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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 7, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta / LE'lllBRlDGE. ALBERTA^ luNDAY, JANUARY 7, 1918 NUMBEIA 22 MS OF PEACE Cleaf .Statement of Allies' Objects in War Wins Universal Approval BRITISH AND U.S. -COMMENT GIVEN Lonilon, Jan. 7. - If the country's opinion,. iiH i8 prbbahlo In the present caHO, can be judged by expressions in | the London press, it may be said that' iic\l.  before' has Premier Uoyd jOod.fc'e won such uiUvorsal approval us is given to his statement of Saturday concerning Great Britain's war alms. It Is Vept)en(ze4l-that thcxo will bo a divergence of bpinion on details like the Dconomlcnl terms of seltlemont and disposition of Germany's African colonies, but In all essentials his state-ihent is.hailedras eminently satisfactory anii the premier Is declared to ]iave performed a most important ser* vice to the country. All Interest now is focusgd on the, [uestion as to how tho statement will bo rocolved in Germany, Austria-Uun-jjary and, not the least. In Russia, but us yet there Is nothing to satisfy this anxious curiosity. With the exception only of the bellicose ilorning Post, which, however. Is not opposed to tho premier's thesis, the morning newspapers of London join In a chorus of approval. The Times declares it is the most' important state document since the de^aratlon of war. It cdmmends the moderation of the statement, which, however it thlnlts may disconcert some tried friends and allies and might eVen Jend itself t'o enemy misrepresentation.  ' Tho Daily Mail says that nothing could bo more simple or more democratic than the statement and the whole people are, solid behind it. Tho Germans, it declares, will nev-� ei^get better tp^is. . Pron\ier-Llbyd George's assertion that he waaljiot spBaking for tho government, bi^t-tlje nation, and the empire, tho Dally, Iclegraph .tliluks will rrihiove' a )\6txiX of' ahxiety from many troubled minds. It says that all tjje primiiry essentials for tjeiipe tarift^' are Included'lii �tIib'stfttome'nt,whliU, however, It, _jinti,cipntes, will di-nw" a cry of,,incredulous rage from Germany. .The Dully. News dCssicrlbos the statement as a land^iark in the war "bringing US and, wo take 11, our allies, gen orally into lino with tho policy President Wilson constantly has formulated. "Oh the^e lines," It add.s, "tlfe nation con go forward with clear conscience and firm purpose. ' They are the lines of a clean peace and we must tjtand by them firmly, unyieldingly, rt- is a ponco of tho people;" Tile Dally Kxpress says! tho premier has spoken the entire mind of the entente. Germany, 'It adds, finds herself taken'seriously and it is the supremo te�t of her sincerity. To tlfe Daily Chronlelo the careful terms in which the nim.of an effective league of nations Is formulated, seem among tho most valuable pa^ts of the historical Htterjinces. Tlfo view of the Morning Post is that victory, is the only war aim worth considering and it British governments had conducted the war from, the be-' elnnlng on that principle, victory', woiild have beeii won long ago.' It ap-' H. A. MACKIE Prominent Edmonton Lawyer, successful Unionist candidate against A. B. May, Lau'rlor-Iiiberal, in.East Edmonton. Germahy Again Bombarding Frencii Viilagies-Quiet on Canadian Front Maximilian Harden Speaks Out oil the Political Sit-\ uation in Germany NO MILITARIST CAN /DICTATETHETERMSj London, .Tan. 7.-Maximilian Harden, In Die Seukunft, urges that the reichs' I tag. which is Germany's only ^popular organization, should bo as.sembled immediately or otherwise chances of peace with Russian will be lost. "Tho reichstag," he says, "must shoulder its responsibility and tell the world what Germany wants, not wliat this general or that minister wants. '"Not otherwise can the world bo convinced that Germany's war aims arc sincere. If the reichstag misses the supreme chance,^the war mu�t continue and no raort,ll being can forosee for how long, or what the end will be." Great Perturbation. London,; Jan. 7.