Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 2, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, January Maurice Western The fuse is lit The severe sentences passed on the Soviet Jews convicted of hijacking have exploded a tinder box of anger in the West - a tinder box that has been waiting only for the .lighted fuse for years. Of the eleven accused conspirators nine were Jewish, two of whom were condemned to death. Commutation of the death sentence by* the Supreme Soviet may temporarily calm the nerves of west-em Jewry, but it cannot change the facts, nor alter the belief that anti-Semitism is rampant in the U.S.S.R. and its satellite nations. Nor can credence be given to Soviet denials that the condemned men were allowed to live because of pressure from abroad. The accused are to be spared their lives, but the sentences are very heavy, allowing no time off for good behavior. The plot to hijack the plane did not succeed. The men were arrested at the airport and there appears to be some ground for the suspicion that the Russian secret police had lured the men into a carefully laid trap. According to this un-authenticated story the Soviet agent had approached the Jews with a proposal that they escape by plane to Scandinavia, but did not suggest that the aircraft be hijacked, or that weapons be involved in the runaway attempt. The story may or may not be true and because Western newsmen were prevented from attending the trial, the details may never be known. Nevertheless the brutal sentences meted out to Jews whose sin is the desperate desire to leave Russia is a powerful comment on the repressive climate under which all ordinary Soviet citizens live these days- particularly those of Semitic background. If more were needed to indicate that anti-Semitism in Soviet - dominated lands is growing in intensity, it is proven by a book recently published by the official Slovak press, now availabe in the West. The book accuses "Zionists, Jews and Israel" of collaboration with the West to discredit socialism, and being responsible for the 1968 "liberalization" movement in Czechoslovakia. Targets of anti-Semitism in Czechoslovakia include Jewish journalists and non-Jews who exhibit sympathy for the Zionist cause. Several of these people have lost their jobs already and more probably will very soon. There is a well-founded fear that the publication of the book is a precursor to further repressive action against the 20,000 Jews remaining in Czechoslovakia. The world beyond the iron curtain must be forgiven if it asks itself- why? What is the reason for keeping citizens by force in a country which gives every indication of detesting them? Could it be that Jews remaining in Russia and the Eastern bloc will be used at the Middle-East bargaining table - innocent pawns in the cruel game of international politics? Preserving the species An international team of experts appointed by the secretary - general of the UN, U Thant, has put forth a promising practical plan for active UN participation in the fight against the number one threat to mankind's existence - overpopulation. This would be a world population institute, a semi-autonomous body within the UN system, which would co-ordinate research, and training as well as helping member nations with population planning projects. There are many factors militating against population control in the world. National, religious and even racial traditions have baffled UN agencies as well as individual governments. New sources of food have been discovered, but accelerated food production is simply not the answer to the world population problem. If the number of people in the world continues to grow as it is now doing, the human species will be destroyed, blacks, whites, yellows and shades between. If a population institute were to function within the UN, able to draw on its agency resources and with members drawn from the wealthy, as well as the poor nations of the world, it would go a long way in destroying the suspicion among the non-whites and the "underdeveloped" that the "have" nations are out to destroy the "have nots" by cutting down th� birth rates. The chairman of the team of experts, David A. Morse, former head of the International Labor Organization, estimates that the initial cost of launching the institute would be about $8 million. The effect its successful operation would have cannot be measured in monetary terms. It is simply the preservation of the human species. Weekend Meditation yBRY few gratitude. Only a few have it people have the gift of It is a rare virtue belonging to choice souls. Marcus Aurelius had it. He looked back and thanked God that his teachers, parents, grandparents, and friends had contributed so much to his thought and life. The more one knows of his times and even of the people he speaks about, the more one realizes the selective quality of his mind, fastening on the good and forgetting the evil. Only a great soul can do that. Arnold Toynbee in a fine article written some years ago did the same thing, thanking those men and women, most of them long since dead, who had contributed to his personal growth. Lancelot An-drewes made a practice of looking back over his life every fifth day to count his blessings. Charles Lamb tells how he had a compulsion to say grace twenty times a day besides at dinner. He thought of pleasant walk, moonlight rambles, friendly meetings, and solved problems. Why, he asks, do we not thank God for such spiritual repasts as a reading from Milton or "The Faerie Queen?" St. Paul surely had reason enough for grumbling, but he exhorts his fellow Christians, "In everything give thanks." "In everything!" It's a large order! Similarly the Psalmist told himself, "Bless the Lord, 0 my soul, and