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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 2, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta King diaries show curious private life Truck refrigeration law to be deferred again Compiled from CP The personal diaries of William Lyon Mackenzie King, spanning 13 years of his political career from 1932 to 1944, were opened to the public for the first time Wednesday. The opened diaries, kept in the public archives of Canada, are a vast and meticulously detailed storehouse on the political and personal life of King who was prime minister for a total of 21 years between. 1921 and his death in 1950, longer than any other Cana- dian politician. His dairies from 1893 to the end of 1931 were open to the public previously. A preliminary glimpse into some of the thousands of hand-written and typed pages gives no startling revelations about major political events of the 1930s and early 1940s. But they disclose much about Mackenzie King's curious private life. The diaries are a fascinating juxtaposition of high matters of state with details of King's mystical visions, encounters with spiritualism and the love he lavished on his pet terrier named Pat. The complete diaries, spanning 58 years from 1893 until his death in 1950, include about pages of material in about 100 volumes, says Carman Carroll, head of the prime minister's section of the archives. Constitutional fight King believed in 1938 he won a constitutional fight with Governor General Lord Tweedsmuir and thereby es- tablished "the complete national sovereignty of the dominion." The issue was who would meet King George VI and Queen Elizabeth at Quebec at the start of the 1939 royal tour the prime minister, or the governor-general. King wrote in his diary for Friday, Nov. 25, 1938, that he was surprised to learn from Tweesmuir that the governor general had' sent a cable to Buckingham Palace, asking for guidance on who should do the royal reception honors. "I have felt all along that he was itching to be in the foreground on the arrival of the the then prime minister wrote. "I have had no such desire. "1 expect the palace will reply that he should accept the advice of his prime minister. "If the. Crown does not, I will make an issue of the matter, as I feel very stronly it will be a huge mistake in the eyes of the world. It would look as though Canada were in condition of tutelage; that the prime minister and his ministers could not deal with their own sovereign without having a governor sent out from England to accompany them." In his diary entry on Dec. 4, King wrote that he would be betraying "the house of my grandfather" William Lyon Mackenzie, the leader of the 1837 Upper Canada Rebellion if he permitted Tweed- smuir to greet the monarch first. It would be a reversion to colonial status. King wrote that his desire in meeting the King on his arrival in Canada was "to complete the work of my grandfather and of Liberalism thus far in Canada." "If I go to meet the King and am the first to welcome a British sovereign to his dominions beyond the seas, Canada being a full-fledged nation, the cycle and the cen- tury would be complete. "I believe in the providence of God, this is ordained." King confronted Tweed- smuir on the issue, and Tweedsmuir readily. agreed that the prime minister should meet the King at Quebec, and that the proper role of the governor-general was to re- main in Ottawa. Even at times of inter- national crisis, King found time to care for his beloved pet terrier, Pat, spend a quiet evening at his country retreat and reflect on dreams and visions. War declared The diaries of the former prime minister, reveal these concerns on Sept. the day Canada declared war against Nazi Germany. He expresses concern at delay in receiving a message from London confirming receipt of proclamation of war. He sleeps fitfully tiirough the night and awakens early in the morning. "When 1 next turned the light on, the clock by my bed- side was exactly at seven. I took the exact hour and figure to mean that I was being told that all was alright. The sub- sequent telegram from Massey showed that H.M.'s His Majesty King Georve VI permission was given at p.m. at Windsor. There being five hours difference with London, this would mean that Massey was, at that moment, receiving the King's approval." Following breakfast and his daily Bible reading, King receives a telegram from Vin- cent Massey, Canada's high commissioner to London, ad- vising receipt of the proclamation. "I had j ust been reading my Bible when this word of the King's approval came. I knelt and prayed for my country and for the cause of freedom, for strength and guidance in these times of need. "My mother's painting has been a great comfort to me. It has been constantly before me. I moved to look over portraits of other members of the family, after leaving the phone. Little Pat had been pretty tired. I brought him in his saucer of coffee, as he has been asleep in the library while I was at breakfast." King believed he communed through spiritualist ex- periences with monarchs and commoners, family and the famous. "I was amazed when the King the late prime minister says of one seance in 1938. He was referring-to King George V of England, who had died the year before. Such encounters are men- tioned from time to time in King's diaries for the years 1932 through 1944. By TERRY McDONALD Herald Staff Writer Hundreds of small Alberta trucking firms are breaking a provincial health regulation today but won't be prosecuted for doing so. The trucks