Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 3, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
Friday, January 3, 1975 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 15 Extension began in U.S. CLAKESHOLM (Staff) How did agricultural exten- sion come about, where did it start and what are some of the differences between the U.S. co operative extension ser- vice and our own extension service? To discover the answers to these questions, The Herald interviewed Allen Tply, Alberta Agriculture's district agriculturist here. Mr. Toly explained that agricultural extension, in North America at least, appears to have got its founda- tion as a result of the land grant college system es- tablished in the U.S. in 1862. These agricultural and mechanical arts colleges were a natural in that era when 50 per cent of the labor force was farm workers. "Prior to 1910, U.S. agriculture had been in the said Mr. Toly, "But with better farm prices, Fluoride gear in on Jan.15 BLAIRMORE (CNP Bureau) The Town of Blair- more will complete installa- tion of fluoridation equipment about Jan. 15. The equipment, worth is now being installed in the town water treatment plant at the west side of Blair- more. The work is being done un- der the supervision of town foreman John Gibos. He said Tuesday that some" of the electrical components are yet to be connected into the system. Technicians from equip- ment suppliers at Calgary will start up the equipment and check the quantities of fluoride being injected into the water system. Representatives from the department of the environ- ment will also be on hand to see that only specified amounts of fluoride are in- jected into the system. The town foreman says the equipment will be checked daily to ensure the exact weight and measure of fluoride is being put into the water supply. The water supply is being fluoridated to prevent tooth decay in children. agriculture took on a new look." These conditions brought about new demands upon the colleges. PKOFESSORS BAGGED "Farmers began to bother the professors for infor- mation, and agriculture ex- tension, as it came to be known, grew by leaps and bounds." Said Mr. Toly: "The men who did the teaching and research found their time over taxed by demands for new seeds, weed control and other services. Up until 1901 Only one college of agriculture maintained a separate depart- ment or division of extension, but by 1910 agricultural exten- sion divisions had been organized in 35 institutions." Dr. Seman Kapp, with the U.S. department of agriculture, began ex- perimenting with field agents to demonstrate better farm- ing practices. His summation of extension was, "What a man hears, he may doubt, what he sees, he possibly may doubt, but what he does for himself, he cannot doubt." In the U.S. the Smith Lever Act was passed in 1914 to give congressional approval for ex- tension work. The theory of this bill was to extend the system and provide at least one trained teacher for each agricultural county. During its initial years, U.S. agricultural extension was aimed at teaching farmers the best method of increasing production and the economic side of agriculture. This side included marketing and grading of farm products. Its purpose was to improve the man, enlarge his mental horizon, give intelligent direc- tion to his efforts and to help people help themselves. Mr. Toly went on to point out that agricultural staff in the U.S. co operative exten- sion service are joint ap- pointees of the USDA and the land grant college or universi- ty in their particular state. "This is very different from our extension said Mr. Toly. Federal and county funding varies in each state. "California's agricultural extension service, for ex- ample, is 60 per cent financed from the state, 23 per cent from the USDA and 17 per cent from the county." The county input is in the form of office space, non professional slaff and tran- sportation. "In Alberta, the first annual report of the department of agriculture was recorded in said Mr. Toly. "Such items as livestock quality, poultry quality and produc- tion, and tree planting were emphasized." Local participation was already being recognized, as the work was largely carried out through agricultural in- stitutes. Alberta farmers were hungry for knowledge. "In 1907 a professor was brought in from Lincoln, Neb., to instruct in the 'Campbell method of dry farming.' Other department courses of that era, said Mr. Toly, included a livestock project which was increased from a one or two day course to a two week course, covering all classes of farm livestock. The first indication'of breaking the province into regions for extension purposes came in 1916 when district agents were appointed for the summer to work with farmers on production problems. In 1918, when 16 agricultural representatives were in the