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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 1, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta Bow Latest Townsite On the Market Bow Island is situated on the Crow's Nest - line of the C.P.R., 37 miles from Taber and. 45 from Medicine Hat, in the centre of a rich farming and ranching district. Coal and Gas There are already two coal mines. Gas boring outfits owned by the C.P.R. and the Southern Alberta Land Co. are now in operation. Irrigated Lands Bow Islan4 will be the headquarters of the Southern Alberta Land Company's Irrigation System now being constructed. Get In Early Twenty-nine lots sold in 3 days. Choice, locations are being snapped up. LOTS SELL FBOM $25 TD $100 ON EASY TEH! J. Olquist Bow IsFaftd, Alta. DIVERSION OF C. P. R. LINES Crows Nest Pass Branch Will Enter City to the Southeast of Westminster Road 1  ^ G. W. Robinson, city secretary-treasurer, this morning received ^  "from T. L. Simmons, assistant engineer to the Board of Railway a>  Commission, a blue print of the diversion of the Canadian Pacific T Z Railway, proposed to be made in order to secure easier grades. X  Accaroing to t.ie plans, the road will crosi Courtland Street at  2 the cornsr of Beatrice Street, thence diagonally to cross Bompas f Street at Mary Street, thence to cross Dufferin Street at Kingsbury Streot, thence to cross Redpath Street at Louise Strest, and then across Ford Street at Pcplow Stroet, andwill join the present track just east of the Taylor Mill. The engineer writes to ask whether or not the city has any objection to the line crossing these streets at these points. The proposed road crosses a portion of the city that is not at all built up, being considerably east of any building. The A. R. & I. Co. owns all the property traversed. ASK THE GOVERNMENT TO IMPORT ANIMALS Beef Commissioners Cover the Mutton, Pork and Beef Trades, and Make Several Recommendations raise and of these we _woultl mention the Shropshire and Oxford particularly. These two breeds may be s--cured from Ontario Hocks at the P \j-sent time at very reasonable prices. POUK We found an absolute dis~ntUinc-tion amongst the producers of pork, due to a lack of confidence in the market. There have been times when the prices have been hiRli, sufficiently so to encourage farmers engaging extensively in the industry, and when a lurgo number of hogs came onto the market the price dropped to a figure below the cost of production. This condition of affairs has been repeated several times in the past decade so that at the present time the farmers, while nnxious to engage in the business, will not venture because of the uncertainty of the market. We can see no reason why this should be.the history of the industry. The small buyers of pork maintain that Burns &. Co. set the price. The producers unanimously claim that this company is responsible for  the stitto of the industry. We know that Burns & Co. handle a great deal of the pork of the Province and have done so for many years. We believe also that the fact of their doing business so extensively in the province has tended to keep other buyers from entering. From the evidence we are forced to believe that there is a monopoly in the industry and that the privilege ( has been abused. Instead of fostering the industry at all times and looking for a foreign outlet when the market vfrs glutted they have allowed the price to drop below the > .-ice of production and have driven a large number of farmers out of the business. The result is that today people say that the present prices are BEIOF TKAlDE >, (a) Local Trade. ' ' In the neighborhood of fifty per cent, of the yearly beef crop of Alberta is UHe-fl in the Dominion, the other fifty per cent, being exported. A universal complaint is that we can not get rid of our butchers stock. The animals exported are those that weigh from 11200 pounds upvards, smooth, well-finished cattle. The remained or butchers' stuff is comprised of the light weights' and those which are rough and unfinished. The objection to shipping the light weights to the old country is that it costs as much to ship a steer of 1,-" 000 pounds as one of 1,600, in other words, the ship space is purchased a' a certain amount per head and not 'according to weight. Fifty percent. I of tlie yearly meat crop of Alberta ; is sufficient to glut the domestic mar-j ket, therefore, to reuce the supply of j domestic meat would ameliorate this I condition of affairs. Many of the ! cattle which are sold for butchers if \ kept until finished Would be exported land thus reduce the amount of this