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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 4, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, January 4, 1975 The big enchilada escaped prosecution Growth is good Advocates of economic growth, as well as all those who want to hold on to their present standard of living, have an ally in the leading economist of the World Bank. Writing in Foreign Affairs, the economist argues that the big industrial countries must return to five per cent growth rate if they are to meet the problems posed by the increase in the price of oil and the flow of petrodollars. This growth rale is also necessary, he says, if they are to maintain the concessionary lending to the poor countries which will enable the latter to expand their own gross national product. If rich countries continue to cut back on their growth rates, as they are currently doing, they will also cut back on their lending to the developing nations (which they are currently This is a political fact of life, unpalatable though it may be. The economist chides those who say that the rich countries must realize that they need to cut their standard of living. That policy, he says, will only iead to un- employment in the rich countries and starvation in the poor. This is hard-headed economic thinking and at first it seems widely at variance with all those pleas of help which arise at this time of year for the affluent to make some sacrifices on behalf of the poor. But it should be realized that shar- ing one's personal resources with starv- ing people via a milk fund and others, while necessary and personally satisfying, can only alleviate present misery. If the problems of starvation are to be solved in the long run, the poor countries must become self-reliant and they can only do this with the kind of aid of which the World Bank economist is speaking, investment aid which will raise their gross national product. Research co-operation needed An Australian scientist has just made a very sensible proposal. The director of the Minerals Research Laboratory of Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization thinks that the manpower and money his country expends on energy research would be put to better use in inter- national endeavors in this area rather than in attempting to maintain domestic facilities for research. The scientist is quoted as saying that Australia does not have the massive research and development laboratories which are needed for refining and developing new technologies. "The hydrogenation of coal, magnetohydrodynamics, and even solar energy for electric power generation are areas in which the entrance fee for the realistic participation by Australia within its own shores would be hundreds of millions of he commented, in urging his government to enter into co operative arrangements for research. This attitude toward international co operation is the only reasonable approach to the search for alternative sources of energy, even for those countries which can afford, and already have, those massive research facilities. It would be tragically short sighted for countries to duplicate, facilities in areas where efforts can be co-ordinated. Thus far the main impetus has been on sporadic, unilateral efforts, with bilateral arrangements in some abstract research projects. And yet, many countries have something specific to offer in the way of research efforts. Japan, for instance, which has been the hardest hit of all the industrialized nations, has an ambitious program un- derway, particularly in the field of solar WEEKEND MEDITATION Happy New Year! Happiness is hard to find, yet how glibly one wishes every passerby, "Happy New As a matter of fact, it is not a "new" year, but one that carries over into it the habits, possessions, problems, and the rewards and consequences of the past. How often one wishes that it was a new year in the sense that one could make a-fresh start. The promise of the Bible is that "Behold, I make all things new." How often have you seen that happen? Make your countless resolutions, you will find in two weeks time that you are the same miserable person you were last year. The right to pursuit of happiness was written into the American constitution. Yet it is often said and truly said, though very few believe it, that happiness is only found by forgetting it. A mother in George Eliot's "Romula" warns her son who is bent on finding pleasure in life, "The best happiness is that which comes with thinking much about other people, and that of ten-brings so much pain with it that we can only tell it from pain by its being what we would choose above everything else because our souls see it is good." This is as fine a sentence as you will find in all literature. Happiness cannot be found among selfish people. "The self-centred are the sell- disrupted." Nor can happiness be found without self-respect. The Prodigal Son found that truth when he was reduced to feeding pigs. Hungry and penniless he decided to go back home and apply for a job, but his father would only receive him on his own terms, namely, that he would take up his rightful place as a son in the house. He had to become, also, a decent man, the symbol being a new robe. Happiness belongs