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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta IN! IETHBRIDGE IIERAItl Tuesday, fchruiiry 29, 197: Carl llownn The U.S. and Bangladesh In HR. 1 S I ,'iiuir.--s on all arms shipments to Pakistan am1 liului. bnl in Ibi! full if it iiKule ubat called ;i linn' UXCL'IIIKMI' lur Pakistan. None llio reached Pakistan and vilitMi bloke oul hchu'cii Knst and West Pakislan, an amend- ment to tbi" aid hill was passed pi-evenlini; arms shipments I'rom sums, fnruatd until the situa- tion between L'ast and West Pakistan TV-US stabilised. This "stabilization" lion between Kast and West Pakistan is now the nation of Bangladesh. As nation after nation extends re- lo lianijladcsh. Mr, Nixon's i. lilies arc demanding to know why the U.S. laqs behind. of the rea- son? is that when the I'.S does re- Uaiiiiladrsh. he will almint certainly have In allow the arms shipments lo reach West Pakistan .selling up a fury of opposition from (lie Democral? aiiii I'mm some Repub- licans as veil. Il be v. ell I" point out in all lairaes.s lhal I ..Y arms shipments have been small in comparison wilh those of oilier countries. The Soviet I'nion has sent per cent ni the lolal ol iorcijrn military supplies reaching India and Pakistan. llritain, France, China, and the U..S. following in lhal order. Bill il is Ihe I'.S. which has lakcn the "realest in Ihe world press. Air. Nixon's Democratic critics are Ihe most vociferous of all Senator Ed- ward Kennedy in particular. Senator Kennedy has been quick to take poli- lical advantage of American outrage over 1hc Pakistan atrocities. He's been out lo Bangladesh lo see for himself. One would have to be naive to be deluded lo the belief lhat the trip was made cnlirely from altruis- lie motives in extending a helping hand lo the suffering. Mr. Nixon cannol delay a state- ment in regard to Bangladesh much longer, lie could scarcely have made an announcement of U.S. recognition before his trip lo China (hereby deep- ly olfending his But if Premier Chou En-lai has decided lhat. China ton musl face (he I'.icls and establish relations with the siruggling new na- tion, ii will make it infinitely easier for President N'ixon to do what lie must do, Ignoring polilical realities solves nothing. Both Premier Thou and President Nixon musl be veil aware of this aller 23 years. Gallic logic After nearly fne years of bitter negotiation. France and Israel have conic lo an agreement about repay- ment plus inlcresl of Ihe money Is- rael bnci deposited in France for 50 Mirage jcl fichtnis which were never delivered. Two before Ihe old- break of the Arab Israeli June 1967 war. Gen. do Gaulle ordered an em- bargo on amis lo all belligerents, but it fell most heavily on Israel which depended most on France for sup- plies. Since then. Israel has been attempt- ing to come to terms wilh President Pompidou aboul ihe return of the m o n c y. An agreement has been reached but il has hardly been one lo indicate a warm up in relalions between the two counlrics. France has always been accused of pursu- ing a pro Arab policy, although it denies lhal il lakes sides in the con- t roversy. France has sold Mirages to both Lebanon and Libya simply by de- claring these hvo nations "non-belli- gerents." It's called Gallic logic. A small mercy Since Ihe trcah banning above- ground testing came into force in 1963 the rale of radioactive fallout in the atmosphere has dropped tenfold, if it were not lor the treaty-shunning testers, China and France, fallout would practically have faded away al- together. These two nations have set off enough nuclear blasts to keep glo- bal fallout more or less constant since 1967. It is some comfort to learn that in a world where .most environmental conditions seem lo be getting -worse. !he hazard of fallout has been lessened or stabilized, at least. If China and France could be persuaded to sign the test-ban treaty there might seem r, in be hope of removing the hazard altogether. Unfortunately even if all nations signed Ih e test ban treaty there would be no assurance of freedom from the menace oE radioactivity. Agreements are nol always kept. And there is Ihe fact lhat the U.S. and the have abided by the letter of the treaty ignoring its