Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 27, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta
LETHBRIDGE HEBALD SPECIAL PUBLICITY NTJMBiSK ALBERTA REALTY COMPANY Place of Business: Lethbridge, Alta., Canada Does a General Real Estate Business We have Lands for Sale in Cardston District, Taber District, Raymond District, and Elsewhere Correspondence Solicited. Send for our Lists and Descriptive Advertising Matter Improved and Unimproved Irrigated Lands Sugar Beet Lands Fruit Lands Apples are Grown Here, and Small Fruits in abundance Coal Lands Alfalfa Lands Winter Wheat Lands Grass Lands AD Kinds of Farming Lands Improved and Unimproved Farm OUR FAITH IN THE COUNTRY IS THE FACT THAT WE HAVE 3000 ACRES UNDER CULTIVATION WITHIN 10 MILES OF LETHBRIDGE Lethbridge City Property New Townsite of Coaldole Farming In a Com State and In Southern Alberta Compared By FRANK MAXWELL, Farmer is I HAVE BEEN endeavoring to make a comprehensive com- parison "between Southern Alberta and some of the tan- ner states of the U. S. from a farmer's point of view. I was bora and grew up in what is known as "The Corn for corn constituted the principal crop and though it j was never used as actual cur- rency, in my time, I know there was a time when such was the condition of affairs, I well remember when my fa- ther raised a "Big Crop of Corn" of 40 bushels per acre and sold it for the remarkably low price of 13 cents per bushel, which was a gross return of per acre. Li later years corn has been selling for from thirty to fifty cents per bushel, and a 'good crop is estimated at from. to per acre. Cora is generally planted about May 10th and has to be cultivated continuously and well until it is "laid by3'" somewhere near July 1st. and when it is ready to husk in the fall it tak- es a man that understands the this principal crop pro ducing from f 12.00 to per acre, and requiring all the labor which I have mentioned raised on land valued from It to calculate the interest on the mon- ef invested. I am too busy, but the farmer makes money even under those conditions, but it is to per acre, be that you have time mav business to day. 'crib" one acre per by diversified farming. Corn is fed to hogs, cattle, horses etc., and these iu turn are sold in or- der to realize on the investment. In some instances the farmer op- erates a dairy and is lucky if he can get 2 or 2 l-2c per quart wholesale for his milk. uSTow, one would naturally think the usual commodities of life would be much cheaper in an older country, but flour, cof- fee, tea, sugar, meat and cloth- ing are about the same price and coal is two or three times the 200 acres of wheat and be through with it all by the time he would be ready to begin to cultivate his 40 or acres of corn. Now, if corn yields 40 bushels per acre and commands a price returns per acre will foot up and 50 acres produces on land valued at 000.00. On the other hand, the grower of wheat in Southern Alberta will easily get an aver- age of 30 bu. per acre at 80 cents per bu. which is per acre or on 150 acres, which he has purchased for less than I have tried to be very con- servative in my estimates for wheat often yields 40 to 60 bu- shels per acre and brings 90c to per bu. f.o.b. Lethbridge. The land referred to in this ar- ;icle is known as "Dry Land" to listinguish it from the irrigated and and every "farmer ern Alberta will agree with me hen I say that irrigation is not needed for the growing of small If a man farms "under ultimately turns When I First Saw Lethbridge By JAMES McCAIG W KEN I PIEST saw Lethbridge, it was in September, 1900. Th town was pretty quiet and it wa. Sunday besides. Even then there were people in Lethbridg who did vnot leave their house on Sunday. Charlie Simmons met me at the train and we hac the whole street to ourselves. expected him to ask me to take off my boots when I hit the er price, but a crop to be garner- j U1S attention to the raising of ed requires a great deal more la- to dairying for there bor than it does here. In Southern Alberta we do not is big money to be made in that way. Milk wholesales at 5 cents per quart, and retails at 8 and know what it means to have crop'10 cents alfalfa has proven failure-such as being to Jc to as a t (Bulk producer. A crop of alf- out by hot wmds, eaten up by j when at its begt 4-fo grasshoppers, destroyed by hail 5 tons per acre. Hy" neighbor, or cyclone or on the other hand t this year, baled and shipped his et so much rain that the to British Columbia at. a r las no time to ripen and is caught by the frost and badly damaged. Here, one man, alone, can seed and cultivate 150 to price of per ton f.o.b. 1 Lethbridge. The hay crop, with .irrigation, is an easy and sure thing and this industry in the I Lethbridge distrct is certainly 'only in its infancy." Wheat, oats, barley, rye and flax, also potatoes, turnips and other vegetables yield ally well, and as for j is a well known fact that Alberta J stands pre-eminently above other western countries for the breed- ing of horses and cattle, as a strictly prairie production. The native grass answers every pur- pose for, feed and stock raising has been the chief industry in the past. It