field, these districts were made much smaller. In 1922 three areas were designated, and full time dis- trict agriculturists were ap- pointed to work with the farmers on production problems. This new service was placed in the livestock branch. A women's extension ser- vice was also formed that year. "Although an extension branch was formed in 1937, it wasn't until 1942 that the dis- trict agriculturist service was transferred to said Mr. Toly. The department's 1948 an- nual report stated the impor- tance of a farm management approach. That same year the director of extension restated the role of his branch in the following words: "The efforts of the department have been directed toward guiding the rural community, through education, demonstration, co- operation and promotion of self help to realize and enjoy agricultural stability." The 1960 report was very similar with the main difference being more district home economist involvement. Said Mr. Toly: "In realtiy, and with only a small portion of Alberta Agriculture's staff currently involved in pure research, most of the department's efforts could likely be thought of as being in an extension role." Fields 316-6thSt. S. MASTER CHARGE CHARGEX BIG, BIG BUYS! MEN'S GWG JEANS First quality popular style tandem jeans, sturdy blue denim 100% cotton, 4 patch pockets, flare leg, belt loop waist, sizes 28 to 38. Mfg. Sugg. Retail was O99 MEN'S BELTS Choose from a large selection of styles and colors. PRICE MEN'S BRIEFS 100% cotton. Reg. 98C 31 49 MEN'S WESTERN AND CONTINENTAL STYLE SHIRTS Mfg. Sugg. Retail was S10 and 99 4 LADIES' "TENDER TOOTSIES" Assorted styles and colors. Reg. C99 LADIES' PANTY HOSE KNEE HIGHS One size fall shades. Limit 8 per customer. Reg. 59c LADIES' SWEATER SPECTACULAR Assorted pullovers and cardigans. Reg. to 399 GIRLS' BRIEFS Choose from an assortment of knit, nylon and cotton blends. Sizes 2 to 14. Reg. to DON'T MISS THESE FANTASTIC BUYS BILLGRONENpholo Screened sun Chicken wire covering the door of an abandoned .country home near Lethbridge was abstracted into a pattern of grays and blacks by the setting sun. Tilley farmer grew best hay BROOKS (Special) Stanley Benson of Tilley has won first prize for his sample of Glacier alfalfa. The award came from National NK Seeds and was presented by Earl Zeiner of Edmonton, western division manager, at a recent buffet supper for alfalfa growers and wives of the Brooks area. Dennis Petersen, also of Tilley, was runner up with his sample of Thor alfalfa. Bob Asher of Brooks, manager of Gold Medal Seeds, said the event was, the annual awards for 1974 seeds. Will Blakely of Kitchener, Ont., National NK Seeds president, reported on the out- look on sales and production of alfalfa. He emphasized the impact that proprietary varieties are having because companies are allowed to control the market. The companies are bringing a higher price on the market. Mr. Blakely said that NK Seeds has established and developed a laboratory in eastern Canada. When com- plete, the laboratory will employ three plant breeders and related agrologists. He also stressed the desirability of NK Seeds to double production in the Brooks area of proprietary varieties of alfalfa seed. At present there are three varieties being grown, Thor, Glacier and Warrior. Two other varieties will be introduced in the near future. A licence is being applied for now. National NK Seeds is a ma- jor contributor to the produc- tion at the Horticultural Research Centre at Brooks. Stokes Seed Catalog 1400 flowers, vegetables and ac- cessories. Complete growing in- formation for beginners and pros on every variety listed. Many oxotic exclusives from Asia, Europe and South America. Send for your Free copy today! TOP QUALITY AT GROWER'S PRICES STOKES SEEDS 4784 Slakes Bldg., St. Catharines, Onl. L2R 6R8 Land sale nets for Taber town coffers TABER (HNS) Approval by town council of sale of three parcels of industrial land brought more than 000 into the town coffers. The price of a 4th parcel of .92 of an acre was referred to the land sales committee for valuation. Great Plains Supply purchased 1.88 acres on highway 36 at 60th Avenue for and will move its farm machinery business from 51st Students helped fill cup fund FORT MACLEOD (Special) An activity intended to give students of G. R. Davis School an opportunity to demonstrate that Christmas is sharing was completed for the third consecutive year. The'project involved collecting money to donate to The Lethbridge Herald's Cup of Milk Fund. Cheques for and were sent to the campaign. For the past two years, students have supported the fund by holding candy sales. Their contributions for 1972 and 1973 were and respectively. Students were again asked to give their support as follows: Each student was requested to make a small sacrifice at home, for example, give up a treat or a show. Each