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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, January 6, 1971 - THE LETHBRIDOI HIRAID - S John Mika ndian newspaper struggles'on iyPTAWA - Fred Favel, 30-year - old Cree from Manitoba, has found that eastern Canada is a cold and unfriendly place - even among Indians - so he's taking his paper back to the West. Monthly issue No. 12 of "The First Citizen" will be published in Vancouver where it started in 1969, he said in an interview here. "It's on the layout sheets now but, because of the holidays and the move, we'll be a b o u t a month late in coming out with it. Then, about a week later, we'll come out with No. 13 in order to catch up." The First Citizen is the only Indian newspaper published as a private enterprise without any subsidies, reaching a circulation of 3,000 subscribers - Indians and whites, individuals and organizations - across the country as a 16-page tabloid. ? ? ? Favel and his wife, Carol, have turned it' out from their living quarters, in four Canadian cities so far, as part of a planned roving publishing venture which has seen them set up shop in Vancouver, Toronto, Fredericton and Ottawa. But the eastern foray has turned sour economically and, Favel, being a practical publisher, plans to return in mid-January to the west coast where he can build faster on his established base. About 50 per cent' of Ms subscribers are Indians yet they're just as tough to sign up here as the eastern businessmen. Favel found that just publishing in Ottawa tarred him with an Uncle Tom-Tom image in the eyes of some militant Indians even though he only stayed close to the power centre to report the Indian Affairs bureaucracy from a vantage point. ? ? ? Conversely, it did nothing to improve Ms image with many "established" Indian leaders who regard him as a boat-rocker. "We're finding resistance from them here because, let's face it, Indian politics is like any other politics," he explained. "Our paper is anti - Indian Affairs Branch, but we're not so naive as to believe we or anyone else has all the answers and consequently we won't be the spokesman for any particular Indian group or leaders. "Our responsibility is solely to our readers - the Indian on the reserve and the ordinary citizen on the street. As a result, I'm treated with just as much suspicion from Indian leaders as from the government's bureaucrats." This situation has made it tougher for the paper to grow in the east and grow it must, to survive. Favel has shown he's tough enough to overcome adversity. "Some of my friends never thought we'd put out a single issue," he recalled. "Then they said we'd be lucky to make it to No. 3. Well, we're working on Nb. 12 and 13 now and I think that speaks for itself." But Favel says he's found the plain economic fact is that the A closer look at Russia's Libs COME of the fiery ladies *^ who are spearheading the drive for the "liberation" of American women cite Russia as an example of the promised land of sexual equality. They ought to look behind the myth of the reality, suggests U.S. News and World Report. True enough, as is often pointed out at women's lib rallies, since 1936 the Soviet constitution has accorded women in the U.S.S.R. "equal rights with men in all spheres of economic, state, cultural, public and political life." But a close look at today's Russia shows that, even though much progress has been made in revolutionizing the role of women, actual equality remains largely theoretical. Although women outnumber men in the Soviet Union by 19 million, it is still the men who run things, says the magazine -from the Kremlin right on down. Not one of the 11 members of the Communist party's all-powerful Politburo, which makes all the ultimate decisions is a woman. There is no woman in the Party Secretariat, which conducts the day-to-day operations of the party. The U.S.S.R. Council of Ministers, which implements the party's decisions, has just one woman member. About a third of the deputies in the Supreme Soviet, Russia's parliament, are women. But the Supreme Soviet is merely a rubber - stamp body which never fails to give unanimous assent to Politburo decisions. By Don Oakley, NEA Service For a Russian woman, hold* ing a job is not just a right but an obligation under law. It is often also an absolute economic necessity. Thus nearly half of all workers in Russian industry are women - but nine of every 10 plant managers are men. Three of every four schoolteachers in the Soviet Union are women - but three of every four high school principals are men. Almost 90 per cent of all Soviet medical personnel are women - but nearly half of all chief physicians and heads of hospitals are men. The constitutionally "liberated" Russian woman has little choice of employment, which means that she is often forced to exercise her "equality" by taking on hard, heavy work few American women would care to tackle, such as digging ditches or sweeping streets (while a male supervisor looks on). In Russia four of every 10 crane operators are women. So are one of every three cement So They Say Ministers, priests and rabbis hear this time and time again - that we shouldn't meddle in politics. And I bet pharaoh said that to Moses. -Rev. Dr. William Sloane Coffin Jr., Yale University chaplain and co-defendant with Dr. Benjamin Spock in antidraft conspiracy trial. makers, four of every 10 laborers in the machine - building and metal - working industries