is bound to be a great the future. Our market stretches east to Liverpool and west to the Orient -for everything the aggressive and enterprising farmer can pro- J dace. We have the 'market and 'can "produce the What more can we ask FKANK MAXWELL. TIMOTHY HAY ON THf HYMOP FARM Sec. Lethbridge. Fanner. platform so that we would noi waken anyone, but be kept talk- ing and laughing most inconsid- erately all the way up to the Lethbridge House. Billy Hen- derson kept it then and has kept it ever since and I expect he will keep on keeping it as long as he is around. At that time it was only a couple of stories high but even then it looked im- posing. It had a balcony out in front up stairs. Two or three cow-punchers were tilted in hard armchairs which were the only picturesque feature to be seen in the vestibule down- stairs. I was glad to get off the train The "magnificent distances" were beginning to pall on me. The Crow was not carrying any "Spokane Flyer" in those days not yet got to like the low-sheltering canopy of the prairie heavens as I have since. I suppose we are not really any nearer heaven on the prairies than we are any place else. This and the mirage are a couple of prairie illusions. After traversing what was al- most unsettled prairie from Re- gina, broken only by one of the sandwiches of the kind that has made Swift Current a place in story, Lethbridge seemed almost congested to it wasn't really. Looking out from the Lethbridge House there was the wide open square with the hall on the other side and with never a tree between. There was no- thing where the Henderson- Downer Block is and nothing where the .Union. Bank is and nothing where the Bank of Mont- real now stands and the hall seemed so high as to be a false note in the prairie landscape. Between 7Dr. Mewburn's and the barracks was another open spot. Then came the manse and the Cavanah's home with J. at the end of the line. J. D.'s house looked pretty high tob for the prairie. I couldn't say whether it was putting in the splendid isolation stunt or whether the postmaster expected to be pinched for territory. I am satisfied since that he was look- ing ahead to the day of the five- roomed cottage which seemed to be the prevailing type of resi- dence of the time. Out to the west was jRiveryiew with Sender-1 son's straight down street, and the Duff home looking neither south nor west but lying along the slope of the hill. _ Going from the old Presbyterian church at that time Si Sanders' place seemed pretty well out. The ground was clear out to the school and from there o John Beid's terrace. Going north the station was scarcely noticeable. The stacks and dump )ile of the mine were insible in he distance with the Hardie louse between and a couple of pws of box-like houses running ast towards "Westminster Road. On a guess I should say there ere between and eople in town including thei North Ward. Although the men that were doing business in town then have held on with consistent optimism' and faith and have deservedly made good since, the most, hopeful did not look for a trebling of population and a tenfold increase in business in eight years. Lethbridge was not out to hurt Chicago at that" time. Outside of town, the contrast with the present country was al- most greater than with respect to the town. The way was open for the cayuse in any direction. Every place was 'just over yon- der" and the direction of the trail was the same as the way the finger pointed. There were no wire no devious road allowances! Prom Leth- ridge to the Chin the only land- marks were the stockyards, Cot- trelTs" (later Captain: McDonald's) and Mollpy's. Jim; Thompson had six miles to himself. George Kussell's at St. Mary's was the only break between Lethbridge and Magrathc Scotty Boss, Sandy McNabb ancl George Houk, were down by the river on one side and Neidig's and Charlie Crager on the other. The Staffords', Barnes'' and Davis' were on north of bridge. There were no real good farm houses or barns, no alfalfa or timothy, no oats. or winter wheat and the garden patches looked as though the owners were, on a long holiday and the gar- dens were a long way apart. Jt was a time in both town rad district in which each place seemed a larp mark. RAILWAYS OF THE FUTURE 3f The following railroads have charters for lines touching Lethbridge. C.P.R. branch line from Cal- gary through the rich country north of Lethbridge to this city. This road will be start- ed this year. C.P.R. line from Weyburn in Saskatchewan to Lethbridge opening the practically un- known country south of the Cypress Hills. C. N. R. from Saskatoon to Lethbridge; G.T-P. from .Saskatoon .to Lethbridge. St. Mary's River Railway jfc from British Columbia east to this city. AN IDEAL DISTRIBUTING CENTRE Lethbridge is the natural distributing point for Eastern British Columbia and South- ern Alberta. It on the line of railway wh ich taps the rich mining country to the west. .In that part of British Columbia there good mar- ket for produce. Lethbridge is destined to be a great wholesale centre with the trade of thousands in its own immediate district and in British Columbia at its doors. THRESHING SCENE NEAR LCTHBRIDQE.