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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 5, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Anthony Westell LIP scheme creates jobs to fit people fVTTAWA After travel- ling across Canada in the summer to look at Opportunity For Youth projects, I began a series of articles with an op- timistic phrase summoned from a comer of memory: "I fcave seen the future and it works." That was annoying to a lot of people, ranging from mid- dle-class critics who thought the program was a mil- lion give away to long haired Nppiss, to radical youngsters who thought it was Ottawa's way of buying off the children nf the middle class. What I meant by the phrase, however, was that OFY was a successful experiment in har- nessing funds to the creative Book Review energy of the unemployed to bring about social improve- ment. Instead of employing students to dig ditches or push paper, Ottawa asked them to plan and manage their own community improvement pro- jects. Because it appeared to me that technology was replacing human labor and that produc- tion of material goods was no longer society's first priority, I believed that there was going to be an increasing number of educated people with energy and skills to employ outside the conventional job market. The program was a successful experiment in bow to cope with the new unemployment. At the time, support for OFY was not the prevailing opinion In the media or among public opinion. The press had been generally critical of the pro- gram and the opposition par- lies in the Commons saw It as some sort of public scandal. But I think it fair to say that most of the former critics have now come around to at least qualified approval. The new line of comment is that the Opportunity for Youth program should of course be repeated next summer and that funds should be steered more toward the working class unemployed, and less to mid- dle-class students. But this is already happening, under another name and almost un- A different type of boxing book Sling Like a BCD The Muhammad Ali Story" by Jcrte Torres (Abelard- Scauman, 223 pages, IT took an ex-light heavy- weight champion, two well-known authors and a su- perb artist to put together this 223 page chronicle of three fights and a sketchy biography of Hie "Great One" Muham- mad Ali. The two well-known authors, Norman Mailer and Eudd Schulberg, add nothing, save a. pat on the back for the writing job done by former light heavy- weight champion, Jose Torres. The artist, LeRoy Neiman, is che of the great boxing artists end Ms works in any publica- tion is a welcome addition. Torres provides an insight in- to boxing thai has not occurred In too many other books tins IB the insight of a pugilist. Perhaps the most profound thought put forth in the book to a quote from Torres' former manager, Cus D'Amato: "In professional boiing when you step into the ring you will come to understand that you are there to participate in a con- test of wills, not of abilities." This D'Amato statement of course assumes Oia't Hie abili- ties are equal. Torres delves not only into Ali's fights with Quarry, Bon- avena and Frazier with great detail but be analyses the fight- ers' minds. He attempts to Think along with Ali, often drawing on his own fistic ex- periences to use a giridepoeta. George Chuvalo, Canada's granite-jawed enigma of the prize ring, is said by Torres to have been floored by Bonavena. This is not so. The officials at the fight called both Incidents slips, not knockdowns. After all, George's career has not been a history-making one, but the one thing that helps hold the Tnan together is the fact that he has NEVER been knocked off his feet in his 80- odd fights. Why take a cheap shot at the man and try to take that hard earned claim away from him? Torres' examination of AH the boxer is thorough. You learn his weak points, Ms strong ones, you come close to fully understanding what makes this complex individual tick while inside the ring. While All's story, career arid character is sketchy, there is no need, in this book, to go any further into detail. After all its been done before. What Torres brings out is interesting, and the pages dealing with the Black Muslims and AU are in- triguing. A short Insight is given into Ali's army induction problems. One point drawn out is Ali's failure on two army intelli- gence tests and also tie fact that he stood 367th in a high school class of 391. A new type of boring book has been written and the result is interesting and entertaining. Jose Torres, while dwelling on Muhammad Ali, perhaps un- wittingly, also gives a glimpse into Ins own ring experiences and the people who associated with him during his career. Torres and Neiman combine to make an impressive contri- bution to boxing; Mailer and Schulberg, who write the pre- face and the epilogue respec- tively, come along for the ride. GARRY ALLISON. noticed by the commentators and evaluators. "One