to the pure in heart. John Ruskin believed that "the thirst for applause" had been the driving force behind most men. So Charles Dickens confessed regarding himself and regretted that the poorest fellow who criticized his work could destroy his peace of mind. Little wonder that Dickens knew so little real happiness. Napoleon thought vanity was the driving force behind men's actions, and it is hard to think of a vain man as happy. Nor can a greedy person be happy. All such people are not pure in heart. The pure in heart seek for God and strive to do the will of God. They alone are Happy. Happiness is within ourselves. Omar Khayyam was right there. I sent my soul into the invisible, Some letter of the after-life to spell, And by and by my soul returned to me, And answered; "I myself am Heaven and Hell." Happiness consists in loving others. As Lord Acton said, "We love to live; we live to love. It is the heart's food and nourishment and the soul's highest bliss. Some other being must be blended with our own or else our existence is objectless." It is said that nothing burns in hell but the ego. A terrible misery awaits the man who is all wrapped up in himself. A negative, grudging attitude to life also prevents happiness. Only the whole hearted find the happy life. Someone wrote a book once entitled, "Try Giving Yourself Away." This is the clue to the happy life. The person who tries to escape the blow and the risks of love and consequent sorrow also retreats from life's ecstacy. To sorrow means to have loved. To love and to sorrow means to have entered into life's most profound mystery and, if bereavement be met in the right spirit, accepted and vanquished, it will give you a faith that will lift you over all the circumstances of existence and provide entry into a life stronger than death. Stevenson thought that man in this life had "a task of happiness" and to falter in it was a great sin. In winning though you do not only escape your own dark prison, but you enable others to truimph over the black and ugly moods that disappointments and wounds bring. No man finds a happy new year; he has to make it a happy new year. PRAYER: 0 God, give me the courageous and loving heart that will Inspire happiness for others and a kingdom of gladness within myself. F.S.M. By Tom Wicker, New York Times commentator NEW YORK In the 30 months since the break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National com- mittee in the Watergate building, nine associates or subordinates of former presi- dent Richard M. Nixon have been convicted of various felonies committed in Nixon's service. Fifteen others have pleaded guilty to felonies or misdemeanors in the Watergate matter, or in other cases "related" to Nixon. Thirteen of these Nixon men are, or have been, in prison, and at least six others probably will go to jail unless their appeals are sustained. Two other former Nixon ad- ministration officials await trial on felony indictments. In only three instances have per- sons linked to Nixon been ac- quitted of felony charges brought against them in the 30-month period. This hasty count does not include businessmen who pleaded guilty or were con- victed of various charges of il- legal contributions to Nixon. It does not include the milk producers' officials who are serving time for arranging il- legal contributions to Nixon. It does not consider Spiro Agnew, twice foisted on the American people by Nixon. Nor does this unofficial count include Nixon associates whose reputations were ruined or diminished by association with him L. Patrick Gray 3rd, for in- stance, the former acting director of the FBI, or Maurice Stans, the former secretary of commerce. This listing does not include Charles G. Rebozo, Nixon's closest friend, who is under investigation and may yet face charges of receiving an illegal contribution on Nixon's behalf. Finally, the accounting does not include Richard Milhous Nixon, unindicted co- conspirator, the big enchilada himself no matter how much he wished and plotted for someone else to assume the role. Nixon was only an unseen, if almost tangible, presence in the courtroom when Judge John J. Sirica read out the guilty verdicts of John Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman and Robert Mardian. As the evidence mounted over the months of the trial, and the defence seemed un- able to shake it in any substan- tial way, it became apparent that guilty verdicts were likely; and whatever technicalities there may be by energy, for which a total of billion will eventually be spent. Meanwhile, the U.S. expects to budget million for next year alone for solar research. West Ger- many seems to be leading in research on the gasification of coal and Canada is studying tidal power in connection with the Bay of Fundy. The first step in co ordinating efforts should be to establish a clearing house for the exchange of information. It is true that within the world community of scientists information has always been exchanged via journals, meetings and personal communications. Nevertheless, a more comprehensive exchange is need- ed if the energy conscious nations of the world are serious in attacking the problem. In the second place, means should be found for smaller nations to support research