spirit liy Iransfering their tesling under- ground. Leakage of the lethal fallout from some of this testing suggests that a clean atmosphere may never become a reality. Yel the grim possibilities should not be allowed to obliterate the fact of a gain. One has to be grateful for .small mercies in the frightening world todav. ART BUCHWALD Mao comes lo America TOASHKGTOX Every ono of us Tho has been glued to the TV set since President Nixon and his party arrived in China now knows more about Ihe People's Republic than be dared dreamed he Thanks to our able TV correspondents, u-e are now aware of what a hat co.sts. what kind of leather people wear on Ihe soles of their shoes, how people walk in a park and hou- many bricks it takes to build z brick tc-ahouse. One can't help projecting into lilt1 future, when Mao Tse-tung makes his first visit lo Ihe Uniled States and his activities are beamed back via satellite to Lhe people in China: "Good evening, comrades thus is pang of the Anti-Imperialist Television work Broadcasting System, bringing lo you live and in red color the banqut-t that Pres- ident is giving in honor of our beloved and venerated leader. Chairman Mao. and his beloved anil veneralcd wife. .Madame Mao. "Ba Ea Uali. what do you make of all (if this R) far" "Wo, the thing that impressed me the most was the reception the American peo- ple Rave ran- beloved Mao. 1 was lold by my interpreter that no one had received such a reception in Washington since Mayor John Lindsay jouicd Ihe Democratic Party. The people seem very pleased to tec Chairman Mao." "Did you see many schoolchildren wav- ing to Chairman Mao "No, I didn't, but the interpreter told me that was because ircst of Ihe children go (n school on buses and il's linn] to see them waving. uhal. impressed you Ihe most so far about the trip'.''1 11 think Ihe thing that impres.sed me Ihe most is that Ihe U.S. Jlnnnc Hand had managed to li Ihe Chinct.c n.ilional anthem. T believe Ibis is a very good sign for fllluie Clmipsr- rclalifrn.s. 'Itiev'rc .starting lo eat now. Do you havft imy Idea vhnt Ihey're eal.iDg, Ba "I have the menu righl here in front of me. The first dish is fruit cocktail, which is supposed to be an American deu'cacy." "It is, Ba Ba Rah. I had some for break- fast and I can assure our Chinese view- ers it is very delicious. Our beloved Mao is now eating his fruit salad with a spoon.'' "Ves. Wo, Chairman Mao and Madame Mao have been practicing for months with a spoon and fork and knUc. They both seem lo be handling them very veil "Quite well. Ba Ba Rah. Chairman Mao looks very much at ease, Who is that he is speaking lo next to ''My interpreter says that is Billy Gra- ham, a minister who is the second most- important man in the administration. The man speaking to Madame Mao is Bcbe Robozo. a friend of President Nixon's uho is Ihe third-mostrimportant man in tbe ad- ministration." "Chairman Mao is now talking to a wom- an. Who is "That is Martha Mitchell, who is con- sidered the most important woman in the administration." "Billy Graham seems lo bo handing pamphlets lo Chairman Mao. What do you suppose they are "I don't know, Wo, but my interpreter says he believes Mr. Graham may be try- ing to persuade Chairman Mao to become a QirLstiiin.'1 ''Now Ecix; Rtbozo ir, handing pamphlets to Madame Mao. What do they "My interpreter says that Bebo Rcbozo Is probably trying to sell Madame Mao some Florida real estate." "Who ,iro people who havo Just come out on the .stage, Ha Ba "The> iiie (lie American entertainers. They are called Ibe Ray Coniff Singers." "One of Ihe women is pulling a sign out of her bosom. II lhat "Oh. no, Wo. My interpreter informs mo it i.s ahi.