Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 6, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HEKAL.U __Monday, January ii, lttia J&fhbridge daily herald v: ' ESTABLISHED DECEMBER 1907 ,'>Ubil�h�d by the Lathbrldge Herald* Publishing Co., Ltd., every lawful * \4v�Klng at It* office, Sixth street, Lethbrldgs, Alberta, Canada. w. a. b^bkAnan Managing Director T. W. quayle Managing Editor JOHN TORRANCE Bu�lne*� Manager PHONE: Editorial, Reportorlal And News Department 122 4 PHONE: Advertising Circulation And Job Departments 125 2 DAILY SUBSCRIPTION RATES t 1 year, delivered ....... S4.00 1 year, by mall. ..... JS.00 8 months, delivered..... $2.00 ., , , 3 months, delivered..... $1.00 6 months, by mail ...... $1.50 1 month, delivered ...... 35c. 1 month, by mail ?5c. .. Addresses changed as often as deslrod, but both new and old . x addresses must' bo given. THE DAILY HERALD FOR SALE AT ' Lathbrldge-Red Cross Drue * Medicine Hat-L. M. Northam. ' S�^k ^re,; J- 9 Robertson cranbrook, B. C-BeatUe and & Co,; Jnckaon & Co.; Alex- Atehlnson. Mlt DrUI C.aresholm-O. T.. R6lnecke MsoJ^-Toun*- & Co.; R. Tf. O^^CI^Olamond City oi?^!.1 rt t ifi�.i..n. Vancouver, B. C.-World Wido Si. 'McCriX Mltch*u: News Company. t'.hL�_w-u,,D Minneapolis-Brown & Brown, Tsbsr-westlalie Bros. S19-4tn Street. C,r#�$�^A,b,rU Dn* A Bo*k -�Ml��na-The Jamieson News . comp^nj. , to., 70S Kiverslde Avenue. Fern b.C.-iPercy Be*l. ^ Also on all C.P.R. trains THE WEEKLY HERALD Published every Wednesday in elfbt or more pases, and contains a summary of the news of tha week, local and district l year iu advance .........J1.50 3 months in advance ..... sue 6 months in advance ........75c. OUR POINT OF VIEW / - School started today, pupils; happy mothers. Unhappy Tht? Home Rule Bill will pass, says a despatch from Londou.. Erin-#o-lirngli. Ireland forever! Calgary la adopting the single tax method. The cities are all falling Into line with the towns and villages. Progressive Alberta- It loolis Just at.present, as it the new council made no mistake in deciding to bring commission government into effect at the end of the year. Clear up the obstacles, and give the commission a good oven start. It took only a 17-word ceremony to marry a New York couple recently. It is just possible that it may take less words than that to lead up to divorce proceedings. This is the day Ontario municipalities decide upon their administrations for next year. And tomorrow the also-rans will be busy telling their friends how it happened, and complaining about the usual crop of election prevaricators, Fred Merkle, the famous first base player of' the New York Giants, is being sued for $5000 damages for knocking down a bartender. Evidently he spiked his opponent. Lethbridge boasts of three pieces of advanced legislation-single tax, municipal ownership of utilities, and commission government. Don't fevget to tell those on the outside about, it. It is a drawing card which should not be overlooked, and is a good advertising point. '' The C. P. R. and Edmonton working in conjunction are building a high level bridge in the capital city with vehicular decks. Lethbridge should not let another opportunity slip to make a similar arrangement with one at the incoming roads. A Record of Wise Legislation TH one where the agricultural industry Is predominant. Without good Toads to �lend themselves to easy Inter-cpm-munication, and for the transit of �produce, farmers would find themselves handicapped In many ways. It must therefore, be a source of great satisfaction to find that the Provincial government has fully realized its responsibility in this matt*:'. '; A review of the wort done shows, an expenditure of $1,400,000 on roads and bridges'. Existing roads have not only been improved, but now ones constructed to meet the -requirements of the new towns that have come into existence. These will prove a useful complement to the schemes provided by the government for encouraging mixed farming, in the importing of .Choice breeds of cattle, and the establishment of demonstration sad poultry farms. The utilitarian policy, of the AlbeTta government has been such that even those who are not able to see eye to ijye with,it cannot refrain from .passing on it the necessary commendation. It is well that the public should re-cognize what has 'been done for the internal improvement of the province. Anything1 in the way of carping criticism, more or less-actuated by political bile, against the Sifton