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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 27, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THI LITHBRIDOE HERAID - Saturday, February 27, 1971 EDITORIALS Bruce Hutchison Unemployment situation In his speech to Liberal faithful in Regina recently, Prime Minister Trudeau did little to clarify his government's economic philosophy, particularly in regard to the unemployment situation. Pointing to the Dominion Bureau of Statistics figures indicating that there had been a drop in seasonally adjusted unemployment, he said this was an encouraging sign and stated that the government's economic policies were on the right track. He did not point out however, that when unemployment is very high, the department of manpower steps up its retraining program, thus siphoning off large numbers of people from unemployment rolls. This year, with thousands of people, including many recently graduated university students, out of work, the retraining program has been stepped up, counteracting the seasonality of the unemployment rate. The manpower policy assumes that there are skill shortages to a marked degree in Canada, and tries to train personnel to match the jobs. But is this working? Is the manpower program actually reducing unemployment or is it training workers to come on the labor market to replace other workers who then go into training? To date there is no way of knowing answers to these questions as we do not have an informational department doing the necessary re- search to produce them. Mr. Trudeau also stated that because of the severity of the winters we can never expect full, or even acceptable employment figures during the winter months. But it doesn't take an experienced economist to pick holes in this argument for while our winters are about the same as they've always been, the DBS figures show the seasonally adjusted rate has been rising steadily over the past few years. The DBS also indicates that seasonality is becoming less a factor in Canadian unemployment rates because technology is making it possible for some industries to carry on, regardless of the weather, provided of course, there is work to be done. The prime minister noted also that Canada has a broad, advanced, and expensive social security system, so that governments need a great deal of tax revenue to operate programs properly. But with a quarter of a million people deprived of the opportunity to work, with corporate profits at a record low, how in the world will the government get tax revenues to support its programs, if not from corporate profits and personal incomes? Perhaps Mr. Trudeau is telling us gently that the only way the government can pay its bills is to resort to another tax hike. After all, the money has to come from somewhere. Carl and Betty If you want some good advice right out of the horse's or the husband's mouth, don't marry a women's lib activist. That comes from someone who knows what it's like to be tied to one. He's Carl Friedan, ex-husband of Betty Friedan whose book "The Feminine Mystique" was largely responsible for the chain reaction known as Women's Lib. Life with the "mother superior of women's lib" as described by Carl was a battleground and by the sound of it Betty behaved like a modern Mrs. Jiggs. She threw things. Not only that, she had a lot of her activist friends around, and, he says over half of them were lesbians. He says that there's something wrong with a man who marries one of these "gung ho tobacco chewing types," and he makes no exception of himself. He was a neurotic when he married Betty, he asserts, mostly because his mother was a domineering monster. Although he didn't realize it until after he'd made the mistake of marry- ing Betty, he'd attached himself to a woman exactly like dear old mom -which was exactly what he didn't need. As for Betty's humdrum domestic existence, Friedan says "she was in the world during the whole time either full time or free lance" and when she wrote her book, she was living in a mansion on the Hudson River with a full time maid to do the chores. The most devastating information of all is that Betty, who claims that she wants to free man from the "inequities" of alimony, attempted to get three times more for child support than the courts awarded. "She took advantage of every law that protects her as a woman in New York State," he asserts. It's a kind of coup de grace for the Feminine Mystique, this expose of the high priestess of the cult. She's been revealed as the kind of woman who wants a large slice of the cake and prefers to eat all of it herself. Noise Unnecessary noise is a problem in Lethbridge. It is hard to live in a city without making some noise, but in some areas of Lethbridge it has gone too far. I am referring particularly to motor bikes and to rock and jazz bands. These are all right as long as they tone down their volume, especi- ally in the evenings. The neighborhood is entitled to quiet nights and evenings. If the offenders do not appreciate the feelings of the neighborhood, then it may be necessary to ask that the laws against this sort of nuisance be enforced. -LORRAINE PHILLIPS Editor-for-the-day. Weekend Meditation Blessed are the hungry j^OTHING is sweeter sauce than hunger. Only hunger makes a meal taste good. Without hunger the richest meal cannot waken the appetite. But this is not the hunger of the city's streets. The eyes you see are filled with hunger, some hungry for sex, some for security, some for money, some for love, but most with a nameless desire for they know not what. Blake once made an etching of a man standing at the foot of a ladder saying "I want ... I want ..." Hungry for a better bread than can be made from wheat. Poor fellow! He'll probably die hungry and so