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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 28, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, 28, 1975 IJHTOIUAIS A touch of irony The Ford administration in the United States is reputed to be working on policy guidelines on foreign investment in that country. Such cases as that of the recent J300 million investment by Iran in Pan American World Airways has brought this about. Among the options being considered, it is said, is a foreign investment review board or similar entity that would deter- mine in advance whether a foreign purchase of an American firm would conflict with national interest. There is some irony in this. What the Americans seem to be considering has great similarity to Canada's Foreign Investment Review Board which has not been very favorably viewed across the line. The fear that foreign policy could be disrupted by outside investors putting the squeeze on the American economy through companies newly controlled is probably unwarranted and exaggerated. But the fact that it has surfaced in the .U.S. should make the Americans a little more understanding of Canadian alarmism over foreign control and the proposals for dealing with it. Defection for deflection The recent resignation of the president of Tundra Books Inc. from membership in the Independent Publishers Associa- tion will probably not cause many ripples outside that particular body. Yet the reasons given by Ms. May Cutler, a charter member of IPA, for her resigna- tion ought to be of interest, if not concern, to Canadians generally. Ms. Cutler resigned to bring attention to "the dangerous tangent the IPA has taken away from its original objec- tives." She says the publishers of original books in Canada need "a trade organization, not a political organization, not an activist club, not a vigilante committee." The problem of book publishing in Canada is not a matter of foreign ownership. The problem is one of economics: the publisher cannot put a high enough price on his books or sell a large enough print run to pay production costs. According to Ms. Cutler, it costs from 30 per cent to 50 per cent more to print a bonk in Canada than in the United States. of trying to get this situation rectified the IPA, charges Ms. Cutler, has been pursuing goals that fit current nationalist politics. One of the ugliest aspects of IPA's nationalism, she says, has been its vigilante like inquisition into "Who is a Canadian Some foreign owned publishing firms have not done much to promote Canadian writing but others have. The fact of foreign ownership is not of'critical im- portance in this. The Canadian book in- dustry, as Ms. Cutler points out, could be 100 per cent Canadian owned and it would be no guarantee that the quality or quantity of-original books published in this country would increase. The resignation of Ms. Cutler may not deflect the IPA from its nationalist program but she may have helped a lot of other Canadians acquire a better perspective on the situation by her ac- tion. ART BUCHWALD That's oil, brother WASHINGTON The National Security Council was in executive session When a CIA man rushed in with a cable in his hand. "The Cubans have-just made a big oil strike in the Bay of Pigs. It could be the biggest oil find in the Western Hemisphere." "The dirty someone said. "Wait a said a man from, the defence department. "That's no way to talk about the Island Bastion of Freedom in the Caribbean." "Are you the state department man said. "We're going to have to help them defend the defence department man said. "Against a White House aide asked. the defence department man said. "Remember, Cuba is only 90 miles away from Miami." "I say we go in and take the the CIA man said. said Defence. "That could kill one helluva plane sale. Cuba will need some very sophisticated fighters now that they have oil." "Not to mention anti aircraft weapons, tanks and armored his assistant said "I wouldn't be surprised if they order a billion dollars' worth of arms." "Wait a said State. "Are we going to sell Castro war "Do you want the French to do Defence asked. "Or the his assistant said. "But we don't even recognize Cuba diplomatically." "What has that got to do with selling them Defence wanted to know. "They've got oil. They're entitled to buy anything they want from us." said Treasury. "We have to think of our balance of payments." "He's said the White House. "After all, Castro isn't a bad guy." "He'll probably need Defence said. "We have some new ones being built now with fantastic radar on them. We were going to give them to the U.S. Navy, but the Navy can wait." "I wouldn't be surprised if Castro wanted nuclear submarines." "We've got them. They're on station now in the North Atlantic, but we could deliver them in 30 days." "I don't want to throw cold water on a big military sale, but are we sure the Cubans can handle all this sophisticated "We'll train them, dummy." Defence said. "You mean our soldiers