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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 28, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta 1.1 THE il^it^e f>eral5 OA!Ly AND WEEKUY- ProMrictera and l^ubtlthora LKTHBRtOQK HERALD PRINT-'NO COMPANY, LIMITED 'M%i m eth Streat South. Lcthbrldge W. A. Buchanan -f., / >Prti8ldent and Managing.Direot^or r.^mr'Awt Torrance -  Buslneta Manaffcr ' ^ TELEPHONES Bastneas Office .............w 12B2 Bdltorlal Ottlca ............... }2U .10 ubacrtptlon Rates: Dally, flellveretl, per week .., Dallr, delivered, per year .....$B.OO Daily, by mall, per year ......14.00 Waekly, by nia}I,-per year .....11.50 Weekly, by mall, per year to TJ-S.. J2.00 Datfs ot esplry, of �ubacripUons ap-Itaar'daily on dddress label. Accept-nJte of- papers iftc. cxptraticn date Is oi^r authority to 'continue the- sub-sbilpUon. ^THE PROGRESS OF THE WAR The Gerinans have ceased their ad-�^vance Into Russia, according to latest advices. They are said to be acting under orders ot the high command. This ' la an indication that peace will actually be signed between the two countries shortly. The Germans have approached within a very short distance of the capital, and could seier In'thla war. Von Mottko, .Fal-! kenhiyn, yon Kluc^ aiid Von Tlr-(its tea eOmo.ot t2ie German wonders^ fSho were not supposed by somebody 1 make good, 'and' had to execute' vements to the rear; Grand Duke jholas, AlexleCf, and a good manf i^ert^id^opped out among the Rus-iJans;- � Jbffre retired gracefully- in -falso Nivelle, and Caddma stopped back in Italy; French gave place to Hoig in the British army, and Jel-�Uooe'fe Beatty in the navy; Sarrail is cone � from .Salonlca. These were idl PMiolatinqd as worders while >tbey last-fid; and About Joftro at least, there OA have* been. little mistake. men who can actually be spared than to spend the same money on Uio voluntary system and permit thou3,in.U of men wno cannot> be woU 'apared to loavo the country. ; Take �gric\ilturc.' as an ln�ttance. The Military Service , Aet phJlfeOts 11.The voluuiary syj-! torn did not. Under th� voluntary system a; thousand producers of fooil iu Utis diatflct might yield to the call for 8cr\-lce and nobody could stop ithom. The MlliUry Service Act Is selective; it leaves at home Uio men who can ^best serve their country at home. When r man is exempted from service on the c?aira that ho Is a farmer or a iTarni laborer he must remaip with those occupations and produce. He can't shift over to* some other work. That means that agriculture is getting the service of men wlio jiilghtothorwiso go Into some otI\-er buainess, but who cannot do so, because fthey are exempted solely tor tub puri>ose 'ef farming. We admit that the adniiritstratlon of the act haa -been �faulty in many instances. This administration was upon a democratic basis; it ^vas in the I hands of the people and impartial Judges. Mistakes were made; favoritism may have been shown but all the. tribunals -tliat we are familiar with did their utmost to fairly administer the measure. The act may not be getting the number ot men anticipated. We must not forget that In Quebec nearly every man was exempted and the Militia baa been compelled to appeal thousands of oases to the higher courts and it will take time to obtain the final decision. Mayor Church may. object to appeals being allowed but he 'Will have very little support TheJ fact that there are two appeal courts makes the act more acceptable to the people. And when appeals are permitted they necessarily cause delay and expense. When all the appeals have been heard and all the decisions rendered, we hope the hundred tliou-sand men required will be nearer realization. No matter the number of men obtained under this act and no matter the cost, we strongly