unnecessarily. Jesus said that hunger was one of the best things in the world, but he then went on to define the hunger as that for righteousness. For one thing, his hunger is good because he alone will be satisfied. The Psalmist had this hunger when he said that his heart and flesh cried out for the living God. He describes the deer desperately searching for water and compares the deer to his own longing soul. Paul does the same thing. He desired one thing supremely, before which other things became inconsequential, and that was to be like Christ, to have his holiness and his perfection of character. All men have a ruling passion in life. For some it is their country, for others their hope, for others their business. For only a very few is it the holiness of (Jod. Perhaps Roman Catholics are better at this than Protestants. Only a few Protestants seem able to divorce themselves from the aggressive life of business. Roman Catholics do it by the monastic life for the. most part. This is not to say that the monastery rloes not provide many temptations or that the monastic life is not too often selfish and unfaithful to the calling. But by and huge the life ol a monk is fenced about, with a discipline that guides him and the Order provides a conscience that recall Political thriller on the Ottawa stage WHEN Hercule Poirot, the famous European detective, knocked softly on my door lest night and slipped in hurriedly, glancing back to make sure he was not followed, I could see at once that he was under some terrible strain. As you may recall, he had visited Canada on a secret mission last year, at Prime Minister Trudeau's request, to investigate the alarming strategy of the Conservative opposition, but that task, M. Poirot said, had been a small matter, a bagatelle. Now something much more serious was afoot, an affair of grave international danger. In fact, he told me in strict confidence, he came as the agent of the mysterious chief of the French Bureau of Insecurity, Ar-mand Cul de Sac, whose name made me tremble. "Ators," said M. Poirot, after he had carefully drawn the blinds, "It is, of course, the Canadian constitution, what else? Do you suppose, mon ami, that the recent conference at Ottawa and the new constitutional formula were overlooked in Paris? Do you take us for fools? him to his vows. St. Benedict, the sixth century organizer of monasteries, held that "the life of the monk should at all times be Lenten in its character." In other words, the monk was called to a discipline for the full twenty-four hours of the day. The Anglicans also have societies that live in the barest simplicity and on the borderline of extreme poverty. Some orders, like the Cistercians, support themselves with them agricultural efforts. There is some rumor that the original severe disciplines are surrendering to luxury. Certainly it is no rumor that the monasteries have had a falling off in numbers, though some of them have maintained their memberships against the assaults of the world. Yet the hunger and thirst for God cannot be judged by worldly statistics. Nor is there any way of knowing how many people of all faiths pray desperately in the night for the grace of God to lift them from one plateau to another of holiness. So many poor folk resolve again and again, then when they are back at the desk, involved in business dealings and often crooked dealing, it almost seems like a dream that they ever nad such a shining vision and such magnificent obsessions. All men, sometime, in their life, are faced with the wars described in the twenty-eighth chapter of the fourteenth volume of the "City of God:" "Two loves therefore have given origin to these two cities - sclflovc in contempt of God unto the earthly; love of God in contempt of one's self 1o the heavenly. The first, seeketh the ginry of men and the latter desires God only, as (he testimony of I lie conscience, the greatest glory . . in this other, heavenly city, there is no wisdom of men but only the piety that serveth the true God and expecteth a reward in the society of the holy angels and men, that God nviiy be all in all." F.S.M. "Mais non, we immediately saw that a plot had been hatched. Canada was executing some vast manoeuvre certain to shake the comity of nations. But what? It is baffling. "Regardez! The eleven governments of Canada meet. They agree to bring the constitution home from London and rewrite it. These plans look harmless enough on the surface; but then the sinister machination, the coup de main! Mais oui, the power of veto is given to so many provinces, regions and local interests that obviously there can be no amendment, nc new constitution, nothing! "Most foreigners, the naive British and Americans for instance, may suppose that this is all merely a disagreement, a clash of politics, a temporary delay, but Hercule Poirot is not deceived. He knows the Canadian mind, its subtlety disguised by that familiar air of innocence, mat old myth so convincing; so diabolic. Machiavelli, I tell you, wouldn't last a week in Ottawa. "What is the purpose of the latest game? What are the Canadians up to? I put that question to my little gray ceils and suddenly I find the answer. \ Ah, but it is even more subtle and diabolic than I had guessed. It is not a government manoeuvre after all. It is not the work of Pierre Trudeau. It is a monstrous intrigue of the opposition. It is the cunning design of Robert Stan-field and David Lewis. By a constitutional debate they are masking a greater conspiracy. "As you know, the prime minister had long been terrified by M. Stanfield and engaged me to study his political methods. I reported privately that the opposition leader was fatally undermining the government by refusing to adopt any policy of his own and appearing to stand on both sides of every issue