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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 27, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta CBC survival is at stake over cable TV By BOB DOUGLAS OTTAWA (CP) - Survival of the Canadian broadcasting system is at stake in current discussion on cable television policy, the Canadian Radlo-Televiaion Commission made clear Friday. The commission suggested that television station! may have to be bolstered by such measures as compensation by cable operators and their subscribers for loss of viewers to imported American channels. This proposal was one of a number of alternative ideas suggested by the CRTC in a 30-page report en-titled The Integration of Cable Television in the Canadian Broadcasting System. The commission will hear submissions on these proposals at public bearings in April. The commission said that "cable television, If allowed to develop as it has until now, threatens the existence of the Canadian broadcasting system." Pierre Juneau, CRTC chairman, told a news conference that Canadian political existence and the "cultural identity of each region of the country" are in doubt unless cable can be integrated into the broadcasting system. The CRTC chairman said that the commission does not favor either a "laissez-faire" approach to cable or restricting cable by limiting the number of American channels that can be imported. Aim is survival But the aim was to develop the television industry so that it could survive in competition with American television. CRTC guides last year issued a list of priorities for new cable systems which included only one American commercial and one American non-commercial station-with some exceptions permitted. Mr. Juneau also said the CRTC is anxious to find ways of avoiding a ban on microwave relays of American programming to points far from the international border. The CRTC now permits limited microwave use. He told reporters that cable television now reaches 22 per cent of Canadian households, about 1.2 million families. This was up from 500,000 subscribers in 1967. The commission said in its report that this "fragments" the audiences of local television stations. A large number of outside channels, Canadian and American, take away viewers from local stations. This makes local stations less attractive to big advertisers, the report said. Mention compensation . One way to help local stations might be to provide compensation for loss of viewers to non-Canadian stations. This could be based on a transfer of a percentage of a cable system's gross revenue to television or there could-be a direct surcharge on subscribers. The commission said it would like to hear submissions on how such funds could be collected. The CRTC suggested this might be a "disincentive" to carrying American stations on cable systems. But Robert Short, president-of the Canadian Cable Television Association, and W. D. McGregor, president of the Canadian Association of Broadcasters, said they saw difficulties in the proposal. Mr. Short said he opposed the idea. It would create a precedent-one part of the broadcasting industry supporting another. Mr. McGregor said he appreciated what was being attempted but he doubted that the public was ready to pay much more for cable service. But the C.A.B. president said the report is a "first-rate document" giving a good outline of the problems of cable. Other proposals for integrating cable in broadcasting: -There could be common ownership of cable and television operations. -Cable operators could negotiate with Canadian stations to carry their programming. -Local television stations could install transmitters for U.S. stations and rebroadcast the signals to local viewers. -The entire country could buy cable systems, perhaps eliminating free-air broadcasting entirely. The commission also said it would like to hear submissions on competition by cable systems in the same geographical area. The CRTC has largely discouraged cable groups from competing in the same area. Snowmobiles break down The LetKbridge Herald Forecast. High Sunday 20. VOL. LXIV - No. 66 "Serving South Alberta and Southeastern B.C." LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1971 * ? ? ? * Price 15 Cents FOUR SECTIONS - 66 PAGES Year of growth predicted for Alberta in 1971-72 Record budget set by Socreds ACCUSED OF CONTEMPT - Prme Minister Trudeau wai accused Friday by all three opposition parties of contempt of Parliament for his remarks to a group of students in the parliamentary corridor. Mr. Trudeau, who denied the accusation, explains his comments to reporters (top photo) following the session of the Commons. Gerald Baldwin (lower left photo), Conservative House leader, and Stanley Knowles, New Democrat House leader, also make their viewpoints known to reporters following criticism in the House. Levesque seeks re-election of separatists9 party head Bv DON MacPHERSON QUEBEC (CP) - Rene Levesque came back Friday night Mr. Levesque, who for many people personifies the Quebec independence movement, appeared before about 2,000 mem- bers of the Parti Quebecois to ask them to re-elect him as party leader for another one-year term. The delegates and observers at the PQ's third annual convention answered with an emotional Plane hijacker given reprieve demonstration of support and affection that left little doubt he will continue to lead the party he founded three years ago. For several months after the Quebec general elections last April 29, Mr. Levesque was contemplating stepping down as leader. The PQ received 23 per cent of the total vote in the election, second only to Premier Robert Bourassa's Liberals who got 45 per cent of the votes