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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 27, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD SPECIAL PUBLICITY NUMBER ALBERTA, THE BANNER PROVINCE OF THE DOMINION A COUNTRY rich in natu- ral resources, blessed with an equable and tracing climate and acres in area is one to make it- self felt in the world's councils, granted it is inhabited by a orous race and governed wisely. These .conditions constitute the good fortune of Alberta, the youngest and luckiest province of the Dominion. The people of Alberta are an independent op- timistic and progressive people, courageous men and women ga- thered here from the four points of the compass, and so with a rich Province drawing people of fine mettle, and ari intelligent, progressive Government. the splendid advance to be made by Alberta in the next decade is not easily foreasted. being carried on with good prom- ise of success. Medicine Hat is famous for its quantities of na- tural gas. Has not Kipling said 'that remarkable -city "has all Hell for its basement." The town has been lighted aud heated by natural gas for some years, and the gas is so cheap that the city finds it less expensive to let the street lights burn all day than to employ a man to turn them out each day and re-light them. j Unlike its sister Province on ;the berta has valuable resources in its forests which are found throughout all of the Province except the South-East. These are principally of poplar, spruce and tamnrac, the first of these being exceptionally useful to the! settler for fences, firewood and I log buildings. Spruce and tam- If progress similar to that on the other hand are large- tbe past three vears is made in j lynianuiactured into lumber: the that decade Alberta in 1920 will and Saskatchewan have a population of close on to valleys are particularly rich- in r r L-.AV.U j-i with a corresponding ithese trees' the Dominion. For! Tlie fisheries of the Province, the past three years have been a j though as yet almost unexploit- growing period'and Alberta, per-! are quite extensive, pike. pickerel and trout being found in most streams, while the white- fish, a delicious fresh water fish, haps more than any other por- tion of Canada has benefitted. At the heginnning of 1905, the year in which this Province be-' come a political entity and itsj administration was taken up by a local government the popula- tion was under By June 1906, it had grown to Todav it is officially estimated at Lethbridge then had a population in the neighborhood ities of poultry raising in the Province with the object of keep- ing at home as as possible the large amount of money that wag going into the pockets of ('Mario farmer. the ALBERTA'S NEW PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS AT EDMONTON, THE CAPITAL OF THE PROVINCE vincial administration has more effective work been done than in the interests of Education. A new university has been estab- of this southern railway centre has over Emigration is more and more drawn to this Province, and with i good reason. The climate Alberta" makes it prac- SQ of v x, (.VbVX XAUAij T Tj 1 teem? in the Northern It. fulflls m a Part the promise of Premier Buther- ford, who holds the portfolio of Education that higher education would before long be given in the Province in the Arts, Sciences, Agriculture Domestic Sci- ence. An agricultural college has not yet been established, but agricultural scholarships are pro- vided by an appropriation to give transportation to any farmer's son desirous of attending an eastern agricultural college. The University while open to time to time during winters when game is scarce, the Indians of the North Coun- try have subsisted solely on fish. Resources of Lethbridge District At one time Lethbridge's main resources were considered 11 1 T fco e solely rancning and coal for the mild climate and nch grasses made it an ideal cat- countrv and was seams of settlement of due land are acres of Dimply incalcuable. A decade ago men thought that Southern Alberta was suited only for cat- tle raising. Today the range is passing away and Sunny South- ern Alberta produces the best fall wheat on the continent- it has been authoritatively shown that the entire Province from South to North lies within the wheat belt. Hatural Resources A very'liberal estimate of the water area of the Province and rough land not easily cultivated leaves over acres'of excellent agricultural land as the Province's dower, and whether in the Sunny South, in the loamy central part of the Province or the fertile, Chinook-famed Peace Kiver District in the North only1 one of this vast area -yet known, the plow. ping coal seams and the develop- ment of the immense qoal depos- its here has been going on stead- ily ever since, so that Lethbridge coal is now known throughout the whole West: The natural adaptability of Southern Alberta to stock-rais- ing, made it for years the most noted cattle country in the Can- adian West, while horses fro the Southern ranges have for twenty years been an excellent ad t ertisement for this Province in many parts of the world. I'ut