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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 27, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta tETHBRIPGE HERALD SPECIAL PUBLICITY NUJIJBER AT EXPERIMENTAL FARM LETHBR1DGE Superintendent Fairfield Makes Highly Interesting Report Of Experiments On Non-Irrigated Section Of Land The following is.-a; report of some ol the work that has -been done on the Experimental Farm during the reason of 1909. 'The results will- be of -particular interest to the many newcomers the district, because it is the first crop ever raised on the land. In the spring of 1907 the entire farm was bald prairie and no breaking had been done except some ten acres that had been broken the previous autumn. Of the 400 acres in a strip-of 100 acres eltreme..easfr Aide, remaining: 300 acres is non-irrigable." Two Farms Recognizing that the problems of the non-irrigated farm; or farmer are distinct in, great measure from those of the "irrigated" farmer, the work on each has been kept separate. Two experimental farms are being operated. Their object is, net to compare the relative merits of th.e two systems, but to study their individual problems; THE NON-IRRIGATED. OR DRY FARM: Winter Wheat Preparation of sod was broken 3 or 4 inches deep in May and June of 1907 and most of the land on which the crops mentioned beW were raised, was also backset in August of the same year. Although th'e backsetting prepares, the land better for future the actual in the wheat crop this season- over that which only has not "been as is indicated by' the An Experiment in Breaking vs. Breaking and, Back-setting. 23 1-2 acres of land was broken 3 to 3 1-2 inches deep in May 1907. In August part of it was backset two inches deeper than the breaking and the whole piece was sown with three varieties of winter wheat. The drillin" was done at right angles to the plowing, so that' each 'variety was sown partly on land merely broken and partly bn backsetting..' The three varie- ties resemble each other very closely. The last -variety ordinary Turkey Red, commonly known as Alberta Eed, from good locaUy grown seed. The .first two are practically merely .pure improved strains of the same. x 14, Kubcnka 15, Gatineau is. Riga 119 26 99 21 50 10, Breaking Variety Breaking and Backsetting Area Acres JKharkof Turkey Ked 'VNo.. 3SO 4.77 Turkey Red (Alberta grown seed.) 5.09 Average increase in yield Yield per Acre Bu. ;Lbs. 50 '32 51 38 Area .Acres 2.86.' 3.13 Increased Yield per Acre due to 45 ,17 3.34 due to Yield per Acre Bu. Lbs. 54 27 51 53 47 41 Back- setting. Bu. Lbs. 3 55 Winter of seed per acre. Area of plot acre. Variety- L Amqunt of Seed per "Acre. Lbs. 15 30 45 60 75 v 90 Yield per Acre of Straw. 5128 5680 5528..' 6216 5M4 UO 48. 12 12 16 48 Turkey Bed. Yield per Acre of Grain Bu. Lbs. -50 54 56 59 61 GO 60 5440" 60 -Although :the plots sown at. the'rate- of 60 Ibs. of seed per upwards gave the heaviest yields; it must.be borne in mind that we had a favorable season, and, although, the amount of rain was not. excessive, at such a time as to insure a strong growth and a high- degree 'of development in the. winter wheat. In a season somewhat dry, the fieldi having thick stands are the first- to show the effects of drouth. So it wouM hardly be wise for farmers in the district to change the amount of wheat it'fcas teen the custom to sow (from 30 to 45 pounds per acre) until .more seasons' testing furnish reliable conclusions as to the amouvt that.jt is best, to sow under our conditions. of Seeding The first wheat sown August 15th, and sowings were made twice rom then to: December 1st, wjth the following results: Uniform Test of Winter Wheat Date of Yield per Acre Sowinf Aug. 16 Sept. 1 Sept. 16. Oct. 1 Oct. 15 Nov. 1 Nov. 15 Dec. 1 Bu. -28 32 .25 44 1C 30 It might, not be out of place to mention Here that, judging from the tentoutlook, for .the crop oM909 the sowing made Angust 15th is going to do better than that of September 1st. V Hame Kind of Head: L Kansas turkey Kharkof ....Bearded Turkey Bed {Alberta frown) Bearded Windsor.... ...Bald ....Bald Chaff ...Bearded .........Bearded 9.: Dawaon's Golden Chaff.. ..VBiOd 19, Bed Chief.... ..Bald Yield per Acre of Straw Pounds 5006 4181 4834 3487 4106 4486 3930 3497 4132 Bu. 53 52 44 43 43 40 37 33 29 .as Yield per Acre of Grain- Lbs. 4 40 4 30 30 19 56 in the above test Kanew Turkey Bed (380) yielded slightly than the Kharkof-in two field testa (3 and 4 acres) the Kharkof gave larger yield. Owing --to an unavoidable delay in getting a" gasoline engine for the lachine it was not possible to begin threshing the uniform the 22nd of September. As the first grain was cut July 83rd mnd out in flhock till threshed, it is reasonable to suppose that exposure weather, etc., appreciably reduced the :i Winter Barley Seed of an interesting novelty lot this part of the country was i Agricultural College.Jn the form-of winter barley; A small pfei was jown August 31st, along with winter wheats. A good stand WM obtained in the fall, but during the winter a considerable portion died It wM ripe July and yielded at the rate of bu. 43 14 Ifc. per acre. Spring WHEAT-NON-IBBIGATED. Lays VABIETY. Maturing OATS-NON-IRRIGATED- 1. American '7. 