Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
South African abor system deplored By I've, London Observer commentator Thursday, January 4, 1973 THE LFTHBUlDtH HtPLAlft 5 CAFE TOWN South Airicr.r. ministers o: university rive in C-.rv lith aitc- from Cape Prcvir.c. i> lo t vj country ar.d they call "ihe fr mlEratory SouLh their pilgri a Service rf :.rv. Tney hoto they Mr. Jrhn Y..-.-S- men! to t'y which so than me frnm thei" i: r economical.y vr.--. ir.rl il Ix'.-ii fcrward to i- c.'_-iifrc-; erry.-v- f-s h-i" ire in- The intensification of [he mi- gratory system by the present government ideally, it would to see even' African either lira? permanently in the rc- Ferves or els? moving in and of the areas'1 like human conveyor belt has brought the churches out in pro- They have taken their stand on the biblical God hath joined togeth- er, let not man put asunder.'1 Their main concern is with the break-up of African family life. In 1959. even Lie Dutch Re- formed Church, which supports the present government and has sought biblical justification for EpE.-L-.eid policies, condemned migratory lab'jr through a com- mission that it appointed. The commission reported: ''Migratory labor is a car.rer so rages in Die lives of the African population that it must necessarily affect the who's social and" religious life nf all the population groups in our fatherland. As a result of the laivs of God. the whites will rot be untouched by the disease which is destroying the moral life of the The eight who have set off or, Lheir 650-mile "Pilgrimage of Confession'' say they believe the country is in the midst of a most serious social and moral The sociery is "tearing husband and wife apart through the system of migratory say. The lives of thous- ands of voieless citizens are belie daily trjdenruned by this system "As vhrs Cnris'.ians we must face the fact that are fied v.ith tbe white iwre? which is responsible for dhiding blaci families. Moreoever. Lriis witTte power acts openly in the name 01 the Christian faith. The in- tegrity of the Christian c.-.urch is on trial in South Africa." The "pilgrims" hope thai their "journey in faith" u-U: not only draw attention to the mi- grsiory Jabcr systeir., b-'t also to the pass laws w'rJc'n cr.ntrol entr.- into the "white areas." In 1970. for ejamsie. K3.BS7 Africans were prosecuted for pass law offences, o: 25.S per cent of all cr: races sent for trial in that year Ln 1970, 42 per cent o: all prisoners serving sentences of less man four moiihs pass law offenders In this way. a huge number of are turned into criminal o'fe.nders EEd make wiLh the COIL-IS or Lie prisons. Little Green Street Bv Louis Bnrle 1-as r: C 1 7 en Afrtrs- renr.ar.Ts c' a The ".-IT. en: 77. 2 v 2rd o: engaging i: f- QIR T- Improbable direction of his own inclina- irSo. 1. .c... i- o- by Norman trie Cold War would have _s- c j. S6.95. 171 pages, over a decade ago err -.1 :re 50-7.1 v bv Georse J. of tne blocks the Ameri- s. h'ir. od president was not able to OT r ?7 r h 2 rf fr ID? d'.stinguished former editor of Saturday Review. was a remark Khrushchev had earlier made about burying the U S. When Cousins re5i o: ihvi7 to the hisic-rv- of about this Mr. Khrush- By r. year. Ipsr-i953.' It errpressed some imsa- porary :r. enEasinElv. p.vo with the literalism of the :he "eri" visits which Cousins What he meant by ff-rute rr.a-.'? Nililta Khrushchev. John comneEt was simply the The tribal v r and Pcoe line ins; capitalism is ec iTi'o 1? :he c: rew of resolution to die and the Cora- ans for lhl4 fret o: rain ir. the ncinrh sesson what better flace for s_-r.f o-. :o his days as captiir. and trips around the "Horr..1' Voi: resd o: sru-Jtes. vol- c.'.rMs. rr.or.keys. cats, storrr.s. ship-building and tragedy i-. tuis. a fritro'y fireside hook- about r.-.ar.'f adventures at It's s -vrfe.