of the ideas percolating from OFY through the govern- I wrote last summer, "is that when1 the economy is slack and regular jobs scarce, people can perhaps invent their own socially useful work, if Ottawa will pay a modest salary." That was in August and President Richard Nixon had just sprung his new economic policies on Canada and the world. The cabinet in Ottawa suddenly realized that the coming winter might be even tougher and a special employ- ment program went into high gear. In addition to tax cuts, the government eventually ap- proved million for pro- jects, most of them in the tradition of winter works: Loans to provinces and mu- nicipalities for capital projects, repairs to federal buildings, and accelerated bousing pro- grams, more money for man- power training. But tacked on the end was the Local Initiatives Program sort of Son of OFY. Mu- nicipalities and community or- ganizations, including those formed specially for the pur- pose, were invited to come up with creative ideas on how to employ labor and skills during the winter in ways which would be of benefit to the lo- cal community. It was the principle in action again. Instead of making jobs and telling the unemployed to fill them, government was ask- ing the unemployed what jobs they would lilre to do. By last week, projects had been proposed by private organizations and 333 by mu- nicipalities. More then 500 had been approved, committing million in federal funds. To pay salaries up to a week for jobs. The target is 50.000 jobs at a cost of million times the Opportunity for Youth budget. Perhaps predictably but Still a little disappointing, munici- palities ire proposing In the main conventional construcUoD ant manual labor projects, such as building roads, clear- ing brush, tidying cemeteries. In the countryside, nature trails are being cut, riverbanks cleared and recreational facili- ties developed. While this sort of work may suit the unskilled and season- ally unemployed, it docs not offer much to the new unem- white collar work- ers (30 per cent of the jobless !n with office skills, highly educated young people, the technicians, artists and the fringe of youngsters in the counter-culture who insist that life must have more to offer than a conventional job. These groups are likely to benefit the most from the pri- vate organization part of the program. They have the im- agination to devise their own projects and the skill to sub- mit persuasive applications for grants. All across Canada they are launching projects to expand community services such as citizen information centres, as- sistance to the aged, surveys of housing conditions, day-care centres and recreational schemes. SYLBERT'S SHOE CASA VERDE DRESS SHOES Slingi, end nindalt. Liqthin, wit looki and 9 Air Step SHOES rumps and oxrordi, suedei, leathen and wet looki. Reg. to DRESS SHOES and CHUNKY HEELS CHILDREN'S SHOES Suedes, leathers and wet looks. Reg. to KAUFMAN'S OOMPHIE SHOES VITALITY SHOES Suedes, leathers and wet Reg. to AS LOW AS ALL PURSES 25% OFF CHUNKY Here are some examples of interesting LIP projects, mu- nicipal and private, from city and country. In Toronto, unemployed film- makers are going to work on a series of half-hour programs on the ethnic Metro mosaic. Another group of people are to renovate substandard hous- ing for owners who cannot af- ford to pay for the work. In Montreal, 50 people are employed in an experiment to develop a non-profit but self- supporting company which will recycle rubbish into saleable commodities. Another H people are expanding the operations of an association which pro- vides free advice and mechani- cal expertise to car owners to protect them against unscrupu- lous dealers raid servicemen. The women's civic organiza- tion in Port Saunders, Nfld., had raised toward a community centre and now has a grant from Ot- tawa to him 16 men to com- plete the centre, add an ice rink and start a playground. In Halifax, N.S., two persons skilled in the use of videotape cameras are training six oth- ers so that they can assist so- cial service agencies and citi- zen groups In the use of this BlOuCFD nCuKKj 01 PHTftTnnrAm- tirni. In tie same province, the Millbrook band of Indians have 40 men employed on re- pairing homes on their reser- vation, and at Lunenberg, five people are surveying business and mdtstry on behalf of the regional vocational school to try to work out system which will enable students to divide their tune between the school and practical work. The press has so far shown little interest in the Local Ini- tiatives Program, and .there has been hardly a critical question in the Commons. Part of the reason obviously Is that Ottawa learned a lot from last summer's Opportuni- ties for Youth experiment and is runmng the new program much more smoothly. There is a small hand-picked team of administrators in Ottawa who have decentralized much deci- sion-making to regional offices of the department of manpow- er. A special information