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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta EDITORIALS Anthony Westell Prisoners as propaganda The use of prisoners-of-war in the propaganda game is a deplorable practise of playing on human emotions with deadly effect. Many TV viewers who watched the interview by CBC correspondent Michael Mac-Lear with two U.S. officers held in the small prison camp on the outskirts of Hanoi were impressed by the attractive aspects of the camp-the Christmas lights, the pretty courtyard, the immaculate though sparsely furnished rooms, the family pictures on the walls. The two officers looked well and said they had no complaints about their treatment, that they had access to English books and that they played basketball and volleyball every day. It looked and sounded too good to be true. With due respect to Mr. Mac-Lear and his team, the interview had all the aspects of Communist propaganda at its most effective. The men, according to Washington spokesmen, have been interviewed several times before. The camp is a show place, the English books mentioned are all critical of U.S. policy in Asia. The questions were limited to four, covering the identities of the men, mailing privileges allowed, their daily routine and their feelings about the war. Both agreed that the U.S. should get out of Vietnam with all possible speed. Coupled with pictures of Mr. Mac-Lear in conversation with North Vietnam's President Pham Van Dong who reiterated his claim that the list of prisoners-of-war recently submitted to the U.S. government was the only list available to him, the interview had an inescapable air of staging for a purpose. It is well known that the recently submitted list contains no new names of Americans held prisoner by the North Vietnamese; yet there are about a thousand men who have been captured, or have died in the line of duty, or are simply wandering aimlessly around enemy territory somewhere in Viet-nam. They have not been heard from. No matter what one's personal feelings about the Vietnamese war may be, the use of these men, the same two who have been interviewed several times by Swedish and Japanese TV crews, is propaganda in its most subtle and unjust form, an attempt to brainwash an entire nation "into believing that its prisoners-of-war are all living in happy circumstances, though confined. Only the most ingenuous will be taken in by this obvious and cynical ploy which does no credit to Hanoi's "sincere" image. Indian independence Independence from the white man appears to be the goal of many Indians in Canada today. The road to this state is not without its ironical aspects, one of which is that most of it seemingly has to be travelled at the white man's expense. Indian Fred Favel, editor of The First Citizen, is reported in the article on t h e adjoining page, to be stubbornly opposed to governm e n t subsidy because he fears it would compromise his independence. The fact that he is partly dependent on securing advertising from white businessmen makes his independence suspect, however, in the eyes of those who think advertisers call the tune-directly or indirectly. Subsidy from public funds hasn't stopped Harold Cardinal from directing his fire at the federal government's assimilationist oriented policy. Neither has it seemed to have put much of a damper on the staff of Kainai News. Criticism of Calgary lawyer William Wuttunee for having compromised himself by accepting a fee for services from the federal government is surely in poor taste coming from those who are much more dependent on government money than he is. The cause of independence is not advanced if Indians with differing ideas are simply dismissed with emotional outbursts and the assigning of labels such as "brown honky." Indian newspapers - subsidized or otherwise - can perform a valuable service for all Canadians by engaging in serious debate. The matter of subsidization is not of prime importance unless public funds are being expended irresponsibly. What is of importance is that views such as those set out by Mr. Wuttunee on television be answered rather than be summarily dismissed. The human joint is a magnificent bearing with a co-efficient of friction better than that of glass on ice. Professor Verna Wright. The anti - urban attitude was perhaps the most damaging possession our forefathers carried with them from the Old World to the New. - Mayor John Lindsay of New York. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON - Everyone has his own theory as to why the economy is in such trouble. In spite of all the gobbledy-gook the Administration is putting out, the reel reason the economy has gone to pot is that nobody is paying his bills. My father, who is president, vice president, treasurer and sole full-time employee of the Aetna Curtain Company, in New York City, called me in Washington to tell me what was going on in the business world. "If that President of yours really wants to get the economy moving again," he said, "you can tell him to get people to start paying their bills." "You mean people aren't paying their bills?" I said, astonished. "No one is paying bills. People, companies, corporations, banks, insurance companies. Everyone is holding up on the money." "It's hard to believe." "Believe it," my father said. "I made curtains for a toy company's showroom on Fifth Avenue three months ago. They still haven't paid me. I went over the other day and said, 'Look, you're a big toy company; I'm a small manufacturer. Why don't you pay me for the curtains?' They said, 'We'd love to pay you for the curtains but Krum's Department Store hasn't paid us for our toys.' "So," my father continued, "I went over to Krum's Department Store and said to them, 'Wiry don't you pay the Thumb-sucker Toy Company for their toys so they can pay me for my curtains? The people at Krum's Department Store said, 'We'd love to pay the Thumbsucker Company for their toys, but none of our charge accounts � has paid us. Here is a customer, Arthur Gordon. He bought $100 worth of toys and he hasn't paid for them.'" My father went to see Arthur Gordon and said, "Mr. Gordon, I don't know you, but you owe the Krum Department Store $100." "What business is it of yours?" Mr. Gordon wanted to know. "Because if you don't pay your bill, tho Fears of U.S. control not dispelled o Krum people won't pay the Thumbsucker Toy Company, and if they don't get paid, they won't pay me for my curtains." "Well," said Gordon. "If you must know, I'm a lawyer, and I won't pay Krum's until Harold Jaffe, who is in the lumber business, pays me." My father went to see Jaffe, who said, "The reason I haven't paid Gordon is that the Men Mountain Construction Company owes me $5,000 for lumber. You get my $5,000 from Man Mountain and I'll pay my lawyer's bill." Since business was slow, my father went to see the Man Mountain Construction Company. They admitted owing Jaffe the money, but said the reason they couldn't pay him was that the Third National Bank of Queen's Village had refused to give Man Mountain a loan to finish a bousing project they were building in Happy Val-ley, New York. My father went to see Mr. Michael Kahme, president of the Third National Bank of Queen's Village, and be said the reason they couldn't lend Man Mountain any money was because a dentist named Dr. Hiram Torem hadn't paid back a loan he made to furnish his office with all-new dental equipment. Dr. Torem told my father be couldn't pay back the loan for his equipment because Mr. Robert Cantor hadn't paid for a very expensive set of false teeth. My father told me "I knew it was hopeless to look up Mr. Cantor, so I went back to the shop where I found Mr. Sam Plot-nik, who sold me the fabric for the curtains I made for the Thumbsucker Toy Company. He said, 'When am I going to get the money for my curtain material?' 1 said to him, 'What's the hurry?' And lie said, "The hurry is that I've had to lay off people because you haven't paid your bill."' And my father said, "One of those people wouldn't be named Robert Cantor, would he?" "No," said Plotnik. "Why do you ask?'' My father replied, "It was just a hunch." (Toronto Telegram News Service) iTTAWA - Barle Gray Is the editor of Ollweek, a trade magazine published in Calgary, and he smiles sincerely from the picture on top of the article in which he tells us we are wrong to worry about foreign ownership of his industry. "If we are at times a little thln-skined in Alberta about foreign investment criticism, it is only because so many thousands of us here have Jobs which would not exist without foreign investment," he writes. "In fact, without a petroleum producing Industry-most of which was created by foreign investment - economists have- calculated that the population of Western Canada would be nearby 1,00,000 less than it is now." Gray is politely ticking us off in an open letter for not being 100 per cent enthusiastic about the recent deal negotiated by Canada to sell more oil in the United States, We said in this column that it was very good business in conventional commercial terms, but added a doubt: "If there is a criticism to be made, it is that the oil companies which will benefit most from the deal are foreign owned. The profits they make from selling Canadian oil into the United States will belong in the end not to Canadians but to foreigners." Not so, objects Gray, and he produces fascinating figures to bolster his argument that a fair share of the profits will remain in Canada instead of going down the pipeline to the head offices in the United States. From 1947, when the Leduc No. 1 strike near Edmonton began the boom, to last year, the petroleum industry spent about $14 billion to find, develop and produce oil in Western Canada. In the same 23-year period, sales amounted to about $12.5 billion, says Gray, So lucky old Canada actually received $1.5 billion more from the oil companies than they earned. How's that for profiting from foreign investment? Of course, the companies did not actually lose ail those dollar bills. Gray recognizes that a good hunk of the $14 billion the companies have spent has gone into exploration to find resources for use in the future. Their estimated proved reserves are 10.5 billion barrels of oil and gas liquids, 52 trillion cubic feet of