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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 4, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, January 4, 1975 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 A collection of brief book reviews "Many Hands Cooking" by Terry Touff Cooper and Marilyn Rntner (Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 49 pages, distributed by Fitzhenry and This international cookbook for young girls and boys was published in co-operation with the U.S. committee for UNICEF. Recipes from 39 different countries are coded according to simplicity and il- lustrated with the national dress of the area they represent. The book is ringbound and made to stand while in use. Any social studies or geography student would be pleased to receive this. JOANNE GROVER "Marching Orders" by William Barclay (G. R. Welch, Limited, 192 Dr. William Barclay is a well known Scottish theologian whose Bible com- mentaries have become stahd- ard, readable resource material for Christians all over the world. For this little paperback Denis Duncan has rewritten, for young people, some of Dr. Barclay's devotional pieces, designed for short, daily inspirational readings. Perhaps they have suffered in transition I' doubt that they would excite Canadian teen-agers. ELSPETH WALKER "How It Works Volume 2" by Martin Keen (George McLeod Limited, 220 Here's a fine book for the in- quisitive youngster who always wants to know how something works. Martin Keen describes the workings of computers, speedometers, sewing machines, airplanes, clocks, watches and at least a score of other machines. High reading ability is needed and the contents should be par- ticularly useful to upper elementary and junior high students. Profusely illustrated, com- plete with glossary and index, this well bound and inexpen- sive volume deserves a place in every school and home library. TERRY MORRIS "Brian McFarlane's 1975 Hockey Annual" (Clarke, Irwin Co. Ltd., 160 Of the publishing of hockey books there is seemingly no end. This one is of greater interest than most because of the variety in its content. There are articles about in- dividual hockey players and lines and teams with accom- panying photos, some in color. Informative articles on such people as linesmen, timers and telecasters go along with statistics, puzzles, jokes and a long story by Brian McFarlane's father. Any hockey buff man, woman or child would be pleased to get this book. DOUG WALKER "Children of the Unicorn" by Will Millar (McClelland" and Stewart Limited, 160 This beguiling book, a com- bined personal autobiography, group biography and scrap- book, jam packed with stories, anecdotes and per- sonal reflections will warm the hearts of Irishmen everywhere. From the pover- ty-ridden villages of Northern Ireland's County Antrim to the giant studios of Universal Pictures in Hollywood, the reader shares in every heartwarming moment of the Irish Rovers' hard fought struggle to-worldwide fame. The rough early years in Canada, the search for a style they could call their own, the thrill of success and the ex- citement of globe trotting concert tours. It's all here, in a book that possesses all the endearing qualities of the music the Rovers play citing, funny, earnest and touching. CHRIS STEWART "Lord Rochester's Monkey" by Graham Greene (Clark Irwin and Company Ltd., 232 Born to a drunkard, he lived the life of a drunkard, confus- ed and satiric, bulging with melancholy and bankruptcy, torn between love affairs, feared, loved and detested, the agnostic who repented at his deathbed; that was John Wilmot, second Earl of Rochester Graham Greene, one of the most prolific writers of our century, animates skilfully the 17th century eccentric, who seemed to survive by favors of the king and his lyrical and satirical poetry. In his relatively short life, which saw him married at 20 years of age, he squeezed in a number of amorous adven- tures, some of a surreptitious nature, others open affairs. Typographically, .this biography is most brilliantly executed. A quality book in the truest sense of the word. Approximately 200 il- lustrations (portraits, drawings and of which 20 are in color, reward the viewer as much as the reader. HANS SCHAUFL "The Seven Per Cent Solution" Being a reprint from the reminiscences of John H. Watson, M.D. as edited by Nicholas Meyer (Clarke, Irwin and Co. Ltd. 253 Followers of the cases of detective Sherlock Holmes will love this one. Almost every Holmes novel has men- tion of the arch villian Professor Moriarty, a very il- lusive and mysterious criminal Holmes shadowed through all his exploits. In this book we meet Moriarty. We learn of Holmes' "problem." It is an exciting and involving story that takes the reader on an almost unbelieveable journey. For those who are not used to reading Holmes, the novel may seem a little slow and sometimes