-iyi flone ujjru somebody rnlcr- lam.s al Ihe While House. Ooronln Kun New! farvlcr) Euphoria over Nixon visit a mistake WASHINGTON So Ihcro was Kisiilui Salo, Japan's I'rimo Ministt-T, watching Ilic China on Ick'n- siou and making the sarcaslic commi'iil: "II must he an his- toric occasion; lie (N'ixnn) keeps Idling us so himself" Despile President Nixon's ad- vance effort t.o hold down jjeclalions from his China il was evident all along thai lie wanted the uorld lo view il as an historic moment diplomacy, as one of [lie great gestures in behalf of world peace in this century u" Mr. Nixon had not wanted it. there was absululcly no way the trip could he1 kept witlim a sane perspective once radio. TV, I he newspapers and magazines began lo give it coverage merited only by Ihe second coming of h e n (iHTcsponclcnls find deej) polilical significance in the way a Chinese plays ''Home- on the or Ihe way Mrs. iVi.viin handles choiwtk'ks, it is nigh impossible to keep the Nixon visit in a perspective thai lias meaningful relation- ship lo a world that is still clog- ged by killing and maiming and intense jealousies and ri- valries. Those warm loasLs in Peking and the other displays of cor- diality do not signify the end of brutal conflict in the Far East. All Iliey say is lhat the Chi- nese are a gracious, civil., dd people something many Am- ericans cbose lo forget during a generation of hostility. It is surely apparent to the Nixon party and its Chinese hosts that normal diplomatic relations be- tween the U.S. and China are lung overdue. No doubt each side is asking it.self how soon it can wipe away the barriers of Taiwan and war in Indochina and gel ahmil Mm business of formalizing relalions. Cynics may say that "toasts" arc just pro forma utterances of men being polite as they plot new but the truth is lhat relations between the U.S. and China can never be Ihe same after this visit, means they are bound to improve. N'ixon, Mao and Chou have heretofore been little mure than dark images from the news pages and the intelligence summaries. At Ihose ambassa- dorial meetings in Warsaw in years pest, it was a question only of someone speaking for "U.S. imperialism" or for "Chi- nese expansionism." Hence- forth, the diplomats will speak for men who live and love and think and hale men who bave shaken hands, broken bread, disagreed and otherwise taken the measure of each cr. Nixon and Mao will hence- forth speak not into the dark- ness of alienation but to each other. That cannot help but serve the interest of world sanity. Yel, where men yearn for something as much as the world yearns for peace, eupho- ria comes much too easily. We eannot afford to forget Mr. NLxon's prc-deparlure warning lhat 20 years of hostility cannot IK erased with one week of talks. Mao HIM Chou know that the Soviet Union is going all cut to extend her influence in Asia, China cannot afford to seem lo "My husband's either on strike or unemployed 1 haven't quite figured out embrace the United Stales m enthusiastically lhal she ardizes her chances of assum- ing leadership not only of Asia but of Africa and all other which China calls "developing." But China also has her fears of and competition with the So- viet Union to push her toward a rappi oclrement with Uncle Sam. She has her historic fear of Japanese aggression to con- sider. She surely retains many doubts about the U.S. willing- ness to abandon thoughts of dominating Asian markets and Short-term tactics are chang- ing ah1 over Ihe Far East as Hit U.S., Japan, India, Russia and China manocuver to take fullest advantage of the new situalion. But it is doubtful if the long-range strategy or ob- jectives of any country has changed markedly. The Soviet Union's foreign policy is dominated by two fears: that somehow a resur- gent, uniled Germany might once again become a Unreal to Russia' a Chinese alliance with the United States might one day create a military men- ace along the vast hundreds of miles of border lhat Ihe Soviet Union shares wilh China. II is simply unthinkable that the Russians will sit idly by and watch the U.S.-China thaw develop without trying to slow il or alter it in some way. It will be long after Mr. Nixon's trip to Ihe Soviet Union before we can begin lo assess the im- pact of bis China trip on the liremhn. It is equally unthinkable that Ihe. Japanese will sit with arms folded while the U.S. and China normalize relations. No one is quite sure what or when, but it is a virlual certainty that Ja- pan will make some new moves soon. The warmth and cordiality of Mr. Nixon's China visit offers hope for a new era in our rela- lions wilh Ihe world's most populous country, ft may mark Ihe beginning of a new era in all of Asia. But only a fool w o u 1 d assume lhat that new era will be free of bitler con- flicts, and even warfare, The door has been opened to civility, but the Peking duck is not yet synonymous with a dove of peace. The road from civilily to peace is slill very Jong and very arduous. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Dare Humphreys Canadians have thankless job policing in Cyprus CYPRUS: A GrerK CyprioL was shot in death last month within :iO yards of a Canadian soldier on duly at a L'N observation post. The location in a pleasant Nicosia .suburb had been trou- ble-free for eight months. The UN was considering closing the post. Then Ihe hjjark came, ignited by .some unwise words or argu- ments. Tension rose dra- matically. Canadian officers of Lhc Royal 22nd Regiment, now on rotation duty here, were on the spot within min- utes. Once agaij] they prcvcnl- cd rapid escalation that could plunge this pleasant little is- land into bloody civil war with major international repercus- sions. The shooLing came durinp a period of relative peace, with little evidence of tension. Ten- sion is running much higher daily now that the govern- ments of Archbishop Makarios. Greece and Turkey arc quarcl- ling openly. With yet another Cyprus crisis simmering, Canadian forces have the thankless job of patrolling the island's sensitive area. They have been assigned to guard the so-called Oreen Line where it .slices ihrough Hie, heart of Nicosia, dividing the Turkish-Cypriol densely populated urban rn- dave from the neighboring Greck-Cypriot areas. Turk and (Irci.-k eye each other suspiciously from fixed military fortifications on n- Ihcr side of the line. Canadians in turn watch both, reporting the slightest change in activity or installfilion on either side. While most of Iho island mains calm and fairly open, the Green Line is figlif. Exam- ples: My 1 n no c.out attempt lo lake non-military photo- graphs brought a Greek sentry running from his, insisting (hat there musl, bo no piclurp.s. I lion my friends I had walked imnoluvd. 'Ilion ;is moved along the Green liinn wo uoro walchrd morn n nd morfi, The word hat1 evidently Ijccn passed aiong by telephone. The line is powerfully light- ed during the night. A burned- out bulb must Ire replaced wilh one of exactly the same wall- age or one side will complain. Not even a sand bag can be touched without touching off an incident, demanding UN super- vision or mediation A single Greek is employed at a cold storage plant in the Turkish enclave a few yards from the Green Line. So lhat he may be maintained in em- Porous paving XEA Service ARE STILL a long way from paving over Lhc en- tire country, but the urbaniza- tion if not "highwayization" of America has already caused a problem in some localities. This is the runoff of imcalciilable quantities of water which for- merly soaked inlo the earth to replenish underground supplies, wilh a consequent overburden- ing of storm sewer systems, not t.o mention the contribution to Hie positron of lakes, streams and rivers. Rul technology may In? com- ing lo the rescue. Chemical and Engineering reports on a porous pavement that lets rain pass through to underground water Uiblcs rather than he wasted via storm sewers. Developed nt Franklin Insti- tute Research Laboratories in Philadelphia, the pavement is made of a new aspbaltic ma- terial that allows up to 70 in- ches per hour of water to How Through. laboratory tests have shown dial it has good resistance lo mechanical stress, cxposirro to nir and freeze thaw cycles niul .should ho cheaper than conven- tional paving with its necessary runoff (sewer) system. The next step will bo lo pavo several acres in different loca- tions with the. material In lest It in aclual use. The insliluln is betting that porous pavement will Ihe profcrrcd pavement of tin future. ploymcnt. a special UN post is manned regularly outside the plant in addition to the Greek and Turkish posts within shout- ing distance. The two factions arc often engaged in a game of one-up- manship. Every point one side may score against the other, every fault is considered grist for the propaganda mill that works continuously. The UN men have to be scrupulously careful Lo avoid involvement or even the appearance of par- tiality. "We have had quite a few in- cidents w li e r e insults and weapons have been directed at one Canadian