-. brthdav gi-'t :'or an .idvi.'ntur 'Crazy Capers' It is. a very ordinary name, very Irish loo. and in a very rundown part of Dublin next to the vegetable mar- ket and Si. Mic'nens, famous for its Irish Tjinmmy. but far from Street's glamor and gli'ter. However. Little Green Street has significance beyond its ic-crauon, IE the little courthouse on this street, trie Irish government handles special IRA cases. Tne one on stag-e during the week before Christmas involved the rescue attempt on MacSnofain. alias from the Ma- ter Hospital. Dublin. It failed and iive of the eight or nine members of that tsam we-e captured by Irish police who are locally as Garda Sio-char.s. Tie morning of the trial. Dsrerr.bar :eth, they had corc.tined off all strests leading to the courthouse. Parked cars were re moved and o'uher vehicles frc-ti er.tering the zone. OrJy psdestrians. v.ere rertniied to move in the area. Something close to fifty garda patro'-led visibly, and there w-as no knowing hc-w many others were stadoned elsewhere in the immeciaie vicinity. I'o gain admission, one had to identify onesek" at a roadblock mere plastic cones spread a-cross the street. Tne nev; step was to approach the building and sub- mit to a qui-k frisking by those o.i curv there. Tney directed the w the pub- lic gallery upstairs. Strangely, there r.rehbg like a crowd: not a Sinn Feiner in sight, anri only a dozen lay people in the galler.'. But the interior was alive with uniformed Do- lice acd I counted over 40 h unii'orm and it was hard 10 tell Lie others sometimes, but securir.' was maxi- 1 sat COWTJ bearie Officer D X who wai cox-teous end hc'pfLil answers to my quesrions. None of the uniformed men were armed.; plalnciothesmen would deal with prcblems v.l-.e'-e arms were needed. Four prelirnliiary cases involved guns. Nonv of the men acmsed the legality of the court as is on such mariers in Britain and the sir counties of Oter. Each man was obliged to defend himself one cise was con- ducted in Gaelic throughout. When Lhe members of the MacStiofein rescue :earn enured. Lhe iicreased tension was noticeable It seemed as if an ertra 20 policc-rrier. had poured ihemse'ves mto the room BIT; Lie prisi-ers ax-ss.-ej oalts re- li-.-ai: or.e aaved to a sr.al! p-o'jp of his immediate family in the gallery while all them ware smiling. Indeed, cre-.io'os to their onstage moment, they had. been sing- ing ballscls while waiting in a rot-mi be- trie Ealle.-v oz arrival from Mount- ioy Jail. Dublin." AI! of them were no: more thas til; mid-rwenues. Tney seeme-d to take ligr.t-hear.ediy the stark reality that doz- en years would be plucked LTGI tasir lives. FornL-Etely. no had lost a life n the bungled rescrje attempt. Trag- ically, the prisoners had. in another sense, ai-ear-y lost thei- lives, victims pf daied ideas to e ideals. December 19th was just one day b many. Tne case, though given ample space by print arid electrorjc media aroused no cne'i interest of the ac- ruse.d Dabjiiers. No aro'-md gior; Ir. far: Little Green Street ccniureo up rnJth that was sad and ironic. The Cullinan mine Marim Do you remember when you that special girl a diamond that prectci-us sune that has fc-een the sytrb-alic er.gage- merjt nng for cenrjries? It is still unknown by scientists how hy heat and pressure, the ciamorjd. the hardest substance known 10 man. ir.io a form so beautiful and yet so different frrm all geizs. Anually. its history began L- L-dia anrjad 800 EC., when the Orient yfeided up such famous stones as the Koh-i-noor a-id the Hope diamond. Jfost diamonrls bought in Canada come from South Africa. While there in 1972. I through the ftmous Prenier mine which produced the world's largest diamond. "Cullinari." There are several stories abjLii the discovery pf this particular deposit but the most au- thoritative, scco-ding to cent-es around a man calted Prlnsioo. Culunan aid his geologist friend. Tracey. had found cxin- sioerabie diamoncliferous material in a stream near Pretoria, the admirilsL-a- tive capita] of South Africa. Tneir search led them to z farm nearby owned hy an irate man called Prinsioo Ha'.