9. .105 106 108. 108 105 1JO Improved 'Banner American Triumph .Irish Victor Beauty Danish Island.. .......106 Improved Ligowo.. 105 -Kendall White 106 10. Twentieth Century 106 11. Joanette 109 White Giant 106 13. Wide Awake...... 105 14. Tartar King......... 106 15. Gcrldfinder....... 112 16. Lincoln 107 17. .Siberian..........-. log 18. Golden Giant.. 113 119. Pioneer m 20. Virginia .White 106 21. Milford White 109 22r.Swedish Select 105 23. Thousand Dollar 105 24. Storm King in 35 :'-80 80 74 "74 73 72 70 64 63 63 63 63 61 60 59 58 57 57 55 55 55 51 15 "10" 10 21 4 3 24 28 28 28 28 26 30 24 23 22 22 20 20 20 16 SIX-ROWED 1. Blue Long Head 100 Claude 99 Empire 99 Mansfield 99 100 Odessa 100 Mensury 99 Stella.. 100 99 ,10. 1Q0 .11. Oderburch. 99 12. Trooper 100 13. 'Champion.. 99 56 55 48 42 39 37 37 37 36 32: 30 29 20 42 20 10" 14 8 44 44 9 22 4 30 .8 20 TWO-ROWED 1. Swedish Chevalier 2. Invincible........ 3. Sidney.......... 4." StandweU........ 5. Danish Chevalier 6. French Chevah'er 7. Gordon 99 8. Clifford 99 9. Canadian Thorpe.. 99 10. Jarvis......... 99 11. Beaver 99 100 99 99 100 99 99 55 53 51 49 45 43 41 41 40 35 30 FIELD PEAS-NON-IRRIGATED. 1. 2. 3- 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Paragon Archer English Grey Prince...... sAgues...... Prussian Blue 21 21 21 21 SI 19 Early Britain .r. id Golden Vine 19 Arthur __ __ jg 10. Wisconsin Blue 19 11. Mackay .t. jg 12. Daniel O'Bourke 13 13. Chancellor is 14. White Marrowfat 17 15. Blackeye Marrowfat 17 16. Victoria 14 17. Gregory 13 Rates of Seed Area of Plats Used Uft Acrt SPBING FIFE- 20 46 2 28 10 36 27 27 40 50 59 .53 "18 50 33 16 15 57 57 23 48 40 IS Amount of Seed per Acre Lbs. 15 30 45 75 90 105 120 Yield per Acre Straw: 1130 1240 1940 2360 2680 2860 2780 Bu. 16 94 39 39 32 33 32 31 Yield per Acre Grain Lttf. 40 30 40 90 40 80 KING-NON-IRRIGATED. 15 30 46 00 75 90- 106 120 1960 1580 1600 I960 3oOQ 90110 1900 51 53 60 55 62 90 55 14 I 18 30 30 39 '39 30 IrUh Cobbler Ashlesf Kidney MANGELS-N ON-IRRIGATED VARIETY Sown May 4 and O'at. IS. Yield per Acre Second Seeding Tons. Lbs. 1.' .Gtte 2. Giant Yellow 3.: Selected Yel. Globe Globe. 13 13 13 4: Perfection Mammoth Long Red 5. Yellow Intermediate 6. Giant Intermediate 7. Crimson Champion ,8. Half Sugar White Mam. Red Inter. 10. Pr.. Ma'm. L. Red il 11 11 11 10 10 1964 796 136 24 1760 1496 1496 1364 1912 ITSO Seeuing Tons. Lbs. 8 8 1160 6 1860 CARBOTS-NON-IRRIGATED. Sown May 4-and Oct. 16. 1. Giant Wh; Vosges 2. Imp. Short White 3. Ontario Champion 4. Mam. White .Inter... 5. Belgian 6. Half Long Cbantenay 10 9 8 7 6 4 1186 77. 1107 1404 IOCS 1425 SUGAJR Sown May 6 and Oct. 26. 1200 2556 500 100 1404 "1728 1576 1405 1405 1068 58 930., 296 I HON. SYDNEY FISHER Established the Experimental I at Lethbridge Variety. Yield First Seeding. Tons. Lbs. Klein wanzleben (Raymond 10 French Very Rich .9 Wanzleben ...._; 9 Vilmorin's Improved ____ o t ,H the Knight Sugar the .other seeds, (which included- another both in yield and --sugar -content. per Acre- Second Sugar in Seeding. Juice. 'Tons. Lbs. P.O. 5 1543 18.08 4 1802 15.86 4" 1227 16.52 4 1581 17180 Factory to note that above-test, ex- strain of 'the same variety) 770 1502 1503 INDIAN CORN-NON-IRRIGATED. n Hay 17. Grown in rows. Yield -per acre of green fodder. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Variety. Tons North Dakota White ..._... 7 Angel of Midnight g Superior Fodder...... ___... g Mammoth Cuban........ g Saber's All: Gold. Eureka Early Mastodon' Selected Learning Pride of -the North Compton's Early Longfellow... ..7V' White Cap Yellow Dent .7.' Wood's Northern Dent Champion White Pearl v.. Weight. WATER WORKS REVENUE The revenue from the Water Works. Department of the city for the, past three years" has been: 1906 1907 1908 Lbs. 1840 1860 1310 210 1880 1880 1770 1440 1000 -ipon_ 1790 1680 690 row; Of the .Champion White partially destroyed. Pearl was W. H. Superintendent of the' Experimental Farm. W. H. FAIRFIELD Director of Experimental Farm, Yield per Acre. A............. lu Ked Fife H. 'Chelsea ug Preston White Russian 119 Pringlei Champlain Bishop White Fife Marquis......... 10. Hungarian...... 11, Huron If.'Bad Fwn II. SUnley...... .Ill lit lit Bus. 36 33 33 38 30 30 30 30 28 29 Lbs. 50 15 40 M 90 90 20 10 10 10 10 flO Unfortunately, the gophers damaged these piots of oats' somewhat that the results cannot he relied upon too implicitly. This jnay aceonmt foi the yield from the 751b s. of seed per acre being apparently Irregular.