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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH1 ItTHMIDOl HHAID Tutidoy, January 4, Joseph Kraft Handling redundant jobs Labor Minister Bryce Mackasey has earned considerable respect in Canada from both union and industry for the way he has tackled his job. His new mediation techniques have cut man-days lost in strikes in the federal jurisdiction from 133 for every workers in 1966, to nine in 1970. He's known to be tough but fair in most labor disputes, not allowing his judgment to be colored or swayed by emotionalism. But since the introduction of his BUI C-253, which contains the con- troversial section on the right to strike in the middle of a contract over issues of automation, he has lost much of his popularity with in- dustrialists all over the country. The "technological" clause may make a hit with unions, but if the bill goes through the House over the stated objections of businessmen, then hostility is bound to be the out- come and Mr. Mackasey's popularity will abruptly vanish. The technological clause, an im- portant one, was first introduced to pacify the railways in 1965 and won support from both sides of the bar- gaining table. Basically the idea was to offer the unions assurance about safeguarding jobs and working condi- tions which may be affected by ad- vanced technological changes. The new bill would require an em- ployer to give unions 90 days notice of changes which would likely af- fect jobs. The Labor Relations Beard would then be empowered to order fresh negotiations which in some cases could clear the way for a strike, if it was satisfied that the employer had radically and adverse- ly changed the terms of employment. Employers claim this goes too far. All that the law requires here, they suggest, is protection of present em- ployees so that they are not thrown out of work by technological changes. Companies, they agree, should be required to keep them on in some capacity even though their jobs dis- appear as a result of automation. A number of unions object to this theory as they prefer to see whole categories of jobs perpetuated indefi- nitely regardless of how anachronis- tic they become. This naturally works against efficiency and economy in in- dustry which is of course, of prime concern to businessmen. Obviously Mr. Mackasey does not appreciate yet that all labor-manage- ment negotiations are a function of compromise. If he insists on having his way with this bill, it could create a new and unnecessary strain in the entire field of management and labor. Worthwhile campaign Lethbridge city police must be very gratified that their "Police Yourself" media campaign paid off so well. The fact that not one motor- ist was required to submit to the breathalizer test during the recent holiday period is most encouraging. It would be a happy development if people could be persuaded to es- chew driving after drinking through- out the entire year and not just at the Christmas-New Year period. That is a goal toward which the police and Safety Council people aspire. Naturally it cannot be expected that an intensive campaign, such as was conducted in conjunction with the recent festive season should carry on. Besides being too timt con- suming it would probably be non- productive as familiarity eroded its impact. Perhaps some people made resolu- tions never to drive after drinking as a result of the campaign. But whether or not such permanent gain has resulted, it was a worthwhile campaign and the police are to be commended for having mounted it and. executed it so well. Too icy too long Street'sanding (or suiting) and snow removal must always be a compromise between public safety and public economy. The people of Lethbridge simply cannot afford to keep all ice hazards under control at all times. In an area of sudden storms and sudden thaws there are bound to be periods of dangerous street conditions, when the motor- ist's only protection is his own ex- treme caution and the hope that all other motorists are equally careful By and large, Lethbridge civic au- thorities compromise intelligently be- tween public safety and public econ- omy. However there seems to be a general feeling that within the last few days too many intersections stayed too icy too long. The sanding program could have been better. Collectors9 items By Margaret Lnckhorst oak boot chest in the front hall is filled with a strange assortment of nuvenirs unintentionally left behind by visitors and house guests. Gloves, scarves, cigarette lighters, toques and so on get bossed into this chest when I come across them hiding under couch cushions or on top of cupboard shelves. Years ago I used to make an atterapt to return items if they could be identified and provided it wouldn't entail endless phone calls. Now I don't bother, and! if no one claims ownership, after a time I pack the things off to my favorite is, provided we can't make use of them ourselves. One article, ladies handkerchiefs, I keep on the finders-keepers theory that I lose about as many as I find. And considering that my stock of hankies has been sadly depleted since I stopped teaching Sunday School (they are favorite gift items, leading only slightly over bath sails) I have no regrets over this singular selfishness. In fact I feel slightly resentful when a thoughtless hanky dropper leaves behind a pretty lace number initialled in J or G or any letter of the alphabet but M or L. These 1 feel obliged to return because It makes it a bit strained when I in turn leave them elsewhere. "Did you leave a lovely white hand-em- broidered lawn hanky here last Louise phoned conscientiously lately. "With Katie worked air over it" I asked. There was an awkward pause. A