and nine of every 10 bus and streetcar conductors. And they do get equal pay with men on the same jobs. Soviet sexual equality, however, does not extend to housework. Soviet husbands are far less likely than their American counterparts to lend a helping hand around the house, says U.S. News. Add to that the fact that only one family in 10 has a .vacuum cleaner or one in three a refrigerator - which means daily shopping, wMch in Russia means spending hours standing in line. In one respect, perhaps, the Soviet system might appeal to American lib types: Russian women are not treated as sex objects. Pornography is not for sale on newsstands. There are no displays of pin - up girls. There are no beauty contests. Cosmetics and pretty clothes are hard to come by and expensive and are frowned on by the ever-watchful state. So far, says the magazine, in spite of a few cautious, wistful complaints, Russian women show no signs of wanting to organize or demonstrate for better treatment of their sex. But if they ever do, it is extremely unlikely that they will follow the example of some American "bra burners." Russian women have worked too hard to earn the money to pay for their bras and have stood in line too long to buy them. RED HOT Of**' DOLLAR SAVERS at LaKAY'S ANNUAL JANUARY CLEARANCE SALE STARTING THURSDAY! AT BOTH STORES! Shop laKay's - 712 4th Ave. S. or en 13th St. N. for fabulous savings on this famous brand-name ladies' wear ... all first quality stock featured year 'round at LaKay'il Sale starts tomorrow at 9 a.m. at both stores. Be on hand at the store nearest youl DRESSES The best selection for every occasion Sizes: Poliles 7 to 15; Misses 8 to 20; Half Sizes HVi fo 28Mi; Overiizes to 521 To save you dollars ... all 331.. 75% Priced as low as .. 5.00 SAVE FULL LENGTH WINTER COATS 50o/ O AND MORE [�cU** JsJ Priced as lew as ... $20 PLEASE NOTE! SPORTSWEAR SKIRTS - TOPS -SLACKS - JACKETS SAVE 50% O AND MORE K5isr.r... 2.00 This is a genuine sale featuring the lowest prices right from the first dayl Theso prices are the ONE AND ONLY FINAL MARKDOWNS. Bo oarty and get your dollar savers while the selection it bestl SHOES i� SANDALS  PUMPS  SPORT SHOES Reg. to $24 Now a* low at ] AA Pair .......... I.UU AND UP BRAS GIRDLES etc. Now as low at Each ........... /DC AND UP All Sales Finall No Refunds or Exchanges HOT RED HOSTESS GOWNS HOUSECOATS PEIGNOIRS NOW � Off First Quality SUITS AND DRESSES Savings up to .. 75% .5.00 Now as low as AND UP ons Reg. 69c. pr. See our many unadvertised items at both stores For quality and brand name merchandise shop . . . LaKay's Ladies Wear Ltd. 312 13th St. N. Open Thurs. till 9 p.m. 712 4th Ave. S. West gives a man, of whatever color, more opportunity to win out with hard work alone. "When we started out in Vancouver, it took a lot of work and walking to get subscriptions and ads but they came in bunches - not here. "Even the media, which we often criticized for not knowing enough about the Indian situation, were kind and helpful to us. "Even more important, we were given a chance to do things like set up a booth in the corridor of a hotel whenever there was a convention of social workers, church groups, teachers or anyone who might even remotely be interested in the condition of Indians. "We'd set up a little display of our paper and so on near the convention registration desks and sell extra copies of the latest edition or even subscriptions. Each convent ion meant an average of $250 after expenses. "The important thing was that extra support was our subsistence. It kept us going while we were putting out the paper-kept us eating. "But here in the East, you can't do that. The hotels just won't give you permission to set up a display booth. It's made a big difference." Throughout his several months in the East, only a trickle of new $7.50 subscriptions has come into the three permanent post office boxes h�. keeps in Toronto, Ottawa and Vancouver. Though it's the furthest away, Box 760 in Vancouver's Station "A" has still been the steadiest revenue producer. "That's why we're going back," said Favel. "It's our solid base. About one - third of our circulation is in B.C. and when we get back I'm sure we can build it much higher. Favel says he's had to use up some reserves to keep operating in the harsher climate here and when he gets back to the coast he'll be down to his lowest financial point yet with just enough to pay a month's rent and cover the cost of the next couple of issues. But he's adamant that no government subsidy will ever prop up his paper - and compromise his independence. (It's just this treasured independence that will enable him to publish some of the "astounding" salaries Indian "consultants" are able to command in a variety of government  financed "representative" organizations which are fragmenting the new - found efforts of Indians to develop themselves. ("The outfits are spending these grants on specialists to turn out fancier briefs asking for more grants so they can put out more briefs etc. What's happening is that the white bureaucracy is being replaced by Indian bureaucracy and very little of the money is finding its way back to the Indians still on the reserves," he points out acidly). But, a firm believer that even misfortune can bring new opportunities through1 the necessity to cope, Favel thinks he can reach new heights by learning from his tougher experiences. "Even when things are hardest, there's one thing that still makes us feel