class. This, we believe, is an import I ant factor in the solving of this' phfise,of the local beef trade of the ! province. Again, the country is in a transi-tionary stage, a stage when ranching is changing to mixed farming and in order to practice mixed farming successfully a proper system of feeding in winter must be adopted. When the rancher was asked why he did not feed his stock in winter for spring delivery stlie invariable' answer was: "It won't pay." We find that the averajjy stock man is very reluctant in changing to this new method, perhaps because it involves work and permits, restriction Absolute purity and Cleanliness in the manufacture COWAN'S PERFECTION COCOA � (HmI* Uaf Label) Healthful and nutritious. THE COWAN CO.. Limit**, TORONTO 49 Weekly Free Press and Prairie Farmer, Winnipeg Family Herald and Weekly Star, Montreal LethbHdge Herald " Sunny Alberta's Beat " THESE THREE REGULAR PRICE $3.50 $2-50 The following extract from the lieef �Commission report covers the mutton .pork and l.eof trades. In future is-*\i�s we willlgive other parts of the -report: In the si-lection ��' axen to appear *.s witnesses, the object was to su- � curc representatives.of .thorn engaged in the different branches of the industry, namely,, the producer, dealer (iiv cluding buyers, commission men una ^exporters), . shipper, transportation company and consumer. In all two hundred and ten witnesses wore *eard. We have made an exhaustive examination of the meat industry in Al-Iwrta and we find that there is a universal complaint that it is not on * paying basis. There is a general fueling of dissatisfaction partially due to the fact''that there has been such � heavy mortality on large ranges during the past winter, also because tlii si'iit. About 1901. a Commissioner,' Sin the |>ei'8on of E. W. Barley, was ^appointed to investigate the contro-l^ver.sy between the cattle and sheep ;|:mon. Sir. Durloy,' bo'fore completing; ~lliis duties joined the Territorial Government and Mr. Stewart was appoiu led in his place. We understand that dr. Stewart made a very thorough irvestigalion and that he recommend ..i that I he slx'ep limits bo-chnnged. His recommendations were acted up- meats in connection with the feeding on ami the result is that the greater j experiment stations mentioned in our portion of the new sheep limits are : treatise of the cattle industry, located in the province of Saskatch- j \n .tnjs connect ion we would quote ewun. Sheep ranchers complain that from the evidence of J. McCaig: there is not sufficient water on their j ..^ and sbeep {eedmg expcrl. limits. /This together with the cur-. I nieuts running over 90 days, including tailing of the range, the heavy raov- j nccembur> .]aiiuary and February, tality during late winters and the m- ! should be undertaken as soon as the vages of the coyote, is responsible. \ balance ot f?0d necessary is available This is in line educationally and ec- �e believe, for the decline of the in dustry. Those who still remain in the bus- onomically with the needs of our agricultural and pastoral interests. The iness maintain that under good man j ranchers themselves are approaching agement it is a profitable industry. \ it. but too slowly. Our sheeP are In view of the fact that there is a be'ing bought to put into feeding ex-very large amount of mutton brought perimcnts outside the province namo- into tile country from Ontario, Australia and the Maritime Provinces and in view of the further fact that there is no legitimate reason why a sufficient quantity of this product-should not bo raised in this province to moot the demands of home consumption, we, your commissioners, iwlieve that this government should take active steps to assist the expansion of the industry. We jit> not believe that it would bo wise to have an extension of the ly, at Moose Jaw, Port Arthur, or they were a year .ago. This should be counteracted." Since the range enterprises are being reduced the sheep business must be maintained by the introduction of farm flocks throughout the northern part of the province. In this connection Mr. Hamilton, manager of the Alberta Sheep Co., Limited, states: "It would be profitable to have the industry extended. Of course the men in the north country are trying sheep limits in the south, as what ' to get more sheep. The farmers in was but a few years ago oi ranching j the north are coming down here and country is now changing into a coun try of smaller holdings, consequently wo believe the range side of both the sheep and cattle business will soon [>e crowded out. We are of the opinion however, that some improvement might be made in this