rather thick with details but that's the way Dr. Watson was, you understand. MIKE ROGERS "Gardening with Plantings and Stone" by C. Calkins and illustrated by Maurice Wrangell (Fitzhenry Whiteside Limited, 154 The title does not give the complete scope of the book, which goes much farther and all with water. Anybody who wants to enhance his garden, or the owner of a new house planning for next spring, can look over the chapters about waterfalls, pools large and small, waterlilies and other plants and then make special effects with flood lights. The illustrations by Maurice Wrangell, who is a landscape architect himself, are well done and very informative. TOM LAST "Arizona the Beautiful" photographs by Herb and Dorothy McLaughlih, text by Don Dedera (Doubleday, Wt" x 11W, 192 The title attests to trie love affair many people have for the state of Arizona. Almost anyone can appreciate the attraction of Arizona in view- ing the excellent photographs found in abundance in this book both in color and in black and white. The informal text is sure to be appreciated more by those who have gone to Arizona than by those Who may be going or who would like to go. DOUG WALKER "The Baseball Encyclopedia" (Collier Macmillan, Canada Ltd., There are more than 000 baseball facts in this book, giving the researcher almost every conceivable baseball statistic he is searching for. The only thing I can think of that is not included is a list of individual award winners over the years, eg. the Cy Young Award or the MVP award in either year. Any baseball nut would love this book. GARRY ALLISON "How To Use Houseplants In- doors for Beauty and Decoration" by Jack Kramer and Andrew R. Addkison, A.I.D. (Doubleday Canada Ltd., 129 When you get that urge to swing from plant to plant, it's time to revamp your indoor garden. The authors have shown how to use house plants effectively and abundantly yet to eliminate that indoor jungle. Along with a list of names, their information includes use of containers, selections of plants, artificial light, and care of the plants. The numerous photos plus eight pages in color should in- spire both green and brown thumbs. ELSIE MORRIS THE VOICE OF ONE -By Dr. Frank S. Morley Which twins are yours Remnants of the past Croeneh Scholarly work on discovery of America "The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages 1492-1616" by Samuel Eliot Morison (Oxford University Press, 758 With this volume Admiral Morison completes his monumental review of the European voyages of dis- covery of America begun so admirably with the 1971 northern voyages 500-1600 (reviewed enthusiastically in The Herald, Dec. At the age of 87 the admiral may also have completed his life's work, although the vigor of his writing shows no diminution. Combining scholarly research with practical nautical experience, 'Admiral Morison has produced another uniquely readable and infor- mative book. He not only seems to have consulted every bit of historical material relating to the voyages but has sailed and flown over the same routes to gain a personal perspective on contentious points of identification. Almost a third of this volume is devoted to the four voyages of Christopher Columbus who is an obvious favorite of the admiral's and about whom the admiral is something of an expert. Another good chunk of the book is devoted to Ferdinand Magellan who found the passage to the Pacific Ocean and made a truly remarkable voyage across it. The exploits of Francis Drake also get a lot of attention. In addition there are chapters devoted to some lesser figures ending with the Dutch sailors who discovered Cape Horn. Once again i.he reader is not spared the appallingly brutal behavior of the European dis- coverers of America in their dealings with the native peo- ple and also subordinates. This insensitivity and lack of respect for human beings is all the more marked because most of the explorers were astoundingly devout. The In- dians, however, unwittingly had their revenge on Europeans by passing on syphilis, which became a terrible plague in Europe. Among the explorers dealt with in this book perhaps the most brutal was Sebastian Cabot (son of John who figures so prominently in Canadian Admiral Morison writes that "among the early European dis- coverers and explorers he was the last man under whom one would have cared to serve." Yet a couple of paragraphs later he remarks that "Charles V did well to reward him for his exploits rather than to let the old man be punished for his misdeeds, which after all were no worse than those of many other dis- coverers." Francis Drake, on the other hand, usually denounced by Spanish writers as "a cruel, ruthless, and un- principled was really a humane and generous man! His men often desecrated churches; but they did not rape or kill. In my review of the first volume I noted the complaint of a reviewer in the