adhere to the opinion that it Is the f&lr'est method of obtaining men for war service. The voluntary sy^em is not fair; the only person who jbenefita under It Is the' shirker. . LETHBBIDCE:' ftiij^Yf fjjftr^tiy Toronto is 'seeking po\^r to iAx churches and the Y.M.C.A. The nieatless days in the United States have so tar effected a great saving. / Whiskey is being sraugglcd to U.S. soldiers through the malls in loaves of bread. Indians- across the border have purchased moro than |9,000,D00 Liberty bonds. A permanent Army Ordnance Corps for Australia was urged by the Roydl Coniniisslon. A Galnsvillo, Fla., bakery -l�-pnt-ttng a palatable peanut floifr bread on the market, U. S. engineers are-dlsctissing the practicability ot Federal coptrol of coal deposits. Unless production is increased, "w-heatless weeks" are InMninent across tlie border. Farmers at Kirkfield, Ont., are using fi?.h for hog feed. We suppose,.as a result, the hogs are just swimming in fst. OttJ&^iril. 1. the heatless, meatless, andl-wheatlOTS ;daja; wiltfbe followed by'Itqaorleis'-.dayo, .and it will be'np AU'^FooJB Day'jolra either. ' TTieinaybr;�^^^ the library should be biiilL on^tte sguaS-or Gait Gar-deiU.as-wo'flibuld' afwayp call it. Why not'use the square In tlie centre, ot thftgafdana? ; HQULD.t BE NO SLACK * TlMe>l'N TllEvMINES ;-It la InJUovst^g^to note thpt.the fiiel pgntrotierj C. A. Magrath, has brought boHt a.conference between the mine opentsra and miners: of Nova fiootda coal fleldtftor jthejpurpose of-jbrlng- �\ra>ttt grMtf^r |i�Id "durlDg the coming'' year. It is : flUtliW'at .int^ to this field that Ucuret have l>een gathered showing (he poaiible Increase in the output ot ' were the number of available .iQlnci^ ;to work every working day. . during the year. The Increase is put fit 400,000 tona, though were men en-available to vork the mines to i Jtapaottr th^ increase would be more :'tea'1,000,000 tons orer the output JiiTha ifiaot'' of the fuel controller's i iwiirtty to this regard -leads to the ; Mlef-tbat he is working out aome , ylaa ifbereby 9anadian ooa) mines will be able to relieve the ipressure-on (Jie Araarican mines during the coming sununer; Some definite statement to tliis etfaot would help considerably.' it d� npt enough that'the miners and ^ operators agree to produce every pos : i|iblO,ion;'tt Is essential that the Uralrle dealers have it 'Impressed up' �on them, that they must help out, :r fhe sijh^me ity, greater summer ^dva i,Scoila Is the latest proytaoe to/^nfrtLnchlBe' .-the' women, .and th? Ti^t^^/prlob^'obaeryw that New Brans:v�iokf:i! average of J8,205 apiece. Arthur Woods, New York's police commissioner under Mayor Mltohel, win now "direct V.- S. propagandar among neutrals. Dr. Arthur R. Davis, the' Kalser'ai American dentist, who has reached New York, says that Germukny is eager for peace. ' -Justice Leonard Snliken, of- -Now York,-is held in fS.OOO bail ait - Indianapolis on a charge of obnspl;�cy to obstruct the draft. " A carload ot paper shipped tron; Tivermore Falls, Me., took 82 days to traivel 1,300 miles to the otfiqes ot the Chicago Herald. Under new regulations U. 8,. loldten can get all they want to drink In their town homes or in others where,they are bqna-tide guests. Re-v'. C. A. Sykes, of Kitchener, will supply Grace Methodist ohurcli, Wlnr nipeg during Rev. Dr. Hughsoh's year'f absence in Europe. > Dr. J. W;. Robertson asaertad at Winnipeg thai "unless more food is produced th& season the w.air will go un-'der, and'.one million people will be starved." It is the duty of all of us to heed, this warning, and prevent the possIbUHtea that Ia.ce the world Starvation is,a real danger and only .,increaaed> production, of foodstuffs can avoid It. I 0P|RATION OF THE .ITAfV SERVICE ACT iay/W^iShurch of Torontp^' was an ,Yws)it�f^f -the Military- Sfervlcp Act' '�'tliij"''tlme it -was Introduced and ili||:,toQ:*recent;electl'on,s,.,' If It Is cpft^^'and'as useless a measure as ijQW'ooatendSiilie (ihould have been llj^^ou^b �to say BO when the -Wfir^^ln progresa. . ) ,4pi�bf;'�ve'.M;illter* Service- Act Mtjn^ 1^ tiot 'Oti money to operdtn pfto|>*Wy�'*h'e number of men ex-^ >a;l8�d under- }t >are not-,oper;'m(p;tliod of * The talk of a {permanent speakership at Ottawa is again revived. Hon, JSii N,.,|pior la.the ..otel businpsn 'Tiie'oW'iidoa that the bar was bsson-tial to-jOpera^llng a hotel oiiocesafulJy � {ad'lng uway. J. The U.S. war trade board has formally licensed the American Red Cross to "trade with the enemy." . � e>-. Ex-JIayor Mltchel, of New York, Is now on hU way to CalKomia to train for the air service in France.- Bread used In religious rites is exempt from Food Administrator Hoover's wheat flour substitute rulings. Putting patriotism ahead of maternal protection a Now York woman caused her son'a arrest as a deserter. Publishers are urging Washington to strike two-cent coins as a convenience in-the purchase ot newsipapera. It is denied at Ottaw.-i Utat Sir Wilfrid Laurler will accompany Sir Robert Borden to the' Imperial conference. Food supplies to a total of 860,000 tons will be shipped from the Atlantic seaboard. to the allies this month. St Thomaa police have rounded up several men alleged guilty of a number of big burglaries thereabouts tor some time. ' Application of fly* insurance companies operating in Wisconsin to increase their rates ten per cent has been denied. , - . A Pole with a cork leg has been passed Al by the Blmhurst, L.l. ex-, omption board. He is otherwise in ' perfect'health. Josephus Daniels, Jr., son of the U. S. navil secretary, has been promoted from private tp lieutenant In the U.S. M.C.R. , Nelson Morris, of the Morris Packing Co., stated in Chicago' that his plant's profits had been cut in two since last'fall. .,�.;, Japan, says Washliigton, offers to forego the fortification of Formoja If -the States will leave the Phillip pines undefended. Captain Phillip Vincent Sherman bom in Cornwall in 1885, lost his Ufa v^hen the troop ship Tuscania was torpedoed and sunk. ^ Eighteen million pounds ot food-Bluffs, worth over 1580,000 were thrown away in Manhattan and Brooklyn during January. Lieut. W. G. Askey has been Invalided home to Plncher 'Creek from overseas. He wais a'member ot the l92nd 'battalion. Letter No. IV. Ottawa, Feb. 20.-Excepting the war, the meet serious problem with -which the Dominion government i� (need Is that of the milways. A Rub-oommtttoo ot the cabinet is corisldorlng it, but has not as yet come to close grips with tho question. There haa been,! however (one. judges .by what 'he' hears) Monie 'general discussions of the whole question by the ministers; and the possible sqlittlons .oro coming Into the llklit.' ,^  Unless nil indlbatloh* tare at fault, tliere Is certain'to-be an-cxtenslon of government ownership to include every mile of nailnuiy in Canada outside the C. P. R. system. Tho Intercolonial, the National Transoontlu-ental, the Grand Trunk Pacific, the Grand Trunk, and sdme roiilway odds and ends (like the P. G. and B. of BriUsh Columbia and tho McArthur roads out of Edmonton) will be brought together under some pUui ot common management yet to be devised. Tho opposition which developed when tho Draytori-Acworth report advised action along ttioso lines has about died out; because there appears to be no practicable alternative. The Grand Trunk authorities haVe given up any remote hope 'thiatithey mave entertained that they are to bo relieved .of-r*nd even Indemniltled for - their ruinous obligations towards the Grand Trunk Pacific. Their one chance of escape from complete disaster Is to have-their