efforts abroad, both financially and with their own scientific manpower. The mechanics for this kind of opera- tion should be set up immediately and the 16 nation International Energy Agency would be a good place to start. Thus far this compact of oil consuming nations, which was proposed by the U.S. and which includes Japan and Canada, has been interested mainly in supplies of oil, but it includes an agreement to co operate in the field of energy research. This agreement could be the basis for wider co operation which would include nations, like Australia, which might want to participate in research efforts rather than attempting to establish their own. The ability of man to solve the energy needs of this planet may depend on his willingness to forego national vanity in favor of such co operative efforts. Threats of war over oil not sensible By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON .Why doesn't the United States app- ly force, or at least the "credi- ble threat of to safe- guard vital oil interests in the Middle East? That question, posed explicitly by Prof. Robert Tucker in the current issue of Commentary magazine, seems to bother many people. Fortunately it is not hard to answer. The United States rightlv eschews the use of, threat of, force in the Middle East because it has far better ways to assure its vital interest in oil. The American interest is easy to state. This country wants more for its friends and allies than for itself a dependable supply of oil at prices that do not disrupt the world economy. At the moment the supply picture is excellent. Most in- dustrial countries have already filled their storage facilities to the brim. Tankers loaded with crude are idling in harbors. According to Secretary of the Treasury William Simon, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, or OPEC, is now having to restrain production to avoid a break in price. He claims that they are holding back about eight million barrels of poten- tial production per day. That is about 20 per cent of capacity. There is only one step that would yield a new oil shor- tage. That is the same step which led to the embargo of last year an outbreak of war. So on the simplest level, the prima facie American interest is to avoid more fighting in the Middle East. That interest explains and justifies the extreme lengths to which Secretary of State Kissinger has gone in trying to work out a settle- ment between Israel and its neighbors; In the light of Egypt's refusal of Soviet aid terms and the cancellation of Party Secretary Leonid Brezhnev's projected visit to Cairo, those peace efforts have taken a new lease on life. Certainly, there is absolutely no percentage in upsetting the whole applecart by resort to force or the threat of force. The price picture, of course, is not satisfactory. The four- fold increase in the cost of oil forced by the OPEC countries in 1973 played a major role in the inflation of early 1974. Now the outflow of purchasing power caused by the rise in oil bills has brought about in the United States, Western Europe and Japan a major recession featuring un- employment, a fall off in business activity and serious balance of payments troubles. Far worse has happened to the poorest countries of South Asia notably India and Bangladesh which face starvation and bankruptcy because of the higher cost of oil and food im- ports. Moreover, the worst may be yet to come. The private bank- ing system has so far been able to channel most of the vast revenues accruing to the oil exporting countries back into productive investments in the industrial countries. But the private system is laboring under stress. Unless some regular basis for government to government transfers can be worked out, the industrial countries might be forced to LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Streets passable after snowstorm It was very interesting to read the letter from Bev. Barton in The Herald, Dec. 31. Discouraged I'm discouraged to say the least, with the total lack of Lethbridge residents' voiced written complaints directed to the most poorly serviced street cleaning operation encountered in some time. It has now been almost two weeks since the storm left us, but when I try to coax old Betsy over those wagon trails of downtown Lethbridge, and in the industrial park area, I wonder if that cursed blizzard has subsided at all. I don't know why city hall is letting our automobiles, our tempers and our insurance premiums suffer, but if they are waiting for that grand and genuine old man Chinook to do the job, we'll be cursing until spring. Ms. Barton is privileged not to be from an area that suffers some of the snowfalls that can immobilize a city for a short time. I would say that Lethbridge is second to none when it comes to digging out of a snowstorm. I can't agree with Ms. Barton when she said "we had to maintain unreasonable speeds in residential areas." When I arrived in Lethbridge Dec. 22, just as the storm was .ending, I was impressed with the passable streets. I don't think it is fair to ask any city to keep all the streets in summer like driving conditions. Calgary is recognized as a large city and not a small town, yet a drive through the residential areas there would show