range industry as it exists. Ilange lambs when plac cd upon the*market are ustfally very thin and small. If the sheep men would finish their lambs by feeding thoy Would not only increase the total weight, but would secure an earlier maturing animal and would also produce an improved quality of meat. Most of tile range sheep of this province are to be found south of Cul-gary and in this particular district the alfalfa, crop is being developed and is now being grown in paying quantities. It is a conceded fact that is one of the best feeds for finishing lambs. II. has bean demonstrated also that' roots and rape can be raised in paying quantities in the Hotrtherii country. Those feeds, together with a graiu mixture, would moke a very satisfactory ration for the finishing of our range lambs. Tnorofore vj> will buy 100 or 200 sheep for breeding purposes and for selling afterwards to supply the local demand up (here. The difficulty now is to get sheep to buy. There are not enough sheep here in the country to supply the demand and that has something to do with the increased price." The difficulty of establishing the industry in the northern portion of the province arises from two causes: The ravages of the wolves and coyotes, and the cost of fences. The bounty system, lately inaugurated by the government will in a measuredo away with the former. Wu believe however, if sheep are to be'kept profitably in the north they must be held within a woven fence. We ai-e led to believe thnt many of the farmers in various parts of the northern country u.ro anxious to enter the sheep business. Believing then that there is urgent necessity for encouragement we would respectfully recommend that the government of tho province bring in an importation of sheep and distribute them in small lots through out the province. As our climate is could recommend that tho Govern-! somewhat severe ' tho close wooled meiit undertake sheep feeding expert- ' breeds will bo more profitable to profitable ,but they have had a dear lesson and they will not venture again if this company cun dictate the price. We believe that this is a matter which should engage the immediate attention of the government. Thousands of tons of cured meat are being imported from the United States yearly and sold at ridiculously high prices. The money is going out of the country vhen it should and maj be kept here. Wo wish also to state that the imported goods have Secured a name far beyond their due. They are popular largely because they are imported and again because they have been extensively advertised. This imported bacon comes from the corn state where they raise nothing bdt the fat type of hog and feed it nothing but corn. It does not stand to reason that the meat would make as high a class of bacon as that of our oat and barley fed hog. We wish to say thnt this government would bo justified in taking active steps in the endeavor to place the hog industry on a firm basis. We would respectfully recommend that the Government consider the advisa. bility of assisting in the erection ot at least one pork packing plant to be located in the district between Calgary and Edmonton. If it be found later that its operation is successful we would recommend that the Government assist in the erection and operation of a plant in the southern part of the province. In several parts of the district between Calgary and Edmonton we are informed that the farmers were prepared to subscribe sufficient shares to erect the plant but they wanted the government to assist not only financially but also to take over the entire management of the concern. This hitter they believed the government only could successfully handle and cope with the large corporations which would Ixj too ready to injure any such institution. We would respectfully commend the evidence of Jns. Bower of lied Deer for your consideration, as that of a man who has given a groat, deal of sound thought to the situation and the views of whom are representative of ninety per cent, of those interested in tho pork' industry in the province. The fact that a large pork packing plant is in the course of erection near Edmonton under the management of j tho .1. Y. Orillin Co. does not seem! to inspire confidence in those who ; wish to engage In the industry, but ! rather the opposite. s-'AVlietlior ihe , operation of another pork packing 1 plant will help the industry we are > not prepured to say, but wu wish to impress upon the government thu necessity for immediate action on their part in some such manner ns recommended above. on the free life of the rancher. Again thpsc who have experimented have