forget not all His benefits." Coarse souls do not have this grace. Samuel Leibowitz, a famous criminal lawyer, saved 78 men from the electric chair. Not one of them ever thanked him. Andrew Carnegie left a million doliars to a relative who cursed him for his miserliness and for giving $365 million to charities and building libraries. Shakespeare has several passages of contempt for the ungrateful person. "I hate ingratitude," he says, "more in a man than lying, vainness, babbling drunkenness, or any taint of vice whose strong corruption inhabits our frail blood." "Blow, blow, thou winter wind! Thou art not so unkind as man's ingratitude." His whole play, Timon of Athens, is based on the theme of ingratitude. Dr. Bower held that thanksgiving was the only complete form of thought. That is a startling idea. Cicero held that thanksgiving was not only the greatest virtue, but the parent of every virtue. Thanksgiving is the creator of song. Men sing when they arc happy. It i.s sad that men never sing at work any more. The songs of the Hebrews were composed when they Steady hand of George Mcllraith gone i~|TTAWA - There is no mys-tery about tire resignation from the cabinet of George Mcllraith which was motivated by sad personal considerations well appreciated in the national capital. It is not, for that reason, a non - political event. It could not be because it deprives the Trudeau government of one of its most experienced ministers and one of the few remaining links with St. Laurent Liberalism. In his 35 years in the Commons (about eight of them tended their flocks, when girls went to draw water, or when artisans practised their skills. So the songs of the Hebrides are concerned with milking, weaving, and sailing. How long is it since you heard a man sing at his job? Singing in a factory production line would be strangely out of place, even if you could hear yourself. No wonder work has become hateful for many. It shows in our music, which 'has rhythm instead of melody, has become percussive like the pound of the machines we listen to. Thanksgiving is the cradle of a high religion. Low religions are born of fear of the gods. True religion is filled with gratitude for what God has done, is "lost in wonder, love, and praise." All through the New Testament runs the phrase, "Thanks be unto God for His unspeakable gifts." Paul says, "God has given us an inheritance of light and delivered us from the power of darkness." Peter says the same thing, "You have passed from darkness into His marvellous light." So says John, "The darkness has passed and the true light now shines." A new world of large dimensions, eternal dimensions, had come into being. Thus thanksgiving means awareness. The thankful soul is an awakened, an aware soul. How often one looks back and realizes how he should have felt grateful for something or to some person. Few things make one more wretched than realizing how ungrateful you have been. It is a form of blindness, a kind of hardness of heart, a meanness and selfishness of disposition. Thus Jesus was saddened when only one leper out of ten who were healed returned to thank him. The others had a sickness of soul which had not been healed. How little the healing of their bodies really meant to them beside the deeper healing which they missed! Thanksgiving leads to trust and hope. One believes of the future what one believes of the past. Prayers of thanksgiving move the centre of life from self to God. Thanksgiving keeps one from parking by old resentments and failures and urges one on to new adventures in confidence and good cheer. The thankful soul is always an optimist. The ingrate is always a pessimist. PRAYER: Give us, 0 God, the grace of gratitude that we may enjoy the present, hope for the future, and fill the memory of the past with times of the Divine goodness, F. S. M. as parliamentary secretary to Mr. Howe), Mr. Mcllraith had acquired an understanding of the House, a skill in dealing with it, a grasp of affairs and a political competence that constituted invaluable insurance for any government. The Trudeau government of I960 was not the usual balance of experience and youthful ambition. Apart from Paul Martin, who had been sent to the Senate, only four ministers were veterans of the St. Laurent era. They were Paul Hellyer and George Mcllraith, both now gone from the cornet, Arthur Laing, once an important policy architect but now in a service department, and Allan MacEachen, now president of the privy council. Indeed the pace of attrition is shown by the fact that only two others, Mitchell Sharp and Bud Drury, remained after five years, from Mr. Pearson's original team of 25. Some felt that the new broom should have swept even these few away. How much the. vet- erans could contribute, however, was clearly demonstrated in the FLQ crisis when a heavy burden was shouldered by George Mcllraith as solicitor-general. It was a very difficult period in the Commons (how difficult we may not yet appreciate) with every question period a minefield for the unwary. But the prime minister had no worries; every well-considered answer had the stamp of Mr. Wariness himself. As the new men succeed to office in a cabinet steadily ex- "Let's have a little less pop, pop, pop!" Letters To The Editor Editorial must set record for absurdities In the past my impressions of the Lethbridge Herald have been decidedly positive. I even went so far as to defend The Herald in the face of Professor Beum's biting attack earlier this year. But I would find it exceedingly difficult to find any grounds by which to defend the editorial entitled "Foreigners on campus" which was carried in the December 28 edition of "your paper. For absurdities and naivete that editorial must establish some sort of