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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-05,Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THC LETHBRIDGE HERALO~Salurda)r, Janiury 5,1B74 Leadership needed in energy crisis By Anthony Lewis, New York Times commentator Real change Anthony Lewis, in his article elsewhere on this page, argues that no significant change in lifestyle results trom following the guidelines so far produced by governments. Turning down the thermostat and reducing the speed at which one drives an automobile do not constitute real change. Only by getting at the basic factors in the profligate use- of energy in industrialized societies in general, and in the United States in particular, will substantial savings of energy be effected. Those factors, as Lewis sees it, are: the dominant place of automobiles in transportation, the suburban pattern of living, the emphasis on energy-intensive rather than labor-intensive industry; and the economics of planned obsolescense. When governments become serious about conserving energy and attack the problem on those four fronts a real change in lifestyle will be experienced. The mind boggles at the massive shifts that will have to occur. Individual commitmeiit to frugality constitutes a greater alteration in lifestyle for most now embracing it than Lewis admits but it is probably true that only government direction can bring about the kind of change he envisages as being necessary. The patterns needing to be changed developed under “the influence of government subsidy and regulation” and will have to be altered, no doubt, in the same way BOSTON - One of the most sensible comments to come out of the United States government in a very long time was made the other day by William E. Simon, the energy administrator. If and when the Arab oil embargo is lifted, he said, his major concern will be "not letting the American people go to sleep again.” “They cannot continue to live their wastrel ways,” he said. “Americans waste 30 to 40 per cent of their energy sources and have to go through a permanent change in lifestyle.” That view would win wide agreement among those professionally concerned with the political and economic and ecolc^ical implications of the «»ei«i problem. There is just one trouble, neither Simon nor anyone else in the government has given the public at large any idea of what is really involved in ending a 40 per cent energy "waste" or making “a permanent change in life style.” The public has had its attention focused so far on such measures as lowering home thermostats and driving more slowly. Those are necessary short'term steps, but in terms of fundamental change they are not serious. “Personal frugality contributes relatively little,” Emma Rothschild concluded in a far-sighted appraisal of energy prospects in the New York Review of Books last August. For example, she noted, those “symbols of electric profligacy,” small appliances, do not amount to much as energy users. In the year IMS our 15 million electric toothbrushes and 1% million blenders used only as much energy as (Hie hour of American automobile travel. The reasons for the profligate American use of energy are basic. They include the dominant place of automobiles in transportatim, the suburban pattern of living, the emphasis on energyintensive rather than laborintensive industry and the economics of planned obsolescense. Any government that is serious about changing our energy lifestyle has to get at Uiose basic factors. And they can be effectively influenced by government action. For those patterns of our natioul life did not just happen by accident hi a market economy: they developed under the uifluence of government subsidy and regulatiffli — wWcb can change direction, and should. By way of illustration, here are some possibilities of government leverage for change: —Our sprawling suburbs have develc^ed as they have in the post-war years In good part because of tax flaws and federal mortgage insurance that encouraged single-family home ownership. A recent study shows that low-deosity suburbs use twice s mu Big Brother Week Not new elsewhere, but new' to this part ol the world, is the observance of Btg Brother Week. Only about a year old m Lethbridge, the Big Brother organization IS doing what it can to impress people in the area with the importance of getting behind its mission. There are at least 500 boys in Lethbridge who lack the influence of a lather. Some of them could benefit greatly from regular contact with a man with a genuine interest in their growth and development The Big Brother organization aims to match men of good character (careful screening of volunteers is undertaken) with boys who need and want an adult male conlidant It also aims to provide expert guidance to the substitute fathers in coping with the problems they encounter in betriending the boys. WEEKElSlP MEDITATION Obviously such an organization needs a trained social worker to handle the screening and counselling of volunteer Big Brothers. It cannot long expect to draw on the services of social workers in other organizations and agencies Therefore it is imperative that it draw financial support from people who recognize the importance of its service. More important than money, however, is that volunteers come forward to participate in the program. Women are needed in the administrative aspect of Big Brothers but before they can be of signiticant value men must offer themselves This, then, is the major thrust ot the observation of Big Brother Week in Lethbridge this year Few things that a man might elect to do are likely to be as challenging and perhaps rewarding as offering to be a Big Brother I have kept the faith’ The saddest fact about life is the way It tends to strip you of your faith in the true, the good, and the beautiful. Often the men and women who are most enthusiastic in their youth are the ones who most lose their faith in age. Little by httle faith is erod^ by Ufe’s hard experience and cruelty unUl the landscape is gray and cloudy and nothing joyous is left. The sparkle dies, the hopes and ideals of youth are lost, the dreams are gone. Consequently it is quite moving and unusual to hear an old man writing to a young man, as Paul does to Timothy telling him that he has kept the faith It is toward the end of his second letter and Paul writes that he will soon now come to the end of his life. ‘ ‘I have fought a good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.” So it had not been easy for him Life for him had been a grim struggle. He had lost everything that men hold dear — position, wealth, health, family, and career. He was a poverty-stricken, old man, without honors and worldy achievements. But one thing he had kept was his faith. Life is worthwhile if at the end you can say that one thing you have "kept unspotted from the world, mine own, and that, my own white plume."    ^ Elsewhere Paul tells of his youth, how he had every advantage and. opportunity, brilliant scholarship, bom to a proud family, a pupil of a famous scholar, high social position and probably wealth. He had thrown the whole thing away for the sake of his faith. All the glittering prizes of the world could have been his, but he had let them all go. By “faith" Paul would mean religious faith, though for him that was a much more inclusive word than it is for most men. He describes himself often as "the bondslave of Jesus Christ,” and that, he undoubtedly was. Jesus had all of him that he had to give. He was no lukewarm, half-hearted follower; for him It was all or nothing. Consequently his total life was wrapped up in his faith, related to his faith Here was his center of gravity. He carried no reservations in his hip pocket. So for him keeping the faith would meii.i keeping a certain style of life. The early I ' Christians were called “people of the way,’ meaning that they' had a way of life as a result of their faith, Commitment included conduct. Paul has not the slightest regret evidently, not the least doubt but that throwing everything else overboard and keeping the faith had been worthwhile Nothing else seems to him worth keeping. He had found the pearl of great price of which Jesus spoke and all other pearis seem of little worth Or, to take another parable of Jesus, Paul had found a treasure hid in a field and for the sake of Uie treasure had sold all that he had and bought that field. It had turned out wonderfully for him. He was about to die confident of winning the victor’s crown Eternal life was his. ‘^Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after righteousness for they shall be filled.” This of course is true about all the great heroes of the Bible. They were great, not because of position or even achievements, but because of their faith. Abraham, for example, was a man of great weaknesses, but the Bible says “he believed God” despite all discouragements and temptations to disbelieve. So with Joseph, Gideon, Jeremiah, and the rest. But the most important fact to note is that their faith kept them. Paul would have been the first to disclaim any virtue in keeping the faith'. All through his seemingly tragic life, with one blow after another falling on him, the grace of God had given him that "peace that passes understanding ” He had been “more than conqueror,” his life had been “a constant pageant of triumph,” and he had “learned in whatsoever state (he) was therewith to be content.” He calls himself very humbly a great "debtor,” All he had or was he owed to his Lord. “The life that I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me.” PRAYER. 0 God, keep my feet from slipping. Hold me in the rushing waters of life. Enable me to believe that though I may lose my grip of You, You will never lose your grip of me.    „ ^ FS.M ‘I say we move with the times . . . think multinational, retool and get into ration coupons.” Petroleum-fueled age ending PARIS — The political aspect of the Arabs’ oil embargo against states considered unfriendly to their cause has been permitted to obscure the far more important fact that the age of petroleum-fueled industry is drawing to a close just as, to a considerable degree, the Industrial Revolution fueled by coal drew to a dose earlier, or at any rate shifted gears. Naturally, oil and natural gas, which are so richly concentrated in otherwise poor Arab lands, represent a mangificient means of pressure on complex technocratic societies, although it took the Arabs a long time to realize the fact. As a pohtical weapon, fossil f’aels are exceedingly useful to the Arabs so long as they retain at least minimal unity on any international issue -- as today in the dispute with Israel. This is certainly a far more effective and cleaner weapon than skyjacking, kidnapping, letter bombs and assassination, methods of terrorism practiced in recent years for political aims. The oil embargo, resulting from Saudi Arabia’s shrewd strategy, but actually suggested long ago to other By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator petrochemical, transportation and other industries and an entire system of refining petroleum and shipping it in supertankers or lengthy pipelines was developed. Arab countries by Soviet diplomats, has suddenly forced the world to realize that the entire energy question is a long-range problem. Not much time remains to settle It. Even the Shah of Iran, who prompted the latest hoist in petroleum prices (doubling them), is quoted as believing; “We have to force development of other things and not waste oil.” He is dead right and it is high time that industrial nations, now geared to fossil fuels, recognize the truth, The coal of Wales and The Ruhr which initially gave England and Germany their boost into the modem power system, has rapidly dwindled during r^ cent decades. Although coal is far from being finished as an energy source—indeed the oil shortage is encouraging sudden new interest in it — its supply has been vanishing rapidly this century. Because the cost of supplying coal mounted while its availability declined, technological countries had ample time to adjust to the concurrent arrival on the market of ever-increasing, cheap supplies of oil. The^e fueled new power, textile, Letters to the £ditor, A possible benefit The pride of Southern Alberta is our university . . . anything that could hurt it can hurt all of us. The first reading of the editorial, A Big Gamble, {E>ec 20) caused me to question the wisdom the university in granting Velikovsky an