not experienced the most satisfactory results, a matter which has tended to discourage the business very materially. Many of the unsuccessful experiments, however, may bo traced to the close housing of these range raised cattle. Wo are strongly of the opinion that such work will result successfully if judiciously carried out. We would not advise close housing of these cattlo but rather have a good open shed convenient to a good pasture where they can bo fed nnd get shelter/and gradually brought into a quiet and docile condition, the latter being very necessary for successful shipping. Then cattlo are taken immediately off the range and placed in the cars we find that they abuse themselves very badly, not only bruising themselves and rendering the meat in a very deteriorated condition, but in many cases these wild animals 'Will not feed or drink for several days after being loaded, consequent^' fail a great deal if they ure long in reaching the mar" ket. Besides relieving the local market and producing a hotter class of cat-tie for the foreign market, this system would enable us to distribute the shipments throughout the year, and would avoid glutting the market in th,' autumn with an inferior class of cattle. Furthermore the system would not only increase the total vnight of beef but would also greatly improve the quality. Another admirable feature which will result because of the inauguration of the system will be the lack of strnin on the car service deportment in the autumn of the year when it is taxed to its utmost on account of the season's crop being shipped. After listening to tho evidence of exporters who strongly impressed us with the necessity for a better bred nnd better fed animal for profitable exporting, we aro convinced that it would be advisable for the government to adopt means of encouraging the finishing of these cattle. We would respectfully recommend that tho Government establish three cattle feeding experiment stations, distributing them properly throughout the province, and conduct such 'experiments ns will demonstrate the ,feasibility of the entile feeding business, demonstrate that these wild steers con be finished on buy or grain oi green feed. In order to have such a scheme as practical as possible, we iviuld recommend that these experimental feeding stations be conducted (.long with nn energetic system of grain growing for feed .y> that they could be operated at a profit and demonstrate the practicability of tho scheme in every detail. A great deal can bo done by moans of institute AN OFFER WHICH MEETS THE SPECIAL V! WANTS OF ALL, CLASSES OF READERS. The Western Canadian reading public is made up chiefly, of those classes: Persons who have lived in the west for any lengthy period and era.' out-and-out Westerners, iuid recent arrivals from the Old Country, from the United States and Eastern Caiada. Perhaps no one newspaper could "cater with complete satisfaction to all these classes but by this combination offer every special need as met. The Weekly Free Press and Prairie Farmer pives a complete record-vj;ck by week of all happenings in the Western Provinces. In addition it has special departments for American nnd British settlors. The Tamv jly Herald and Weekly Star siipplicsthe former resident of Eastern Canft-da with the news of the Eastern portion of the Dominion in dotaWd f�rn�; and the Lethbridgo Herald provides tho j local Western Wwsy which you. cannot do without. '/ : ......................................190' LETHBRIDGE HERALD: : s Find enclosed $2.50, for which send mo Weekly Free Press and Prairie Farmer, Winnipeg; Family Herald and Wcekiy Star, Montreal; and Le'th-bridgxj Herald, for one year eoch. v�� Stire system, seeking the repair of all nafre* I tissue, and all blood ailments. ' The "Night Cure", as its name implies, doea Kf work while yoy sleep. It soothus sore and inflamed mucous surfaces, heals local weaknesses and discharges, wftile the Restorative, eases nervoui excitement, gives renewed vigor and ambition, builds up wasted tissues, bringing about renewed strength, vigor, and cnorgy. lake Dr. Shoop's Restorative-Tablets or Liquid-rasa general tonis to the system. For positive local help, use as well Dr. tShoop's Night Cure "ALL DEALERS" IF YOU WISH TO BUY ..WINTER WHEAT LANDS.. -CONSULT- HATCH & COONS The choicest lands in ull parts of the Lethbriilge District. HATCH & COONS, Oliver Block, Lethbridge Sunny Southern Alberta Farm Lands and LetEibridge Property We have a large list. Everything we sell is worth the money, Call antl see us or telephone No, 182 Eakin 5 Matthews ltd. lethbridge, Alts. M,w,MwHemnminmnmtnmmmi ;