record in Cans-dian journalism. Obviously the editorial warrants at least one volume in response. But for the sake of your readers' patience I will address myself only to the editorial's grossest absurdities. While conceding that Canadians want more Canadian content in university courses, the writer suggests that this can be done through money alone. But Professor M. Laxer, writing recently in the Toronto Star (June 10, 1970), thinks otherwise. "Americanization of an institution," he writes, "implies the conversion of scholarship, sided by the 'value-free' p o s t u 1 ates of U.S. social sciences, to prevailing American ideas and values." He goes on to say that this is done through adoption of American theory, models, methodology, or the number of American professors. My own experiences in an Alberta university confirm Professor Laxer's fears. One of the recurring student criticisms on the University of Lethbridge campus is that the theories and the models employed in the classroom are more relevant to the American situation than to the Canadian. One of the reasons for this is that many non-Canadian professors either do not understand or misunderstand the Canadian fact. At one faculty meeting I was startled to learn that some faculty members did not know that 'Crazy Capers' Saskatchewan bordered Alberta. And, incredible as it sounds, I once met a non-Canadian professor who had taught in a Canadian university for two years before learning that there was a Quebec problem. These anecdotes might almost be comic were it not for the state of the Canadian publishing industry. Or perhaps I should say the absence of a Canadian publishing industry. In p. nation engulfed by foreign publications of every type, it should seem obvious that preservation of Canadian control of universities is essential to national survival. After accusing the government of arrogance and non-leadership, The Herald writer first suggests that there is no public unrest at the hiring of n o n-Canadian faculty members, and then implies that if there is any such unrest it is irresponsible. To answer this argument it is necessary to consider the frightening magnitude of the problem. I feel quite confident in saying that Canada has the highest percentage of foreign professors of any nation in the Western World. In most developed nations the percentage of foreign professors is much less than 10 per cent. And in many such as France, Sweden, and Finland professors cannot receive tenure until they hold citizenship to that country. I am quite certain that non-Canadians constitute more than 50 per cent of Canadian faculties. At the University of Lethbridge the president is a non-Canadian, eleven of fourteen department chairman are non-Canadian, and 56 per cent of the faculty is non-Canadian. And the U of L is not an extraordinary case. At the University of Calgary only one of fifteen members of the Geography department is Canadian. When we consider the preponderance of non-Canadians in Canadian universities, it is curious that The Herald writer should suggest' that a legally constituted Canadian government should have no authority over a university supported by Canadian tax dollars. And it is important to remember that it is faculty councils, rather than senates, which now control the decision-making machinery in most Canadian universities. The editorial concludes with the accusation that government investigation of the non-Canadian influence in Alberta universities is a "red-herring" and an attempt on the part of the government to divert attention away from more important issues. I personally can think of few more critical political issues than the survival of the Canadian fact. And I can think of no better way to hasten the demise of the Canadian fact than by dismantling our publishing industry and surrendering our universities to non-Canadians. We have largely accomplished the first. Now, it seems, we are about to accomplish the second. And at a time when more than half the graduating Canadian Ph.D.'s are unable to find positions in Canadian universities. In a paper entitled "Literature and National Survival," Robin Mathews quotes several lines from "Maria Chapde-laine" by Louis Hemon: "All about us the strangers have come, whom we are pleased to call the barbarians! They have taken almost, all the power! They have acquired almost all the money . . ." These lines are intended to describe the French - Canadian ghetto. But they also describe precisely the Canadian academic community as it is today, a colony and a ghetto. ROBERT D. TARLECK, Lecturer in English, University of Lethbridge. Herald hiding masthead in coulees I'll see of he's Obviously any government-backed investigation into the subject of non - Canadians teaching at Alberta universities would be pointless if all the committee was going to do was come up with numbers. The nub of the investigation, announced recently by Education Minister Robert Clark, is how much excessive foreign influence is being brought to bear on Canadian students. And if the Lethbridge Herald thinks there is no such influence, particularly American, then the paper is hiding its masthead in the coulees. It is a fact at the Lethbridge Community College that Canadian TV networks are constantly criticized for reasons, such as government influence, which apply mainly to American TV. At the outset of the journalism course at LCC, newspapers used for study came from Great Falls, Montana, rather than Canadian centres. The University of Lethbridge art department is composed entirely of American - born and -trained teachers. Although the public shows have specialized in Canadian artists, one queries if the heroes of the department reside in New York, or in Toronto. U of L students have in the past been