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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 27, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 14 LETHBRIDQE HERALD Wednesday, February 27, 1974 Environment needs periodic burning By MURDOCH MacLEOD Herald Staff Writer Forest fires are a necessary part of a natural environment and governments are beginning to realize this, the head of the University of Alberta anthropology department said Tuesday. Henry Lewis told an audience at the University of Lethbndge that all Indian groups had practised periodic burning in their environments until government fire- suppression programs began. This included Indians on the Prairies, he said. Yet forest and brush fires are more severe than in earlier times, doing more damage now over a wider area than years ago, he said In some areas of the Sierra of California, fires occurred every 10 to 15 years before suppression began. They were ground fires which cleared out the brush and did not cover wide areas. When suppression began, New grant system for Canada Council will aid U of L A new system of awarding Canada Council grants, expected to be approved by the council next month, will provide important benefits for small universities Owen Holmes, academic vice-president of the University of Lethbridge, said today researchers in small universities like the U of L do not have the same access to project funding available to academics from larger campuses. "It will be helpful to us because of our limited funding Dr Holmes said After a Monday meeting in Calgary with administrators and faculty from the U of L and the University of Calgary, the council announced it would consider funding for major research projects lasting several years and involving a group of people. In the past, the council has supported research in the humanities and social sciences field on the basis of grants to individuals undertaking specific projects. Guy Rocher of the University of Montreal, vice- chairman of the council, said the Canada Council will probably approve the new grants system next month. It will go into effect as soon as the program can be organized, he said. The Calgary meeting was the first time the council had an open meeting in Western Canada. It usually meets in Ottawa. Dr Holmes said he was going to ask the council for funding of the U of L's newly- LOOK! Just Arrived! New shipment Baribeau The leading name in Woodenware Salad Sets Steak Boards Carving Boards Salt and Pepper Mills, Etc. Call China 327-5767 DOWNTOWN formed Institute of Regional Research, but the announcement made by the council means grants for the institute could be available. At the Calgary meeting, professors and graduate students complained of the complexity of Canada Council application forms and asked that a regional office be set up so they could deal directly with it, rather than Ottawa. A regional office has been established in Halifax and council officials said it will take about a year to determine its effectiveness. In addition, a regional office would only have authority to deal with routine matters, they said Culture, youth co-ordinator appointed Max Gibb of Lethbridge has been appointed as Southern Alberta field-service co- ordinator for the department of youth, culture and recreation. Keith Hembroff, formerly of Lethbridge, who now lives in Red Deer, has been appointed co-ordinator for Northern Alberta and Jack Monaghan of Edson has been appointed co-ordinator for Central Alberta. Mr. Gibb joined the department in 1967 after working with the city of Edmonton as a recreation consultant He has also served as a recreation director in Pincher Creek and St. Albert. Mr. Gibb is a graduate of Brigham Young University. ART DIETRICH DENTURE CLINIC DENTAL MECHANIC Schwartz Bldg 222 5th St S 328-4095 BERGMAN'S ROM COVEMNfiS OpOTiThun-MtOFrl. PhoiM32t-0372 2716 12th S. SERVICE LTD. REGULAR EVENING AUCTION it tht WAREHOUSE 1920 2N AVWM Swth THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28th Arts p.B. fc I Lovely king size bed with headboard, good dinette Suite with Table and 4 swivel chairs, small china cabinet. 5 drawer chest or drawers, chrome table and 4 chairs, jig saw, 5 good school desxs. large 2 door deepfreeze freezer, record cabinet 3 folding tables, good doors and windows, 3 wood cribs, small roliaway bed, chesterfields and chairs, leatherette arm chairs, small cupboard, mile single box spring and mattress, astral fridge, 2 bikes, qas heaters, wringer washers, coffee tables and end tables, Catk- wood bedroom suite with dresser, chest of drawers and bookcase bedstead, large meat slicer, chrome chairs, pipe vise cutter, baby buggy, high chair, iron board, large aquarium. Massey Hams electric seperator. camp stove, baby walker, electric heater, kids skis, car top carrier, lamps, vacuums, large post drifl with motor, small bookcase and encyclopedia, good selection of TVs, humidifier, electric motors, jacks rubfe; dinghy, mangle, toys, TV stand, nuts and boffs trunk occasional chairs. nUtTWFOW HURLBURT AUCTION SERVICE LTD. PHONE 3HM70S LETHBHIDGE TEONEWBY AUCTIONEEftS KEITH EMOMANN