and sailors will train the Cubans in weapons that they may use against "Of course not. Do you think we're idiots? We'll contract the training to a private com- pany made up of Green Berets, ex Marines and Naval ordnance men. In that way we'll be once removed from the sale in case there is any flack from Defence retorted. "I hope Castro likes what we have to sell him." "He'll go crazy when he sees our catalogue I wouldn't even be surprised if he wanted to buy our intermediate ballistic missiles." said State. "Sure. They have the sites over there. All we have to do is stick them in the ground." "When will they start getting oil out of the White House asked the CIA man. "We figure about three CIA responded. said Defence. "That will give us a chance to make up a presentation. We'll send Henry to Havana as soon as he gets back from the Middle East." "Great man, said Treasury. "A credit to the said White House. State finally got the message. "They don't make world leaders like that any more." "I remember th' old days when a strike had something to do with baseball." The right to strike By Paul Hellyer, Toronto Star commentator Is the right to strike fun- damental? Does it have the same philosophical and moral base as freedom of speech, freedom of worship and freedom of assembly? And if it is fundamental, when and why did it gain this status? When asked 'ha question "Is the right to strike fundamen- Labor Minister Munro replied: "The short answer is yes." The short answer, he added quickly, is subject to qualifications such as those contained in the Public Ser- vice Act restricting the right in some cases. Furthermore, the government is trying to work out something now to reduce the adversary concept. Therefore the right to strike is fundamental to the extent that it would be impossible to get agreement from labor to any other course because "we don't have a reasonable sub- stitute as yet." John Fraser, labor critic for the Conservative party, said: "In the eyes of labor it's fun- damental, but in certain cases it's fundamental that the public interest take precedence." He went on to add that "in the absence of a mechanism for establishing fair wages for equal work, labor will never give up the right to strike." He suggested that this really isn't good enough- "As long as the present situation continues, you are going to have the powerful grabbing the goodies and the weak going further and further behind. Also in times jf inflation a lack of civility and a return to the law of the jungle occurs. The pursuit of the labor view that you just pound out what you can get is the exercise of old fashioned laissez-faire at its worst. 'It is inconsistent with labor demands for social conscience on the part of business and government." David Orlikow. for the 1975 By KEA. Ir "Let's go on a fling vacation to Florida, like everybody else iusl in Hysterical Americans fear foreign investments By Carl T. Rowan, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON It is probably impossible to find anything in this society that is as arrogant, racist, Immoral or stupid as the recurring talk about "seizing Arab oil" militarily. But coming very close is the sudden hysteria over foreigners investing in this country's industries and in- stitutions. A Saudi Arabian purchases the controlling interest in a Michigan bank and hordes of people scream that hereafter they'll put their money in their mattresses if they ever get any more money. Word goes round that Kuwait is buying up resort areas around Hilton Head, S.C., and lots of Americans are seized with the horrible thought that a 20-foot putt or topspin lob will never be the same if "those A-rabs" own the resorts. That California firm, Vinnell Corp., might have been excused for accepting a million contract to train Saudi Arabian military forces. But a storm of protest became inevitable when it was revealed that a Lebanese banker was about to buy voting control in this finan- cially troubled company. And then, there's Pan American Airlines. Pan Am. Flag carrier. The name bespeaks America. What a degrading shock for U.S. citizens to read that the Shah of Iran plans to use some of his surplus petrodollars to bail Pan Am out of financial dis- tress and wind up with Iran owning maybe 13 to IS per cent of this once most prestigious American air carrier. I can understand the shock, the dismay, the (ear that envelops millions of Americans. We are all, to one degree or another, chauvinists or if you prefer. We would all prefer that we have most of the money, most of the knowhow, so that it is we who go around buying up or dominating the industries of other countries. Well, I'm telling you that times have changed. Maybe forever, maybe temporarily. How lasting the change will be will depend on how we re- spond to this current crisis. We can avoid the calamitous reactions of arrogance, racism, greed, if we simply ask ourselves one honest question: "Didn't we in the United States create much of our un- precedented