road, taken over by the govemhient upon soilie basl^ which will insure a return to their shareholders - something which is possible of attainment. As for those who have been opposed to government ownership, either on grouufls ot principle or from a fear that pur political organization is too defective as yet to essay undertakings of this moment, they, too, have come to realize the Inevitability ot the impending; changey^. The tact is that we CanatlJans have made such a fearful mess of the business of railway->bulldlng that (leaving aside the Canadian Pacific) �no road can remain in private hands; because no combination of private owners can stand the strain ot fln-au-ctng these systems against tlie doubtful prospect tliat at some remote fu ture they may earn a return upon the Investe*' capital. Undoubtedly, the Canadian Northern railway is, of all these roads, the best business, proposition. The system, skillfully laid out and built with minimum expenditures, has great potentialities as a carrier of freight. Yet as the evidence now coming out before the C. N. R. bpard ot arbitration shows, the road could .....� Ht..UULli.,l not finance upon Its prospects. .It had no attornkitive, ahOrt ot going Into liquidation, ttjr swce^tilng tho offer'ot tllo; govortunonl lo take 11 ovor at a vnliin-tlon. Tho rocorislmotlon of railways by the drnstio prooeduro of a rocolvor-ship and tho cutting down of tho cnpl-tnl liiVostmont to a point \Vhero it can earn  interest, is not �pp.vctlcaiblo in Canada for a variety or reasons. Oov-ornmont-guaranteod! debentures are al-M-ayu jvorth 100 cents, on the dollar, however desporato tho condition of the rond Issuing Iho debontnros. Moreover at tills time of financial stress tho foar that reoolvorslilp - procodinga liv tht oaso-oil a Canadian rallWAy might have very disastrous consociutnces was in all probnibiMty, well founded. The situation with respect to thoso romls might bo put thus: Thoy cannot oon-tlnuD to-' operate .on 'tliolr own re-, sources; It Is Impossiblo for them to finance to meet -tliolr requlrenients for Borviceg and needed iniprovenienta; the drastic proooduro of reorganiz..a-tlon by the courts is not avalliiblb; tho public will no longer tolerate onah advances from tho public, troasui-y to keep tho roads going. With all these bars up there is only ono road open -- thnt of governmont ownership ot tho roads. Tho probabilities aro that tho government will hot, at least at this tlmo, go further than thlsi^the C.P.R. Is Ukoly to remain as it it. . Therola, h'OAvover, a diversity ot view about this inside the cabinet, and outsidO ot it among public men and^ others whoso views the government will likely invite before it roaches so momentous a decision. It Is believed that tho C. P. R. would not resist nationalization if it got a price equal to thu value which its directors place upon the property. The argument that tho C. P. n. was given public osetfftanco In order that It might earn- ten per cent, and that its shareliolders are B.ot entitled, under any circumstances, to a return greater than that is being hoard. It \vould be probffbly a safe assumption that If tho C. P. U. BharehoUlei's would exchange their holdings fpr Dominion securities on a ton per cent basis, wo should see comploto nationalization of railways In Canada; but there is no llkollhood that this proposition would appeal to tliose -ivho aro In charge of the railway. They would demand a price which -woulft net tlioir shareholders something much bettor Uian this. Tho argument, sq frequently' heard, that the profits of-the C.P. R, will pay the deficits upon the other roads. If they aro thrown into the same system, loses'Its attractiveness if the full valuo of these proflU, which In any case are speculative. Is absorbed in advance. In the extra capitalization Involved In the high . price paid for the roaxl. Compulsory . absorption ot the C. P. R. at prico which, in tho judgniont of parliament, ' la sufficient against the. wlglx,es of the shareholders aWcct?d, Uiough advo- THunsi^AY,,.yEBnuAnY 28, ims^ COMMERCE � . (from Our pivn Cotr���ondonl) Oonvmorco,- m.'27.