good and that's the fact that we've done everything on our own," he avers. "I'm in the process now of seeking a personal loan which would give us the operating capital to go weekly when we get back to B.C.," he said. "Our target date is April 15 for starting weekly publication. "That would make us the first Indian weekly newspaper in Canada if not all North America. I'm sure we could get our circulation up to about 7,000 and make a real go of it. "We could probably put out a tabloid of between 12 and 16 pages every week - every page of advertising would let us put out two more pages of news." Helping the Favels is 21-year-old Carol Potts, who left the Indian Association of Alberta staff to work as a steno with The First Citizen, and she'll accompany them to the coast. If (Favel says "when") he succeeds in floating his loan, the newspaper will actually have to move out of his living room into some kind of office space to maintain a weekly schedule. But what if he doesn't get the loan? . "Well, I guess I'll need an-other pair of shoes because there's a lot of walking involved in soliciting advertising store-to - store, selling subscriptions door-to-door and setting up all those hotel display booths," he says with a grin. "But there's no way this newspaper will die, no way. "I'll die before It will." (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Soviet article 64-A The International Herald Tribune fTHE Soviet Union has responded to the worldwide expressions of horror over the death penalties which followed the first Leningrad trials by charging that "Zionist circles" have been "whipping up a new fit of anti - Soviet hysteria." That, in the complex reactions to the case, the particularly Zionist emotions over the "ingathering of Hie exiles" played a part is undeniable. So, too, have the circumstances surrounding the Soviet attitude toward the Middle East as a whole. But the imposition of death sentiences on Jews accused of trying to flee the Soviet Union by conspiring to hijack a plane produced a revulsion in quarters far removed from any hint of Israeli influence - in the French and British Communist parties, for example. And, in a curious way, the breadth and intensity of the protest against the operations of the Soviet judicial system are a tribute to the changed position of the Soviet Union in the eyes of the world. No one was particularly surprised when the Stalinist purges killed off many to the accompaniment of allegations of Zionist cosmopolitanism. But today, even after the campaign against dissident intellectuals, even after the intervention in Czechoslovakia, it was a shock to find a Soviet court regarding an attempt to flee abroad as treasonable, and deserving a capital penalty. It brought a new recognition that the Soviet Union has its own Berlin wall in Article 64-A of the criminal code; that, just as those who man the wall will shoot down any who seek to overleap it, so the Soviet courts will punish with death those who in- fringe that article. Both are at once the symbols and the hard facts of the closed society; both stand for the painful truth that the Communist system, which purports to be founded on an intellectual acceptance of certain political and economic precepts, in reality has reverted to the feudal concept that the serf is bound to the land. This concept is repulsive to those voluntary societies which regard both immigration and emigration as human rights, conditional, perhaps, but nevertheless rights. And when the enforcement of an essentially feudal idea has overtones of darker medieval madness, when it is accompanied by reminders that it was the Russian secret police which concocted the fraud of the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion," and that it was the Russian pogroms that prefigured Dachau, and that it was Stalin who made his version of the Protocols the excuse for eliminating those whose conduct did not accord with Kremlin policy, the repulsion deepens. Hijacking a plane is an international crime. Conspiracy to hijack a plane is surely a domestic offense. But when the death penalty is imposed upon convicted conspirators who were not trying to get a free ride, or to escape legitimate penalties for crimes committed at home, but simply because it was the only way in which they could leave one country for another, the hysteria does not lie in the protests, but in the penalty. Those on trial before the world are not the defendants in Leningrad, but the Russian prosecutors who are applying Article 64-A. Agriculture and technology The Saskatoon Star-Phoenix /CANADIAN agriculture has a bright fu-ture if the industry can take advantage of new technology and make the adjustments to increase productivity. So says the Economic Council of Canada. This was the considered opinion of Arthur J. R. Smith, chairman of the council, in an address to the annual meeting of Uniterm in Edmonton. If Mr. Smith is talking about all Canada, he may be right; but if he has in mind the prairie region, then he is talking some nonsense. Prairie farmers have a right to be angered when the suggestion is made that their productive capacity is lacking. One of their criticisms of the Task Force on Agriculture was that it urged farmers to become more efficient but it didn't say a word about agri-business which isn't all that efficient, in the farmers' opinion. Specifically, Mr. Smith made one statement subject to challenge. He said Canada consistently lags behind the