administration, cannot then fail to be estimated at its true'worth. ' The government has been engaged in a. wise activity, and in the assurance that it has thoroughly grasped the needs of the province there must be a feeling of general confidence. The legislators at Ottawa will soon be at it again, and perhaps George E. Foster will 'decide- that the poor people of Canada Bhould be j>ut wise to the trump card which he .declares Premier Borden has up ^ his sleeve in readiness to play for their benefit. One is inclined to 'believe, however, that the deck haa been stacked during recess, and the new deal' will be only a shaTp political move. The question now is, "Who holdE the big lead of trumps?" If Bill Taft can induce the United States to submit the question of Panama Canal tolls to the Hague Conference, it will help him to win back the reputation lost last November. And it will help the big Republic to the south to regain Uie confidence of the big powers as a nation of broad and straightforward principles. "Squire" Brown of Seattle is drafting what he terms a "lazy husband act," and declares that the lazy husbands shall henceforth hand their salaries over to their wives. Why doesn't the Squire spring something new. His proposition is the same old story in the same old way. Our idea of the lazy husband is the man wno makes his wife earn the salaTy and turn it over to him for disbursement. THE COMPANY Real Estate and Investments OWNERS OF MORNIN Suite 111 to US Sherlock Building P.O. Box 1979 Phona 1291 �sL> Maaaaain�Ha� The Hospital Board rp HE CITY COUNCIL appears to J; be in two minds bs to whether , the new Hospital Bqard should be appointed or elected. A public institution like the Hospital must neces- sarily, from it* character, mean one that 'will particularly engage the attention of the' people. For this reason! apart from any other, it would be ' fitting that the voters should he entitled to have a say -in the personal composition of the board of administration; There is no valid .reason why in tjhis matter they should not have the same privilege as in the election of School Trustees. For in both concerns it may be said there are interests on the same line. To say that .the 'accordance of the elective right would mean the introduction of men ivfith axes to grind, or would allow of tiie .bringing in of political feeling, would be equally applicable to all forms of civic election, it rather insinuates a mistrust of the people. Nor can it be said that by leaving the election of the board to the people that good men will,be kept out. This dpes not necessarily follow, for men scho .are aotuated by motives for. the welfare of the community are not those, who would bejnclined. to shirk the trouble of coming before the public. -" It would be all against the schemes as at present arranged, if instead Of having men come forward the council should have to.assume, in. a ytjiy., the roil of Diogenes, and go out seeking with a candle for a good man. In the election of the Hospital Board, as in other things, the people can be trusted to use their wisdom and their discretion. Sickness is ah inheritance common to all, consequently, the. hospital more than anything else is onc in which every citizen has an interest. The assurance that its administration will be in wise hands will be a matter of confidence to them. This fact the people are not likely to lose sight of,'and, consequently, their judgment in this respect must be held of some account. It is not a question of selecting employees that will be at issue, tout the selection of a body of men for administering a public service. In doing this those who have the qualifications for the Municipal franchise should be entitled to use the same. "SECOND THOUGHTS ON THE CANADIAN OFFER" Acute Criticism of the Borden Naval Policy by a Leading English Weekly-"Less Logical and Less Practical" than the Liberal Programme-Canada "Deceived" in Her Hopes, of Eercising a Substantial Measure of'Control on Foreign Policy-G|ft May be One Whlch^"Neither Great Britain or Canada Desires." (From the Nation, London, Dec. 14.) =� ii- The Matter of Expropriation I >-n H� KESOLVE made by the City |i J[ Council aR to the expropriation 1 . of more than the actual pro-�yeny required for special purposes is a good one. Iu view of the same the following comments by the Montreal Witness with regard to a similar pol-| icy in Montreal will servo to Bhow, if I it 1b at all necessary, that the scheme, | i'n the object aimed at, is regarded as ij beneficial elsewhere. We quote it at i length: .! None of the amendments to our city charter has in it more pot-enoy for material advantage to the city than that which warrants fSjfi-the expropriation 'Oil more pro-**'>&1i?,jBKty than. that>actually to be oc-a^pupied.vby a public'Improvement, ^yit/will- render possible magulfi-s>;s>:>cent 'public works which have tghltherto been, impossible, it will |lfetender fair^what has hitherto been plJbpe"t"hV city to-need a p'folTor ''"^,*auare,, there is no reason in the 'i'i^ofldvwhy 'the neighboring pro-' Vietorsr'alibuld S�t the 'benefit of '"' *Jl'si ^$W*8M�?