in the past six or seven years Southern. Alberta and tfco Lethbridge district especially, has made an enviable reputation as a district' for grain growing cii.ul raising" small fruits. The fV.Il wheat of this country--the j noted "Alberta j prizes at every big exhibit successfully can be he people Province for its upkeep. intendent who is responsible for them. While 20 per cent, of the Ed, ucational Tax goes by statute to the upkeep of the University, SO per cent, or four times as much is devoted to the needs of com- mon schools in addition to the large sum already appropriated by the Legislature for this pur- pose. Agricultural Aids As might be- expected in a Province of Alberta's possibili- ties the needs of the farmer have been kept uppermost in the con- sideration of the administration. Nowhere in the world outside, visitors say, is there more accen- with in the whole Do minion. (Census of 1901.) Onl were then credited t the four Western provinces. 0 the dozen eggs pro duced; dozen wer produced by the Ontario hen. The average number of hen per farm was 34. The Ontario farmers however, kept 51, while the Alberta farmer kept 22. The average number of eggs per farm was 159 dozen. Of this the On tario farmer produced 241 dozen while the Alberta farmer produc- ed but 90. Of the of poultry placed on the market Ontario supplied bird: A stated portion, 20 per cent, of the Educational tax (on specula- tor's holding tracts of land out- side organized school districts) and a percentage of the Corpora- j I T of the W bufldin province. The Department of Agricul- ture undertakes and carries through capitally a large pro- four western provinces. Some idea of the magnitude of the in- dustry in Ontario can be esti- mated from the fact that poultry raisers of Ontario are feeding more grain to their poultry than all the wheat grown in the Pro- Along with this is iheiaet here now, that the days of whole'districts of the Province! range are numbered. The are under-laid with rich, deposits of: anthracite, bituminous andlig- coal, while the mines al- xeady discovered are of sufficient extent to supply Canada with for centuries. The may go to almost any settler large in the Province and find of.coal there; while -excellent anthracite coal lies salong the eastern slope of the Hoekies. Lethbridge coal has made this city noted, while in the Crow's Nest Pass there are billions of tons of-coal. Edmonton District is also underlaid with coal which is mined at various points, while North of this City and West in the Pembina and Smoky River districts there are enormous de- posits of this useful mineral. Gold has been washed out in paying quantities along the Sas- katchewan for the past thirty- five years and of recent" years several finds of more or less val- ue have been reported from the mountains northwest of Edmon- ton in- the vicinity of the head waters of the Peace, and also in the mountains west of Cardston.i Extensive beds of marl and clayj have beeK found in several parts! of the Province suitable for manufacture of cement. Alreadv! soli and climate of this district are so well adapted to the culti- vation, of the small fr-'ts alreiiUy Lethbridge hi'.ve u provincial reputation, Ktd there is no doubt that fruit c-in-i ninj establishments will shonly nse 11. this district. Development, Past and to Ccme V.'ith Premier Rutherford's re-'cixt of iv.e railway, policy to Lc-poshed award by Ms government, AI la given a new aud very impulse of Already the settlers going iiifo the rich North of AiJiubasca and again -south of ti the Peace are clamourin ior 1 OUR COUNTRY SCHOOLS ARE THE BEST. THIS PUBLIC SCHOOL IS AT WHEATLAND CENTRE .NEAR LETHBRIDGE It was found that the climate and other conditions throughout the province were exceptionally adapted to the industry, and the Government at under- took to foster and encourage it. Under Mr. Knlay's direction a poultry branch was established and A. W. Foley, a man thor- oughly practical depart- ments of poultry work was plac- ed m charge as Poultry Super- mtt: dtnt. A campaign of cational work was instituted at once and every effort was made encourage the industry. Por the past three seasons addresses on poultry raising have taken a prominent place in the Institute work throughout the province. Illustration and demonstration work has been placed before the Kopip at most of the larger tres and at Agricultural Fairs Ihe strong practical articles -from the Poultry Superintendent ap- pearing m the agricultural pa- pers of the West from time to time are exerting a good influ- Only in but the otner western provinces as well. One work most worthy of men- tion is the issuing of Poultrv Me- thods of Poultry re- cognized by authorities as bein" the most practical up to date poultry bulletin ever issued. The bulletin-is illustrated with prac- tical plans and pictures for use ln, successful poultry raising] and deals with the many branch- es of poultry raising in a satis- Ting manner. The merit in this Julletin is assured from the fact ;hat there has been a large de- mand for it from other provinces while one of the most prominent af rjcultural in the Unit- ed States