officer said. A month can pass without in- cidents, then for a few days one will follow another. The pattern is familiar and depressing to the men on the spot. Canadian contingent after contingent has reported I h e same experience for seven years. On the surface Cyprus is no nearer a solution now than .seven years res- idents insist some progress has been made, lhat the economy is moving ahead and that the benefits of peace arc fillerinc through to a majority on both sides. Seasoned observers arc talk- ing now of a solution before the L'iS7 peace keeping forces mandate expires For the 21st time at the end of Juno. ]f il is an imposed solution, by agree- ment between Greece and Tur- key wilh claims to the island, it will be opposed by Arch- bishop Makarios1 govornmcnl. That in itself will ir.can I rou- ble The average Canadian sol- dier can't wait to return home. The novelty of sun and warm 111 and cheap dcsirl lionls wears off after a month. lie writes to his family wl'.o aren'l nllowcd to join him. Most of iiis is boring. yet cxacliiiR. lie is on lonely vigil durinp the night lie is alone on a i-ooflop wilh the sun boating down throughout. Ihe day. lie is riding a bu-ycle nu Pii'lrol. rifle slung over his sIlOlllflfM'. Me livr.s in quarters be- low Canadian Military stan- dards. Komo housing is rcnlecl from Cypriote and when ser- vices break down it can take days lo find the landlord and arrange for repairs. Often quarters have been patched up every six months or so for years as contingents come and go. The fainL hope, even uow held, that this nught be "the last six months" keeps the men from more satisfactory facili- ties. The Canadian Is worse off financially than most of the others because his govern- juent is generously paying its way. Besides, Britain only Canada doesn't charge the 1JN for operational cosLs. Also, the UN pays a monthly allow- ance of about S300 a month 10 nil troops except Canadians and British. The Canadian pay- ment is lillle nrore than a month for Cjpnis duty. Although they are playing an international role of Ihe importance, the Cana- dians in Cyprus (580 of the lo- tal havo their mission deliberately obscured for polil- ical reasons. Officially Ihey are here to maintain law and or- der and to foster a return lo normal conditions so they will no longer be needed. But llwse conditions, to the man on patrol at least, are no nearer than jcars ago. In fact (he forces are here be- cause Cyprus LS a potential East-West flashpoint. The is- land is highly important lo NATO, with its two British sov- ereign bases. For political rea- sons Canadian membership in NATO must be played down. The forces are here of- ficially on a highly restricted, limited assignment, yet one seemingly without, end. They arc one of the knights in Arch- bishop Makarios' giant interna- tional chess game. Their pres- ence, is often vital. As the years MSS it is becoming slowly more difficull to the pm ate on patrol. (Herald London Bureau) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD To build a monster malting plant and use at least bushels of barley yearly, if farmers of southern Albert n would lako up Ihe rais- ing of ninlt barley was the promise mnde yesterday after- noon by Hico Mailing Company of Canada. IfliK Lolhbridgc, Calgary, Kdmonlon nnd Medicine Hat not be allowed lo soil liquor on doctors' prescrip- tions but vendors will be lo- calcd in oach ol these points who will fill prc.s crip Lions for liquor. many Lclhbridge radio owners will doublJcss be (li'lipliled, rcgrcl voiced in Ihe cily on Monday n! Iho rumor thnl the bridgc radio beacon has shut went "over the lop" wilh .n IJHIJR jjfier noon on Saturday when figures showing a total of against Ihe city's Victory Loan quota of were posted at headquarters. The Lethtoidge Herald 501 7Lh St. S., Albcria 15 HERALD HO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published by lion. A. BUCHANAN Sncond Class RetilMrallnn Hn. {1012 ihT of Thr Cnnndlnn Press IMf CnniUH-in n ibllihcrs' Assrciiilinn flncl Ihn Auilil (lui f ,111 f irculnlioni Cl F'n YJ. MOWFRS, I cdipr niMl PuNr LT THOMAS H. ADAMS, G'nrfril HON PILI INI, wtl I HAY tdilrr I diU POY POU'.rl AS K. WAI r> Arlvfilislng Mrtiiflqfir fcdilonnl Hclilor" "THE HtRALD StRVES THE SOUTH" ;