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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 22 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ~ Tuesday, February 27, 1973 Algeria could use more political development By HENRY GINIGEK New York Times Service ALGIERS - Algeria, pushing as quickly as possible for economic development, has decided she needs more political development as well. Ten years after independence, the political structures remain as rudimentary as any in the underdeveloped world. Power is at the top, principally in the person of President Houari Boumediene, and there is little in the way of institutions between him and the 14 million Algerians except municipal and provincial councils with little authority or responsibility. ONE PARTY The country's only legal party, the Front of National Liberation, is largely moribund. It has not held a national convention since 1964 and little attention had been paid to it until the president jolted everyone recently by warning that nobody could hope to get ahead in "revolutionary" Algeria until he was a party member. "A revolution needs revolutionaries and the socialist revolution, socialist militants," he told an assembly of mayors. "Whoever has faith in the revolution and the objectives that we seek to achieve must join the party, otherwise he can have no place at any level of responsibility." A young Algerian's reaction was: "I had forgotten there was a party. It has never really existed and nobody ever took it seriously, apart from some old people." The Algerian leadership in all fields is young and interested to the point of fascination in science and industrial techniques, finance and management. Young technocrats busy exploring Algeria's considerable oil and gas resources to finance an ambitious program of industrialization, have had little time and much disdain for ideology or politics. But the country is entering a particularly delicate phase with the launching of a so-called agrarian revolution designed to help a peasantry that still forms the bulk of the population. There is not much good land available for distribution, and effective relief will not come for years until a gradually developing industry can provide a substantial number of jobs to rural residents, some of whom have jammed Algiers and other large cities in a vain search for work. LAND DISTRIBUTED Having distributed some communal lands, the government is taking a census of private properties to determine which are excessively large and can be reduced to provide land for the landless. In the absence of a strongly structured party, the government has had to resort to ad hoc methods to gain support for the plan. University students have been enrolled in teams that have fanned out all over the country to explain to traditionally suspicious a n d conservative peasants what the country is trying to do for thorn. The importance of the municipal and provincial councils is also being built up. Boumediene said that he was holding them responsible for the way that land distribution was to be carried out. For the second four-year plan, which will go into effect in 1974, the councils are also being asked to draw up an inventory of resources and needs. The councils, which began to function in 1966, were supposed to be the prelude to a national assembly which has yet to be established. The president promised the mayors that "the country will see, besides the communal executives, a birth of other assemblies in the future." But he has apparently decided that the party must be given life before the national elections can be held. CAUGHT UNAWARE PORT ELIZABETH, South Africa (AP) - D. H. Short parked his car as usual. He returned to find a parking meter had been installed and he'd been given a $5 ticket for not feeding it. ANNUAL HOG PRODUCERS MEETINGS LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION PAVILION THURSDAY, MARCH 1st - 7:30 p.m. FORT MACLEOD K. OF C. HALL THURSDAY, MARCH 1st - 1:00 p.m. Director aird Delegate Elections will be held. Sponsored By THE ALBERTA HOG PRODUCERS MARKETING BOARD The squalor of tvar A child crawls through a burnt-out vehicle serving as part of a barricade between Protestants and Catholics in Belfast, Northern Ireland, oblivious to the billboard behind him. Bonanza of cash, gifts await PoWs WASHINGTON (AP) -� Americans returning home from Vietnam war prisons are being met by a bonanza of cash, grab bags of gifts, job offers and efforts by congressmen and state legislators to vote them special benefits. Those servicemen held for several years will find up to as much as $10,000 in back pay and allowances awaiting them. On top of that, they may collect thousands of dollars more by claiming a special payment of $5 for each day they spent in a PoW camp. Generally, after a married man was captured or became missing, his service automatically deducted 10 per cent from his monthly pay and allowances and sent the balance to his wife. The 10 per cent was placed in the Uniformed Services Savings Deposits system. At least 10 per cent of the earnings of bachelor prisoners or missing was placed in the savings system and possibly all if he had no allotments for parents or other relatives. The system pays 10 per cent interest, compounded quarterly, but the PoWs have to take it out 90 days after they are returned from overseas. The air force, the only one with such figures, says 79 of its returning PoWs will have between $50,000 and $100,000 but the average is more than $20,000. ALSO GET BENEFITS Civilian PoWs returning are eligible for detention benefits under the War Hazards Compensation Act. Each can receive a lump sum equal to the salary he would have earned had he not been captured. The federal government does not tax the pay and allowances of men for the time they were imprisoned, although the interest on the' savings is taxable. But since this law was not passed until a year ago, those held prisoners before then will have to file for refunds. PoWs in several states will get an added break. Three-Maryland, Nebraska and Wisconsin-follow the federal rule and Oklahoma has exempted such pay since 1971. Six state legislatures are working on sim-i 1 a r legislation-California, Georgia, Kansas, Minnesota, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. However, in some states the PoWs will face big tax bills. Nine states already offer bonuses for Vietnam service but in one of these, Massachusetts, Gov. Francis W. Sargent proposes a $1,000 cash grant for returning PoWs. A $500 bonus bill for returning PoWs has been filed in Alabama for the opening of the legislature May 1. In Washington, Colorado and Wyoming, children of PoWs have been offered tuition-free college education. Arkansas, New Mexico and Georgia may pass similar bills. But the one thing the PoWs must give up, in -addition to their tax-free status, is federal education payments under the GI bill for their wives and children. After the father returns, those in school can finish out the term and continue to receive Veterans Administration payments. The fathers, will be entitled to the usual benefits, including GI schooling. And to help them, the veterans administration has assigned former prisoners of war to advise them. President Nixon reported the past week that job offers have been flowing. in for the PoWs who don't want to remain in the'military. The National League of Families, an organization composed of relatives of prisoners and missing servicemen, is working with the Pentagon to decide which of the various gifts offered the PoWs are acceptable. So far five have been given the full go-ahead: a lifetime pass to all major league baseball games, lifetime membership in Amvets, an all-expenses paid week's vacation for the family in a Miami Beach, Fla., hotel-motel, free transportation to the hospitals in California by Pacific Southwest Airlines. Prisoners riot SAN BRUNO, Calif (CP) -Prisoners at the San Francisco Comity jail set fires and smashed windows in a six-hour disturbance Sunday over food quality and other jail conditions. Police said almost all 600 prisoners in the institution took part. The fires were brought under control and the prisoners returned to their cells by nightfall. Today you can enjoy the luxurious stretch-out comfort of Queen-size sleeping. At Queen-size savings, too Cramped? Crowded? Find yourself huddled at the edge of the bed every morning? If so you need a larger sleeping area. Queen-size bedding for instance! Our Firm Posture-Mate 2-pc. sleep set has 20% extra sleep space and it comes with fabulous savings too! This stretch-out beauty will give you the most comfortable night's sleep imaginable. The secret of its comfort lies in the construction. It has extra support in the centre third of both the mattress and foundation. Sisal padding for proper insulation. Plus layers of white felt over the coils and Serofoam for surface softness. All this is covered with quality printed rayon that's perma-freshed with Sani-Gard.r If you're being squeezed out of a good night's sleep, move up to Queen-size ao.w and enioy our oversize savings too! Steel frame. With wide rug roller casters Reg. $27.98 21.98 Furniture Dept. Queen-size sleep set $ 159 STORE HOURS: Open daily from 9:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Thursday and Friday from 9:30 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Centre Village Mall. Telephone 328-9237 ;