light dawned. "Oh, is your middle name Louise wanted to know. I told her, "I don't even know a Kate, except my old Aunt and she's 07 and has been in a nursing home for years. Anyway, she uses tissues." The conversation seemed to be irrelevant to Louise who said oh again and that she'd return the article In question' soon. I as- sured her she could keep it and drop it some plscu where a K would fit In more appropriately but I'd lost poor Louise some- rather a humorless person. Taking up a lot of space in Hie chest Is a collection of odd men's toe I mean men's odd toe rubbers-ao that'i not right either. At any rate there are a lot of them because I make a habit of pick- ing up singleton rubbers whenever I come across them lying on the street or side- walk. I don't know why I do this. Maybe I'm pollution conscious, or perhaps a lone- ly rubber looks lonely. But I must admit it does annoy my hus- band to have me hop out of the car to rescue a lost rubber. The other day he ran right over one with fiendish relish and I could almost feel its pain. "Whatever did you do that I grumbled. "Because you've got about 40 of them now cluttering up the chest. What are you going to do with them all "Same as last I said, "next party we have I'll pitch them all out by the front door and the men will dutifully walk off in them. It worked fine last year and there hadn't been a drop of moisture for weeks. Anyway, don't knock my small con- tribution to you add a fair share to the chest yourself. Last week you went to church without rubbers and came home with two left ones; one marked An- drews and the other "Well I don't see so well without my glasses Years ago, before the rubber era, our boot chest used to be loaded with odd mitts. In the spring as the snow was go- ing, when I walked the little ones on a fine afternoon I carried a stick with a nail on it and collected all the lost mitts stuck in the snow on my route. Washed up Uiey made dandy play mitts for the boys who only lost them anyway. "Why do I have a red mitt on one hand and a blue one on Ihe the six-year- old asked once. "Because it's prettier that I as- sured him. "And if anyone questions you about mixing your colors just say you have another pair like it at home." Perhaps my boot clicst testifies to a streak of eccentricity on my part, but who cares? On rainy afternoons its almost as Interesting to sort out us a box of old ptwtoBTwns. The angel of progress moves by stealth WASHINGTON In Ameri- ca the angel of progress moves by stealth. Since.taboos prevent talk about what is truly forward motion, the big spotlights almost always search out what is unimportant. Tlie supreme case in point is the year just ending. 1971 was the year of highly publicized non-events which almost eclipsed from view change of far-reaching importance. The biggest of the non-events was the Pentagon Papers. Probably no development re- ceived more space in the press and more time on television and more earnest debate in Congress and the courts and around the dinner table. But publication of the sensa- tional secrets achieved no en- during result of consequence. Tiia conduct of the war was not changed as a result. Public opinion, after a momentary stir, lapsed into a comatose tor- por about Vietnam. Except for showing that the Supreme Court had more common sense than the justice department, even the legal proceedings proved nothing. A second major non-event of the year was China. The admis- sion to the United Nations, and the ping-pong, and the surprise visit of Henry Kissinger to prepare President Nixon's com- ing trip looked at the time like the stuff of history. But- closer reading made it plain that the Chinese connec- tion would do nothing to settle on-going problems in Vietnam or Formosa or with Russia and China. Then Peking's poor showing in the Indo-PakJstani war, and even more the severe leadership troubles, raised once again the fateful question that has shadowed Chinese history through modern times. It is still a question whether China really counts for very much in Ihe world. Another major non-event was the race for the Democratic presidential nomination. 1971 was supposed to be the year when candidates taking strong- er stands on the issues and exerting more appeal to the voter would knock off the.front- runner, Edmund Muskle. As it turned out there was going and coming galore, and speculation to match, but when the year ended, Easy Ed Muskie was1 still way out front, and Sen. Hubert Humphrey and Mayor John Lindsay were crowding into the race only be- cause it was now or never. Behind the screen of these and other non-events, however, there took place developments of substantial consequences. A nice case in point because it reveals so much of the dynam- ics of self-bamboozlement was the Laotian offensive of last spring the so called Opera- tion Lam Son. To be sure, it was not, as billed, a successful military op- etatiofl that did grave damage to the other side. Or the con- trary, it showed that this coun- try was simply not going to stand for losing any more men in ground combat. It was the decisive point of no-return the time when even President Nixon finally had to abandon serious nope for a win in Viet- nam. An equally important devel- opment came in the interna- tional monetary field. Not be- cause the Washington confer- ence was, as Mr. Nixon claim- ed, "the most important... in the history of the world." Rath- er because Mr. Nixon, without calling attention to the fact that he was reneging, ended once don't hme time tor the bedside manntr am I resent Mama Yfelbir "On, you joung people wrffc rour faddish worth.' Haw. fell do jou mean 'this is a end for all the American obli- gation to convert dollar hold- ings into gold