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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 27, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBBIDGE HERALD SPECIAL PUBLICITY DUMBER __ __ __---- ______ -AT DV? ttT A A l _ Tr LETHBRIDGE, A CITY WITH MODERN SCHOOLS ALBERTA'S Advanced Educational System, By JAS, T. McCAIG, Superinten- dent Of Edmonton City Schools, and Form- erly Principal Of Lethbridge Public F THE COURTLAND ST. TWO-ROOM MOVABLE SCHOOL, ERECTED IN IS08 TO RELIEVE THE OVERCROWDING AT CENTRAL SCHOOL. Alberta's Advanced Educational System If the people outside of Alber- ta, or indeed oxitside of the three prairie provinces, get the idea that we are engrossed with ma- terial concerns it is partly our own fault. There have been some very interesting newspaper stories framed upon material progress. These have been con- cerned with crop area.-? and crop returns, the growth of towns and their trade, with the advent of irrigation, of beet sugar making and dry farming, that is not so very dry either and with trans- portation. The immigration re- turns have been served up reg- ularly. Everything that can show, as it actually can. that the outstanding feature of the century is the growth vince so far should be on the side of the public or common school, rooms- ROM THE BEGINNING of its history as a town when the citizens pledged iueiaselves to monthly payments to carry on the school until the school district could be legally organized until the present, Lethbridge has always given liberal support to the education of its youth. Tlie men who have sat upon the Trustee Boards have, as a rule, followed a liberal, progressive and far-seeing policy. As a result. Lethbridge stands today on as high an educational level as any western city. School accommodation is a prime requisite in any school system. The rapid increase of population has made the matter of providing sufficient accommodation a serious problem. TJp until I a little over a year ago. the accomodation was sufficient for the needs but during the past fourteen months the School Board has found it necessary to build no fewer 'than three ward schools of two rooms each, in various parts oi the city where the increase of population was the greatest and even with these the rooms were over crowded. Besides these during the past year there has been built the splendid new Central School, containing twelve class- rooms, which is about ready for occxipancy. Of the old Central School, the old part will be torn down, and the newer part, the be refitted for of tne new schools means then a net gain of six class- r__ _ ____ Tte present accommodation of the public school is twelve Before the inauguration of the I departments in the Central School, four for the school, four proviuce there was in operation in the Westminster School of Xorth Ward and six in the'three f) _ T _ __ _ a system of common schools its fitness to survive both the comniodatlll total of nine hundred to a thousand pupils. As the e character of its content and .by j enrollment is about seven hundred, there is now ample pro- of for vision for some time. The rapid growth of the North Ward, how- Ti !Ter' LaS _made to provide more accommodations the School is to douWe. ernment provides for no initial! the Separate School was built years ago it was made grant. The school in its incep- j large enough to allow for considerable increase of school popula- tion and its possession depend- tion and it has not been necessarv to build since ed on the initiative of the people! _ to be served. This is a building operations of the School Board have recently contributing to its success on ac- cost considerably over one hundred thousand dollars. The con- responsibility struction contracts for the new Central amounted to nearly ninety t trougtt tte tip to nearly one hundred thousand. The three little two- an expenditure of about thirteen THE CENTRAL PUBL.C SCHOOL, HAS SUPPLiED LETHBR. DGE'S NEEDS FOR SOME YEARS AND IS RFP; Ar.en nv TLJC murr _ ouwit YtARS, AND IS REPLACED BY THE FINE NEW SCHOOL. ONE WIN? OF THIS BUILDING SE USED FOR A H'GH SCHOOL, AND THE REMAINDER TORN DOWN. to teachers not regularly quali- fied in order to keep schools in operation. The number of these frequently passes the hun- dred mark. The salaries paid to western teachers has attracted many from the East. teachers in The demand the West has for been to per_capitu cost of sec-jtiu- province with ;t credit for 1 i j'i" M 11.11 ;t deem 101" ry education, and the mat-1 rummiistrative work wc-31 -as 01 development of a good Iluished scholarship, and he is news storres. He has caught the optimism of the rime and helped it along not a little himself. Ev- erything has been done to show not so cases cnt cLt, C1OeS the i i I acknowledged Seen tiieu that at tie Present time Lethbridge is with school buildings. The Central School is it fu to thi trntry- tne presence of the but the schoolmaster studiously overlooked. this feature of efficiency "seems! Canada- The number to secure the es-j .2.1 All are surrounded by commodious school grounds. the usual thing.- It would be a mistake to sup- pose that- institutions _ special officer is! appointed to a'ct as a species ofi commissioner, inspector and of-' ficial administrator. Between I m m--------------- -7- I_A L trc ti litical. religious or educational, thirty and forty school districts' standing for the highest services I have been erected" in the foreign! to a people are not moving step districts. inspection -'of! by step with those of simpler schools is in the hands of the! and commoner sort. The of provincial, not local. of-! has the susceptibility common to I ficers. Two cities of the pro- .colonies for seizing upon have local superintendents socializing expedients. I This vapplies not only to public -Politically, there is a coinci- schools, but to separate schools dence and vigor uiiinowu in old- only distinctive character er places. Sometimes there has been appearance of laxness the giving of religious train-1 ing during the last half hour of l j UitoJ. XlUiLT OI in religion. This does not stand the day. 