while M. Trudeau necessarily antagonized everyone. Alas, even Hercule Poirot was wrong. "I understand it all now and it is a masterpiece of deception. As I watch Parliament from the gallery I see in a flash that M. Stanfield does not intend to win the next election. He is too smart for that. He observes the agony of the prime minister and has no wish to inherit it. "So all the bits and pieces of Conservative strategy fall into place. The marvellous talent of ambiguity, the genius of solemn obfuscation, the demands for economy and increased expenditure, for lower taxes and more revenue, for inflation and deflation at the same time - all this, with touches of comic relief from George Hees and undertones of tragedy from John Diefenba-ker, this is no accident. It is the final logic, the grand design to keep thb Conservative party out of office. And it succeeds brilliantly. "Having solved that problem, I report to the prime minister and he, naturally, is appalled. The poor man realizes that he has no chance of escaping the cruel burdens of power. All his plans for retirement, all his hopes for release, are shattered. After all he has done to affront the voters, there is no way out. "I leave him heart-broken and in tears but I have no time for sympathy when another problem remains and I must solve it, too. So I concen- BERRY'S WORLD "/ say, if people ian't like ihe way things are going,' they ought to get on their yachts and sail away!" "let's Jatt hope Spin doesn't teie vp hockey!" trate the gray cells on M. Lewis. For obviously he ia not what he seems, either. "In the beginning I suspect that as the prospective NDP leader in Ottawa, with his son leading in Ontario, he intends to establish a dynasty, supported, perhaps, by the ardent monarchists of Paris. As a monarchist myself, I find that theory attractive, but it is too simple, a mere distraction, a clever ruse within the family. Non, like the Conservatives, Lewis pere and Lewis fils, the dedicated socialists, have larger plans and at midnight I awake with a start to understand everything. "Of a verity it is all quite plain if you consider it dispassionately. The" NDP desires a socialist state in Canada. Very well, it need only let things go on as they are going now, without taking any risks or responsibility itself. After a few years at most the nation will be totally socialized, the Regina Manifesto enforced in every detail, the economy completely controlled by the government. M. Lewis has merely to wait a little and meanwhile attack M. Trudeau whenever government control goes wrong in the heavy water of Nova Scotia or the latest fiasco in Manitoba. "Oh, to be sure, M. Lewis must pretend that he is discouraged by this rapid progress toward the perfect society. He must stretch his credibility out of joint by arguing that the government has engineered a business depression for reasons of sheer masochism. This, however, is just bait for the groundlings, a gaudy charade. The NDP has no thought of winning office, no wish for power when the government will build the desired system and take all the blame for its failures. "That much has become clear but I still worry. Beneath the sub-plots of the opposition there remains the master-plot of constitutional reform, the unanimous decision by all governments to write a new constitution and the superbly complex arrangements to keep the old one unchanged, for purposes sinister and unknown. Behind an artless face the ruthless Canadian mind is impenetrable. As never before, Hercule Poirot, himself, is baffled." (Herald Special Service) Maurice Western Unsolved problems caused by Bennett dam QTTAWA - Jack Davis, prospective minister of the environment, has announced a major inquiry, involving the federal government and the three most westerly provinces, into water levels and ecological problems of the Peace-Athabasca Delta. The terms of reference, so far as they go, are admirable. As will be seen, however, they do not extend to a key question. Answers are being sought to three questions. What water levels are required in Lake Athabasca to maintain and enhance the natural habitat and the fish and wildlife populations of the delta? In view of ecological requirements, what are the most appropriate stream flows and water levels for the delta area? What remedial measures or works are necessary to nullify the changes and obtain an acceptable flow regime in the delta? Missing is the question: Who is to pay? This is most relevant, given the circum- Letter to the editor stances. Further it is a question applicable not merely to the damage in the delta but to the greater loss.throughout the whole river system east of the W. A. C. Bennett Dam. The point is that Alberta, Saskatchewan and the Territories have suffered, are suffering and will continue to suffer from an action taken in clear violation of the laws of Canada. It has been recently suggested, erroneously, that it was not necessary for B.C. Hydro as an agency of government to obtain a permit for construction of the dam. But the facts are on record and deserve to be recalled at this time. In 1963 pointed questions were addressed to the federal government by Jed Baldwin (now opposition House leader 1 whose Alberta constituency of Peace River is immediately below the dam. Mr. Baldwin sought to ascertain from the minister of public works (then Mr. Deschatelets) whether there had been an applica- Minor hockey a mess To the Parents of Minor Hockey Boys: Do you attend your sons' hockey games, or do you use your coaches as baby-sitters? Are you aware of the type of  sportsmanship Lethbridge is presenting in their hockey circuits? Do you know that the fans, who accompany your sons' teams, are not parents. They are pur.ks. Have you seen the type of refcyieeing being done by Lethbridge referees? If we are ever going to clean up minor hockey, parents will have to know what is going on in their games. 