that even the big boys can't do any better. I enjoyed being in Lethbridge this Christmas and moved from one area to the Lethbridge LYNN DICKOUT other with no great difficulty, as did most everyone. I guess Ms. Barton would be glad she doesn't live in Lethbridge if she" lives in a place that can keep driving conditions suitable for her driving ability. I wish she would have told us where this Utopia is I would expect the wind is probably controlled too, so when driving one wouldn't have to account for it. That's what Lethbridge really needs. Keep up the good work, Lethbridge city crews. DELOY KAUPP Chilliwack, B.C. Full content Regarding Gruenwald's comments on a certain centre in Lethbridge, may I suggest the next time The Herald reporter writes a story about a speech, he give the fiill con- tent of the speech instead of just one item. T. RETLAW Lethbridge constrict their economies to the point of a spreading world depression. Fortunately, however, it is not impossible to work out such arrangements. Hollis Chenery of the World Bank, writing in the current issue of Foreign Affairs, shows that by far the best course would be for the industrialized countries to maintain full economic growth by borrow- ing back from the oil ex- porting countries all the ex- cess funds accumulated. Mr. Chenery calculates the total amount transferred would be less than the amount trans- ferred from the United States to Western Europe under the Marshall Plan. It so happens that the main oil exporting countries Saudi Arabia and Iran have both called for a dialogue between consumers and producers on the whole issue of oil and the international economy. Secretary Kissinger, while wanting to develop a better bargaining position for the industrialized consumers by prior agree- ment on various conservation measures, has expressed interest in the dialogue. But such a dialogue can take place only in the context of co-operation. The first whiff of American intervention would probably force the ouster of the Shah of Iran and the King of Saudi Arabia the two rulers most friendly to the United States these two countries are ever likely to have. Since time is working for the U.S., since new sources of oil are rapidly com- ing onstream, since the pinch will be over in a couple of years, jaw jaw makes in- finitely more sense than war war. which the verdicts could be overturned, few will say that those verdicts were un- reasonable or capricious. The acquittal of a fifth defendant, Kenneth W. Parkinson, seem- ed to underscore the jury's balance. But if anybody belonged in that dock, with or without the other defendants, it was Richard Nixon. If anyone should have heard the word "guilty" applied to him, it was Richard Nixon. If anyone should have had to suffer the judgment of the people, it was Richard Nixon, in whose name and service, for whose purposes and protection, so many crimes had been com- mitted by so many people who might never, in their own interest, have broken the law. What is a "Watergate related" case? It is a case not directly connected to the Watergate break-in or cover- up, but connected in some way to Richard Nixon. And if all those cases the milk contributions, the tax fraud, the Ellsberg break-in have been lumped too conveniently into something abstract called "Watergate related" cases, they are in reality, and ought to be known as, the Nixon scandals. But the big enchilada es- caped impeachment and removal from office by resigning two jumps ahead of constitutional retribution. He escaped legal accountability for any and all crimes he com- mitted, caused to be com- mitted, concealed or con- doned, while president, because of Gerald F'ord's un- explained but highly suspect pardon. He even escaped testifying at the trial just completed because of ill health an escape no less to be deplored because of its reason, and one that the defendants may yet be able to, use to reverse the guilty ver- dicts. Nixon has admitted no guilt, no complicity, conceded nothing but poor judgment, and that grudgingly. If his acceptance of Ford's pardon was in some degree a confession, Nixon did not acknowledge it; if the Watergate trial proved his guilt beyond reasonable doubt, it did not state it ex- plicitly, much less condemn or penalize it. If the loss of his office was a severe blow to him, yet that office had been his only temporarily and his resignation entitles him to annually for having held and stained it as long as he did. But the damage appears to be done. Ford clearly will not rescind the pardon, even if he could. Nixon will not disavow it. If he could. The only real chance to challenge it dis- appeared when Special Prosecutor Jaworski refused to do so a decision foreshadowed by his persua- sion of the grand jury not to indict Nixon. Nor is any state likely to prosecute the ex- president, although some might have legal grounds. Pardoning some or all of those convicted will not balance the scales. Too many have served time; too much guilt has been forgiven. The hard truth is that justice has not and cannot be done in the Nixon scandals; because the big enchilada has escaped. crazy Oh! Oh! Here comes trouble! The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROV F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;