-A belated dispatqh from the.correspondent of the Associated Press in Berlin, which is dated Friday, shows that there was great political perturbation following the meeting of the main commilteo ot the reichstag that day. The meeting lasted barely 45 minutes, a motion for adjournment being supported by all factions except the independent Soc-fiiists. Immediately on-adjournment all the parties lentered into caucus sessions, vdiich continued tiiroughput the day and until late at night. The indications pointed, the correspondent says. Red Cross Workers Needed T . Every wbWan in Lethbridge will bo given the opportunity to sign the followl/irpiedge: "Itoalizing that the women, under the emhlom ot the lied Cross-, sofrln^Vvttnd working for the men overseas are playing an invisible hut'esflentlal part on tha batMcfields of France, an�' in their work, care and,,thought arc fighting beside their men. 1 do hcrelv pledge At least two iiours ench week to Red Cross wprk." Tlio iwnieSkWiU be listed as those who h'CNv in the rooms; help in the cutting -work; work In" some department; or do sewing at home. To Higti tills pledge should be considered not a hardship, but a prlvlleg in lielplng to save the lives of thoBO who are so bravely fighting tor us. To each Wfifker will bo given a Red Cross banner, on which may bo added a small lied Cross [or each one ot the family who is a member of the Red Cross Society. With these banners on display In the windows of every bomb In the city, it will be very evident that Lethbridge is loyally backing up the great work of th"o Red Cross. Germans Revolted London, ' Jan. 7.- Dispatches from Russia iays 25,000 German soldiers eastlTof'Kovno have revolted. One'motive of revolt.was that sendlna troops to the western front was a Sbntravention of the Ruegq-German armistice agreement. The revolters entrenched them-selvis with rJJIes,, and machine guns against other German units. .German military authorities were powerless against the revolters, and ore trying to out off their food, / Telegraph Briefs RECOGNIZE FINN REPUBLIC Amsterdam, Jan. 7.-Germany has |Tecognlzed the Finniijlf republic. An Qjficial despatch from Rerlin .say.s that after the Russian government-de-clsred its wlUingnesa to recognize the independence of Finland as soon aa the application of tlie Finns was received. Geo. . Watkliis Fatally Shot When Lad Shows Him Revolver Canadian Army HGD.uplugy, Bruayi dnd otlfer general attitude of the press In..4e-' .tpwns in this dlstricfc-together witli daring that negotiations at Stockholm Bethune.yiiianyniileB behind tha line, would be impossible. The newspaper, have be'ori shelled and bombarded with says that.-Britlsb, French and Ameri-a regularity wiiich threatens'to reduce can diplomats and their numerous them to ruins, making of Bethune ani agents are buzzing nhout Stockholm other Ypres.or Arrasahd of the to.wna and would promptly weave a net ot such wastes as are Lievln, Angres and Ijitrigue aroimd , the conference and Vimy, within the forward bkttle area, that espionage would flourish, making The French population has been suecessful negotiations-impossible. A slowly evacuating the shelled areas, Reuter dispatch from Amsterdam dat-whlle the� people remalnlnB are llvftig ed today says the hitch over Brost-Ht--  ----------- -------' � ovBk is considered to endanger the co- (Bpccial to the llcraiai Milk River, 'Jan.-5.-A loaded revolr vor in thfe hands ot a ten year old neighbor'^ boy xaAsed the tragic death gn Thursday otj George AVatkins on the WalUlns farma2 miles east ot this place. The boy,-Gerald Sinclair, and British Loss London, .Ian. 7.-Ilritlsh ca.s-ualllc's ro|)orted during the week cndiUK today totalled IS,-The losKua wore divided as follows: Otticera, killed or died ot wounds il.'i; men ;i,.S,'li;. Officers, wounded or missing 148; men 14,�ori. Definite Breaking Off of Peace Negotiations Leads to Active Measures DON'T WANT HELP FROM ALLIES NOW. For the vlrt^ial douDlIng ot Britigli casualties over the previous week, when tho total was 9,!)51, the sharp fighting just before New Year's in the vicinity ot Welsh Ridge, on the the Cambral front south ot .Marcolng. may ha've been largely responsible. It Is possible also that belated reports ' definitely strengthening the front. Peon casualties in the Palestine, Italian I irograd advices say. The correspond London,.Jan. 7.-Tho official atate-mout iBsued at Herlin yesterday announce.'! tlial because ot the Russian reiiuesl to Iransfer peace negotiations: from UrestLitovsk to Stockholm thn central powers had temporarily suspended negoliallon.s with Russia. Strengthen Defences lyondon. .Jan. 7.