Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 3, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
The LcthbruUje Herald LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 3, 1975 15 Cents Bomb blast kills close Ghandi ally Remains of home A girl sits near the wreckage of her home which was destroyed by an earthquake last week in northern Pakistan. Several remote villages were dsstroyed or heavily damaged by the quake. The death toll has risen to more than NEW DELHI, India Railway Minister L. N. Mishfa died today of wounds from a bomb that exploded while he was inaugurating a new rail line in his native Bihar state. Mishra, 51, was the first cabinet member assassinated since India became indepen- dent 27 years ago. Bihar has been rocked by political violence since last March. And Mishra, a close associate of Prime Minister Seen and heard About town Dutch Canadian John Van Sluys acknowledging traditional Holland New Year's Eve pastry "Oily Bollin" presented to him by a' neighbor only after being reassured it was made by Wil- ly Dewit livestock specialist Gordon Ross wondering if he should wear his spurs to work to get through the icy potholes left on city streets after the Christmas storm. Indira Gandhi since she came to power in 1966, has been un- der attack in the national Parliament for his handling of a fail strike last May and for alleged corruption. Twenty-three others were injured in the blast Thursday night at Samastipur, in remote northern Bihar. Authorities said several of the injured, including two members of parliament from the ruling Congress party, were in serious condition. Other casualties included Mishra's younger brother, who is irrigation minister of Bihar state; a senior Bihar police official and the general manager of the northeastern railway. The government radio said a powerful time bomb went off as Mishra was leaving the stand after inaugurating a new 32-mile raile line. An Indian news agency re- ported a second bomb explod- ed Thursday night at the home of a local railway official in Samastipur and injured two persons. Mrs. Gandhi summoned an emergency cabinet meeting in New Delhi. Police said they had picked up 20 persons for questioning. They declined to speculate who was behind the blast. Inside 24 Pages Classified........20-23 Comics............17 Comment...........4 13-15 Markets............9 Theatres...........19 Weather............2 'Nothing much, dear. Just a bill for the present you bought me.' LOW TONIGHT 15; HIGH SAT. 35; CLOUDY, COOLER. Gov't board gloomy about oil reserves Syncrude curtails operations EDMONTON (CP) The multi-national Syncrude con- sortium building a oil sands venture cannot carry on by itself without additional financing from another par- ticipant, president Frank Spragins said Thursday. He also announced that Syn- crude is 'cutting back construction activity and purchasing "to a level which reflects the current situation." He said the three remaining participants "are actively seeking" new investors in the project, including provincial and federal governments as well as private oil companies. "The participants are anx- ious to see the project con- tinue despite the escalating costs and the default in December, 1974, of Atlantic Richfield Canada Ltd. "The present cost estimate of approximately billion is simply beyond the collective ability of the three par- ticipants to carry on without additional firm com- mitments." Mr. Spragins said, however, potential investors need suf- ficient time to complete their feasibility studies of the pro- ject, designed to extract 000 barrels of oil a day from the sands in northeastern Alberta, starting in 1976. "We anticipate that they will be in a position to make their decisions during the month of January." The three participants re- maining in the venture are Canada-Cities Service Ltd., Imperial Oil Ltd. and Gulf Oil Canada Ltd. Both the federal and Alberta governments have said they are considering investment in the project but would not make a decision un- til their own assessments of the venture are completed. Atlantic-Richfield cited rap- idly rising costs due to infla- tion as the main reason for its withdrawal. Israelis, Arabs clash on Golan BEIRUT (CP) One Israeli soldier was killed and seven were wounded in clashes with Arab forces early today near the slopes of Mount Hermon in the Golan Heights of occupied Syria, Israeli army headquarters an- nounced. A 23-year-old sergeant was killed and four soldiers were wounded in an ambush inside occupied Syria across the frontier from the Lebanese area of Har Doy, an army headquarters spokesman said. Then a military vehicle hit a mine in the same region and three soldiers were wounded. Israeli and Lebanese ar- tillery exchanged fire over the border in the same northeastern region, where the Lebanese, Syrian and Israeli-held territories meet, the Lebanese military com- mand said. The incidents were the latest in a series of a clashes around the Lebanese border since the new year began. A communique said Israeli border positions shelled three Lebanese villages and an Is- raeli armored car drove 150 yards into Lebanese territory. Bus-car collision kills three CROSSFIELD (CP) Three persons in a car were killed Thursday night when their vehicle was in a collision with a bus carrying 19 passengers. RCMP identified two of the victims as Kenneth Taks and Douglas Kenney, both 17 and members of a hockey club in their home town of Crossfield. They were en route to a hockey game at Cochrane. The third victim was iden- tified as Sian Elizabeth Grover, 18, also of Crossfield. Military force possible against oil producers WASHINGTON (AP) United States State Secretary Henry Kissinger has declined to rule out the possibility that the United States would use military force against Middle East oil producers "to prevent strangulation of the industrialized world." "I have said repeatedly that I did not think it would come to that point. I'm confident the problem will be solved without the use of Kissinger told reporters Thursday night. But, he added, "I'm not saying there is no circumstance where we would not use force." After Kissinger returned from a vacation in Puerto Rico, re- porters questioned him about an interview he gave Business Week magazine. In the magazine interview, Kissinger said of the possible use of force in the Mideast, "We should have learned from Vietnam that it is easier to get into a war than to get out of it. I am not saying that there's no circumstance where we would not use force. But it is one thing to use it in the case of a dispute over- price, it's another where there's some actual strangulation of the industrialized world." He told reporters he had "warned against military action. For oil prices it is too dangerous." Previously, Kissinger had refused to discuss the possibility of U.S. military action against the oil producers. By JEFF CARRUTHERS Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Unless the faltering oil sands development experiences a dramatic turn for the better, Canada will run short of Western crude oil a year or so earlier than predicted in the already-gloomy National Energy Board's recent oil report, according to preliminary NEB calculations. This would mean a domestic oil shortfall appearing in 1980 or 1981 instead of mid- 1982, resulting from a much slower development in the Alberta oil sands than even the NEB conservatively estimated late last year in its oil report. This in turn would mean, according to preliminary NEB calculations, a further, quicker reduction .in oil exports to the United States, starting with an ad- ditional 20 percent cutback in 1976. Roughly an additional 000 barrels per day would have to be pared from the barrels a day of ex- ports unofficially estimated for 1976, compared to the 000 barrels a day of exports to the United States allowed for at least part of this effective this month. And, assuming no other dramatic changes, the exports would likely run out a year or more sooner for the U.S.' customers: by late 1982 or by 1983, instead of 1984. In addition, the NEB ex- perts studying the situation are already suggesting that the continuing battle between the federal government and the oil-producing provinces over royalties and taxes on oil production and development could worsen the near-future oil supply situation even more. One NEB official noted that recent announcements of cut- backs by Canadian oil com- panies in development and ex- ploration could jeopardize the NEB's estimate that starting later this decade, about 000 barrels a day of new production would be found and developed in southern Canada. By itself, failure to find even the small amounts of new, conventional oil reserves in southern Canada would push the anticipated time of a domestic oil shortfall from mid-1982 into 1981. Should the oil sands development problems com- bine with poor finds of conven- tional oil, then the domestic oil supply situation would become all the more critical, with an anticipated shortfall appearing as soon as late 1979 or early 1980. The National Energy Board officials admit that the recent financial problems with oil sands projects will undoubted- ly "accelerate" the arrival of the oil shortfall problem. In preliminary calculations, the National Energy Board experts have determined the following: only the Syncrude pro- ject, a barrel per day extraction plant scheduled to start up early in 1978, goes ahead, then the domestic shortfall would appear in about 6.3 or 6.4 years instead of the oil report figure of 7.3 years. if the Syncrude pro- ject falls through or is delayed substantially, along with other projects, then the shortfall would arrive in about 5.9 years. Cost of shipping meat, cattle up 47-67% since '50 OTTAWA (CP) Since 1950, the cost of shipping live cattle by rail from Edmonton to Montreal has increased 67.4 per cent to a hundredweight and the cost of shipping dressed meat has risen 47.6 per cent to The gap between freight rates for live cattle and dress- ed meat has widened to from in 1950 and Alberta packing house representatives have expressed fears about the future of their businesses. The Canadian transport commission decided Tuesday Telephone billing overhauled OTTAWA (CP) Most long distance telephone calls would cost more under a new billing system unveiled today by the Trans-Canada Telephone System a consortium of