UC.4M said Dr. Lewis, brush built up until any fire was carried to the crowns of the trees and began jumping from top to top. The fire was then a holocaust. Dr. Lewis said the United States National Park Service became interested in control burning when an ecologist said it was killing the trees for which the Sequoia National Park was named. Now, experiments on the effect of fire on the environment are carried out on a large scale in both Canada and the U.S., he said. Burning, like any other process, results in a succession of changes in the environment. In this case, he said, it provided for more of the food p'ants the Indians gathered, provided more food for the deer they hunted and reduced the fire hazard by clearing the underbrush. The Indians created open meadows in the forests, which attracted game in a place where it could be hunted. The deer in particular were attracted to the brush at the forest edge, which contained some of their favorite foods. Deer populations are heavier in places recovering from recent fires, he said, because grasses and other plants which spring up attract them. And he said game wardens had told him the mortality rate among fawns was lower there than elsewhere because their diet was better balanced. Dr. Lewis also said 20 of California's grass species occur only in areas just burned. In pre-Indian times, he said, the Clovis culture used fire as a tool extensively. The Clovis culture, named for Clovis, N. M., where its tools were first discovered, covered most of North America several thousand years ago. It was of the same stock as the Indian cultures which developed later. The nomadic hunters followed the northward retreat of the last glaciers about years ago, said Dr. Lewis. At the same time, spruce forests disappeared from wide areas and were replaced with jack pine and lodgepole pine. He said this information was based on pollen and charcoal ratios from core samples of soil containing the charcoal layers of ancient forest fires. The pine species apparently replaced the spruces at this time, he said. Science class props stuffed animals nelp Jack Hunter instill environmental awareness in students Gaye Calder and Dick Stephure. Former hunter replaces guns with chalk By JIM GRANT Herald Staff Writer The day of everyone having a "God-given right to bear arms and kill anything that moves is says a man who hunted in Northern Canada for 15 years. Jack Hunter has replaced his guns with chalk and is now passing on his knowledge of animals and their environment to students at the Gilbert Paterson School. He has combined his experiences with an Alberta government hunting and conservation program to develop a new course for the junior high school curriculum. The new natural science course is an example of a teacher developing curriculum on his own. And the students both and girls are keenly interested in what the natural science course has to offer. When the course was first offered to Gilbert Paterson School students last fall, 30 Grade 9 students enrolled. Interest in the course soon spread and 46 students applied to take it this semester but there was only room in the class for the 36 students now enrolled. "I am stressing conservation and basically doing what I can to either stop or severely restrict hunting of any species for so-called Mr. Hunter said in an interview. Mr. Hunter's interest in hunting deteriorated as he expanded his knowledge of wildlife and as the population of wildlife decreased because of a shrinking environment. "I did most of my hunting in the North where the game was he explained. The firearms portion of the course is only offered to provide students with a knowledge of safe gun- handling. No one is expected to fire a gun, but students are expected to handle guns in complete safety, loaded or unloaded. Mr. Hunter said he emphasizes that guns and rifles are killing instruments that must be treated with care and respect. But, he said, it is necessary for both girls and boys to know whether they ever intend to fire a rifle or not when a gun is loaded and then how to unload it. However, most of the natural science course is designed to instill a love of the environment in the students and make them aware of the important role they play in preserving some aspects of Conference scheduled to recall RCMP story Piano trio draws 350 to weekend concerts, sessions Historians from across Canada will be in Lethbridge May 12 to 15 to recall the story of the RCMP at a Mounted Police Conference. The conference will be held in the large gymnasium in the physical education building at the University of Lethbridge. Alex Johnson of the Lethbridge Research Station will chair opening session of the conference in toe morning May 13, and Dr. L. H. Thomas ot the University of Alberta will chair it in the afternoon. The speakers will be: Dr. S. W. Horrall, RCMP, Ottawa, the march west; R. C. Macleod, U of A, the Mounted Police and politics; and Prof. R. T. Harrison, U of A, The NWMP in literature. There will bejilms from 8 to 10 p.m. May 14 Dr. L. G. Thomas of the U of A will be the morning chairman and John Nicks, Alberta