-The HolshovJkl are and other theatres may have gone to swell the total considerably. MUST DEFEAT MlLITARlSfrt New York, Jan. 7.-Peace can come only after every nation "is convinced that ail military, conspiracies against the peace of the world are^ foredoomed to failure, former President Tuft declared IjO'an address on "Tlie great war," In Brooklyn yesterday. COAL ElVIBARQO RAISED ToronYo, Jan. 7.-The embargo placed by the Now York Central railroad on shipmentsvof coal coming into Can-' � � , , , ada via the Michigan Central line was the deceased wepe between the house | ra(ged on Saturday night. The ombar-and the bara 'pirheu young Sinclair ^o^l entering Canada over the in sand-bagged lower rooms or under ground retreats. ^ At present, lacking bright moonlight, the Hun aeroplanes have been quiet, but two weeks ago his machines were very busy. Raids on Bethune were of almost nightly occurrence lintll finally the civilians began leaving in Jarge numbers for places of greater safety, while tho city at nightfall.seemed deserted, those who ft having taken shelter In cflllars and dugouts. In the field there is little of interest to report. Our patrols have been un-usuailly active against the'alert enemy. pulled the gim" trom his pocXet say Ing, ''Wha^ijdb yoiu think of this?" The gun In goine''inal�her went off, the bullet striking'WatWns in tl�e eye. Dos^tli, tobit -iJlace 20.�liiiij�* iBtw.-WatWns has;been.a resident of the'district for njne years. Coroner Veale opened an Inquest into the shooting. today, but adjourned it till; Monday at Milk River. >^ " (COKrilNDED ON PaQB 4) (CONTiNDBD ON pAQB 4) Amsterdam, Jan, 7.-The en-tenteal|let having failed to take ^advariftge of the period of ten days of grapei have, by tlieir sll- ^epoe : rejected the /irogramme of peace without, annexations a|id Ihdemhltlei,' the Frpmdehblatt of � Vienna declares. The central powers no longer are liound to the V'prlnclplea. they set. up for a get;- , era) peabei i-The entente powers �ipne,/ft aayo, now must bear the -'f�'aponaibllHy','for tho continuance ;cf tho-war,-; Annexationists, in Gemanj-Trying to Oust the Foreign Secretary tAmsterdani, Jan. ;7; ~ There was calmer feollnK In Germaif parliamentary circles Saturday aftornopn, au-cording to.' th() Tagebiatt and the Reichstag majority parties, firmly intend to support the government. On tho other hand, the SooiallstB hold meetings on Sunday, which Vorwaerta calls "perhaps the most momentous" since August, 1914, The Socialist organ says that the'SoclRlUt party will make Us attitude-dependent o*.whether tho government returns fo the declarations made on December 25, In the meantime, the Tageblatf says, tho annexatlouUts ^ra making efforts ^o overthrow Foreign � Sbcrctary Von Kuehlniann, certain sorlousj oonse-quenpes being threatened openly if ho stays In pffloo, : ; / ' Dr. Wekorlq, the Hungarlan'promier, and Dr. Von Wlmtaer, the Austrian minister o( finance, have arrived in Berlin. , v ' hesion of the reichstag majority, but that great efforts are being made to prevent the falling away of the Socialist majority. The dispatch refers to the possibU-itj' of a new constellation of reichstag liarties. -\ . , . The Berlin Votwaerts, the feociallat organ, ref,ers to tjie declaration by the chancellor on the endangering of the peace negotiations as having fallen on tho spirit of the natioA Hke a black cloud. The newspaper says the situation is extraoi'dlnariiy serious. Condemn Annexationists : > The'Vorwaerts publishes speeches by Phllipp Scbeidemann, leader of t.ho majority Socialist .party in the reldiis-tag. and Hugo H^ase, the minority Socialist leader, condemning what they determine the annexationist program of the German government as- disclosed at Brest-Ultovsk. Tho speeches were delivered before tha reichstag main committee. Approves of Action Amsterdam, Jan. 7.-Admiral Von Tlrpitz, voicing the, demands of th'e (Fatherland party and / the pan-Germans regarding the negotiations with Russia, has telegraphed to Chancellor Von Hertling, "formally commending^ the firm statid taken by'the chancel lor,towards the Russian demands. In the position,I taken liy Russia, says the admiral, is soon'^vibo fruit ot ten days,' work of Jhe entente." He claims the transfer ot the negotiations to Stockholm would, constitute a decisive step on the path to g^iieral ponce, which would hayo no regard ftfr Germany's vital needs. , ~' Grand Trunk is still in force; but d,oes n(^t, seriously affect the situation as It is possible to brli�g coal into Canada ovo:' the M.C.R. and re-route it via the G.T.R. London, Jan. 7.