Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 27, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta
RICH COUNTRY AROUND CARDSTON E. N. BARKER, Cardston, LETHBRIPGE HERALD SPECIAL PUBLICITY NUMBER YOU ASK Mr. Editor, what are the agricultural sources of the Cardston district. This, of itself, large question, for like the cow- puncher and his bronc. we have so far. been only hitting the ground in the high places. If we are asked in the first place. why we know that this district is a great agricultural region we should say because in its native state it was a great grass coun- try, and, second, in.many town- ships, vegetation was rank, be- fore man turned his livestock thereon to eat down this vege- tation and reduce th'e volume? It stands to reason that where- soever we find a strong 'growi of plant life, of a highly nutri itous character that "that mas of plant life is good for food anc can be turned to account anc utilized for- the benefit of the human race. The plant food that nature provides in profusion in a 'wild state can be duplicated in tame varieties that add to our wealth and commerce, or gener- al comfort and well being. The question of whether this land was good for agriculture should never have been a doubtful one for it was never but a question of finding suitable varieties of vegetables or cereals that were best adapted to conditions that we had around us and that could most rapidly be turn- ed into profit. Every plant flour- ishes best in a condition or in a latitude or at an elevation to which it is "best adapted and we may say that most plants are the outcome of certain conditions and surroundings. Northern vegetation, which has had to struggle against more conditions, is usually and full of vitality, so much so that Timothy at times will grow over 6 feet with heads an inch or two longer. Wild Rye Grass here attains a height of 7 ft. 6 in. Alberta Red Winter was in many places over five feet high in 1908 and the height kept up. with the field perfectly level _ from end to end. Oats will hide horses 15.3 to 16 hands, for when mowing on the far side of a patch, all but their heads are invisible. i Big Yield of Oats j Mr. Thos. Woolford, eight miles east of Cardstou. in 1906 grew 115 bushels of oats per acre on a piece that measured exactly 20 acres. Oats grown here are not. as a_ rule, equal in weight to the Northern Alberta oat which may weigh 45 to 46 Ibs. per bushel, but the Southern Alberta oat will weigh from 40 to 42 Ibs. per _____________bushel which is far heavier than seed, or by only sowing the bestimost oats on this contin- we can increasVour yields and fnt' akout 36 Ibs. per bushel be- perfect our produce. considered a very saleable I oat. In wheat, as to yield and Phenomenal Yields of Grain quality combined, Southern Al- Tields of grain in this localitv is excelled by any may be called phenomenal In known region on this planet, fact it may be doubted if anviManj may able to place on. the planet can beat a! foft Theat but 'is there a place that can excel us with hard wheat, both spring taken care of, but we shall keep on trying others and add to our store, and by care in selection of well tilled farm in Southern__ berta, as to yield per acre of small grain, and, what will strike a practical farmer most, perhaps. is the sterling quality of the grain grown. _ To go still further, the prac- j tical chemist finds that our srrain I when threshed, excels in one. of important industries, and niitriKvA barley grows to perfection in time, be grown especially for feed- Iifty bushels per not an unusual crop in wheat, and winter wheat? Barley Grows Weil t As to barley growing it is in its infancy but is coming by de- and will be, some day, this district. Great Vegetable Country and nutritive qualities, ou cnati-, taking all in all, any lapse we e may make in the future, in're- gard to the quality or yields of I our field produce, will "be the! fault of method or carelessness in our farming operations. Thej rainfall in this district is ample I )f itself for the development of! Crops that we may say are as- arge crops, especially as our' leaviest rains occur in May or June, just when needed. A Striking Feature We have to remember that cer- ALBERTA RED TESTS 67 IBS sured in this region and ___ be called safe as to uniform qual- i mav SUNNY SOUTHERN ALBERTA WH EAT GRADES NO. I HARD AND TESTS 64 TO 67 LBS. PER BUSHEL. Spring and Winter Eve, Clover! of A 1 ft 1 m _ Alfalfa, Timothy, Brome Grass vw a. UCi -t -i i ain localities are best fitted to i J Orchard Grass, Turnips, certain industries, or varieties I