New York Times Book Review supple- ment that Admiral Morison had not dealt with modern theories that Mediterranean peoples may have voyaged to America before Columbus. I pointed out that the admiral obviously didn't give any credence to such theories for he said, "I confess I am rather tired of 'blown across the Atlantic' hypotheses." Naturally, I kept my eyes open for anything more on this subject in the second volume and soon realized the admiral did not consider it a subject worthy of serious attention. In the preface he notes that his "revered master Leo Wiener insisted that Africans were in Mexico ahead of Cortes, and Professor Cyrus W. Gordon of Brandeis 'University has Phoenicians swarming over Brazil even before that." Then on the first page of the text he flatly dismisses all pre-Columbian voyages to America as "modern made myths, phantoms which left not one footprint in the sands of time." Admiral Morison takes positions on all controversial issues. The most hotly debated of them has to do with Amerigo Vespucci, after whom America was named. His claim to have discovered the mainland of America in 1497, a year before Columbus, has been disputed and defend- ed almost from the beginning. Columbus's friend Bishop Las Casas and Michael Servetus both demonstrated in detail that Vespucci was a liar, the voyage he described not hav- ing taken place'. But in 1854 a Brazilian historian, Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen, pronounced the account of the 1497 voyage to be true and the controversy has raged since then. Admiral Morison considers Vespucci to have lied not only about the 1497 voyage but about his prowess as a celestial navigator as well. In the six pages of notes on the history of the Vespucci question the admiral refers to the work of Visconde de San- tarem who, over a century ago, proved from Spanish documents that Amerigo, dur- ing 1497 when he claimed to be discovering America's mainland, was living in Seville, engaged in business. says Admiral Morison, "you cannot convince anyone who has the Vespuccian faith." Space limitations prohibit reference to all other controversial issues except that of. the identity of the Californian bay in which Francis Drake took refuge for five weeks in 1579 in his ship Golden Hind. Admiral Morison's study of the question, including a personal examination of the coastal area, leads him to agree that Drake's Bay so named in 1880 following a special study by George Davidson, professor of geodesy and astronomy Berkeley is the right one. Since 1936, however, there have been sup- porters of San Francisco Bay as the Bay in which Drake spent those five weeks. In that year a brass plate with an inscription, by Drake was alleged to haye been found near San Quentin. The plate is now prominently displayed near the entrance to the Bancroft Library, Berkeley. Admiral Morison marshalls the evidence of fraud as follows: 'alter 350 years a brass plate would not still be on the surface of the ground; analysis shows the zinc con- tent of the plate to be much too great to have been Elizabethan; the letter forms and the language are not true to the period. "Drake's Plate of says Admiral Morison, "is as successful a hoax as the Piltdown Man or the Kensington Rune'Stone." The impressive scholarship of Admiral Morison is enhanc- ed by his familiarity with seamanship. Both this volume and the previous one are full of information that must fascinate sailors. To add to the interest in this aspect of the accounts of the voyages of discovery there are maps and aerial photographs in abun- dance. Seldom is great erudition as enlivened by the kind of zest- ful comments as are to be found in the two volumes of Samuel Morison's European Discovery of America. Even the scholarly notes at the end of each chapter are sown with entertaining observations. It is distressing to think there may not be any more books by the admiral. DOUG WALKER Looking back on the past year and forward to the New Year, every man has one of two sets of faces, like Janus the two faced Roman deity guardian of the gates and doorways, with one face looking back and one forward. The two sets of faces are remorse and fear and gratitude and hope. If a man looks back with remorse, he looks forward with fear. If he looks back with gratitude, he looks forward with hope. As one thinks of the past, so he thinks of the future. Most people look backward with remorse; consequently most people are afraid. Very few people are grateful; consequently very few people are hopeful. Gratitude is the mark of great souls. Rarely is gratitude found in any person. Indeed it often works in the opposite direction. It is dangerous to do a man a kindness, since most men repay kindness by stabbing you in the back. Thus Tyndale loaned a desperate man some money one morning arid was betrayed to the police that same afternoon and was subsequently burned