standard of liv- ing by investing in, even dominating, the vital in- dustries of dozens of other Intelligent Americans remember how, a few years ago, the British were express- ing outrage that U.S. firms and money controlled the computer industry in Britain. Sensitive Americans are aware that the late Charles de Gaulle became a virulent French chauvinist partly because he resented U.S. economic, political and cultural influence in Europe. Only a fool refuses to concede that U.S. domination and exploitation of copper and the other resources of Chile led to the political tragedies over which many Americans agonize today. Time magazine and Reader's Digest may be only the of Canadian resentment (even paranoia) over U.S. economic and cultural influence in that country. Let me put it as bluntly as I know how: We've been buying iup other people's properties, dominating other people's in- dustries, influencing other people's cultures and in- stitutions, for almost a cen- tury and in a most dramatic way since the Second World War. Now we've run into some economic and political problems. Do we panic because some foreigners are doing here what we've long done in other countries? Or do we play it cool while we reorder and restabilize our in- stitutions? I guarantee you that if we panic, or fly Into an arrogant rage of chauvinism, we shall only compound our problems. And in that case the "buying of America" could become something perilously close to i cloting out sate. NDP, answered the question "Do you believe the right to strike is with a simple and unequivocal "Yes, I do." When queried about possible exceptions he replied "No, these things don't work. Countries with forms of compulsory arbitra- tion like Australia have as many days lost from strikes as other countries do." Pressed on the question of the public interest, he referred to a recent speech by Senator Carl Goldenberg, veteran negotiator, to the effect that workers have the right to strike but there can come a time, in the course of any strike, when the public is hurt sufficiently that the government is justified in legislating a settlement. C. E. Dionne, MP, speaking for the Social Credit party, states "the right to strike is not fundamental. It is a phenomenon connected to a more general malaise which is becoming a potential instru- ment of pressure." Often, he suggests, a decision to strike is voted on by a small percen- tage of the workers directly affected. And, finally, Joe Morris, president of the Canadian Labor Congress: "In a system like ours there has to be a strike mechanism. People must have the right to withdraw their services if they want to. This must be balanced by the employer's right to lock out." He blames much of the present malaise on high taxes, which gobble up too large a chunk of wage increases, and the "boob which 'creates a false set of values and insatiable appetites. Asked (or some indication of hope that labor might co operate in seeking solutions to an obvious problem, Morris replied: "If all parties com- mitted themselves to a cost of living adjustment on a quarterly basis, we might be able to work something out." As for the present, "the workers are scared, and I don't blame them." The right to strike has not always been considered fun- damental. Quite the contrary. From the Industrial Revolu- tion until recent decades strikes were considered "illegal" or "illegal con- spiracies" in restraint of trade. To achieve the present status it has been a long, often violent, struggle for workers who, more than any other group, were the victims of the abuses of the new in- dustrialization. Now, however, in an increasingly interdependent society where almost everyone must rely on others lor goods and services, the relationship between industry and labor on the one hand and the consuming public on the other becomes increasingly complex. The inconvenience, distress and sometimes damage to the public from strikes or lockouts Is real. Strikes, which no one really likes, are justified and tolerated not on philosophical or moral grounds but "In the abfcnce of an acceptable alternative." (Pint t Uriel) ON THE HILL lly Jon Clark, Ml'for Rocky Mountain The opening of the Canada Winter Games reminded me how much things have chang- ed in Southern Alberta, even in the 17 years since I left high school. In 1957, a student in High River High School had virtual- ly no contact with the rest of Canada. Television was un- common, the governments in Edmonton and Ottawa kept low profiles, and all the im- portant events were local. Books told us that Quebec was French speaking, and that there were Eskimos in the Northwest Territories but that was "book infor- and had none of the reality of things learned from personal experience. By contrast, students in the Sportsplex at Lethbridge, or watching the opening ceremony on television, learn- ed about Canada just by being there. They saw that some of the athletes from the Territories are'Eskimo, and they heard the mayor of Lethbridge