secured a supply to use as a text-book for its 'poultry class work. By way of practical demonstra- ion_ work a number of fattening tations were established in con- nection, with creameries and airds were fleshed by crate feed- ng, killed and prepared for mar- cet in the most improved man- ier. This, work has been highly ecommended by the dealers and onsumers and it is found to have favorable influence on the man- er of marketing poultry in the ruture. As a result of the poultry products But the hen is proportionately doing as great -a work as her cousin, the one difficulty is that Canadians have not yet gone in- to the business in a sufficiently large way to meet the ever in- creasing demand of our markets It is to right this failing, and to help the Albertan fanner to realize all. the immense profits of poultry-raising that the Govern- ment has made this branch such an important feature of its work Congressman Dawson, of Iowa m a recent tribute to the Ameri- can hen said: "The American lien is entitled to a tribute to her industry, her usefulness and ber productivity. The Jen can produce wealth equal to the capital stock of all the bants of the New York clearing house in tnree months, and have a week to spare. In less than sixty- days, she can equal the total product of all the gold mines of the United States. The .United btates proudly boasts of its en- ormous production of pig iron by far the greatest of any coun- try m the world, and yet the American hen produces as much in six months as the iron mines ot the country produce in a year in one year and ten months she could pay off the whole of the interest-bearing debt of the Unit- ed States." in- tion Tax returns provide a sum almost equal to the interest upon a endowment. For the present year of establishment railroads they needt "but' a still .'T.ore (ie'ermined call co.nes frou> i in the 'well S.f-jt hern-and Central "nee- have pressing .need of to pr nsportation for t1 ?ir the Thev !TiC H- Jft t: r h; n, each year ;f a problem. promise to ra-iet need very shortly is a proclam- u'jo-i cf -renewed li.-v TJ cor and widir of Alberta. Some Telling Figures two large cement mills have been! ''The development in eoal-min- estauliahed at Calgary, and will be opened in Edmonton and Crow's Nest I Excellent brick clay is so gen- eral that most towns have a brick yard, while good builSing stone is found at Calgary and Gardston west of Edmonton on Saskatchewan. The oil along exam- and the fields of the North the Athabasca have been _____ ined by experts and are said to be as rich as the oil fields of California These only wait the opening up of the country to yield a rich return for their de- vejopnient. Immense beds of iir smnd have also been found up e' one expert there -wag enough there to pave the it is expected wifl at mmneroua in. tW Already boring ji m tfle Past five years has een enormous. In 1902 the out- coal for the whole North- West amounted to In 1907 in Alberta alone 000 tons were taken out. In 1901, the total crop area was acres. In 1908 the total crop area was acres. In 1905 there were 556 schools organized in Alberta. In 1908 there are 1045 schools in the Province. The population in the past three years has grown from 000 to about With the new railways and branch lines which the Govern- ment of Alberto pledges 'itself to have built, this development of recent years win easily be out- distanced in the next 'decade. expended upon the University, which has opened its classes with 35 students in the upper portion of a Strathcona School. But the main feature of the Educational Policy of Alberta's government is the extension and improvement of the common school system and the results show a fine fulfilment. Already in three years the number of school districts organized, keep- ing pace with the, increased pop- ulation have grown from 556 to 1045, while the organization of schools among the Gdlieians and other foreign immigrants re- ceive more care than in any other part of Canada. They are under; the supervision of a special super-! gramme of work annually. Their staff of experts carry on an ac- tive educational campaign at In- stitute and Agricultural Pair meetings. Liberal grants are given to various associations of horse, cattle, sheep breeders. and Coyote bounties are given to the limit of money at the disposal, in the hope of rid- ding the country as quickly as possible of this "pest, was granted during the current year for this purpose. Poultry Raising Encouraged Another matter to which the Government has directed every possible attention is the poultry raising industry. While this in- dustry is more or less general throughout the Dominion the great central force of the indus- try credited to the Province of Ontario, where head poultry was kept compared vince of Alberta. Owing to the speedy settle- ment of the West in recent years the exporting of poultry has practically ceased, and hundreds of carloads of poultry and eggs froia "tile eastern provinces are brought in to supply the demands of'the West. As an instance of this is an item on the front page of the Manitoba Free Press on Dec. 14th, 1907, where there