alive. Samuel Leibowitz as a criminal lawyer saved 78 men from the electric chair. How many thanked him? None, of course. Andrew Carnegie left a nephew a million dollars and was roundly cursed because he had not left him more. So gratitude is rare and hope is seldom found. Strangely, St. Paul says that hope comes from tribulation. Tribulation worketh patience; and patience experience; and experience, hope." Ungrateful people, people who live with the dominant mood of remorse, are always frightened people. They are afraid of growing old, afraid of losing their money, afraid of losing their health. They are always living un- der a cloud. Albert Camus calls this the cen- tury of fear. Basil King in his book, Conquest of Fear, contends that fear eats out the heart of nearly everybody, that there is not a home, office, or factory where fear is not dogging the steps of the occupants. He, himself, lived for a long time in abject fear and wakened in the morning in a mood of grim dismay at hav- ing to face another day. Dr. Guy Means made a study which showed that the normal woman had an average of 78 fears, including fear of icepicks, rabbits, stairs, grasshoppers, cave's, marriage, and being alone at nights. A little girl is reported to have returned home after an air raid drill at school pleading with her mother to take her somewhere where there wasn't any sky. Russell Criddle says that people fear' his blindness and want him to go away all the time. He makes the shrewd remark that peo- ple keep hurting him because of this fear, since people hurt people they are afraid of. Fear paralyzes, as Kipling describes in the coming of fear to a village in the Himalayas. The villagers cowered in their huts, forsaking the fields, and slowly the jungle crept over the huts and the villagers, fled in terror from them. Soon the homes were gone and the jungle had completely taken over. Gratitude is the memory of victories, of deliverances from hard situations. It is for this reason that hope is linked by Paul to hardship and experience. One is able to say, "Here and here God helped me miraculously. He'll do the same thing tomorrow that He did yesterday." The fighters and the sufferers have been the world's optimists. Soft people, people who have an easy life, are never hopeful. So our affluent society breeds cowards. Everyone talks of recession, inflation, over population, pollution, and the end of the world. Alice was greatly puzzled by the contraptions of the White Knight in Through the Looking Glass. He had a mousetrap on his horse's back, for example. Surely mice were hot likely there, as the knight admitted, but if they did come he'd be ready for them. In great curiosity Alice asked what the anklets about the feet of the horse were for. "To guard against the bites of replied the White Knight. Everyone is looking for protection against life's hazards. You don't breed a great people in that mood and you don't accomplish great things. Heroes are those who "in adversity were in excellent hope." One of the loveliest expressions of gratitude and hope is found in a letter by Anne Douglas Sedgwick, an English novelist, who when in her seventies wrote a letter to a friend saying, "Now, added to everything else I cannot breathe unless I am lying down. If I sit up my ribs collapse. Yet I cannot drink liquid food unless I am sitting up. Life is a queer struggle. Yet life is mine and beautiful to me. There is joy in knowing I lie in the hand of God." SATURDAY TALK Norman Smith Unhealthy Canadians At a time when hunger, disease and revolu- tion stalk the world it seems selfish to be worrying about Canada's health and health services. But we do seem to be abusing our good fortune of living in so healthy and un- crowded a part of the universe. Last fall the Science Council of Canada put out a report called Science for Health Ser- vices, designed to show how science and technology can help in maintaining 01 im- proving Canada's health. It is an exhaustive survey, done over several years by experts, distressingly but usefully frank in the picture of disorder it presents, but distressing and depressing in its implications that we will continue to be wasteful and disorderly for many years. Let me touch just briefly on some of the points in this 140 page study. It asserts that the national costs of health care in Canada, measured as a percentage of the gross national product, are among the highest in the world, but that there are several indications that our health care struc- tures are not performing as well as those of several nations which devote a smaller percentage of their resources to health care. One principal reason is that we have not found effective means of promoting healthy ways of life and of discouraging personal habits which contribute to illness. Another principal reason is that "we have an agglomerate of 14 intertwined health care structures (10 provincial, two territorial, one federal for direct federal jurisdiction and one federal for financial Each is different, complex and has evolved from a combination of random growth, local initiative, central planning and political com- promises." The report says we are well supplied-with hospital facilities and physicians in a per capita sense, though the coverage is uneven. The trouble is not in them but in our failure to understand that a nation's health, as an in- dividual's, depends on more than medical care. A person's health depends on what he is given at conception, on physical en- vironment, on social and economic en- vironment, on personal life style, on the state of science and technology in the health field, and on organization of health care. To shout, the report uses'italics to say that the most important impediment to improve- ment is the lack of a means for accurate and sensitive comparisons between the objectives and the results. The records kept are inade- quate, inconsistent, un comparable and mis- directed. (Another word they use is illegible which will bring an affectionate grin from most of us to most of our Over and again-the report implies that the fault is not so much in lack of money but in lack of sense and co operation in the use of the money by all who are using it. Consider .this one: Scarce resources are used inef- ficiently, through lack of co ordination, through performance of tasks of a routine nature by over qualified personnel who are neede'd for more complex duties, through misuse of laboratory facilities, etc." Indeed, the learned scientists have some sympathy for us. In obscure scientese they say in paragraph nine of page 24 that those who run our health organizations and hospitals, and our doctors, tend to think well of the care they give to us but that "it is not necessarily sufficient for those receiving that care." But as citizens we too get (and deserve) our lumps from the report. It sympathizes with the underprivileged who still suffer from plain lack of food, and that need must be met. But "a large proportion of our more affluent population" suffers from, malnutrition despite an abundance of food because we knowingly eat the wrong things and let ourselves go to pot. Recreation and exercise are so largely spectator sports (often just turning the TV dial) that "we tend to be flabby and effective- ly older than some Europeans: a 30 year old Canadian is likely to have the same capacity for (physical) work as a 55 year old Swede." Extreme smoking and drinking is severely denounced and the experts' idea of "extreme" is what many of us think is moderate. What we do on our roads is another sign of mental flabbiness, they say, and our carelessness in other things leading to ac- cidents gets us to the point where "accidents are the largest single cause of deaths between the ages of one and 44 That is, more than all natural deaths put together. The scientists' esteem of us as drivers is found in their discovery that, as roads and cars bear improved safety devices, we are driving less carefully! The report adds "The human urge for risk taking cannot (and perhaps should not) be eliminated, but there is hope that at least a good part of it could be transferred to ac- tivities in which the risk taking individual exposes only himself to danger." This mention of few of the things of "popular" interest in the report should not convey the impression it has not looked hard into the basic questions of health and hospital 'management and the conflicting currents of government enterprise and indifference. And when it treats on.the technical things it stays reasonably close to language we can under- stand, and so is a good buy for ?2 for anyone with the curiosity and courage to want to see where we're at. But for all its learning and its use of such terms as "diagnostic methodology" the report seems astonishingly behind the times in some of its own methodology whatever that is. The investigation was launched in Sept. .1969, and presented to the government Oct. 1974. Perhaps that's not an abnormally long time to make a report as government reports go, but that's not quite my point. The table comparing international statistics in health care is for the year 1968. The table giving estimated national Health expenditures for Canada runs from 1965 to 1971. The statistics of under nourishment in Ontario children is for 1963. The report (presented in October 1974, I remind you) says in one place: "The present situation in Canada will be known when Nutrition Canada completes its survey in 1973." The table of statistics on Federal Medicare brings us to April, 1972. as they say. As the bland Englishman of the music halls might put it: "I should rather have been inclined to the opinion that the Science Coun- cil of Canada might have gotten more of a move on." Or stuck a needle into Canada's statisticians: ;