unit drawing experts from several departments was organized to handle queries from press, public and MPs. But while this administrative competence has cut down on publicity attracting mistakes, there is also the fact that we have come to accept the idea of the government paying sal- aries to people to do their own thing, as long as it benefits the community. The concept seems likely to become a permanent fea- ture of our social and eco- nomic system, providing worthwhile occupations and in- come to people who find no regular place in the economy. As the Canadian Council on Sodal Development said after independent study, OFY was no substitute for stimulat- ing the economy to employ more youngsters, but tlus sort of intervention Lo open oppor- tunities for useful activities is "increasingly recognized as be- ing necessary in the light of the short-comings of the classi- cal Koyncsian fiscal and eco- nomic approach to create con- ditions of full employment. In- deed, the demonstration as- pects of OFY may well prove to be Iho roost important con- tribution of tile program as Ca- nadians seek a more accept- able substitute, or at least complementary method to tra- ditional transfer program.'! for providing an adequate income (or nil Canadians." (Toronto Kir Syndkitt) Jonmry I, THI IITHMID3I KIUUD I The bombing fallacy The International Herald TribuM 'TWERE is no offical explanation of Ihn pre-empted by missiles and is, in any case, heavy bombing raids "protectivn not involved in the war in Southeast Asia. in North Vietnam. heavy reaction air strikes' They are merely described as in reaction to enemy activity which Imperils the di- muushing United Stater, forces currently in South Vietnam." This will hardly suffice to meet the ]'.ra- tified skepticism over the intensified use of a brutal, wasteful and relatively ineffec- tive weapon in a war that IE, presum- ably, "winding down." Tactical air sup- port of ground operations in Vietnam is important; strategic bombing has not jus- tified its cost, whether in number of planes and pilots engaged or, much more significantly, in civilian lives lost, dam- aged ecology and1 diminished American prestige. It is surprising that the Douhet theory of victory by air power survived World War II. Against highly Industrialized and com- pact societies such as Germany and Ja- pan most vulnerable to bombing attacks surveys after the war showed strategic! aircraft to have performed very badly (in terms of affecting military decisions) so long" as they employed conventional bombs. Vast havoc, great loss life were inflict- ed, but neither the enemys will nor his power to continue the war were seriously affected. The atomic bomb brought a new dimension, but the nuclear role has been Korea gave other examples of the use- fulness of tactical air support and the in- ability of strategic bombing to affect ma- jor issues, Yet there was a return to stra- tegic bombing in Vietnam, with results that are quite plain. Virtually unopposed, American planes ranged up and down North Vietnam admittedly raking ef- forts to avoid undue civilian casualties or to involve other nations by bombing porla but the principal effect was to arouse popular resentment, in North Vietnam and elsewhere. It may be argued that the current air war is primarily tactical, in that it concen- trates on Installations feeding and protect- ing Hie supply routes into Laos, Cambodia and South Vietnam. But if the Pentagon is to make out a case for such massive strikes, It will have to demonstrate that they are, in fact, tactical, that the targets are identifiable, and that the bombing is doing what it is supposed to do. Mere as- sertions will not enlist public support for such fleets of planes. The public has been there before; it will not buy an unsupport- ed communique. It has come to account strategic bombing as a tragic fallacy, that means only death and destruction without commensurate results on the nf a war. The liberation of V Thant The New York Times IN a farewell to the United Nations Gen- eral Assembly the other day, Secre- tary-General Thant said, "I feel a sense of great relief, bordering 'on liberation on laying down the burden of office." For 10 years, this quiet Burmese school- master has served with exceptional dili- gence and devotion in a most demanding as- signment. His commitment to the UN Char- ter, his perception of the problems of an interdependent world and his eloquence in articulating the cause of international co- operation are beyond dispute. He has been the tireless conscience of a troubled planet through a decade of unprecedented tur- moil and change. It is no fault of his that he leaves the world organization in worse shape than he found it, close to bankruptcy fiscal, political and moral. For years Mr. Thant has cajoled and exhorted member states In reconcile the differences that have driv- en the world organization to the brink of impotence. He has warned of the madness of a persisting arms