� N�f -y�M when if tbe( new value ")#�; the - frontage A ,-\^o'ulU:go a^b^vway tb,paying tor jH tUe^lpproy^ent. ^.F^ro^t^ges so ~iacquired would have soma sort of *^J�J?> 1� We �9vantages of the r^jjj&k-,,which >thcw^'jratuitouBiy granted, have vpt, tbougb^tlwy are , t^'M&W^'"* *e Woat*4^as ims. &/�gpe^;sieas\jre ujeir private'pro-'iSr,y�,�But Jn .any oase they would jgt^S^ a'cquirod with the full 'nd^tandfjjg that the first a'ajt/ f^eij�al use of psti'ks is for plaj - grounds, and that if they do not r llk� the shouts of boys they niust buy elsewhere. The same principle is still more applicable to street widening or street opening. When we have! to widen a street we pay each proprietor for his frontage value, not considering that we are really cutting off the back of his lot, and giving -him a much more valuable frontage. A good many un-ireasonab!'? demands might be settled if,the city could take the whole property at its old value, and sell it again at the new. But where the advantage would be enormous, and* wheTe the lack of this power has been prohibitive, is in the case of opening diagonal thoroughfares.; The widening of existing streets is a great public waste, as it destroys much existing property, and benumbs the prosperity of a. street; v Bleury street, for instance. Is now only recovering from a widening process which drove business from it /some twenty years ago. "The widening of streets does not,shorten distances, which is a "matter of supremo Importance as cities grow. We shall some day have a controller of master mind and finances in such a condition that we shall be able, as Napoleon did In PavlB, to open diagonal boulevards that will take our people ou. their daily journeys by the shortest lines.' But to open a. new boulevard without controlling the - now frontage would be preposterous, and the expense of it woinld render it impossible. We hope that, wn.VcTer be the changes of Imperial relationships which the colonial offers of battleships for the British navy may bring, they will be debated in a spirit of candor, and 'with proper clearness of thought. � Otherwise, tUey may bring us as yet nnimngined mischiefs. So far as the dependencies of the Empire are concerned we want a little more information. � Mr. Harcourt, who discusses the tender of a "Dreadnought" from the Federal Malay "States, appears to refer it to a sudden, almost a providential, wave of telepathy, answering to a tremulous motion of home pressure, but, to no visible ministerial or even human stimulus. It is possible; but for the moment we hope that tho circuit of these wireless messages will be-limited. If the rubber and tin interests of Malay desire to make an unsolicited present to the Imperial navy out of the narrow margin /.of the annual surplus, they can for the moment indulge this feeling without injury to the thousands of Malays, Chinamen and Indians who inhabit these territories. But this is not the case of Indian or Ceylon. From them, payment- for \ "Dreadnought" would be enforced by as pirro a form of tribute aa ever figured in the exactions of ancient Empire. Such gifts could, bless neither the poor and unwilling giver, not what Mr. Harcourt calls the "ample and absorbent lap'' of the receiver. Tbe Canadian offer stands on a different basis; the demonstrations iu the Canadian parliament and territories show that behind Mr. Borden lies a rich' vein of affectionate feeling -a bond of genuine filial relationship. Such sentiment is the real cement of oud Empire; he would be a churl in-, deed to belittle it, or to deny its moral power. But plain dealing is just as necessary between mother and daughter as in'the .Juggling of the market. Have we therefore a clear account with Canada, and is sh8 quite clear, first, as to what she requires of us, and, secondly, as to what wc want from her? First, it is