are hauling perishable foods without refrigeration equipment in their Health department officials in Edmontor. have told The Herald that a regulation mak- ing refrigeration mandatory came into effect Wednesday, the first day of 1975. But the regulation wasn't supposed to come into effect. Its implementation was to have been deferred by a cabinet order sometime in December. However, the cabinet didn't get around to ordering the deferment. Officials now expect the deferment order this month, says L. E. Stewart, chief of the health department's, inspections branch. Meanwhile, the health inspectors will ignore the truckers who carry perishables without refrigeration, Mr. Stewart told The Herald. Deferment of the department's refrigeration regulation is becoming almost an annual occurence. The regulation was written four years ago because the health department was concerned about the lack of refrigeration among short- haul truckers in this province. It has been described as a weak link in the chain that is supposed to ensure that all meat products and other perishables are fresh and safe. But implementation of that regulation has been delayed each year because the motor transport industry convinced the government it would spell economic disaster for many short-haul truckers who supp- ly rural points with meat and other cargo. Major carriers who supply cities are not affected since they already have refrigeration. They are specialists and concentrate on hauling their specialty. The short haulers carry everything from tires t6 hardware to beer... and food. They say installation o'f refrigeration equipment is too expensive for the economic returns they get for hauling perishables. The past three annual .deferments have been from one calendar year to the next. But the deferment expected from the cabinet this month could be for only a few months. Public health and motor transport officials say the government is considering im- plementing a split licencing system in Alberta under which truckers with refrigera- tion who want to haul perishables would qualify for a special licence and those without refrigeration would qualify for a general cargo licence only. April 1 has been mentioned as a possible target date for split licencing but the final government decisions have not yet been made, The Herald was told. The Lethbridge Herald LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 2, 1975 15 Cents LETHBRIDGE'S RAE DMYTRYSHYN AND MOTHER DIANE City's New Year's baby was first for parents Lethbridge's first baby of 1975 is also the first for its parents, Mr. and Mrs. Morris Dmytryshyn, 1718 Henderson Lake Blvd. A girl born to Fred and Beryl Harbidge of Nanton, in Claresholm General Hospital at p.m., was the first New Year's arrival in the South. Lani Rae Dmytryshyn was born p.m. in Lethbridge Municipal Hospital, with the assistance of Dr. C. M. Stewart. She weighed in at seven pounds, one ounce. "It happened pretty said the happy father, who is the assistant manager of Kresge's. Mrs. Dmytryshyn was admitted at 11 a.m., he said. Nurses at LMH said this was the first 8 time in several years the Municipal beat s St. Michael's General Hospital to the first 5: baby of the year. Other Lethbridge New Year's babies include a boy born to Mrs. Suzanne Curran in LMH, and a girl born to Mrs. Mary g Hofer of Warner in St. Michael's. ff Except for Claresholm, district S hospitals contacted by The Herald were still awaiting their New Year's babies. Talked with dead leaders Reds threaten The bachelor King also reveals in his diaries other ex- amples of what some call his superstitions, others his religiosity. He saw symbolism in numbers "while seven is a mystical number, tens are evidence of completeness" and looked for messages in dreams and daytime visions. His closest companions in spiritualism were banker Godfrey Patteson and his wife Joan, neighbors who were close confidantes and almost daily companions. Earlier in the sahie entry, he refers to earlier visions one of a dragon across the ceiling, another of his late mother in a lighted upper win- dow. At one point in a section of diaries entered in black loose- leaf binders are records of seances, set up in King's handwriting in the style of script for a play. The script of Nov. 13, 1938, has "H.M. King Georve introduced by Mackenzie King's dead father, talking about the planned visit to Canada in May, 1939, by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. "The visit is due to their affection for George V says. "The king likes you very much; you will be great friends." In the same seance, he talks with Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Liberal prime minister from 1896 to 1911; Sir Robert Borden, Conservative prime minister from 1911 to 1920, King's mother, his brother Max, and others. Saigon foothold SAIGON (AP) North Vietnamese infantry and tanks launched a heavy attack today on Phuoc Binh city, the South Vietnamese Seen and hoard About town Jimbo Tarnava learning to eat with a spork an Australian cross between a spoon and a fork Bill Coun- sins still waiting for the hockey team he coaches to post its first win. government's last foothold in Phuoc Long province. Hard street fighting was reported. The government asked the I Viet Cong delegation in Saigon I for an emergency meeting to i arrange for the evacuation of civilians from the be- sieged city, saying many of them were wounded and starving. The Viet Cong delegation re- jected the proposal, terming it a "false humanitarian trick of the Saigon side." The Saigon command said