hypnotized by American issues, if one is to judge by the Meliorist. Not until the FLQ caught the media's eyes did the paper give istelf over to a Canadian problem. (Before it was a gabfest of Yip-pies, Eldridge Cleaver and "pigs." Local students haven't got enough creativity to come up with their own inflammatory descriptions.) And how much of the predict-able anti - Vietnam sentiments on Canadian campuses can be traced to the influence of American teachers who have moved to Canada because of dislike of the war? Canada recently lost one of its major textbook publishing firms to the U.S. The Herald should be in a position to know the subtle prejudices which can be implied through the written word. Lord knows, it's bad enough to have English Canadian and French Canadian interpretations of our history. Now we can look forward to American interpretations of English and French interpretations. Sir John A. must be doing pinwheels in his grave. As for The Herald's suggestion that the money used for the investigation be presented as a love token to post - secondary institutions: this is no more or less than the usual liberal ideology that money can solve every human problem, from taut nerves to tight girdles. No one wants to see a Secret-Service type probe, but tht problem of foreign influence does exist, even if, hard as it is to believe, The Herald doesn't know it. M. J. B. Lethbridge. pending in numbers, the power of the prime minister constantly increases. It is not a matter of formal change (although certain changes are in the offing): after all the prime minister, throughout our federal history, has been far more than primus inter pares. It is rather that the old checks natural to the system tend to weaken: the countervailing forces are not what they were. No prime minister at his accession is completely free in choosing the members of his ' cabinet. Usually he finds himself surrounded by colleagues, often of experience and ability who a short while ago were virtually his equals (perhaps even his seniors). They have claims which have to be met. They are not solely his men. Especially in combination, they enjoy considerable power which he can ignore only at great risk. Even Mr. King, a strong prime minister, was not completely master of his own house. He broke his principal opponent, Col. Ralston and overcame the conscriptionist ministers. But the record shows that this was anything but easy and that he had his way only after a protracted crisis. Mr. Diefenbaker's position was unique. The Conservatives having wandered in the wilderness for 22 years, his ministers, without exception, were Diefen-baker ministers. But some nevertheless were well - known parliamentary veterans. His break with Douglas Harkness, a member since 1945, set off the train of explosions that wrecked the Conservative government. Since those days the power of the prime minister has grown with the power of government. But it has also grown of itself, partly through the development of the "White House" establishment. It may grow also as a result of changes introduced for other reasons. The practice of discharging parliamentary secretaries at mid-term affords the prime minister a reserve of trained (or at least semi-trained) manpower, thus increasing his effective freedom to make such changes as he may desire from time to time. The reorganization bill, yet to be dealt with, is of interest in the same context since it provides for more parliamentary secretaries and ministers of various grades. But even without this, p glance at the treasury benches suffices to show that this is not merely in name but in fact - and increasingly - a Trudeau government. There are no Howes, Ilsleys and Gardiners. There is no Winters or Hellyer (although there is a private member who was once the scourge of admirals). The one minister who seems to have retained some independent stature is John Turner, although this is not to suggest that he is party to any particular faction. In his correspondance with Mr. Mcllraith, Mr. Trudeau dwelt on the interesting theme that the practice of moving ministers into new, non-cabinet roles in cases where no policy divergencies arose, should be more common. If it .was, it would spare prime ministers considerable embarrassment. There would not have to be the public explanations (for example, Mr. Gordon's bad election advice) which may on occasion be desired neither by the PM nor, for party reasons, by the retiring minister. Mr. Trudeau bases the argument on "flexibility", generally recognized nowadays to be a good thing. The alternative justification is that the less the public knows about such matters, the better for the government. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921-The California brand of weather being served up to date has resulted in a glut of coal in the hands of the dealers and miners are having to go on half time. 1931 - Despite the strong wind on New Year's Day over 50 passengers took - flights at the local airport during the afternoon. 1941-German occupation authorities have almost completely segregated Warsaw's Jews behind an eight-foot wall cutting across some 200 streets, which lead to the Ghetto district. Germans insist the segregation is largely a "health measure." 1951-The contract for the construction of the new St. Patrick's Church has been let. The work will cost $185,000. The superstructure will be raised on the existing foundation, which was built in 1913. 19(il - Oleg Casslni, fashion designer, predicts the Jackie Kennedy look will sweep the country. "For the first time in history all the elements are there to make a tremendous fashion story" he said. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. OOli Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"