-lr_r been farced from E courle re" fine farms as a result of gold and other mineral tracings, he had a deep distrust of men loosing for weelth beneath Lhe soil. When he settled on his trurd iarrri, he desired above all else to live in pe-ace. So la preserve it. each day he sat nr. his broad veranca-i. vvith a loaded across his knees, scanning the borison for inter- lopers. When CaHinin and Traoey came wishing !o check a volcanic cone or the far.-, they could get nowhere with mar.y auenjpus they determineciv returr-ed dis- guiseo as government insrisciors or the lookout for anrhrax in csrtle. Once s--iy from his peering eyes, they h-jrritv: to cone and soon estib'ishod the of diamond ore. When they came back to bar- gain he refused to sell. Evenrjary afier many argvjrenis. he set pnre which he thought would be iT.possirle for Cullrun to meet gold sovereigns. uriDrc-.-ur- able in South .Africa. However. English banks came to the rescue of the sovereigns arrived, and Prinsioo had to leave his beloved Work- begjr. in Cbf .r were go'-ng of: -usi as the sun sank behinc the hills, a miner drew th? sttentior; of the manager io a shiny object m sidewal] of the open mlrte. I: was othr- t'-an the famous carat "OuHir.ar. mond." South: by the Transvaa; nuer.t for .W.fXV, R.mds. proseined to King on his 66th bir.hcay. Edward haa it cut. in Amsterdam. ird.T 9 major stones and The larges of the stones weijhmg firsts. c.illed "The Star n! .Africs" is rr.ointerl 03 the Q-jeen's al SrepLe ana can be seer tr. thrf Tower of London. TV see the working; o; this mi_-e. one of Lhe largest in the world, covering an area of acres wrjci sil has a year level assured is an fjr.arjj Tne ore is dug. crusher., ar.6 washed into s c-rrjceitrate called biue Tnis r.a.-s- e? over grease v'nere the clLmojds. because LTey ar? adhere tenaciously to the pease, as the psvel washes a-.vay. Tf re: a rough ore carat diamond, i: is necessary to blast, die. crush and sort upwards of tons of ore. ran produces no less than 200. CKO of these carats njontrJy. Most impressive and unlike mos! jnin- inc tiTOTLs. is Lie ai' rlllige of CuUiaaa set in a cluster of volcanic hilk and sparking with flowering Lrees, shrubs arh-1 nicely clipped green grass. Here, mios offi- cials make accessible to boui black and w-hite employees an acceptable wsy of earning a living in congenial rtrrrotrndings. Five hundrM ani fifty bouses provide ac- for 710 sirpsrvisnry ee; and thei- families. Newer ho'use? three tiled roofs and large gar- dens. Rent is rninimal with water and electricity free primary eduction is pro- vided ir the village but older children are bused to Pretoria. Tnirty-iwo hiirKrred black wtrkerj. tho come from Lheir homelands are ezgaged on a fo-jr-mor.tr: contract. They are housed in attractive bassls. also with Gardens. are primarily designed to cater to Lhe needs and customs of these tribal r-Kcle. Paid a salary plus an. additional cos: n: allowance, they buy thei- forri from the Dco-proiit company store. A large corikhouse. with four large stoves proriing for vario'us v.-aiLnn The cozi- ais? gives each daily, i half pound nf meat and butrsr. one pound of mealies, II njn.-es of bread s half ci fre5h vcreiables and ire? areas inrltirje a 'j- brary- i.llard .-Aims ar.a a Jarge hill for .a o- theatre. Ter_-i. cricket, bowling arid fo.xrc'J as as pools and a "tll-ecuippe-d hdsrital are prorided for both races. Church senices are held w eekly Sixty-four West ir. or. a o v.-eek safari Culj- ran while I w-as there It was Lheir se-r- onc trip as is the wc-rld's seo- onc diamond buyer. The rnrr-sger sa'c. "Ir rr.y v'e.; S -ulh Africa is very rrogr.vj.v-: a brorr.irg p. r..ini> Sir.v SIT ev- ery ihirg has criar.ge-d fir Lhe better. Ln- Trii.- .-Mlirrr.v-ii: one frrrr. such Tlic nmen corner "_ ANSWERS ON REVERSE PAGE thine. out lor Lhp boM, hp> always CTWP- inp up on you Rob and Shirtpy Andorsor. ben: on v. rrv Sob in-.r'io.i tr.s: sr.-.ih.tr.it v br TW by crii.'i: f-v-v-ted -f thing for the spscvs 1 bw filling M-.ih my ni' ,M (he time of Lhc I'MrKl" ;.V rcich.Vrs. and ShL-lpy after me to use sm-.e f'. the fma.crs w-.tr. McKiiiw I'r.iiiVl brief factual preM.icd by (-v Church v. Ourinf the ro.-f.nl Cliristni.-.? soason ;ho r.vtt- :TU- Andersons had a gathering in their hoar like AMEN.