-British aviators have dropped large quantities of boinbB-on the Kamegntesh-Chin airdrome In Belg(uhv.and In^the vicinity of Metz, Lorraine. Bombs were dropped oJi the railroad station at Con-flaiis on the sidings northwest of Metz and on the Courcelies station,' sbutheast of Metz, according to the official statement on aviation activities issued last night. Many hits were secured. "An explosion and a fire were caused at Conta'ns. \ Ro(ho, Jan. 7.-British patrols have, agaIff; crossed the Plave river, the war'offlce announces. They .forced a passage nt various points, causing alarm In the enemy lines. New York, .Van. 7,-Tho American otoampr^ Harry Luckenbach jhae been torpedoed and sunk with ':-losB-pf llfei according :to word re ton, fiolda and there i� a general (l^-mand for a more central couve|it(ou ��ntvo, ..... > Will Act As a Special War Ambassador to WashA ingioii \ London, Jan. 7.-Earl Reading, lord chief Justice, l^as been appointed British tilgh commissioner in the United States.. Besides taking over the work of the British eitibassy In Washington, he wlir.have charge of the wprk of the British war mission arid Its establishments in New York and Washington. Represent |War Cabihet ent of the Daily News obtained thi.s infcrmation from M. iZadek, one oi: tho Russian delegates who took a i^ro- i minent part in the negotiations with the Austrians and Germans at Petro-. grad. He said the Bolshevild were' intending to send iiome all who did not wish to fight, so that they would have ' an army which was willing to fight for an ideal. The correspondent asked what would be tlie attitude of tho i^pl.shevlkl, in the case ot actual war,'in regard to help from the allies. M. Uadek re-, plied: "We do not desire their help. Our strength lle.s in our weakness and it wc accepted help from the allies the significance of our position ^would bo' destrcyed. 'I'he weaker we are tho .stronger we are. The Oermans can drivo-ua back,' but what good woulS" it do them? - "The country behind tlie front has been stripped bare. There . Is not enough there to feed a single, horse. The Germans will not. wisli more; starving prisoners on their hands. "We stand for a democratic peace. ;So do the German working classes. If the German government idtacks m it will display itself to its oWn peopli. in its true light." -A telegram 'from Brest-Lltovslr'to ' Amsterdam gives a wireless message sent to M. Jo^fre, chairman ot tho I i, T.,.. a ' ui.�. > o ? ? ? Albferta Fedei^atibn of I^isaiss Important M Word'was received In Nobleford this mtornlng to the effect that Pte.Beu^^ son', who enlisted there with an Ihfan-tfy unlt.t apd who was .formerly env ployod wlthiJ. McLennan; had died of wbunds on ahrlBtmas; day. He rocolved a gunshot wound In the dying at the advanced-dressing station. He-has nh relatives in the distrlct.-^ The lists this morning contain tho name -The death of Bnglabert Pemerstorfer, the Auatrlan Boolallat leader, is announced In dispatch' from Vienna.^He ||(ad been rKte'prea^ent of the lowe^ house of the Auy^rlan diet aince 1B09. . 7^' [!i8\!;l:;;.\v,;.v-.. J. �,;F�r�c#it-Conjparnjwaiy .mild. 43 31 Intltiiations, that s^teps would bo talteu towaiAjls, tliB." .formation of a worJnis-cras8.> lart.w in the proytneei of Alberta dnjV'thftt the workers'.ot the proVllice wbiild'ttsk tor iogislatioiiffoolt-ing to the ostabllsliroent of a minimum wage for all workers based oti the cost of living \vero '^ expressed in the address-of Vreaident Kinney of Edmon-toijviu opening the annual convention of the Albei-ta'Federation of Labor in the (Labor Tijiiiple tills mornlngV; The convention wjll bepd most of its' efforts along tlTls line.'' Thvre are more delegates present' at the convention tha4 at any preceeding convention . since > th^ Federation was organlaed hero aopiie years ago, it'our lady delegat9ii,woi;e present, and were given seats in the convencion for the first time. , The convention will move to tira OddfellowH Hnll this aGterno6n. Over GO dolog'ates In all are present f president Smeod and Mayor Hardle delivered' addresses of weloome to the delegates; 'In.his address Mayor Hardle urged tlie oapurgi^tion ot the old law '',Wivefi)~ obeyvyour husbands," de-(!tarinK.4hat