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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 4, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 20 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, January 4, 1975 Ask Andy MAKING PAPER Andy sends a complete 2p volume 'set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to .Patrick Leong, age 11, of Visalia, Calif., for his ques- tion: How is paper made from lumber? Paper can be made from dozens of different, fibrous materials and the most suitable fibers are created by the plant world. Tire very best material is the tough'cellulose that plants manufacture to build their' cell walls. And naturally we find concentrated supplies of this cellulose in a woody tree trunk. Plants manufacture tough cellulose and mix its finer than fine threads with various gummy cements to build boxy walls, around their cells. Lumber is made from these boxy cell walls. In mak- ing paper, the trick is to separate the fibrous cellulose' from the cements and other materials. Then the cleaned fibers are mixed in a soupy mash, dried'and .rolled out into flat sheets of paper. The ancient Chinese patient- ly hand made sheets of paper from the cellulose fibers in mulberry bark. But we need large scale, economical 'processes to manufacture all the paper we use. Our most plentiful supply of- suitable cellulose fibers is in the woody lumber from such trees as firs, pines and pop- lars, hemlocks and tamaracks. The forested logs may be floated downstream to the paper mill, which saves transportation costs. The mill uses various chemical processes to separate the un- wanted ingredients from the cellulose fibers. Much of the wood is shaved into small chips on a grind- stone. The wood chips then go to a large vat called a digester, which contains a steamy mixture of chemicals. The soupy mixture may con- tain calcium bisulfite or sodium sulfite and caustic soda. A steamy bath in caustic soda also will do the job of separating the unwanted plant materials from the sturdy fibers of cellulose. The soupy wood pulp then is washed and rewashed to rinse out the chemicals''and the un- wanted plant materials. The pulp is bleached, perhaps with chlorine, drained and sent to machines that brush, cut and paddle the clean fibers. The fibers are matted in a moist mishmash. Now it is time to press, dry and wind the mix- ture into huge rolls of paper. The finished paper is a dried, flattened layer of matted cellulose fibers processed from' woody lumber. At one stage, it may be coated to give it a smooth surface. Various changes in the basic recipe produce tissues and cardboard, newsprint and copy paper plus about other kinds of paper used in our modern world. durations asked by chil- dren ol Htrald readors should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntlngton Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Your horoscope By Jeane Dtxon Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS .Ian. 4, 1975 Charles 1 and an armed force tried to seize five members in the British House of Commons 333 years ago in 1642. No British sovereign has since entered the Com- mons, a practice reflected in Canada where the Queen's representative reads the speech from the throne in the Senate chamber. 1493 Christopher Colum- bus sailed for Spain on the N'ma from the New World. 1790 George Washington delivered the first annual presidential message. 1838 Tom Thumb born at Bridgeport, Conn. By Gene Fawcette CHANGEABIE STOVE A NEW CONVERTIBLE STOVE HAS DIFFERENT PLUG-lW UNITS. STANEWRD ELEMENTS, GRIDDLES, GRILLS AND SPACE-AGE GLASS- CERAMIC HEATING PANELS ARE EASILY REMOVED AND INTERCHANGEABLE... IS PKO- VIPSP BYANAIRINIET SYSTEM MOUNTED Itt Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN AND OMAR SHARIF 1974 .ThvChlcigo Tribune vulnerable, as South, with 80 on score, you hold: 4Q1085VKQ8 4AK84 Partner opens the bidding with one diamond. What is your response? vulnerable, as South you hold: has proceeded: North East South West 1 INT Pass Pass Dble. Pass 1" What action do you take? South, vulnerable, you hold: J109 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 Pass 2 Pass 1 What do you bid now? vulnerable, as South you hold: 475 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East Pass Pass 1 2 9 What do you bid now? vulnerable, as .South you hold: VQ7642 The bidding has proceeded: South West North Pass Pass Pass 1 V Pass 7 What do you bid now? Both vulnerable, as_ South you hold: 4KQJ762 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East .1 Pass INT Pass 2 Pass 3 Pass What do you bid now? Q.4-As you hold: The bidding has proceeded: West North East South 1 Pass Pass What action do you take? Q.8-Both vulnerable, as South you hold: The bidding has proceeded: North East South 1 3 W What action do you take? lLookfur answers on Monday) SUNDAY Your birthday today: Begin now to build up a definite program that will effectively meet competition. There is no easy.way out of your current responsibilities. Cultivate ar- tistic or technical skills at every opportunity. Don't ex- pect relationships to sustain themselves; you must keep them thriving. Today's natives prefer a moderate course and avoid extremes. ARIES (March 21 April Leave business aside and be easy going. Take a good look at people and find out what they're up to. Think about where you fit in or what you should get out of. TAURUS (April 20 May You hear many com- ments that are either out of context or spoken in ig- norance. Discipline your responses; your turn conies later. GEMINI (May 21 June Take special care to mind your own business even though you find out that some people are less than desirable. Avoid travel whenever possible, but go early and cautiously if you must do so. CANCER (June' 21 July Keep your eye on what happens at home. You receive much unsolicited ,advice, but can learn from it even though very little offers you a feasi- ble course of action. LEO (July 23- Aug. Be kind and positive, and take the lead in clearing up recent dis- agreement. Your personal energy is needed an'd attracts others who have vigorous ideas. Quit while you're ahead. Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. four years ago I had a tubal ligation. Because I was only 31 and there was no medical reason for it, I had to go through a- lot of red tape and even went to another state to get it done. Since then I have had my 12th living child. The pregnancy was normal, but she was a breech birth, and it was very hard on me. The explanation given me by the doctors was the egg had fertilized around the tissue of the tubes. Now, I am anxious to find out what the chances of it happening again are. I should add the pathologist report after birth confirmed the tubes are still cut and tied. I have several friends who have "also had this operation and are worried it could happen to them. Dear Reader If the tubes are cut and. tied, there is no way a pregnancy can occur unless an ovum (egg) has already passed through the tube before the operation. That opportunity would be. present only about a day after the operation at the most. There is a slight possibility of a tubal pregnancy limited to a couple of day's.time. Otherwise the egg has to pass through the tube to be implanted in the uterus. Some operations fail because the cut and tied tubes literally repair themselves; -They reconnect even if the surgery was done perfectly. Remember your body is designed to correct in- juries and nature regards such an operation as an injury. This occurs very rarely. In a Food and Drug Ad- ministration study only one woman in 200 got pregnant in a year's time after a tubal ligation. That is'about as good or better than you can expect from any birth control procedure. Another reader recently wrote in about tubal ligation and stated she was now pregnant. She was concerned about whether her baby would be normal or not. There is no reason why a baby should have any greater chance of be- ing abnormal when a pregnancy does occur after a tubal ligation. Dear Dr. Lamb Could you tell me what should be done with a 12-year-old boy with one undescended testicle? He weighs 80 pounds and is thin. Seven years ago he had a hernia operation on the same side as the undescended testicle. Could the scar tissue' have prevented the testicle from coming down? Is it dangerous to have it go un- treated? Dear Reader See a doctor right away about correcting this. Most doctors agree that if the problem has not been corrected by 8 or 9 years.of age the testicle should be lowered surgically. If it is done too late, and ybu are already pushing your luck, the testicle vfill never be able to produce live sperm. Your son's ability to be a father will depend solely on the one descended testicle. So, if you want to help your son, don't delay any longer. Many men have only one descended testicle and father children and otherwise have no problems, but it is you need not take. There'; is some chance that the un- descended testicle will later develop a tumor. All factors considered, including the psy- chological ones, it should-'be corrected early in life. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this new- spaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on impotence, send 50 cents to the same address and.ask for the "Im- potence" booklet. ONE AFTER ANOTHER; Consecutive sentences are separate sentences (each additional) to the others im- posed against.a person con- victed upon an indictment containing several counts, each charging a different offence; one sentence to start at the end of another. VIHGOIAug. 23-Sept. Sit light where you are and realize that friends want to solve their problems by talk- ing them out. You meet with poor advice in handling your own affairs. LIBRA (Sept. 23 Oct. Go it alone this Sunday since you won't get any enthusiasm from others. Don't bring ac- quaintances into the center of your plans until you know them better. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Check incoming infor- mation, which is incomplete or erroneous. Don't offer ex- cuses for yourself in'personal relationships but listen well. Find time for reasonable ex- ercise. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dcc. It's all too easy to let yourself be talked into departing from routines. If you don't really care for cer- tain people, don't waste time and attention on them. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. You can't be ex- pected to keep quiet today but just be sure you're right when you speak up. Leave side issues unstirred. A small gift conveys feelings well. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Everybody is in a rush, seeking short cuts and quick service. Take the time to do things well. Put off travels un- til midweek. Study and plan during a quiet evening. PISCES (Feb. 19 March You are naturally inclin- ed loward suggestions now. Not all Ihe results are ob- vious; some are not what you would want in the long run. SHORT RIBS MAYBE Y3U CAN FOOL. OTHERS BUT NOT MAKING A AtONKEYOUTO ME. IM SORRY BUT IT WAS A MATTER OF PROFESSIONAL PRIDE HI AND LOIS CAN i WATCH THE TV SET IN YOUR ROOM.SRAN'POP? BUGS BUNNY BLONDIE MY SHEETS DIDN'T COME 1 BACK FROM THE LAUNDRY THIS MORNING YOU'RE THE BEST HAIR CATCHER I'VE HAD ALL DAY" WOULD YOU MIND CATCHING THE CLIPPINGS IN YOUR HANDS ARCHIE HOW ABOUT A LITTLE CONTINENTAL. BREAKFAST SERVED UP HERE IN MV OFFICE HAGAR THE HORRIBLE PEPPUE DO Ti-fE- MV PEAR, LET SHOW" PoM'T BLAME SlJPFDSGP TO CLOSE BEETLE BAILEY LI'L ABNER TUMBLEWEEDS ;