'The number of these for a lack of moral seriousness. for the West is not more serioxis than the East. Educationally it at times seem as though sentiment were even in a better state in the West than in the East. It is not uncommon in Trestern countries to see the school mistress hold the centre of the stage even against the parson. As the West land in all Ages Jias served as a school for i democratic ideas it should not seem strange to have the school house loom up on each crossroad; as the school has always been the first ally of humanity in its progress. towards an advanced and democratic civilization. The West has very slight outlet for ,its-charity in the care of the halt and decripit and old. and so charity finds its best expression mjts care for the children. The grudges not his taxes for his neighbor's bairns. It is. a matter of surprise that VA, schools is at present seven, and none_ have been added. since the province was inaugurated. The desire for schools is in- dicated by the rate of increase since Alberta became a province. The figures are as follows: September, 1905 ...566 December, 1905 602 December, 1906......746 October, 1908 1045 These figures do not take ac- count of the increase in divis- ions or classes in towns and cit- ies, from which it may be esti- mated that the teaching force has easily doubled" during "the i past three years. j the means of increasing the sal- aries of eastern teachers. East- ern boards are meeting the case and the immigration of teachers is slacking. Only twenty per cent, of those at present training in the provincial normal school are from other places. The ay- teachers makes necessary the salary over the province is For first-class cer- tified male teachers the average is and for iemales While it has been said that the western salaries attract eastern teachers the" advantage I appears to be in favor of the low nondescript or. permit of, secondary schools has not yet seized the public mind K- the extent, it should in the iigiit of the country's needs. The need of encouragement of a good system of secondary is rather pointed, must be the case always It that public schools depend the secondary schools for and at present the need or ttachers is very great. A large number of permit teachers m charge of schools is a calam- ity, but. one degree removed 'ft on] the calamity of no school at all. Permit teachers are those whose standing is not re- cognized as an equivalent to our lowest grade of certificate or v.-iiose course and training does not assimilate to our work. In most cases, the body of Pe mit teachers are those who teacher, rather than the highly- not sufficient professional _ 1 "I I T m v -A f r- 1i proving a vigorous and practical Director of university interests. The university is offering gradu- ate courses in arts and science. the of equip- ment for the latter work, course will become a graduate course. KINDERGARTEN SCHOOL, CONNECTED WITH. THE .LETHBRIDGE PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM. IT WAS THE FIRST SCHOOL OF THE KIND ESTABLISHED IN ALBERTA. ternal evidence of progress. The character of school is gen- erally good. Teachers are. chiefly from the other pro- vinces and they represent the most .sturdy and enterprising spirits from .these places. There niay be some want of uniformi- ty of standard in work owing to in training in differ- ent provinces, but the work is essentially vigorous and effici- qualified teacher. The average paid to the permit teacher is as high as the average paid to the regularly qualified second class teacher, which illustrates the general law that in- conditions of stringency inferior commodities are relatively at a premium. Why they should be just as high however, is probably due to the last schools supplied being ready to pay a good price for any kind of teacher. The' somewhat in- creased salaries of the West do not represent a corresponding advantage owing to the high cost of living.-.-. The increased cost of living in the east has had the effect of increasing the teacher's stipend. The continu- ed scarcity of teachers in the in spite of teacher immi- ration is due to short time interest to qualify regularly for wLo hold expired low grade cer- from other provinces. The supply of eastern teachers to can-' noimal school is being decreased. The number o: tei-chers training for work in the province will have to be doubled if not trebled before the demand will be met by the home the province is the class of buildings being :erected both in the country and in the towns and cities. They may be taken to stand for the people's idea of the importance of the work as the people have the making of cpndi-, -------..._s, _c tne tions under which school -wofkl teacher .in. the province about is to be earned on. During the I two .years. '_ _ W.UW.L IfJLJULlC tnat teachers remain in the work in the West. The attractions of business and of land gettin" the average life of the year there have been erected in 'the cities of the province six high and public schools ayerag- The progress of enrollment It is the special care a cost of and 'er two years is Tvrr itrovincial insnpr.fnr coo number fn -fvvnmV over years is by the following figures. The num- ber for 190S is not yet known. December 1905 December 1906 December 190T Figures are not the onlv ex- _ pronncial inspector jib see iir towns' the. work is related to the and gram of studies laid down by 'undertakings for next ve'ar wil This usual character of the work might indicate or suggest rather low professional