obvious that the Admiralty asked for these ships-"the largest and strongest ships of war which science can build, or money supply"- so that the responsibility for the offer lies, not with Mr. Borden, but with Mr. Churchill. On what ground was tills suggestion put forward? On that of necessity? As a flag of distress frcm the British taxpayer or. the British admiralty? Hardly. Mr. Churchill gave the most pocitive assurances, public and private, that the margin of To Our Insurance Customers If you are a user of NATURAL GAS. either for heating or cooking purposes, we would respectfully request that you call at our office and receive a PERMIT for the use of same. We would also respectfully call your attention to the advisability of increasing your insurance, as with the lighting of winter fires, your risk of loss is greatly accentuated. Wilson & Skeith C P. R. AGENTS Reliable Fire offices represented by us. Opp. Alexandra Hotel Phone 1343 The Way to Succeed In Advertising is to Make Use Of Other Men s Experience The Herald leads in circulation. Where is there a paper in a city the size of Lethbridge? with a daily circulation of 6,000? The Herald leads in advertising, in both results and volume. , ONE FIRM WRITES "Going vver our records and making a- careful comparison with other mediums on both sides of the line, I find that your paper brought more actual buyers than any other newspaper we have ever used. ' ANOTHER. FIRM STATES ."You will bo interested to know that pier unit of expenditure the ljesultB from The Lethbridge Herald were tho best we have received from any paper." A city circulatibn exceeding the number of residences in the city is a record that stands alone "Dreadnoughts" for which l>e asked in his last estimates (a 60 per cent, advantage over Germuny on old construction, a two to one advantage on additions to the standing navy law) was adequate. He could say nothing less. Three years ago the prime minister accepted a margin of "Dreadnoughts" three times smaller than that which Mr. Churchill produces in his memorandum to the Canadian government by suppressing our enormous preponderance in ante-"Dread-nought" types, and ignoring-the greater power of the ships that lie sets agajust much inferior German units.' Obviously, no First Lord could come to the House with estimates signed by his Sea Lords, and declare that they did not guarautee "ue iafsty ol the Empire. Then thpre is no naval necessity. There' cannot be; for if there were, Mr Churchill would deserve impeachment. What is- there? Superfluity? Who dares ask the Canadian taxpayer to help us to more ships than we want or the British taxpayer to keep them when they, are built? But perhaps the necessity is not here, in European, waters, i but there, in the Pacific, at which indeed the Churchill memorandum plainly hints. But if so, why are these ships to be assigned to the centra! British fleet, Instead of to the vvardership of the Pacific coast? If there is a real and pressing need of the Motherland for added security against the German peril, no detachment o� the Canadian ships from the North Sea is possible. And if (as, of course, is the fact) no strain exists on our shipbuilding or our financial resources, Sir Wilfrid Laurie: 's plan of building a national Canadian navy provides for any future relief which the central power may desire. The financial relief is obviously much greater. As the Borden oiler atandg, we shall in the ordinary relations of debtor and creditor whlcb- oxist between the two nations, lend Canada �7,000,000, for she cannot fairly bo expected to meet this "emergency" expense out of new taxation. This sum she expends la three semi detached "Dreadnoughts," which wo, again, arc to man and maintain. The ctio cost balances th$ other, even if the expense of manning does not ex-ceed the interest on our loan, Thus we "(at the Admiralty's suggestion) lend Canada money, so that she may lend us ships, which we (on the Admiralty's .showing) do not really want. Jh>-) Laurier plan would liavo relieved; us of the embarrassment ibis; ungracious housekeeping, Canada would have had her ships instead of lending them to us on a running account, subject to withdrawal, and would yet have made a handsome and definite contribution'to Imperial defence. It is necessary to know why, with these advantages clearly In view, the Imperial government, having accepted Sir Wilfrid Laurier's view of Canada's naval responsibilities should revert to Mr. Borden's less logical