honorary degree. Subsequent pondering and study of the matter has caused me to change my opinion. This opinion is based on information gathered from the pages of The Herald because many letters to the university have failed to bring me any information. No person can do a thing about the past. What is done is done. We can insist that those “JVeeis a complete overhanl!” carry it to a successful conclusion. I look forward to seeing progress reports in The Herald many times before the great man arrives. We do not want to seem ignorant when he comes, and The Herald is a reliable source of information. Those professors and students should write letters to every source of information and put it all together into a theory of their own. This would not cost those involved much time and just a few stamps. They would not research, because those from whom they seek information have done years of research. All they seek is the results ... Why waste time doing long and tedious research which others have spent many years doing? Better just a quick cross-check of their results ,, In this way, what started out as i, possible disaster to the credibility of the university could be its greatest asset. M. E, SPENCER Cardston Nevertheless,' despite untapped supplies still existing in the Middle East and other known reserves in the North Sea, China Sea, Siberia, Alaska, Africa and elsewhere, planners are becoming more and more aware that there are ultimate limits and that these are being approached faster than had been realized. This was clearly what the Shah was thinking about. It is also behind the extremely shrewd Arab producers’ move, raising petroleum prices while simultaneously limiting supplies. The exporting country consequently continues to receive as much or more for its product while at the same time husbanding' stocks. That basic formula is bound to continue into the indefinite future — no matter what solution is devised for PalesUne and no matter what stand an individual nation takes for or against such a solution. It is logical for those able to do so that they should wish to both have and eat their petroleum cake. The problem - which cannot escape being one of the basic issues in the last quarter century, with untold economic and military repercussions — finds the United States in a far less difficult position than other major non-communist powers, The organization for Economic Co^iperation and Development calculates the U.S. is 74 per cent selfsufficient in oil and 89 per cent self-sufficient in total energy requirements. This compares with zero per cent in the former category and U per cent in the latter category for Japan; five per cent and 22 per cent for France and two per cent and 5S per cent for England (when its miners aren’t striking). A cursory glance at these figures shows that no matter how eagerly the French, British and JatMiwse, for ex ample, flirt with the Arabs, it isn’t going to make any long-range difference to their economies. No sensible Arab oil-producer will sell his petroleum at a cut rate because a foreign buyer makes googoo eyes at him. The fuel have-nots are simply going to have to pay more and more for less and less energy and this problem, while abruptly exposed by the Palestine crisis, in the end has nothing to do with it energy per person as cities. Federal law should now provide Incentives for more concentrated communities, —The most familiar eiam-ple of the impact federal money can have on our way of life is the huge highway program, which has left us with the worst mass transportation system of any in* dustrial country. It is time now to use not just a part but nearly all of those funds to help trains, buses and subways. There should be no more federal highway money, starting right now, except to ctunplete essential links. —Tax laws have ^couraged commercial property companies to tear down old buildings and slap up the high-rise offices Uiat mean big depreciation and big profits. The incentive should be precisely reversed. Federal standards for both homes and commercial structures should put greater emphasis on durability and energy-saving. —Similarly, the tax system should be used to discourage disposable products and elaborate packaging, and to reward genuine durability in consumer durables. Tax and other measures should be used to reverse the post-war trend toward substitution of synthetic for natural substances - detergent instead of soap, for example — especially when the synthetics are based on oil, as many plastics are. —Big industrial and commercial users of electricity now pay only about half as much for it as a family. Cheap rates for large customers makes sense if you are trying to promote sales of an abundant product, but their effect right now is to encourage some of the most significant users of energy to be wasteful. State utility commissions, and if necessary the federal government, should change the rules. It may be that more radical measures will be required — measures challenging the ethic of the consumer society and the whole notion of profit as Uie standard of business behavior. But at a minimuni, if our economic and political system is to survive in the age of scarcer, more expensive energy, it will have to adjust its own mechanisms to the new reality William Simon is hardly to be criticized for not yet having addressed the long-term problems. He inherited a crisis that an irresponsible government h^d sjllowed to develop, and' "he had to djiSl first with immediate neetis But he will have to start soon explaining what he means by “a permanent change in hfestyie ” Americans have responded ‘well to the calls for frugally this winter, and they are waiting for leadership on the more fundamental energy issues. BERRY’S WORLD © 197^ by NEA, )nc “Well, Mom, I didn’t put on cloan clothot this morning, th« way you «»ked me to, because of -er - the energy crisis .. .1” The Lethbridge Hers^ 504 7th St S L*thbrid9«    ^ LETHBRIDGE HERAlD CO LTD . Propriwof* •tli Publlitwrt Second Cl*» Mail Regnlrtlion No 00i2 CLfiOW MOWERS, Ediwand Publtsner DONH PILLINO Managing Edwor DONALD R OORAM û«n«rêl ROY* MILES AdverKsing Manager DOUGLAS K WALKÊR Editûnal P'age Editor ROBERTM FEMTON Circulation Min««*«' KENNETH E. 8ARNCTT mm ■THE herald serves THE SOUTH'' ;