1 think if you aye decent people, and Home parents' still are, you will watch your sons' attitudes more closely. Your Lethbridge Warriors (Juveniles) could play excellent hockey. You have the cream of the crop from southern Alberta, competing against small towns where we can't pick boys. We play the only boys we have. We intend to concede our next game to the Warriors, not because we can't face their skill. We consider our boys' health and well-being, and we cannot subject them to your fouling, roughneck Warriors who use such obscene language not only to the refs and opponents, but the fans as well. We out-played your Midgets, on Lethbridge ice last week, and the retiree, from Lethbridge, gave your team the game by disqualifying our goals on trumped-up charges. Our boys have learned to take an honest defeat, and if Lethbridge continues to be in oinn circuit, I guess they will also have to learn to take dishonest defeats. Parents, you do not have to take my word for these accusations. Go out with your boys and j;ee for yourselves. MRS. K. WALLACE. Gem, Alberta. tion under the navigable waters protection act for leave to proceed. He asked that, in the event of an application, there be ample opportunity for representations b y downstream residents. Mr. Deschatelets, replying four days later (Hansard, page 1,278), said that there had been no application. If there was, the act provided for a 30-day advertising period during which representations could be made for consideration by the government. Asked whether the work already proceeding w a s in contravention of the act, he said that the matter had been referred to the department of justice for an opinion. What that opinion was is not in doubt. On October 14 (no one except the genial warlord of British Columbia seems to have been in much of a hurry in those days) Mr. Chevrier, the minister of justice, again in reply to Mr. Baldwin, stated. "The advice I have received is to the effect that the works in question are included in the class of works to which the Navigable Waters Protection Act applies. The position has always been taken by the department of public works that the Navigable Waters Protection Act applies to a provincial government or an agency thereof." By March 26, 1964, no application had been received. The government, according to Mr. Deschatelets, was looking into the matter of whether it acquiesced in the continuing breach of a federal statute. This, apparently, it went on doing until Mr. Bennett's dam was completed. As there was no permit application, there was no opportunity for representations by the downstream residents now suffering in consequence of the work, Ironically, it appears that British Columbia did apply for a permit to build a bridge on an access road. This may have been considered a safe procedure, since bridges do not menace people on the lower reaches of rivers. According to Mr. Davis, preliminary hydrologieal studies indicate that filling of the Wil- liston Reservoir "appears in part responsible for reduced water levels in Lake Athabasca and ecological changes in the Athabasca Delta." In that case it is presumably responsible also for damage upstream and also for low water on the Mackenzie which has required remedial works by the federal government at the general expense. Another factor was probably reduced rainfall. Obviously, this was unavoidable; what made it so serious was the reduced flow from British Columbia. Moreover, Mr. Davis adds: "Ecologists say that a continuation of low water levels in the Athabasca Delta may permanently change the vegetation and in turn the animal life. They say that it is especially necessary that high-level flood flows cover the delta not later than the spring of 1972, in order to avoid permanent ecological changes." Bee ause of Wood Buffalo Park, Ottawa has another concern. In the words of Mr. Looking Through the Herald 1921 - Scores of women fainted, many were bruised and otherwise injured, an auto was damaged by women climbing over it in Portland as policemen battled 8,000 women who turned out to a sale at the opening of a new five-ten- and fifteen cent store. 1931 - The fair board has resigned in a body over the refusal of city council to give a guarantee in the event of a deficit for 1931. 1911 - Airline officials an- Davis: "The basic purpose of Canada's system of national parks - to preserve examples of our national environment - is imperilled in this case." When private individuals violate laws they are subject to fines or imprisonment. Even with governments in international matters principles of compensation often apply. It is odd that less appears to be expected of provincial governments within a federation. There Is perhaps a case at the moment for concentrating on the three questions specified by Mr. Davis. Answers having been found, however, a fourth question ought to be posed. What reparations are due from the British Columbia government for the damage suffered, primarily by the people of northern Alberta, but also by those of Saskatchewan, the Mackenzie and Canadian taxpayers generally, as a result of Premier Bennett's ruthless course? (Herald Ottawa Bureau) backward nounced it is expected the new schedule will have three trans-Canada hops, both east and west, in operation daily beginning early in April. 1951 - Beginning March 2, city mail deliveries in residential areas will he cut to once a day. Men who were taken off carrier duty will be absorbed on inside work and will fill vacancies as they occur. 1961 - Two young children were drowned here when they fell through the weak ice of a lagoon near the Provincial Jail, just outside the city. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;