and less practical plan. The question is the more urgent because, ag the Liberal press, without an exception, lias divined the Canadian offer Is not. unconditional, and is, ir. etteci, exchanged for what ~;~Mr. Jordon pcKurds as a suibstan- tira meed or political power. Canada is to have regular ministerial representation on the committee of Imperial defence, and is ultimately to acquire her full share of influence over the foreign policy of the Empire, in other words, she may tender counsel, and if it is not accepted, may withdraw her sliipK. Again, are we perfectly frank with her? If we took an article in Monday's Times as a model, we should say that we have misled her because our own minds are confused. According to the Times the committee of defence has no "power." and no "responsibility," save when the prime minister agrees with it, ii is "purely consultative," and "its character will not be altered by tho appointment of a Canadian minister." At the same time, tlie "usefulness" of the committee will be "greatly increased" by the Canadian element. Tlio same confusion appears in the statement of the action of the committee under the new membership. This is to produce "a closer and more continuous relationship", between the British and Canadian cabinets', and m tho-same time the "existing responsibility" of each government to its parliament will "in no way" be affected. There is to be change; there Is to be no change; there will be great change; there will be little change! We should have thought It clear thut It is precisely the representative bodies, for which, of course, the Times cares not one jot, that will suffer here and in Canada. The House of Commons gets no new power; on the contrary, It has fresh spheres of policy formally withdrawn, from It. Tho committee of defence, an unrepresentative, partly military, official body, kuows many Imperial secrets, is cog-nhant of many diplomatic instruments, whose r.iiiuvo Is deliberately withheld from parliament. The ."re-latlntishlp" between a cabinet and " liarliamciit iU nH strongest and purest when the one regards itself as tho*-'organ of tho other. Rut no foreign policy, tho Oauadlaii government, of the future will represent the British ministry as well as the Canadian people. If. will- not? Well, Canada i> deceived, and is giving her "Dreadnoughts" for nothing, or next to nothing. And if, again, the influence of t.h<-defence committee is to be increased by the addition of a Canadian minister, we are witnessing the formation' of a cabinet within a cabinet, and a process in set up to full peril of representative democracy. But Canada, and GTeat Britain cannot be considered alone, it is no mere Confederacy of Delos that we are planning. There is Australia. She is much further away than Canada, and less Imperial in sentiment. What of her voice in this new and secret "Council of Empire?" It cannot be as potent as Canada's. The two together cannot outweigh ours, unless wo. gracefully transfer the crown of Klmpire from the Mother's head to the Daughters', and give away with It the supromac: of the Imperial parliament and I he British constitution itself. Let ua therefore be careful lest this new form of Imperialism givos us and the free colonies a gift which neither of us dosirea. The Admiralty has already withdrawn (lie British taxpayer from the circle of this new benefit. We. are to build as many shipB aa ever on our account., and to pay for the upkeep of the Canadian vessels as well, ho that the Canadian parliament imposes, bv this gift of "Dreadnoughts.'' a new tax on Great Britain. Germain-is mostly silent and observant of these transactions, but the renewed exertions of the German admiralty will, in due course, respond to the Canadian stimulus, and the' margin of our naval advantage will soon shrink to its earlier and sufficient measure,. What is the gain ? Ships that we do not want, ill-will that we do not cither. Debate with our younger nations as to a partition of power that cannot be fixed on a representative basts, and cannot be equated as between communities of very different populations Inhabited widely sundered territories. A simpler,'wiser, safer, solution wae offered us, Why have we rejected it? Because we are. axraid, the Admiralty governs tho . government, instead of the government governing the Admiralty. One Way to Live Margaret.-They say that. Mrs. Baker iitikes ii fortune oul of n cure I'm obesity. Kutlierlne-Yes. SIk' lives ou Ui� fai of the laud.