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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 6, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THt IETHBRID6E ThurnlQy, January t, Joseph C. Harsch Super-power stars may be upstaged in 72 Muskie speaks out Middle of the-roader Democra- tic presidential aspirant, Senator Ed- ward Muskie, startled a group of his most influential and best heeled supporters recently by telling them that he believes the U.S. is equally to blame with the U.S.S.R. for the failure to slow down the arms race. The statement in itself is not start- ling; there are plenty of liberal in- tellectuals in both political parties who would admit as much. The problem In Senator Muskie's case is that these opinions represent a reversal of centre-of-the-road Dem- ocratic policy which, ever since the end of the Second World War, has favored huge expenditure on nation- al defence. His left-of-centre rival for the nomination. Sen. George Mc- Govern holds similar views abput military expenditures, and both have demonstrated them by their voting records in the Senate. What is worrying some Muskie sup- porters who have already started re- search projects on the voting pat- terns of prospective Muskie support- ers is that a huge number at them, particularly blue collar workers of East European origin, resent the "we are to blame" attitude. They do not take kindly to charges of guilt or national failure, and they don't like statements such as the one Senator Muskie made after the Attica prison riots, when he said that "there is something terribly wrong with Am- erica." They simply don't agree. Mr. Muskie may be placing himself in an untenable position with his plain dealing and straight talking, but on the other hand it is quite possible that the voters are tired of eight years of manipulative politics. He has shown courage and forthrightness in saying what he believes, even if he is courting defeat in saying it. Chamber is not government The business community has not only succeeded in persuading Con- sumer and Corporate Affairs Min- ister Ron Basford to redraft his Com- petition Act but would like to tell him and his staff how it should be done. In its submission on Bill C-256, the executive council of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce has asked for direct discussions between officials of the consumer and corporate af- fairs department and representatives of the business community. This would seem to be a reasonable enough request, although there has been plenty of discussion already and the views of businessmen are known. It is difficult to believe that anything new could be imparted in the pro- posed direct discussions. The purpose of the request be- comes clear in the latter part of the chamber's submission "that the discussions continue throughout the redrafting period, at least until the best possible understandings have been effected with respect to the pro- posed legislation." What -that un- doubtedly means is that the busi- ness -community wants the privilege of telling the drafters what to put in the bill and what to leave out. Obviously Mr. Basford cannot ac- cede to such a request. The govern- ment cannot afford to so blatantly line up with the business interests of the country. Since the bill has impli- cations for consumers as well as re- tailers their presence at discussions regarding redrafting would also have to be permitted. Prime Minister Trudeau, in his year-end interview on CTV, gave the nation some instruction on how dem- ocracy works. He pointed out that discussion is something in which everyone should participate but that decision rests with the and specifically, the executive or cabinet. There is a legitimacy about the chamber wanting to engage in discussion about Bill C-256 but not in seeking to decide its final form. rTHE world stage is going to be an interesting place to watch during 1972. There are more actors on Uiat stage now. A year ago there were still only two that really the United States and Soviet Russia. Now China Is unleash- ed to play a free asxi roving role. And India, of all places, has moved to the footlights from obscurity. Obviously, unless something entirely unforsceable happens, the United States and Russia will continue to be the two strongest powers. They are the only true "super-powers" and there is no visible reason to doubt that this condition will persist for a long time to come. Neither China nor India is like- ly to become a super-power in 1972, if ever. In fact the only other thing which might become a third super-power would be the countries of the European Common Market now Brit- ain is, presumably, about to be- come a member. Perhaps 1972 will show the first real signs of how much inclination there really is for the Common Market members to coalesce into the super- power which they have the po- tential to become. They have the population, ingenuity, wealth, industrial fabric and technical leadership of a super- power. They do not yet have the cohesion and the military manifestation of cohesion. It is not all certain that they truly desire to play the role of the super-power, or that they are capable of forming a strong enough union to permit them to have unified foreign and military policies. They may continue to bs only an economic union although the logical tendency would be for them to move closer together in foreign and military pol- icies. There is already some talk in France of resuming military co-operation with the partners of the Common Mar- ket. And it would be logical some day for the French and British to pool their nuclear weapons systems. They could save money and achieve a more impressive deterrent by pooling. And, of course, Germany will have much to say about how much or little progress takes place in the direction of closer Weetern European union. So far, (he Germans (western, of course) have put the alliance ahead of their "opening to the