race and of the ex- plosive dangers lying in the deepening eco- nomic gap behreen the rich and poor na- tions. He has interceded, publicly and pri- vately, on behalf of peaceful settlements in Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and elsewhere. But this has been a voice crying in a wilderness of jungle diplomacy. If U Thant has not been an "atitivist" secre- tary-general, as is widely alleged, It is not for want of trying. His critics forget that white the secretary-general is entrusted with broad responsibilities, he has vir- tually no power. His effectiveness de- pends on the cooperation of member states, particularly the big powers. That coopera- tion has rarely been forthcoming. In the poisoned international atmosphere of the sixties, it is remarkable that the world organization indeed, the world survived at all. Mr. Thant kept alive at least the hope of International cooperation for peace and started to lay the founda- tions for a closer world community based on mutual Interests and economic develop- ment, the exploration of space and seas and the preservaflon of the global environ- ment. The wise counsel of this dedicated man of peace will still be needed after his retirement What they said in 1971 WASHINGTON The year 1971 pro- duced its share of losers. But worse than losing is being responsible for some- one else's losing. Aren't you glad you weren't the person who said to: Gen. Yahya Khan, president of Pakis- tan: "My advice, Mr. President, is to ar- rest Sheik Mujibur and teach the East Pakistanis a lesson." To a Time magazine editor: "Hey, they're looking for an editor at Look and will pay twice the salary." To Cbiank Kai-shek: "Generalissimo, this will make you laugh. Somebody atart- ed a wild rumor that Nixon is going to visit Peking. Hahahababaha." To President Nixon: "My advice, Mr. President, is to sail the Enterprise into the Bay of Bengal. It will show the Indians we mean business." To Premier Sato of Japan: "I have it on highest authority that President Nixon will reject a surcharge on foreign imports." To Sen. Fred Harris: "You announce for President, and we'll get you the money." To Larry O'Brien, chairman of the De- mocratic Party: "Don't worry about the deficit. Congress will pass a bill which will give us million." To Jan Stenerud, place kicker for the Kansas City Chiefs: "Okay Jan, get this easy kick from the 32-yard line, and we wrap up the ball game." To Judge Mildred Lillie of Los Angeles: "President Nixon is going to nominate you to the Supreme Court, and since you're a woman there Is no way the American Bar Assn. can prevent It." To a housewife: "We're having a special an Bon Vivant today, Mrs. Smith." To Lin Piao: ''Man Tse-hing has to go. and you're the man who can do it." To Sen. Edmund Muskie: "Why don't you level with them and tell them you don't think it's possible a black could be- come Vice President of the United To Oapt. Aubrey Daniel HI, prosecutor in the Lt. Cafley case: "I'm sorry, Captain. The President is too busy to talk to you. Why don't you write him a To Henry Kissinger: "Henry, I'd like you to meet a Hollywood starlet who hates publicity." To George Meany: "Forget it, George. The President wouldn't dare show up at an AFL-CIO convention in Miami." To Aristotle tmassis: "The Marriage contract is in a safe place where no one can find it To the president of the Rand Corp: "Are you kidding? Daniel EUsberg is the most discreet person who ever worked here." To Secretary of Defence Laird: "CBS wants to do a documentary on the Penta- gon, and I okayed it because I think it will help our image." To Joe Garagiola on NBC: "Joe, would you do that commercial for us once To Mayor John Lindsay: "How can tha Knapp Commission investigation of the New York City police hurt To Ambassador George Bush In the United Nations: "Don't worry, Mr. Am- bassador. You can tell the President wa have the votes to keep Taiwan in the United Nations." To a waitress in a fish restaurant: "How is the swordfish To the American people: "There will never be wage-and-prico controls as long as I'm President of the United States." (Toronto Sun News Service! A family byword By Doug vTnlltcr VEITH takes particular deUght those days in commenting that we'll do such and so "The next time we arc in Wctoski- it's a litllo dig at his Dad. I had been reading those autonaobilo books I reviewed awhile ago so (hat my head was buzzing with infoimalilon about cars antique ones in particular. In Hie midst of whatever the family was talking about I suddenly remarked that Ihc next time wo are in Wctasldwta we should visit Reynolds Museum and have a look at the old cars. The irrelevance of this comment in thn context of the table- talk was not Uie only thing lh.il provoked the- ensuing attack on mo. "When were we ever in they all demanded to know. Well, anyway, maybe now Elspclh will lay off (lie line, "Ilie first lime 1 was in San Diego" slip I made years ago in rcjcmug to my ONLY visit to that city. ;