gas and 110 million tons of sulphur. The market value is about $40 billion. In other words, the oil companies have spent $1.5 billion in Canada to accumulate reserves of Canadian resources worth $40 billion. The $40 billion will not be sure profit. The companies will have to pay royalties to provincial and federal governments which leased them the mineral rights, the costs of extracting the wealth from the ground, the taxes on their earnings and so on. But the profit will still be handsome. Gray calculates that "The heartbreaking part is that they all think the/re delayed Christmas cards . . . " from total sales of $52 billion- that is, $12 billion up to last year and $40 billion to come- the companies may net about $12 billion, after all expenses. He thinks that is a good deal for Canada, and in some ways it is. Foreigners put up risk capital when Canadians did not want to take the chance, brought in their technological know-how,' organized the markets and created more than $50 billion in new business to open up the West. But where is it going to stop? The companies will not now take their profits and go home. They will reinvest in new exploration and development. Remember how they parlayed $1.5 billion of their own money into $40 billion of Canadian resources? Now the stakes are getting larger. Rising sales of oil and gas in the United States generate bigger revenues to find more reserves. Gray quotes a study by the Canadian Petroleum Association indicating that only about 10 per cent of Canada's potential resources have been found, and he speculates about 20 years of explorations and development ahead. Sales may total $70 billion to $100 billion, he says, and taxes on the profits will be worth about $4,000 to the average Canadian family. Conjuring with such figures, Gray paints a happy picture of Canada prospering as the companies develop our resources, just as the West has prospered over the last quarter century. What he does not say is that one day the beautiful bubble might burst. He is prospering now and the West is developing simply because the oil giants choose to reinvest their profits in Canada instead of taking them home. We keep selling them more and more of our reserves. One day, there will be no more reserves. Or the companies will decide to explore and develop some other country, perhaps for economic reasons, perhaps by political direction from Washington. Then, Instead of staying here, the profits will pour out of Canada by the billions. This is not a criticism of foreign investment. It has done much for Canada, and we shall need more of it in future, although hopefully on better But we must be realistic terms. about what happens In the end to profits owned by foreigners: They go home. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Gordon Holland Rural reconstruction program for Australia MELBOURNE: Proposals to spend $100 million over four years on a national rural reconstruction program have emerged from the federal and the six state governments' discussions on the plight of Australia's primary industries. Almost simultaneously, Mas-sey Ferguson (Australia), the big Canadian - controlled farm machinery maker, has announced a $2.87 million trading loss for the year and a 900-man seven-month retrenchment program starting January, involving 50 per cent of its work force. Both events arise from the Letters To The Editor- troubles of an over > expanded rural sector now facing international market realities. The retrenchment will grievously affect the economy of one of Melbourne's municipali ties containing a high proporation of skilled migrant tradesmen, as well as a big provincial city, emphasizing that a severe setback in any branch of the economy cannot be entirely isolated. The minister for primary industry, Douglas Anthony, and his department have been given the responsibility of examining in detail the general indebtedness of rural proper- Recalls golf course Away back in the dirty thirties a bunch of unemployed railroaders approached the AR and I, for permission to convert that land directly behind the LCI and past the baseball park, to Frache's greenhouse and west to the elevators and back down to the LCI Into a golf course. We had 237 members at $2 per year and we had tournaments every weekend and had players from Fort Macleod, New Dayton, Cardston, Magrath and a dozen other places. Jack Watson, the City Manager, gave us permission to take lumber from the old woollen mills and build a club house. The City graded the nine holes, and we raked and levelled off, and collected oil from all the gas stations to mix with the sand supplied and delivered by the City. All the merchants in town were behind the movement and supplied ten trophies for the various competitions and some of them are still in use. A golf course on the north side should have been in use for the past several years. Newcomers to the city do not know and appreciate the histor i c a 1 background. DICK FISHER, Secretary, Sunshine Golf Club. Lethbridge. Academic staffing The Herald of Sat., Jan. 2, had two letters from gentlemen disturbed about the academic staffing of Canadian universities, Well, I