ap- peared in large type the fojlow- increasing interest taken in poultry raising through the province further sistance is being given the in- dustry by the poultry branch under the direction of the Min- ister in establishing at Edmon- ton a provincial poultry breeding plant. The pens at this plant have been filled with good spe- cimens of the various utility breeds from which birds and effgs will be at reason- able prices to assist the poultry raisers of the province in devel- better class of pure-bred poultry for commercial purposes. Careful attention is being given to develop the most suitable type of bird for market purposes. Trap nests have been placed in tends that the Albertan hen shall play an 'equally strong part in the industrial activity of this pro- yince, and to that end it is help- ing the farmers of the province in the most thorough manner to make the most of the industry m their own and Alberta's in- terest. Creamery Department Among the many branches of york actively carried on by the Alberta Government in the i terests of the farmer there none of greater effectiveness more value than the Dairying or m- is or Department. In fact tne Alberta creameries have made such an excellent reputation for themselves already that at the present moment they can scarce- ly meet the demand for their but- ter at 25 2-5 cents per pound in creameries. When in 1905 the Federal Au- thorities were, about to abandon tne few creameries then in oper- ation these were taken over by the Provincial Government on the urgent request of the farm- ers owning since them au- the various pens to select the One hundred and seventy-five tons for Christmas. Old Ontario finds a big market for her poul- try in the West." As she supplies our sister pro- vince so she supplies Alberta to the extent of some worth anually. Aware of these conditions the Hon. W. T. Fin lay, minister of on taking office immediately under- took to investigate the possibil- In no department of the Pro- DOMINION OOVEftNMINT tXFf It I MENTAL FARM AT LCTHiftlOOC most prolific from which to build up laying strains of the different breeds. As this strain-building develops from year to year the poultry raisers of the province will be able to take advantage of the result accomplished. This is a work of literally great value to the province, how- ever little the average resident realizes it. Probably not even the average poultry-raiser or buyer estimate the actual finan- cial greatness of the industry as a whole. As a matter of fact the poultry raisers of Canada are producing worth of products annually. This seems small in comparison with figures across the border, where thei _ J the operation of the Alberta creameries has been notably suc- cessful. C. P. Marker, a Danish expert, is in charge of .this im- portant branch of the Depart- ment, and he is bending everv energy to make each year show more gratifying results than the past. At present Alberta, because of the excellence of its butter holds the market of the Yukon and the Vancouver shippers who handle the choice butter for the Yukon, state that they want no- MriJL. V .XAV thing else but Alberta butter up there. A high price is received tor butter there naturally, and as it is shipped during the three summer months some hundred thousand pounds of Albertan Creameries' product is in this way taken off the British Colum- bia market just at a season when competition is keenest with Washington, Montana and Sas- katchewan butter, a season, too. when the prices to be had there is at its lowest mark. )ther market where _______ gutter is well received is in" the Orient, where it is shipped hermetically sealed packages. In the past three .years the number of creameries operated has about doubled. The progress made in this department is quite obvious from the following fig- ures; likewise the much greater degree of growth after the Pro- vincial Government took over the operation of these creameries: Still an- Alberia's in Year. 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 of patrons. 315 346 509 510 463 389 767 600 Creameries operated. 5 5 7 7 1 7 8 9 9 12 18 21 21 Lbs. butter manufd. price Value of cer Ib. at Orsamery. Creamery 13.61 20.00 20.98 20.15 19.33 20.92 19.57 20.54 21.36 21.33 23.16 25.43 From 1897, the year of their establishment by Prof. Eobert- son, acting for the Dominion Government, up to 1905 the num ber of creameries had tonly in- creased from 5 to 12. In the past three years this latter number bas almost doubled. It will be noticed that in the very first year of operation by the Provincial 3 overrun en i the increase in creameries and patrons was re- markable almost as much ae in ;he previous seven yean. But the following year 1907 WM the "bad that has gone down with a black mark in the diaries of cattle-men and dairy- This year of disastrous climat- ic conditions so offset the acti- vity of the department that it has taken the past two seasons to re- cover from it. The method of operating the creameries is this Wherever a number of farmers organise themselves into a co- operative association and provide suitable buildings for a creamery (Continued on Neit Page.) ;