this ,had'l|eeu ro8j)on�lble it^een res for more evils of society, than anyr other condition ' probably wltli the poas-rfblo exception ot oxtronie wojvlth.i Ho paid a tribfito'to the greats part workers .have tnJcon-in .'the .struggle for democracy, and AiTgeft^the delegates to leave contentions. dpmiistlo questions as much an possible alone until the war ik fought and ..won, and ;theni\to attack tho problem^;of.the working-men and women withiali,their strength to bring about better eobnomiccondtt^ Ions. - ' .'' ,\ *1Proaldent Kinney In bii ;�ddre�8'saiji the labor mon ot the Domtdilpp ahould follow the lead ot the Brltith Traces Unionists who will meet .shprtlj* to dlscuss~atter-the-war probicmeioto^brigg about radical chiing^a^|ti/the system, of production, having in view a min-Imtim wage and the u^e i of. am'plus wealth for.tho common>good', '. , ' ' A credentials comtqUte^ composed of R, Oakes, Bankhead; chairman;, d; Natt, Edmonton. O. W,.Bisaen, Medl-_oli\e Hut; J. Ray, Calgary; m\A >V, Hawkins ot Lethbridn^ we|lt^^to! wpi'K, after tlie opening /addreilfia-^tq; *�at the dolewtos. . ter*'Von .Kjaelilmann for tho Cermau delegation. Foreign Minister Czernin. for the Austrians, Foreign Minister' .NToalmy Bey, for the Turks, and Minister of .Instice Popott, for the Bulgttr-lauB. It, recalls the fact that when the cenlral powers outlined tho terms on which (hey were willing to make, peace they stipulated tliat these terms would bo valid, only if the bolliger-;. onts bound themselves within a cer-" tain period to observe them. Tho Russians^ then fixed ten days as the per-' iod in which the other belligereijts were to'tHscide whether to join lu the negotiations but although thisi' timo elapsed January 4, nothing has been heard" from them. Another telegram from" Brest-ijltovslc states that informal discussions there* on Friday between the Oermans and tho Ukrainians took a direction favorable to Germany. j Workmen's Congroas to Meet London, Jan. 7.^-Tha central e.xecu^ tlve ot the workmen's^ and soldiers' deputies has decided to assemble tho third congress of workmen's', and sol-diers' deputies Jan. 21. According to M., Zlnovcff, one of the Bolshevild'leaders, there is lio intention to conceal, the fact that tlje motive tor calling tjie confiress Is to oppose tlio coastltu-eht assembly Avhich, ,in vlow^of Nthe', fact that the.candidates were nomlnat--ed before the October revolution, may not hu ropvaosntatlve of the country, u M. Zinovetf says tho Bolshevlki program win be submitted to tho constituent csaamliiy fov approval and it' tho Rssombly is v/illing to work lit liarmony it will Justify the hopes atid: expectations of the' people. On' the' contrary, should it reject the Bolshevlki program, the assembly wllVtlnd Itself in conflict with the laboring piasaes and be brustied away, ' A Powerful Effect � London, Jan. 7.-A Copenhagen dea- ' patch 'to ih^ Exchange Telegrapli company suys that tho crisis;betweem the central powers ai)d Russia because' ot the Bolshevlki's demand,that peace' negotiations b'e discussed in a-neutral; ooufct'ry, is having axpowerfulefteot'ln'' German politics and is likely to lead lo , a sharp cimfliot between (the Centre and SociailBt parties. The Conser^-; tives ut present are making determin-; ed �efforts'^to cause a rupture 'between Phllipp Scheldemann, president ot the Social Democratic party, and. Matthias liJrzboreer, Clerical Centrist. - Newspapers'(such as tha National Zoltnng and 'the .Deutsche Zeltung oUlm that advances have taken place betwe^en the National Liberal ^nd the Centi^ parties and that they are IlHely to lead to cew developments In iho^ German poJIcyl^ v ./ , Tha Deutsche Zeltung says: "It' i8..U). bo hoped that the change liv the political situation caused by tho Brast-Llto.vsk episode, will lead to the. rescinding of the unfortunate peace resolution of July which, in parlla� mentary circles, long has been regarded as Inadequate and dangeroua." t. BILLY 9UNDAY SUED i �'Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. '7.-"Billy" Sunday, the evangelist, was sued tqv tlOO,000 In the: United States'distriql;^ �4;VV)VUV ill tklU ' lUliltUU kIbHbOO VIIOVI*Vli;''''.,'--j''^V cQiurt here today by Sydney C. Tapp^^ of Kansas Olty.JMo., and authpv; 9!'."'4 bpoHs on tho Bible, Tapp .qhafg^a Sunday with ^plagiarism'�ud�iDfrin|% ",74 m^nt on copyright, \i, i''ff'fc'^%f'*''M 0123 ;