United States in agricultural productivity. He said: "The record has shown that we do reach the productivity levels attained in the U.S. ~-but only seven to 10 years after these levels are reached in the United States." Mr. Smith has forgotten that most vital factor-the weatherman. Weather is such an important factor in farm production and that is why it is unwise to make production comparisons. Let's take wheat, for example. In 1961, the Prairie wheat crop was one of the lowest in the decade, averaging about 10 bushels per acre. Under similar conditions in the 1930s, it would have been a failure, but farmers have so advanced their efficiency that they got away with almost a breakeven crop in '61. When we come along to 1966 and 1967, we find our farmers producing some of the biggest crops in history. Yet, basically, the inputs were much the same, for the 1966-67 crops as they were for the 1961 crop. If the foregoing analysis Is acceptable, then it is pointless to suggest that U.S. productivity outruns our farmers because the southerners have (allegedly) better technology, and the like. It is closer to the facts to say that our farmers have kept abreast of change, whether in the mechanical or the seed varieties used. The breakdown, or failure, has been on the commercial side, on the job of selling the crops on world markets. That was essentially the task - not of farmers but of economists like Mr. Smith. Perhaps our marketeers will do better for our farmers in future. Protein-grading of wheat The Winnipeg Free Press TPHOUGH Canada in the present crop year is enjoying possibly the greatest wheat sales in history, it has been evident for some time (especially in the recent lean years) that our marketing policy has not been aggressive or imaginative enough. It has failed to take into account both the nature of our competition and the changing needs of the market. Especially has this been so with regard to the demand for high-protein, low-maltose wheat. We have continued on the assumption that Canada produced the best wheat in the world and that other countries would have to buy it. Protein - grading, as demanded by Europe especially, was considered unnecessary. The result has been that we have had difficulty holding markets, except when unusual circumstances - as in the current year - have alleviated tin situation. But we have at last come to realize that changes will have to be made, both in our grading system and marketing procedures, if we are to secure our share of world trade. It was belated recognition of this that led to the drafting of Bill C-196 which was presented at the last session of Parliament. But the bill (which would have introduced protein - grading of wheat) met with strong opposition and failed to pass. Opponents of the bill found no fault with protein-grading, but they feared some of its other implications, including the fact that it would have placed control of the grain industry in the appointed hands of a few government bureaucrats. Now in revised form (as Bill C-175) it has passed the present session of the House and is on its way to the Senate. The new legislation removes some of the objectionable features of the earlier bill (it provides, for example, a more clear-cut definition of the powers of the Board of Grain Commissioners), but not all: The grain companies feel they are penalized through the section that would stop storage payments in the event of a strike, and the farm groups which have been pressing for protein  grading are disappointed that the new grading system is not included in the bill. There are good reasons for the latter decision, however. If the grading system were included in the bill, it would mean that any subsequent change or adjustment in the system could be brought about only through act of Parliament - sometimes a slow and complicated process. As matters now stand, the new protein-grading system will be incorporated in regulations which can be more easily changed. Despite continuing objections from some quarters, the new bill seems to be a step in the right direction, designed to help Canadian wheat secure and hold its fair share of world trade. It is a definite improvement on what was offered at' the last sion of Parliament in Bill C-196. Quebec doctors show sense The Ottawa Journal QUEBEC'S doctors have shown more good sense than some of their associa* tion spokesmen at the height of the Medicare dispute gave them credit for. After the first full month under Medicare, they appear prepared to live in peace with what they once considered a monster. Few of the province's 5,900 doctors have made inquiries about opportunities e 1 s e-where; the Montreal Gazette reports it as "only a handful." Only 107 of them-less than two per cent of the total - have said they want nothing to do with the plan. Another 12 have "opted out," meaning they will be paid by patients who will then collect, from the Medicare plan. That latter figure compares with 150 of 1,000 physicians who "opted out" of Manitoba's medicare scheme. Quebec doctors seem to have worked out a solution acceptable to both them and the province. The 4,000 specialists in particular fared well, getting 85 per cent of the pay scale they sought. That will give Quebec specialists an average yearly salary of $55,-000, and they admit that the best of them will do much better. The Quebec doctors' responsible reaction to Medicare is a far cry from the gloomy strikes and departures we had been warned about ;