was asked to contribute a sum similar to the sacrifice or whatever sum decided. Street and 50th Avenue when facilities are constructed at the new site. Holger Just Construction is the second purchaser, with 1.27 acres bought at 62nd St. on 56th Ave. just north of Prairie Livestock for The site will be used for fabrication of materials in- cidental to the construction business. A low lying 1.18 acres on 64th Avenue between 50th and 52nd Streets was sold to Cun- ningham and Shannon Ltd. at their offered price of Council was divided four to two on the sale, the minority holding out for the ask- ed of the firm. Considerable dirt fill will be required to br- ing the lot up to the desired elevation, hence the reduced price. Council also tabled an application to purchase two residential lots on 57th Avenue by Holger1 Just on which to erect two dwellings. The sale was held up pending clarifica- tion of reported encroachment of adjacent buildings on the lots in question. Council also accepted an offer of 70 acres of land by Alex Molnar at per acre, being the site of the new water reservoir to be built under a federal provincial town government agreement. The reservoir will store 200 million gallons of irrigation water to supplement the pre- sent 135 million storage at the town treatment plant. Council tabled to Dec. 30 a request by Parkside Manor, the senior citizens recreation centre, for a operating grant equal to last year's contribution. Also tabled until the 30th is the 1975 salary and wage schedule which required some adjustments before finalization. A proposed plan for economic development of the Town of Taber presented by regional economic develop- ment representative Dwight J. Stanford of Medicine Hat on behalf of the local industrial development committee was tabled by council for further study. The plan recommended that the committee be expanded to include all economic develop- ment in the community including commercial and residential fields. The plan was initiated by Mr. Stanford as a program of the provincial department of industry and commerce, and was finalized at an early December meeting of the committee. In addition to a survey of shopping and industrial con- ditions in Taber, the plan sets out what might be done to im- prove the town as a shopping centre and as a better com- munity in which to live, as well as pointing out possible industries the committee might seek. Committee chairman H. George Meyer urged early approval of the plan so that the committee might get on with its work. He also recommended amendments to the industrial development by law to incorporate the features of the plan, and asked council to consider the amalgamation of the municipal planning commis- sion and the industrial development committee into a common economic develop- ment body since the functions of the two groups overlap to some extent. ATTENTION NURSES CARE OF THE BURNED PATIENT WORKSHOP To provide up-to-date information for care of the burned patient. Physical and emotional care. FRIDAY and SATURDAY, JANUARY 17th and 18th Workshop leaders are: LESLIE E. EINFELDT, RN-Head Nurse, Burn Centre Harborview Medical Centre, Seattle, Washington JANET ANN MARVIN, R.N., M.N., Associate Director, Department of Surgery, Burn Unit, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington DR. P.G. WHIDDEN, Plastic Surgeon DR. DUNCAN BROWN, Plastic Surgeon DR. BRIAN SEARBY, Anesthetist MISS'KNOWLES, Physiotherapist A TWO-DAY WORKSHOP FRIDAY, JANUARY Pathophysiology of the Burn Injury: A Basis for Fluid and Electrolyte Therapy Emergency Treatment and Nursing Care during the Emergant Phase (72 hours post-burn) Pulmonary Injury and Respiratory Care of the Burn Patient Pulmonary Mechanics and Blood Gasses Burns What makes these Injuries different from other forms of Thermal Injury? Debridement and Excisional Therapy: Minor Burns for Staged Excision in the massively Burned Heterografts and Homografts: Their Use and Abuse in Burn Patients Autografts (Mesh vs. Sheet Grafts) SATURDAY, JANUARY Immunologio Responses: Infection Control and Topical Therapy for the Burn Patient Metabolic Response to Burn Injury: Hyperalimentatipn Effects of the Burn Injury in the Neuromuscular Skeletal System: Prevention and Treatment Management of Pain in Adults and Children Psycho-Social Aspects of Burn Injury Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery for the Burn Patient: Realistic Goals Contact: THE SCHOOL OF CONTINUING EDUCATION Telephone 327-2141 or fill in the attached application form for further information. APPLICATION FORM SCHOOL OF CONTINUING EDUCATION LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE Mr....................................... Mrs..................................... Name: Miss Telephone Address..................... Course Welcome to a career... call 327-2141 and ask for Career Information.