east." But they have much im- proved their relations with the Slavs who live beyond them in the company of Russia. And it may be that in the long run they ml] consider that a looser western grouping permits them greater freedom in the east. So it is unlikely that 1972 will product decitive evidence on whether Western Europe Is likely someday to become a third super-power. But the signs will be worth watching. The tugs and pulls between those who want more West European unity and those who oppose it will make much of the top news in Europe in 1972. Also most worth watching will be Japan. In terms of po- tential Japan could be a mini- super-power faster than any other non-power. It could con- vert itself almost overnight into a nuclear power. And it may do so. Recent polls indi- cate that the emotional aver- sion left over from the Second World War is nearly gone. If the government elects to build nuclear weapons the Japanese public will apparently approve or at toast a substantial ma- jority will. The unthinkable of the past is now thinkable. Japan Is already so far along in every other respect that it would be a major power if it were armed. The possibility of it going over from being an unarmed dependent of the Uni- ted States to be independently armed is probably one of the main points the Chinese want to discuss with President Nixon when he arrives hi Peking. They (the Chinese) would probably be willing to trade off something quite handsome if he could offer them a con- tained, unarmed Japan. But then that is not his to offer. Both super-powers can be ex- The SALT Talks Continue peeled to play their roles widi just a little leas etrutHng and even a touch of occasional hu- mility in 1972. Both of them were embarrassed and humil- iated in 1971 Russia by Romania and the United by India. It must be bitterly galling to the Russians to be unable, so far, to bring Romania back un- der respectful discipline. Tin 'Great Bear has become accus- tomed to' respectful small neighbors. And seldom In hto- tory has a super-power made so much noise to so little 'ef- fect as Washington did about India's swift solution of its Pakistan problem. The day of the super-power is certainly not over. The two are still the biggest things on the stage. And the peace of the world still depends on what ar- rangements the two can make with each other more than on any one other thing. At centre stage as the year opens is of course the question whether the two can and will, come to some agreement about limit- ing nucelar weapons. But the fact that they are the biggest things on the stage no longer means that they are the liveliest or most interestnv; things on the stage. "Fern lib" has arrived. Mrs. Gandhi and Israel's Golda Meir do not speak for super-powers, but then' non-fear of men who get in thsir way is one of the more interesting phenomena of these times. Every time they make a move on that stage, cameras will be on hand and grinding. They are top stars now and will go on getting top billing because they are the two most successful national leaders of 1971. We are not saying farewell to the super-powers. But their act is an old one. Others are bored with it, less impressed and less deferential. It would be a mistake to think that the day of the small and the poor nations has dawned. But the gi- ants do begin to look clumsy, and less interesting. (The Christian Science Monitor News Service) Joseph Kraft A better money system No satisfactory withdrawal from Vietnam in sight aap man nnrl wnman is trip wnrlrl tn cnluo tlioeo The average man and woman is usually pretty confused over the world's seemingly perpetual state of monetary problems. Several years ago newspaper headlines screamed that there was a sterling crisis in Britain where- upon the country was forced to de- value the pound. This was followed by a gold crisis, then a franc and a mark crisis. Canada eventually had to float the dollar, and latterly the United Stales announced its inten- tion of devaluing the dollar so as to meet the present international economic crisis. These almost yearly currency problems draw together the finan- cial experts of the world who meet to discuss the issues at hand. They eventually announce to the world that a solution has been arrived at, but experience has shown that these solutions are merely a patching-up until the next crisis arrives. The average man and woman de- pends upon the financial experts of the world to solve these monetary problems but they wonder, after so many "solutions" have proved to be ineffective, why these experts do not attempt to work out a more sensible system for changing the re- lative values of currencies. This would mean that all nations would have to take a tuck in their national pride because such a mea- sure would involve arriving at a type of international currency which could be used by ordinary citizens and taken from country to country, not merely issued through a central bank. Our global village is becoming more of a fact all the time insofar as trade, culture, and economic ex- change is concerned. Issues such as the currency one build walls where none should exist. An international currency may be wildly idealistic, but perhaps the time has come to try out something other than the old method of juggling and devaluing. It simply has never worked for long. WASHINGTON The cruel futility of Vietnam now comes home in full measure to the Nixon administration. On the ground out there and in doctoring opinion at home, the president has done everything sophisticated hawks always claimed was necessary to achieve victory. But the Communists are still able to take action provok- ing massive American counter- strokes. And for all his achievements, Mr. Nixon has yet to find a way to get this country and particularly the prisoners completely out of the war. One undoubted administra- tion achievement has been the shoring up of South Vietnam. the House an antiwar amend- ment was beaten