thus making inevitable some form of man- aged international currency. Another nice example comes in Ihe field where almost everybody had abandoned hope passenger rail service. For years it was understood that service in this country could be brought up to the level ob- tained in Europe, Russia and Japan only by nationalization. But nationalization was against the primeval law of American politics Right? Well, no. Not at least If you confuse everybody by calling the nationalized system Am- trak. So what really happened when Amtrak came into exist- ence in 1971 was an historic turning point the day when railroads began to be national- ized and decent passenger ser- vice entered the realm of the possible. A similar development took place in the field of drugs. By all that is legal, possession of drugs even of marijuana is a crime. And the legal judg- ment is only an expression of the prevailing morality. Right? Well, not exactly. After all, everybody understands that ad- dicts are driven to commit crimes in order to get the money for drugs. So it is okay to treat the addicts with a drug that does little or no harm, methadone. It is so okay, in fact, that in probably every major city fn the country there has been developed a program where addicts can get a regular free methadone fix. And it ii probably only a matter of time before there are regular heroin maintenance stations as part of the effort to reduce crime. What all this means (be lesson of 1971 is that things which are necessary, whether wiKed or not, somehow become possible. The prospect for fu- ture change in this country is truly large. Does anybody want to bet that wage and price con-. trots, despite all the present talk of their temporary nature, become, next year, a regular feature of the peacetime eco- nomy? (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Peter Desborats No dire consequences followed import surcharge JUBILATION over the re- moval of President Nix- on's import surcharge doesn't entirely conceaJ the fact that many Canadians are still won- dering what all the fuss wax about. There is a lurking suspicion that the politicians, once again, have been working not only for the people but on the people. Last August 15, President Nixon announced the imposition of a 10 per cent surcharge on most American imports. Immediately the alarm bells went off in Ottawa. Cabinet ministers flew to Washington to plead for exemption. Within a few weeks, the department of industry, trade and commerce was forecasting a loss of Canadian jobs. Trade Minis- ter Jean-Luc Pepin told the House of Commons early in September that it the surcharge remained in effect for three months, the direct loss in ex- port sales could well approach 400 million dollars. At the end of September, Prime Minister Trudeau said on national television that the Americans "don't seem to real- ize what they're doing to Cana- dians." He warned that there might have to be a "funda- mental reassessment" of Cana- dian-American relations. When the surcharge was re- moved, Finance Minister Ben- son was smiling jubilantly in Washington. The battle had been won. This was the political sce- nario in Canada in the last quarter of 1971. But what was happening in. the real world? Whether the Americans real- ized it or not, what-they were really doing to Canadians dur- ing this period was helping us to achieve record exports to the United Slates and giving us a rate of economic growth that, was, in most important re- spects, far superior to their own. When the surcharge was an- nounced last August, Canadians were quickly informed that it would affect about 25 per cent of this country's exports to the United Slates. Finance Minister Benson said in Toronto on August "26 that "Certain seclors of the economy will face serious problems im- mediately." Earlier he had told U.S. TrcnsuiY Secretary Con- nally that the Canadian situa- tion "Is very acute and we have to know in the very near future where we arc going it might mcnn, for example, a chulting down of plants, merely because they cannbt compete in the American market." The political chorus of alarm extended far beyond the federal cabinet. On August 23, former Liberal minister Eric Kierans said on CBC radio that the sur- charge will add "tens of thou- sands" of Canadian workers to the ranks of unemployed. Con- servative leader Robert Stan- field, in Charlottetown on August 21, predicted that the surcharge "Is bound to cause substantial unemployment and hardship in many parts of the country." These statements were still echoing ominously across the nation when the first post-sur- charge statistics on Canadian- American trade began to con- tradict them. In September, Canadian ex- ports to.the United States were 11.1 per cent higher than In September 1970. In October, the increase over the year-earlier level rose to J3.3 per cent. In November, Canadian ex- ports to the United States were 19.4 per cent higher than in No- vember 1970. In the first 11 months of this year, Canadian exports to the United States have been 10.2 per cent higher than in the same period last year. If this is the "catastophic" effect of the Nixon surcharge, Trudeau should be in Washing- ton right now asking the presi- dent to put it back on. Of course the increase In Ca- nadian exports has been achieved in spite of the sur- charge. But the question re- mains: Why were Canadian pol- iticians so far off-base when they tried to estimate the effect of the surcharge? Officials in the trade depart- 'Crazy Capers' And this week's collect- ion will go towards the new church pulpit. ment here have a thousand and one answers to that question. First of all, as they hasten' to say, the initial forecast el 000 unemployed was based on a