spirit in fc the condition., -however! The en- the province. There are in al eight provincial inspectors. The .best index of the condi- tion of -educational sentiment in surpass those of this year. Th country schools are steadily im in- construction and surroundings. The best schools are as complete and well equipped, ;heated :and ventilated as the best schools in the east. They are, in -fact, much; better than the eastern schools on the average on account of their more recent design and construction. The city school systems show a remarkable expansion with -re- spect to the. work and service of- fered to pupils. In- two of the cities local superintendents have been appointed and in a consid- erable number such expansions THE WMTWIWSTtR tCHOOt, IN THE NORTH WARD, ERECTED IN have been ergy and spirit of. the teaching body, judged from the-work of the teachers' assemblies and con- ventions, are high. The teachers are .generally of good business sort; they are. not hermits and have large .social influence. It could scarcely be expected that secondary school work .in the province shoiild show the same development as the public school work. Apart from the fact that the public school is everybody's school and that-thej accomplishment of the public school is' the beginning point for ;he work, of the secondary-schoo is such a need for the la- >or and help from grown boys girls among the settlers and such strong demand1 for labor the There is a probability that the expansion of the secondary school system will be accompanied by the introduction of 'practical or specifically: useful courses relat- Tng to commerce, industry ami housekeeping. It has been found that- the popularity and usefulness of the secondary school in Bother places in- creased as they tend to-give di- versified service, and it would be quite contrary to the lines of S'-bool development in growing western countries if a consider- able feature of technical work wercvnot associated .with the more .usual scholastic work. In- dependent of these' suitable ex- pansions there is need arising for the. encouraging of secondary! schools on two common scholastic offices of fit- ting teachers and of fitting ma- triculants for the university. It is understood to be the aim to give special to the teaching profession. It is not improbable that a fac- ulty of education will be estab- 1'shed in the university in the very near future. In the begin- njjig it will aim to give training to pedag-ogy as, part of the arts course during two years. Its 1-rimary aim will be to give larg- er interest in broad educational pVlosopby than .can be given in the briefer courses of the nor- mal schools, by making it part of a broad philosophical course and under conditions that will en- sure greater interest in the edu- cation idea by a longer period of preparation in professional sub- jects. It will, of course, be combined with practical teach- ing. The professional training of teachers is at.present being done in the normal school at Calgary, which is said the best in- stitution in the Dominion of :The work of the school is being- earned on by a staff of teachers. Of. J. Bryan, B. A., is principal. It has a magnificenj; practice school of eight divisions within the build-' ing: It ttained 140 teachers within the year of 1908. On the. administrative sides there seems to be an alertness to match the energy of the work on the technical" side. Two years ago a provincial trustees'" asso- ciation for the pro- vince and two successful ses- sions have been held. The asso- ciation ;is. divided into rural and urban sections. It .has. already shown some influence on 'the cen- tral administration. It takes up such matters- for school introducd. The physical wel- of the children well look- after. The secondary school departments are developing good commercial courses. Whether it should be regard- as an advantage or not the schools have been feminized to the extent that they, have in the aT-A-wvk MH. _ L, _ ed in the unJdeveloped re- sources of the country -that the school -IfcKe pupils is: not as long- it should be. In 1907 only twenty per cent, of the pupils enrolled in the pro- vince were in Standards IY and above, that is, eighty per cent, quit school at the end of Stand- n _. RuMn. The number enrolled provinces. Of 943 in the secondary school Stand- v -T there were 318 males a little over one-third of the number 'One hundred of "these jere holderg of first class certi- ficates and a good many of them university On other hand the fcwtity of of provincial certificatei 1-2 per cent of the total en- rollment. In; the older EngRsh provinces of the Do- minion it is from five to seven per cent. jAs the secondary schools .have not been given ex- plicit status: ana as the grants for this are rather small Considerable enterprise and vi- gor- are shown in the inaugura- {ion of a provincial. university Strathcona. A "gen- eral university act was embodied hi provincial the iirst' session of the legislature. year presi- dent, was appointed and this earr a class, of'forty students are receiving instruction from a fac- ulty- of five professors. Tory, former professor mathematics and physics in Mc- is president. He came to i of school premises, method of colr lectingi the perfecting of school courses, medical inspection of schools, education, the transportation of pupils. The provincial inspectors and super- intendents are exofficio members of ;the association and the meet- ings give a fine' opportunity of exchanging ideas of improve- ments in respect; to all phases of educational work. A critical view of the whole field of educational work in the province begets the view that is ch.-i-acterized by a gratifying aciivity wholly commensurate "it activities of other kinds. A tECOND PUBLIC SCHOOL IN TH NORTH THE FALL OP IMC. WARD, ERECTED ;