo had made use of his opportunity to pijt before the British working men and his greater .audience all. oyer the world the clear, indisputable truth that the man who urgos that peace bo made now, the Internationalist, and the pro-German is the most heartless of tically to nothing, the C. A. M. C, has not only scored a rojnarkable success against all tho active service sources ot infection but has also had to contend agairiat thot>rovalonco ot diseaso amongst tho civilian population. Equal aaccoss has been obtajjied In dealing with cases of trench feet.- In the winter of 1814-15, when the heroic British forces fighting day and night, were unable to give adoquate ifton-tlon to the diseaso, trench feet was one ot tho chief causes of sickness. Tho gravity ot tho situation was Increased by the tact that men once victims could not bo employed again on winter service In the trenches. In tho beginning ot the 1915-lG campaign the question was taken up actively by tho medical officers of tho first and second .Canadfan divisions. Meetings ot combatant officers ot other ranks were called by the medical authorities, at which preventive measures were explained, and tho cooperation oE all ranks was secured to combat the evil.' Tho result was that tho divisions hnd very'tow cases ot trench toot and .this winter there has been practically none. Dental,. Laboratory ' Another factor that has contrlbutod matori.iDy to the health of the men Is the dental laboratory. Such splendid work has been and is belug done by 'the Canad'an:dentists that for,the last mlUtarlsta, an enemjr qt the world's itwo.years.every case in the oorpshaB peacfe.and flr9edo!in.'?.,-i ,*� i -S.^^ *eeit: [tileated witliin the-;c