the country's eight major telephone com- panies. to end the two-year freeze on some railway freight rates and shipping costs for cattle and meat went up 15 per cent Wednesday. CP Rail and Canadian Na- tional Railways had asked the commission's railway tran- sport committee for permis- sion to levy an immediate 30- per-cent increase on rates for cattle and meat. Eight provinces represented at the emergency two-day hearing of the committee had requested a 60-day extension of the freeze. The committee ruled that it would allow further, similar increases in March following negotiations between the rail companies and the provinces. In 1950, the rate for shipping live cattle to Montreal from Edmonton was a hun- dredweight and the rate for dressed meat was a dif- ference of The differential dropped to 93 cents in 1960, when the rate for dressed meat was a hundredweight and the rate for live cattle was The disparity was up to in 1973, when the cattle rate -was a hundredweight and the meat rate was Watergate appeals likely to focus on Judge Sirica By LESLEY OELSNER New York Times Service WASHINGTON The Watergate cover-up trial is over at last; the question now is whether the trial was fair. The question can be answered on several levels, in several ways and some of those ways, in the end, may be contradictory. Four men who were once among the highest officials in U.S. government were convicted of conspiracy to obstruct justice by 12 men and women who included a retired maid, a retired doorman, a countergirl. Were the defendants convicted by a jury of their peers? They were convicted and a co-defendant ac- quitted after 46 days of testimony in which the government put on many witnesses and as many tape recordings, building a monumental case against the three best-known defendants John N. Mitchell. H. R. Haldeman, and J. D. Ehrlichman and a less massive but still seemingly substantial case against the two others Robert C. Mardian, who was con- victed, and Kenneth Parkinson, who was ac- quitted. Did it matter that the presiding.judge at the trial, John J. Sirica, was one of the persons responsible for breaking open the cover-up case in the first place? Did it matter that Richard M. Nixon never came to the trial? Each of these questions and dozens more go into the question of whether the Watergate trial was fair. But each can be answered differently, depending upon one's perspective. The law provides one answer or will, when the appeals are over, and it is not necessarily always the same as the answer based on emotion, or common sense, or historical com- parisons. There was much that occurred in Judge Sirica's courtroom over the last 14 weeks that might appear, on its face, as unfair to many peo- ple for instance, according to -public opinion polls, it seemed unfair to prosequte the aides of Mr. Nixon when Mr. Nixon himself went free, because of his pardon last August. But there was also much that appeared fair the jurors were sequestered, for instance, so that they could not read or hear news accounts of the trial. Accounts that might color their opinion. News analysis And, legally, the fact that mistakes were made at a if they were mistakes by the judge on legal issues does not mean that a trial was not fair. On appeal, the question is, instead, whether there was "reversible" error. And, under a legal trend that started in the United States in the ear- ly part of the 20th century, and took on new dimensions in the last decade as the composition and tenor of the U.S. supreme court turned less liberal, a great many errors can be made at a trial without the trial verdict being overturned. The defense attorneys in the cover-up case spent much of their time at the trial trying to "build a as they call it, of error by Sirica. Time after time-they would object to one of his rulings, for instance, knowing their objec- tions would be denied but wanting the issue on the record in the event of appeal. Now, lawyers for each of the four defendants who were convicted are preparing appeals. None would comment today on their cases; the trial record, though, gives a clear indication of the major arguments they will raise. They will argue that Sirica should not have presided over.the trial, that he was biased in favor of the prosecution, because of his role in the trial in 1973 of the Watergate burglars. They will contend that the massive press coverage of the case made it impossible to select an impartial jury. They will say that Sirica allowed too much "hearsay" testimony, that the White House tapes were not properly authenticated before they were introduced, that the defendants should each have been tried separately due to the "antagonistic" defenses of the various defendants. To a number of legal observers, the various defense points include at least a few that pose substantial legal questions the pre-trial publicity issue, in particular. Yet at the same time, many lawyers including some involved in the case consider the prospects on appeal somewhat dim. The pessimism stems in part from the deci- sion this fall by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia upholding Sirica's conduct of the first Watergate trial, that of the burglars.