cast, but Air. Levesque questioned his further usefulness as leader. EDMONTON (CP) - A year of sustained growth and near-full employment in Alberta was predicted Friday by Provincial Treasurer A. O. Aalborg as he presented a record $1.2 billion budget for 1971-72. In his third budget as Premier Strom's treasurer, Mr. Aalborg held spending to a five-per-cent gain from last year, but it still will be necessary to come up with $166.2 million in borrowing and from reserves. LAST BUDGET In what was probably his last budget - he plans to retire - he called for expenditures of $1,207,220,940 and revenues of $1,040,956,150. As expected, in what many consider an election year, there were no tax increases and no new taxes, leaving Alberta as the only province without a retail sales tax. Opposition members declined to comment on the budget saying merely that it was an important document that had taken months to prepare and they couldn't assess it in minutes. Peter Lougheed, Leader of the Opposition Conservatives, said his party would give a position in the House sometime next week. v To finance the $166.2 million deficit, Mr. Aalborg said four money sources will be used: 1. Direct borrowing of about $85 mililion. 2. A loan of $6.5 million from the federal government's special development fund set up to deal with unemployment. 3. A surplus of $315,800 from the income account. 4. An estimated $70-million cash balance from the current fiscal year which ends March 31. Last year's budget called for a deficit of $112 million which also was to be financed out of reserves and through borrowing. The deficit - Mr. Aalborg wouldn't call it a deficit budget because of a "razor - edge" surplus in the income account - shows up in the capital account and in statutory payments where spending of $198,-037,240 exceeds revenues of $31,454,650 by a large margin. The income account shows revenues over expenditures, $1,009,501,500 to $1,009,185,700. Education takes up the lion's share of the budget, 35 per cent. Estimated expenditures are $426,533,600 compared with last year's $404 million. The new environment department gets $10 million to look after pollution and water control. EXPLAINS OUTLOOK In his budget speech, which took 55 minutes to read to a packed house, the treasurer said the brighter outlook for the coming fiscal year was aided in good measure by excellent prospects for the oil and gas industry. Increased well-head prices and higher export quotas to the United States "should provide gains in this industry equal to or better than those achieved in 1970." Royalties are expected to jump $50 million to $170 million with rentals and fees gaining $3 million to $58 million. However, sales of crown reserve leases and reservations are expected to dip sharply to $41.4 million from $75 million. Mr. Aalborg said one aspect of the economy that concerned him was that expenditures continue to climb at a faster rate than revenues, but "the same thing is true of every province in Canada." Health spending in the province will take more than 20 per cent of the record budget, only the second billion-dollar plus budget in Alberta history. Mr. A a 1 b o r g estimated spending at $96.1 million, up $10.5 million from the current fiscal year. It will cost the government about $6.3 million to subsidize premium rates for low-income families under the Alberta Health Care Insurance Plan. High unemployment made its demands on the budget with the appropriation for public assistance increased to $49.8 million from the current year's $46 million. However, that $46 million is misleading because the government recently got an extra $16 million to meet its assistance payments. Budget highlights VANCOUVER (CP) - A 19-year-old Shingle Springs, Calif, youth who was turned down as a conscientious objector, Friday night won a reprieve against deportation to face air piracy charges in Seattle after a Western Airlines jet was hijacked to Canada. Lawyer Tom Berger was granted a Writ of Habeas Cor- during teStS Informative OTTAWA (CP) - Eleven different makes of 25-horsepower snowmobiles all broke down in one way or another during six weeks of federal tests here. Hugh Young, federal automotive safety engineering chief, predicted that manufacturers may be required to produce quieter machines with more reliable motors and electrical equipment as a result of the tests. Space for safety kits might also be required. "We had to add a number of safety features, notably engine shielding, before the test drivers would even get on them," he told a press briefing. Six drivers from a private engineering firm began carrying out the tests in January, A report is expected this spring but the results may not be reflected in legislation until 1973, because manufacturers gear up assembly iines 18 months ahead. "They're pretty unreliable," Mr. Young said of the machines used in the test. It was hoped the tests would help eliminate individual bad features and incorporate in all machines individual good features. The tests were carried out during Ottawa's snowiest winter in a sand pit. One machine was so noisy drivers tried to avoid it, Mr. Young said. It was tested last. drug series is planned The Herald will begin a six-part series on drugs on Monday, by staff writer Jim Wilson. We believe this series is of such significance that it warrants space on the front page. Although much has l>een written about the drug situation, Mr. Wilson has been able to bring freshness and new approach to the subject. His information has been gleaned from extensive reading as well as from a series of interviews. We believe this series will make a valuable contribution to the understanding of drug-taking and will be appreciated