find it disturbing that in some 260 lines neither of them managed to squeeze in any reference to either academic qualifications or teaching ability. Surely these are the prime requisites? Being born in Canada, (and knowing where Saskatchewan is?), seem very weak cri- teria for a professorship. I am tlurty - three, was born in Canada, have lived all my life here, and am proud of it. However, as a recent graduate from a Canadian university, I am equally proud of having studied under some excellent 'foreign' professors - Spanish, British, Indian, Australian, American - and am better educated for it! A. R. McQUARRIE. Lethbridge, ties and of coming forward with recommendations as to how this problem might best be tackled, whether through federal agencies or on a state basis. This is his first attempt at farm reconstruction on a broad scale to create viable units. Land aggregation will mean bigger economic units and in this respect tractor and farm machinery development hat played its part. On record, though, is the fact that the economic - size family farms in Australia will out - perform, in animal production at least and often in grain production, any large-scale company farm. Douglas Anthony, the heir-apparent to the Country party leadership when John McEwen retires in February, endorses the thesis that there cannot be one all-embracing agricultural policy, because the problems are vast and differ from industry to industry; he seeks to develop a wide range of policies for each sector of primary industry. To this end he has helped the government to bring about an international sugar agreement with limits on Australia's production; he has sought through the international grains agreement to achieve orderly marketing of grains; and he has got the dairying industry together for the first time in an endeavor to impose certain restrictions on production. A new system has been introduced in conjunction with the states whereby a quota is applied to each state in an attempt to limit total production to 220,000 tons, and to maintain in the dairying industry those people who wish to stay and give those who wish to leave it an alternative to diversity into other forms of production. Moving into this new $100 million program over four years. Mr. Douglas Anthony has defined rural reconstruction to be debt reconstruction, farm adjustment and, where necessary, rehabilitation and retraining of farmers who might want to leave the industry. Federal money is intended to finance most of the scheme which the federal government wants the states to administer along agreed lines through rural reconstruction boards, and to contribute some state funds. Willingness of the states to stick to the federal guidelines will be a vital factor in the success of the scheme. Some of them are already deprecating the federal government's intentions, but as Prime Minister John Gorton has bluntly reminded them, if any state does not Join this federal scheme to help farmers in f i n a octal trouble, it's government will have to explain why to its own rural community. The last major attempt at debt adjustment in the 1930s recession years foundered on departmental Infighting and lack of common policy. Political pressures will inevitably develop within states to take a soft line on applications for debt reconstruction and hence keep some farmers struggling in the industry, whereas they should be as* sisted to leave immediately, for the states still regard it as politically dangerous to advocate that farmers depart from the industry even though a growing number are prepared to leave. While the money expended to help potentially viable farms may be Justified on economic grounds, particularly in boosting future export earnings and forestalling an even costlier rescue operation, there is still a large welfare element in the entire scheme. (Herald Special Service) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921-Two bloodhounds have been added to the force of the Alberta Provincial Police. They will be used to track criminals in the north and also in the mountains, where the population is sparse. 1931-The advance guard of four planes in General Balbo's trans  Atlantic a e r oplane fleet have landed at Natal, Brazil. Twelve others have now left Bolaraa, Portuguese Guinea, Africa, and are enroute to Brazil. 1941 - British authorities a g r ee that one of the most pressing problems arising from nightly raids is the effect of crowded shelters on health. Construction of bunks is being considered so that people will not have to sleep on cold floors, particularity in the underground in London. 1951-Hunting of weasels in most of Alberta is now allowed under the Alberta game act, because their abundance menaces pheasants and other game birds. 1961-The population of the Peigan Reserve now stands at about 1,000 in an unofficial figure. The population reached 1,-010 last year for the first time since before the Peigans signed a treaty with the federal government. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class M�ll Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Prtsi and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" .._ ;