ex- press part of his welcome in laborious French, because some of the Canadian athletes there didn't speak English. Experience teaches better than books, and the 1975 students will understand the diversity of Canada better than my generation did. Television made most of the difference, but other things helped. One is the oil business. which is so international that there are families in Rocky Mountain Constituency who, literally, lived last year in Algeria, and will move next year to Texas. Oil, and other mobile in- dustries, have made Alberta a province where virtually every student has classmates who have lived in other provinces or cities, and this experience rubs off. There are dangers to this new burst of "information through experience." In par- ticular, the chance to "know the world" through television or travel tempts people to ig- nore their own histories or locales. We must resist the tempta- tion to become spectators rather than participants in history, just as the Winter Games try to arrest that tendency in sports. In fact, in Rocky Mountain Constituency, at least, Alber- tans seem to be getting more active, not less. Chambers of Commerce are being revived so are theatre groups, historical societies, and day care pro- jects, There is active competi- tion in local elections, and several people are taking per- sonal responsibility to achieve important local goals, whether that is better housing in Banff, or volunteer services in Grande Cache, or the preservation of the Highwood River. Letters Athletes say thank-you We feel that somehow we must express our appreciation to the people of Southern Alberta for their tremendous reception. Possibly, for the time, we know just how much it means to be Canadian. Our nation defies geography; the Canada Winter Games have given us a better perspective of just how varied, and at the same time alike, we truly are. We have seen firsthand that prejudices spawned by ignorance are not only totally unfounded, but totally wrong. These Games can only serve to strengthen Canadian unity at a time when it is truly needed. We are honored that we were among those chosen to compete in the Winter Games and hope that many more after us will enjoy the experience as much as we did. We salute Lethbridge and Southern Alberta for accepting the challenge of staging the Canada Winter Games and answering with what is as close to perfection as is humanly possible. It was something we shall never forget BRITISH COLUMBIA MEN'S GYMNASTIC TEAM ROB GATEHOUSE DAVID BIBBY MIKE BURNSIDE MIKE VOSSEN BRENT THOMPSON BRENT SCOTT Sunday bus service I wish to express my feelings about the city buses running on Sundays and the rudeness of SOME bus drivers. The best word I can find for it is "nerve Sunday is the day most peo- ple go to church and the old folks go visiting. If they don't have a car they take a bus. To go to church with a bus they have to go very early or be a little late. When visiting, if you just miss a bus you're there for another hour. With a regular bus schedule these problems would be avoided. Many people find they go to a bus stop just after the bus leaves. On Sunday this leaves you waiting for nearly an hour. When it finally comes, you find that SOME bus drivers are very rude. I know from experience that many drivers start to drive before you get up off the steps. One driver once was so busy talk- ing that a stop was completely missed. On the next stop the bus started moving before the person was totally off. This is a hazardous habit and I suggest the'drivers "watch our step." I hope this letter will bring about some change for the better. Lethbridge NELLA VUCH Evangelist wastes time On February 26, when checking my mailbox, I received what I call garbage mail. It was addressed to Householder and came from a local church. This pamphlet was called Mormonism Ex- amined. Not being a Mormon myself, there is little I could say if this religion is right or wrong, but I was raised with the belief that every man was born equal, and free to pick the faith of his choice. After reading this article, I can find no sound proof in Mr. West's wisdom. If he were like Billy Graham or other evangelists trying to save souls, my hat would be off to him, but by spending 20 years finding fault with another man's belief, I honestly think he has wasted his time At no time have I ever heard of an open forum for church members to argue religion. To each man his religion is his own belief, and rather than lose friends or cause em- barrassment to his neighbor or himself, most people keep their own opinion to themselves. A FRIEND OF ALL FAITHS Lelhbridge The Lethbrulge Herald 504 7th Si. S. Letnbridge, Alberta LETHBRIOGE HERALD CO. LTD Proprieloil and Publishes Second Clasi Mm Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor HOY F, MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor DONALD R. OORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E GARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;