just before adjournment only because Bella Abzug outsmarted her- self in a striking display of kamikaze politics. Even the military have lost their stom- ach for the war. But the president's ap- prochement with Peking has combined with lower draft calls, diminishing casualties and steady troop withdrawals to blunt the cutting edge of the antiwar movement. Campuses seething with opposition to Vietnam last spring have been converted by fall to what is called "privatism." Demonstra- tions were reduced to a hand- ful of persons playing such ab- surd tricks as seizing the Statue of Liberty. Even Dan Ellsberg, who perpetrated in the Pentagon Papers a su- preme public relations coup, began complaining the media neglecting the war. By all that is holy to Rich- ard Nixon not to mention such past policymakers as Lyndon Johnson this show of strength should have turned the trick. The other side, sens- ing that victory was im- possible, should have tried to Automobile bumpers Backbone, not jawbone in confidence and administra- tive capability over the past years. Gen. Thieu may not _be popular but, as his election last fall showed, he controls the overwhelming majority of the population. The South Vietnamese arm- rPHEY didn't exactly say it couldn't be done, but there were sounds -of great anguish from Detroit a bit back when Washington set federal bumper safety standards and deadlines for compliance. As spelled out by the Nation- By Louis Burke SOCIETY in general, during the last decade, has been riddled with a can- cer known as "turaoff, drop-out" philoso- phy which invaded every part of its being. The mass media and everyone else called it a social revolution. Actually, it was no- thing more than old-fashioned lack of am- bition and a universal unwillingness to come to grips with common, everyday problems. This rot started in our educational sys- tems of which there are many; the school being part of only one such system. Edu- cational systems include the homes, the churches, the cinemas, the local coffee shqp and ice-cream parlour. They also invoke the mass media; news- papers, magazines, radio, television and the like. This educational system during the last ten years helped implement 'turn- off philosophy in sex education. It must accept responsibility for turning off sex control amongst young people by the enor- mous coverage given to drugs, contracep- tions, crime and violence. Trampdom is overcrowded because of a decayed philo- sophy amongst those who control the mass media. But let's not put all the blame on them. Parents have turned off their children be- cause t h oy, themselves, 'dropped-out' of parenthood. Take one seemingly unrelated Item. Money. It appears to grow on trees, o- come from a hole in the nearest bank. No thrift. Youngsters are no longer inter- cs'.ed in money. This sounds quite good, but in fact, It Is awfully stupid. It means there Is more and more money for fewer and fewer people who sit back gloating over the fact that some fool is turning oft the competition. Nor do our schools and counsellors es- cape this disease. There is no positive pro- gram to show the value and importance of academic performance in our city schools. The bright student is frowned upon at least, and frequently has to cultivate a low profile to survive. Our schools need a campaign to turn on respect for learn- ing. Nowadays, one rarely hears of a young- ster dedicated to science in any shape or form. Today's youth takes one look at the ten to fifteen years training which is needed and is allowed to quietly turn off. The counsellors do not inject the needed back- bone for such a journey and too many of the parents are gutless, also. Where are tomorrow's doctors going to come from Pakistan, Nigeria, or Ireland? They will not come from L.C.I., Catholic Cen- tral, or Winston Churchill unless coun- sellors and schools re-inject the backbone required to produce the quota needed. Right now, there is far from enough pos- itive philosophy in our family units, per- meating our schools, or circulating through all the other educational systems in our society All concerned have real obligations to drop the negative, pick up the positive and 'turn around' an entire phllosopliy of education. There must be a place in our schools for the mentally strong and sharp, the an-.bitious and eager, the humanitar- ians, technologists and scientists of the fu- ture. Schools must start today to stress the posi- tives for tomorrow. This is a new year and it is about time educational systems brought back some good, old-fashioned re- MiuUons backbone, not jawbone. areas notably in the U Minn forest which the Commun- ists had held for two decades prior to this past year. Though still dependent upon American air 'and artillery support, the South Vietnamese have taken over the brunt of the battle. It is a measure of who's fighting the war that their casualties have been running in several hundred per week as against less than ten Americans. Improvement on the ground has made possible an even more notable achievement of the administration the calm- ing of public opinion in this country. All polls show that a massive majority wants out of the war. The Senate remains strong against Vietnam, and in Letter to the editor Even If they are our best customers. Miss Hunter, we still don't end letters them with love and kisses.