week-long survey, last Aug- ust, of about companies threatened by the surcharge. The Canadian businessmen were "terrified" and gave the department information which later turned out to be inaccu- rate and pessimistic to a dan- gerous degree. This informa- tion was passed on to the cabi- net which transmitted it, in various speeches and inter- views, to the Canadian public. In this fashion, the off-the- cuff estimate of a branch plant manager in Ontario moti- vated by self-interest in mak- ing the situation look as black as possible to a government de- partment Involved in programs of assistance for, industry was transformed into an official myth. Within a few weeks of the Nixon announcement on August 15, most Canadians were convinced that the sur- charge was an immediate threat to their own prosperity. Trade officials also explain that three-quarters of Cana- dian-American trade was ex- empted from the surtax. More than two-thirds of our 1971 in- crease in exports to the United States, for instance, has been in automotive goods which were not affected by the sur- charge. There were increases in exports of crude petroleum and natural gas, also unaffect- ed by the surcharge, and in lumber exports which the sur- charge affected very little. Exports of communications and aerospace equipment to the U.S. were down in the last quarter of 1971 but they had been declining for some time previously. In general, the trade statistics indicate that exports of Canadian manufac- tured goods to the U.S. actually increased in most sectors dur- ing the surcharge period. "The impact of the sur- as one trade official now puts it, "was not very great." Dock strikes on both coasts of tin United Stales also con- tributed to maintaining a healthy flow of Canadian ex- ports. In October, seasonally adjusted U.S. exports were down 40 per cent and imports declined 17 per cent. Many U.S. firms were physically cut off from normal overseas sup- pliers and turned to Canadian sources which could ship to them by road or rail. The upward movement of Jn- nanese and other currencies in the past few months might also have assisted Canadian com- panies looking for business in the United States. Most of these factors couM have been considered in an early assessment of the sur- charge by the Canadian gov- ernment. For a long time they seemed to be ignored as a mat- ter of policy. It was the villain of the piece in the eyes of Ottawa U.S. Treasury Secretary John Con- nally, who said on Oct. 17 "They cry about it (the sur- charge) and weep about it but the truth of the matter is, it doesn't have much He predicted at the same time that the surcharge probably would not bo needed "two or three months from now." Connally was right and the Canadians politicals were wrong. In November, the Canadians began to backtrack, External Affairs Minister Sharp said in Toronto on November 7 that "We are not going to strength- en our economy by anti-Ameri- can policies." Prime Minister Trudeau, several days later, urged Canadians not to become "paranoiac" about the United States. But by that time, as Canada's Ambassador to the United States said in Detroit on No- vember 29, the effect of the U.S. economic policies bad been "emotional in their social and human impact on Can- ada." Many Canadians had been thoroughly frightened by their government's overly pessimis- tic economic forecasts. They had been shocked when a Cana- nadian minister said that they were being ignored in Wash- ington. And they had been per- suaded by all this to consider the once-unthinkable notion of a "fundamental reassessment" of their relations with the United States. The net result of all this may be good for Canada. As Toronto Publisher Jack McClelland said last September, "I want to thank President Nixon. He has helped Canada come of age." But the tactics used on the Ca- nadian public since August will inevitably contribute to skepti- cism in future clashes with the United States, and this could be dangerous. For instance, if Ottawa-Wash- ington negotiations over trade "irritants" in the near future go badly for Canada, an at- tempt to stir up public support here for a strong stand in Washington could be greeted apathetically if many Cana- dians now sense that the sur- charge "scare" was exag- gerated. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through tile Herald Jud Foley of Milk River, well known as a boxer throughout southern Alberta, will meet Red Gorman, middle- weight champion of Wyoming. 1832 The Brewery Shield competition in carpetball now enters the semi-finals, with Pointers, Moose, Legion Aces, and Garden Hotel to fight it out to decide the winner. 1942 The well dressed fem- inine war-worker in 1942 will wear dust resistant cellulose fabric shirt and slacks, a head scarf, pliofilm durable gloves, chrome leather foot protector and safety goggles. 1952 Lethbridge Native Sons will be gunning for their 19th victory of the season when they tackle the fifth place Crow Coalers for the fourth time this season in the Western Canada Junior Hockey League. 19G2 Installation of a par- tial hardwood floor and other work at the new pavilion at the Lethbridge fair grounds have made the building a beehive of acitivity. The Lethbridge Herald SM 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan Mall Rcolslrellon No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Pren ana mo Canadian Dally NewsoeMr Publlinerr Aiioclalion and llu Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWEftS, Edllor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAM1, Olneral Manager JOE WILLIAM MAY Managing Editor Associate Editor HOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKM Mnfllilng Manager Editorial Page Editor HERALD SERVES THE ;