Director of Historic Sites, Edmonton will be the afternoon chairman. The speakers will be: D. H. Breen. University of British Columbia, the NWMP and the ranching industry; W. R. Morrison, Brandon SMSLEY'S PLUMBING BASEMENT MCMOOeuJMQ GUFF HACK. BLACK DENTAL UM PHONE 327-M22 University, the police and native peoples of the northern frontier 1895 to 1925; B. 0. Reeves, C. P. Poole and I. Getty, University of Calgary, the Royal North West Mounted Police outposts in Southern Alberta: Their relocation and identification a preliminary assessment and Mr. H. A. Dempsey, Glenbow Alberta Institute, Calgary, Writing on Stone and the boundary patrol. May 15, the morning chairman will be W. R. Sampson, U of A, and the afternoon chairman will be W. J. Cousins, U of L. The speakers will be: John Jennings, Calgary, the plains Indian and the law: Enforcement of law on the Canadian and American frontier, 1873 to 1885; C. E. Daw, Lethbridge, the forgotten horseman the career of Sergeant Major Bray; Mr. Frank Turner, Maclean Hunter Ltd., Toronto. Sitting Bull tests the mettle of the Red Coats, 1877 to 1881 and Henry Klassen. U of C, the Mounties and Canadian history. The banquet address will be given by G. G. Stanley. U of L prof, down east A University 01 Lethbridge education professor will present a paper to the meeting of the Canadian Association of African Studies in Halifax Feb. 27 to March 2. Colin Thompson will present a paper on "The Ultimate Canadian and the Blacks: 186CM920." More than 350 people attended weekend concerts and workshops in Lethbridge by Calgary's One Third Ninth piano trio, a Lethbridge Symphony Association spokesman said today. Norah Hawn said One Third Ninth's appearance was arranged by the cultural affairs branch of the Alberta department of culture, youth and recreation, under a grant by the Aquitaine Oil Co. The symphony association acted as the local sponsor, said Mrs. Hawn, paying for the advertising and renting space for concerts and workshops at the Yates Memorial Centre and Lethbridge Collegiate Institute. "I think we lost a bit of money on it, but il was she said. The Herald's review Tuesday erroneously reported that the visit was sponsored by the Allied Arts Council. The group gave a public concert, two school, concerts and three workshops for piano and stringed instruments for Lethbridge and district music teachers and performers. the natural environment Students must learn to "enjoy the great outdoors and the creatures of nature beyond the merely casual acceptance of it" They are also taught the basic forestry regulations and the authority of those who enforce the regulations. In a section on fur bearing animals, students are shown how to distinguish one animal from the other. Likewise, in another section, they're taught how to recognize the local fish species and as a bonus they're also provided with a few fishing techniques. Upland birds, migratory waterfowl and cloven-hoofed animals and their environment are studied in depth. Mr. Hunter, also a taxidermist, has a collection of animal pelts, antlers, horns and stuffed animals and birds which he uses to make the course more interesting and to give students a "first- hand" view of the wildlife under study. The students are also taken on field trips to view wildlife and their environment. Last semester, they visited the Alberta Game Farm in 'Edmonton and the local Stewart Game Farm. The students held bottle drives, candy sales and many other revenue-creating activities to pay for their trip to Edmonton. They raised and the school provided the other to cover the cost of the field trip. To successfully complete the natural science course, participants must pass a 100- question exam that is provided by the fish and wildlife division, of the provincial government and prepare a report on a specific animal and its environment. If they pass, they are given the Alberta government manual that they used as a reference book for the course, an official certificate of qual- ification and a ram's head crest. The students taking the course have also shown a keen interest in the careers that are related to wildlife and its environment. The careers cover everything from conservation officer and florist to taxidermist and tree surgeon. The course has created interest among teachers of the school too. FOX DENTURE CLINIC Est 1922 PHONE 327-656S E. S. P. FOX, C.O.M. FOX LETHBRIDGE DENTAL LAB 204 MEDICAL DENTAL BLDG. FUEL SAVING! You wiH tort at loww provMtd the) humidity it right POWER HUMIDIFIER ItsWMIi CHARLTON HILL LTD. 126E-2MAW.S. Phm 328-3388 INSTALLATION HUMIDIFIERS LETHBRIDGE REFRIGERATION LTD. WALK-IN FftCEZEM COOLERS ICEMAKEM ill lltn Strwt forth Phone 3M-4SSS Mew for 74 CATALINA by "Air Step" In Bone leathe- and Bis- cuit Wei look Crinkle Patent with (hose famous Air Step comfort features Exquisite New Lisa Debs shown in Some anfl Brown Wlarbefl- izefl we; 'and Navy by Joyce Available rn or wtrrte Wei took or Jen glove AAA, AA and 8 wtdttis WHITE DUTY SHOES Miss OoirrpWes by Kaufman Savage while uniform with tow or regu- lation Marquis Flower Shop CAMM'S 403-Sfh StradS. SHOES Phone 327-1515 ;