- Socializing stories The performance of Old King Cole at the Vales, last week, was delightful. Unfortunately, I think, the story was like many TV shows and children's stories in un- realistically dividing the world into 'good guys' and 'bad guys' and encouraging hatred of the 'bad guys.' How the audience hissed at the Snow Queen and booed Jack Frost! Our children are socialized through such stories. They learn about good and evil, right and wrong. And a generation later there an policemen who think they could solve a social problem by lining up all crim- inals and shooting them. There is no real defeat of evil unless the 'bad guys' be- come 'good guys' in the end. I think it is important to stop leaching our children to label some people 'bad1 and cheer and enjoy the harming and destruction of these people. No wonder it is difficult to get de- cent, helpful treatment for criminal offenders. Letbbridgc, C. BLEZARD. al Highway Safety Bureau, the new rules of the roads require that, beginning with 1973 mo- dels, front bumpers must be ca- pable of withstanding a 5 m.p.h. barrier crash without damage to any essential element of the vehicle lights, fuel system, exhaust. Rear bumpers need absorb only half the frontal jolt, but the following year crash resistance must be strengthen- ed there, too, and other refine- ments will be required, such as uniform bumper heights to pre- vent over and undernding. Not too much, it might appear to the layman, to ask of an in- dustry that has given us the hydraulic drive and wrap- around windshield. But time was too short and the engineer- ing and styling problems top great, motonnen said. Until they went to work on the prob- lem. Now it appears that automa- kers not only will meet the stan- dards, but in some lines do it ahead of schedule. The biggest of them all, General Motors, is reported to have greatly strengthened bumpers in all div- isions and to have passed the 5 m.p.h. test with a 1972 Bulck. Various techniques are being developed in the quest for a better bumper heavier con- struction, bumpers within bum- pers, hydraulic and spring mounts and cushions of energy- absorbing materials. There is as expected, a price to be paid In styling. Protrud- ing bumpers give the cars a less svelte appearance, but nothing, it develops, so cum- bersome as designers original- ly feared. And beauty, after all, is in the eye of the beholder. The prospects of lower repair bills and insurance premium] are likely to exert a strong In- fluence on Irow many car own- ers sec this development. As someone once snld, what's food for Central Moton negotiate out. In that expecta- tion, Mr. Nixon focused his mid November announcement of troop withdrawals under ne- gotiating prospects. In fact, Washington expected that the leading Communist negotiator, Le Due Tho, would be back in Paris in December to give a forward thrust to the peace talks there. Instead, there was asserted once again the basic, underly- ing lesson of Vietnam. That is that the outcome does not de- pend in any meaningful way upon resolution in the United States and unity behind the president. No matter how resolved the American pubb'c, no matter how unified, Vietnam is always going to mean more to the men In Hanoi than to the men in Washington. Short of being obliterated, the leaders on the other side can always take steps to fares these realities out into the open. The step the North Viet- namese chose this time was to send MIG-21 fighters outside rheir own territory against American planes harassing Communist troops and supply movements in Laos. That tac- tic took a toll of four Ameri- can jet fighters. Four more American pilots were added to the list of prisoners in North Vietnam. Having set so much store' by the show of force, having as- serted that the way out of Viet- nam was to demonstrate Am- erican strength, the president could not let that challenge go by. He initiated in retaliation the heaviest air raids on North Vietnam since President John- son cut the bombing in March 1968. But what will the raids achieve? Certainly they will not promote negotiations. Ha- noi has shown itself almost paranoiac about parleying un- der the gun. Whatever chance (tare has been for a negotiated settlement has been damaged by the latest developments. At home the torpor of opin- ion is apt to be shaken though perhaps only slightly. The difference between wind- ing down and getting out is sure to be underlined. More people will see more clearly that Mr. Nixon's plan for Viet- namization does not do any- llu'ng to get out the prisoners held by North Vietnam. No doubt even that percep- tion will fade with time. But Hanoi is in position to drive the lesson home again. The (rue significance of what has just happened is that the North Vietnamese can keep recalling the war to the American con- sciousness. It is hard to be- lieve they will !ind to do that before the elections when they have every interest in making a mockery of Mr. Nixon's claim to have gained peace with honor in Vietnam. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Looking backward Through the Herald 1922 In a Washington con- ference on the proposed five- power naval limitation treaty, the United States delegation brought forth a new proposal to prohibit the use of poison gas in future warfare. 1932 Mrs. Mary McCallum Sutherland, rated as one of the best speakers amongst women in Canada, will speak to a meeting of the Liberal men and women in the Trianon Hall. fire depart- ment led class "C" cities, pop- ulation to in fire prevention in Alberta in 1941, and finished 17th in all Canada. leading tailors of London, said the well dressed male will wear trousers so nar- row he will have to get into them barefoot and with his toes pointed down. 1M2 Work on the new Agnes Davidson elementary school is progressing well and is on schedule. The ten room school being built at a cost of about will go into op- eration in September of this year. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alherta LETHBHIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Put Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan Mall Renlslrallon No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Preu and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Association and ihe Audll Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, filler and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Gdllor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advertising Manager Edllorlal Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;