the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong used at least 10 tanks but government forces were still in control of the city Terrorists extend truce DUBLIN (Reuter) The 'rish Republican Army (IRA) today announced a 14-day ex- tension of its Christmas ceasefire. The truce, which has halted guerrilla bombings and shooting in Ireland and Bri- tain since Dec. 22, had been due to expire at midnight tonight. Extension of the truce had been widely expected in re- sponse to a New Year peace gesture by Britain's Northern Ireland administrator, Merlyn Rees. Rees on Tuesday freed 20 detainees held without trial in Northern Ireland and sanc- tioned remission of sentences for more than 100 convicted prisoners.. Jury convicts top Nixon men WASHINGTON (AP) A United States court jury has concluded another chapter in the Watergate story by con- victing three of Richard Nix- on's most powerful aides of conspiring to obstruct the investigation of the break-in at Democratic national com- mittee headquarters in the Watergate building here. Found guilty of conspiracy, obstruction of justice and per- jury were former attorney- general John Mitchell and ex- White House aides Haldeman and John Ehrlichman. Also convicted of con- spiracy was former assistant attorney general Robert Mardian. The jury acquitted Kenneth Parkinson, a Washington law- yer who represented the Nix- on re-election committee, of conspiracy and obstruction of justice. The four men convicted were expected to seek rever- sal of the decision in the U.S. Court of Appeals. U.S. District Judge John Si- rica set no date for senten- cing. The four convicted men remained free on personal recognizance. Asked for his reaction to the -verdict, Ehrlichman said, "It changes nothing insofar as my basic feeling, and it's a deep- seated feeling, of innocence in regard to the charges in this "case." Ehrlichman said he had in- structed his lawyers to appeal. Haldeman said, "I know le- gally and orally I am totally innocent of each of the charges that's been brought here. I intend to move ahead in the days ahead on the process of appeal." Mitchell said only that he would appeal. Mardian, who slumped into his seat and held his head in his hands after the verdict was read, slipped out of the courthouse unseen by reporters. When Sirica thanked the ju- rors for their service, Mrs. Mardian leaned forward in her seat among the other de- fendants' wives, stuck out her tongue and gave a soft but au- dible raspberry. As chief prosecutor James NeaLleft the courthouse, he was asked if he was satisfied with the verdict. "I don't think satisfied is the word. It's one of relief that a long, hard job is over and I can go home." Mitchell faces a maximum sentence of 25 years in prison and a fine. The max- imum sentence for Haldeman is 25 years-and a fine; for Ehrlichman 20 years and a fine; for Mardian five years and a fine. The verdict read in Sirica's courtroom just before 5 p.m. on New Year's Day climaxed one of the last major events in the scandal that dominated U.S. political life for the last two years. There was no immediate comment from Nixon. The cover-up trial jury deliberated nearly 15 hours over three days before it notified Sirica at p.m. that it had reached a verdict. Honored by Queen Knighthoods for two old expatriate masters of humor, film comedian fcwles Chaplin, 85, and novelist P. G. Wodehouse, 93, (lightheaded Queen Elizabeth's New Year's honors list. She knighted 39 others. Story on Page 25. CTC compromises on freight rates OTTAWA (CP) The cost of shipping major food and construction products rose Wednesday because of a Cana- dian transport commission decision to end a two-year freeze on some railway freight rates. The commission's railway transport committee said in a ruling Tuesday it would allow freight rates to rise between 10 and 15 per cent on such products as domestically- shipped grain, lumber, building material and meat. And it would allow further, similar increases on March 1 following negotiations between CP Rail, Canadian National Railways and the provinces. The decision is a com- promise. Eight provinces, led by the three Prairie provinces, had asked for a 60- day extension of the freight rate freeze to allow time for discussions between the two parties. But the railways wanted in- creases averaging roughly 25 per cent on a quarter of all goods shipped by rail to go into effect at midnight Tues- day night. David Jones, chairman of the two-person committee, said he was faced with a dilemma in announcing the decision. The railways had a legitimate desire to increase rates, but such .increases created an "outcry because they were felt by the greatest number of people. The cost of shipping beef, for instance, will rise roughly 15 per cent now and another 15 per cent March 1, to a hundredweight from Such increases will be passed on to consumers through increased meat costs. Lawyer for the three Prairie provinces, former Liberal MP Gordon Blair, said his clients agreed that the railways needed some increase but any raise could come later in the year, after the companies discussed the increases with the provinces. Robert Rice, a spokesman for CP Rail, said in a prepared statement from Montreal that the decision would have "serious consequences" for the railways, shippers, and truckers. Inside 28 Pages ffi Classified........22-25 Comics............ig Comment.........4, 5 }j: Family.........20, 21 Markets...........19 Sports...........12-14 Theatres....... 7 TV.................6 Weather........ 3 Youth.............26 LOW TONIGHT 20, jj fci- HIGH FBI. 40; WINDY, CLOUDY ;