Sugar Beets, of farming methods, and as wei. know that a certain variety of when Germany built railroads the Scandinavian plants took po- session of the newly upturned soil, established themselves and refused to be ousted. v We find in .Southern Alberta the evidence of strong soil by the vigorous growth of the vege'- tation that -was here before we tried to cultivate any of the country, and this is duplicated again in the yields and sterling .quality of our cultivated roots and grasses. Our soil SPECIMEN ALBERTA WIN- TER WHEAT CONTAINING 110 KERNELS. I our asset and as Mr. Andrew Carnegie recently said, the key to our prosperity lies in a super- abundance of raw material. We surely must be on the road to prosperity with our abundance of raw material. There is practically no longer! any doubt but that sufficient var- ieties of cereals have been grown and acclimatized here to assure the accumulation of vast wealth to this country, if these _ varieties alone are cultivated and-Mann t grapes in an old country" like rrance, will grow on one side of a road and not on the other, so that a certain brand of cham- pagne or other wine can only be made in one small locality'and not in any other, because of soil or climatic differences, we should not be surprised, if, for instance, a somewhat different method of farming will evolve in time for Taber, we might say, or Cardston. We now kncV that and any other var- suited to a nor- aainst V----- Q v X, w V4.JU. O, them clime. Tomatoes ripen the open and so does corn. The latter is improving year by year and sorts will adapt themselves to Our native prairie produce: vetches of different varieties, wild timothy and brome, besides many other sterling varieties oi or the country conditions, in fact, we feel fairly certain that corn growing may soon be seriously considered as a fodder crop when dairying is more developed. Garden ve- getables that with us grow to particular perfection, and are un- excelled anywhere for yield or quality, are lettuce, cabbage, 1-4..J VUAi FTC 111 VV tV I HA VV VJLLa, V y cereals are different in Northern I cauliflower, potatoes, celery, Alberta to what they are in! turnips, rhubarb, carrots, Southern Alberta, also in the Cardston district we find as TVB go west somewhat different con- ditions to what we have east of us. For instance, Timothy, at Cardston on good sofl will attain a height of 5 feet with heads 6 to 7 inches in but at parsnips, pears, onions and veg- etable marrow, Cucumbers will bear well in the open most sea- sons, which it must be mention- ed is not possible in the British Isles, where, out of doors are not often, a striking success except in the very south and Great Britain is considered fairly good gardening coun- try. v Farming In the Foot-hills There are those who turn up their noses atvour rolling foot- hills but these hills are not rougher or as rough as a great part of the British Isles, and, we venture to say. that in time to come many will wonder whv they passed these foothills by for they will stand higher farm- ing and closer settling than much of the much vauntecl-flat land. In a good season we can not beat the foot-hills farmer at the seed fair, for he grows a larger, plumper berry of the color. His furrow may not be as long but his grain is the right sort, and, when it comes to.dairy farm ing the foot-hills must lead' in times to come for-grass grows we live in Why throw rocks at land and doubt its cap- abilities? We venture to say that more harm has been done to Alberta's reputation by doubts of residents than could be possible by censure from outsiders. Alf- alfa, Clover, Timothy, Brome, etc., etc. must all grow where legumes such as vetches are na- tive by the acre and where lux- ins and such like grow in pro- fusion. A land that will ripen seeds, etc., etc., will ripen abun- dance of grain -seeds. not claim to be a tropical region in the world todav than but a temperate climate all round farming can be profit- ably carried on and where straiijrer can buv the best of land .on this earth for the least money. We are no longer talk- ing of what we think we can do but of what we know vre can uo. Live Stock Possibilities In a country where grain does so well and hay is plentiful and roots will well, and, tak- ing into consideration the fact that winters are often very easy it is safe to prophecy that cat- tle feeding in winter will be tak- en to say nothing feeding hogs, sheep or poultry. It is also safe to predict that under more intense methods of farming a far greater number of livestock can be reared, fed and turned off the old. loose Alberta.