because of the objective tone of the writing. pus by Mr. Justice J. G. Rut-tan in British Columbia Supreme Court which requires immigration authorities to produce Chappin Scott Paterson in the court Monday to show cause why he should not be released from their custody. Paterson, a first-year college student when he was drafted into the U.S. army, pulled off Canada's first international hi-jackingThursday night when he diverted the Boeing 737 to Vancouver from its scheduled destination in Seattle. There were 66 other inductees on the plane and all were on their way to Fort Lewis, Wash., for six weeks of basic training before possible assignment to Vietnam. The Writ was obtained while a special immigration hearing was being held on Paterson's application for landed immigrant status. The hearing adjourned after seven hours when it was learned the Habeas Corpus Writ had been granted and will resume Tuesday morning. The Immigration Act prohibits the landing of anyone admitting or involved in a "crime of moral turpitude." No charges have been laid against Paterson in Canada. In Ottawa, meanwhile, Justice Minister John Turner told the Commons the government is giving "immediate and careful ooosideratioo" to the case. Seen end heard About town    A N announcement being made at a planning seminar that Erwin Adder-ley, who earlier had extolled the virtues of the simple life, had taken a job hoeing potatoes . . . Kirt Ellison showing skills as a pizza maker and Larry Jack showing equal skill as a pizza eater, whiie a dozen friends at a party waited their turn for one of the succulent goodies . . . Ray MacPherson mistakenly believing that a large gash in his forehead, self-inflicted with his own paddle - ball racquet, would escape being reported in this column. EDMONTON (CP) - Highlights of the 1971-72 Alberta budget presented Friday night by provincial Treasurer A. 0. Aalborg: Record budget calling for spending of more than $1.2 billion. No new taxes or increases in current rates announced. Expenditures estimated at $1,-207,222,940 and revenues at $1,-040,956,150. Deficit of $166,266,790 to be met through withdrawals from reserves and direct borrowing of about $85 million. Education spending will jump to $426,533,600, representing more than 35 per cent of the total budget. An increase in income tax revenue to $242 million from $222.5 million is expected. More than $10 million budgeted for the new environment department. Estimated revenue from 'No thanks! We're just looking!* State of seige declared CALI (AP) - President Mis-ael Pastrana Borrero declared a state of siege in Colombia Friday night and sent troops to the country's university campuses after 15 persons died in rioting at the University of del Valle. A spokesman said the dead included 11 students, soldiers and policemen, and 49 persons were reported wounded. Thirteen were near death. Pastrana blamed the riots on radical leftists and said they were part of "an extremist subversive plot." Violence erupted early Friday when troops and police surrounded the campus- where about 5,000 students have been on strike for two weeks trying to oust university President Alfonso Ocampo Londono. They said he refused to name a dean of science they recommended and accused him of misusing funds for new construction at the school. sales of petroleum and natural gas leases and reservations reduced to $41.4 million from $75 million. Appropriation for public assistance is increased to $49.8 million from $46 mill i o n because of the high unemployment rate. A ceiling of $38 million put on grants to municipalities under the municipal assistance act. Budget details on page 24 Policemen killed in gun battles BELFAST (AF) - Two policemen were killed early today as gun battles raged in the fire-lit streets of this Northern Ireland capital between government forces and snipers of the outlawed Irish Republican Army. Two snipers also were believed dead, and four policemen were wounded. The wounds of one were so serious he was administered last rites. There had been two weeks of uneasy peace in Belfast before violence erupted Friday night, caused by the explosions of several gelignite bombs and fires in the city. A hail of bullets from automatic weapons cut down three unarmed policemen standing with arms linked between jeering Protestant and Roman Catholic crowds in the Ardoyne district of the city. Two constables who ran to their aid also were hit. Troops of B r i a 1 n's Royal Highland Fusiliers returned the fire and reported shooting two civilians, one carrying an automatic weapon. The deaths of the two policemen brought to 13 the number of fatalities since religious rioting in Northern Ireland began anew a month ago. group Two-car crash kills six people TROIS-RIV1ERES, Que. (CP) - Six persons were killed today in a two-car accident on a highway between Larouche, Que., and Trois - Rivieres, about 100 miles northeast of Montreal. No other details were immediately available. V Waffle disapproved by NDP candidates TORONTO (CP) - Disapproval of the Waffle group, which wants self-determination for Quebec, was voiced Friday night when the five candidates socking the leadership of the federal New Democratic Parly spoke at an all-candidates' meeting. At one point the Waffle group was called "an organization within an organization" which "will deter us from our objective as a party." Leadership of the party is up for grabs when T. C. Douglas retires in ApriL HER MOON WALKER COMING HOME - Apollo 14 commander Alan B. Shepard Jr. as he and his wife, Louise, come face to face and start to embrace after the crew was released from quarintine at the Lunar receiving Laboratory at the Houtton Manned Spacecraft Centre Friday. ;