-r-Mr. W. H. Mc-llroy ot Commerce and Mr, Thomnn Tiller 6f Diamond City wore vlsltor� ^o tile.Grand lUodgo at Edmonton Uwt woek. A very pleasant Evening atos spent at tlie homo of Mr. and Jfrs. Clmriey Johnson, on Saturday, Fobniary lOlli, tho occasion boing tho 20th anniversary ot tlielr wedding. About 20 of 'their Itnmotltate friends and relatives woro present. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wilson and family, of Commerce are moving to HafdlovUlo wheiio Mr.Wilson Is working. Mr, iftnd Mrs. Wilson have, for some time past, condii-ctqd the boarding huso hero. Wo unders'land that Mr. A. D^ncolsne of Diamond City will tako chorgo upon tho tormdr's removal.. � . , . Mr. and.Mrs. Mossom on the Dominion system but'bf tho public treasury. AJi altorij^llvo -proposition is that ' the inofease be- grahtod accompanied by a'-provision'that all nail-way revenues in excess of ten per cent on the capital be absorbed by an excess profllk tax'- in that case tho Dominion roads will get tho increased revenues arising- from the Kites, whllo' the O, P, R, once it earns its ten per cent, will turn In its excess revenues to the Dominion treasury. Then, Of (Course, th'era Is the proposal put lA>rward at the freight rates hearing last month by H. J.'^Symlngton, speakine on behalf ot tlie province of, Manitoba^ that a special, war-tax- be levied -upon freight' and passenger traffic, the rev- > eniiea resulting to go into a-special fund carnvarlTed for railway purposes. ' ; : . � A campaign of eradication is being waged byU. S. authorities 'against predatory animals In Wyoming, at the Kansas City laundries -offer their ' request the sheepnjen. striking workers a wage increaie' with a ;j9 a week minimum, btit re-fU89 to recognize a union. . Henry Bowman of Bdroonlon, Alta., a returned soldier, olaiqia to have discovered some very valuable beds of marl in Oxford county. Gov. Phllipp of W*�(Sonaln' ^as named Ervine Lenroot, Rebuplican Congressman, for the vacant- Fedaral -senatorship caused by tbe deati^ of Senator Hustlng. Lenroot baa hitherto urged that senators should be chosen I by popular vote. ':, ,' NEW ISSUE '. y' ^ � Offering of $6,9do,doo Five Year 6% Refunding Gol'd Bonds CITY OF MONTREAL DATED lit DECEMBER, 1917 DUE Itt DECEMBER, 1923 Interest payable-hatf-yeaily-Itt June and December.. Principal and Interiest payable m Gold at the City. Treasurer's Office, Montreal, or at the ^tency of the'Baiik of Montreal, New York. Bonds issued in Coupon form ,in denomfawtions-of $100, $500 and $1,000. v: ISSUE PRICE-PAR. A full half yearns intereU will be; paid 1st June. 1918. The bonds therefore give a net yield to the ' investor of about 6^%. They're chewing it now from one end Canada^ ^ to the other,because they like tjie ijunusual, long|^;| lasting fiayor and be| ^| caus^a^tick a day keepaJ illnes9 aj^ciy* THE BANK OF MONTREAL, Fiscal Agent of the City of Mont-real, is authoriied,io offer t^ above-named bonds for public sal� on behalf of the City, at par, without accrued interest, payment to be made in full on 8th April,-1918, against delivery of the bonds at any Branch, in Canada, iof the �ANK OF MONTREAL, or of any bank the appliouit may specify, or at the Agency of the BANK OF MONTREAL^ New York or Chicago. f i The usue is made to refund a like amottn^ of Montreal Three-Year i% Note*, thti'origfaial issue having been made for public works, in,anticipation of aVpermanent loan. Beginning 28th februury, 1913, applitations fori the b