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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 26, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Tumday, February LCTHBRIDOE Book reviews Arab hostility to Israel probed "Arab Attitudes Toward Israel" by Yehoshafat Harkabi (George J. McLeod, Limited, 527 This well-researched scholarly work was written by one of the world's leading experts on Arab politics. It is a doctoral thesis presented to the Hebrew University in Je- rusalem and constitutes a study of the Arab's own statements in the conflict with Israel. About 120 books written by Arabs, statements in the Arab press and radio are examined in this thesis on their view of Israel. Their emotions: anger, hostility, affront and hatred together with the objective of what is to be done to Israel explain the Arab's ideology in the conflict. The objective of the conflict "the liquida- tion of the state of Israel" consists of numerous negative attitudes ranging from mnihilation to liberation implying always a situation which is incompatible with Israel's existence. While the author examine? the many fac- tors that are playing a role in Arab hostility he states that Arab anti-Semitism is the out- come of political circumstance not a cause but a product of the conflict. It stems not from the fringes of society but from its centre and reflects the views and tendencies of the political and cultural elite and is designed to influence the populace. Yet the ideas contain- ed in Arab anti-Semitic literature are not new and most of them are a repetition or a delayed echo of ideas expressed in Europe, America and even the Middle East. The author remarks that the opponent's at- titude and criticism can be transformed into a positive stimulus and can become a factor for self-improvement for the Israelis to serve as a mirror jn order to see themselves better and pay attention to aspects that are liable to be ignored. The work concludes on a somewhat desperate note that a vicious circle has been created and the West Bank Palestinians can- not make peace because of the Arab states. While the latter are shackled by their obligations to the Palestinians, especially those in their own countries whose attitude towards Israel is particularly extreme it will be the Palestinians who will suffer in the end. The concluding statement that the conflict had a positive side for Israel in that it acted as a stimulus to greater cohesion and unity, while for the Arabs it meant nothing but loss and that if they realize this, they may be prepared to put an end to the conflict and start a new era of co-operation and progress, may have been appropriate six years ago when the book was written but doubtful now. To give full credit to this scholarly work a much more thorough account should have been given than these somewhat general out- lines. For those interested in international affairs I may have provided enough information for important and relevant answers to be found in this book but I leave it to the scholars and experts to give a thorough evaluation of this noteworthy and outstanding work. GERTA PATSON Car knowledge saves money "How to Get Your Car Repaired without Getting Gypped" by Margaret Bresnahan Carlson (Fitzhenry Whiteside, At this book has to be one of the most inexpensive auto accessories available. The Car Owner's Survival Manual not only deals with the common frauds encountered in the automobile repair business, but also gives a brief run-down on the purpose and workings of your car's systems. Ms. Carlson warns of the fraudulent practices of many service the country. Particularly vulnerable, she claims, are young women alone or with children, and those who are travelling. People a long way from home are generally anxious to be on their way and are less likely to be in a position to question the need for a costly repair. A common trick, known as "skinning the dude" is to squirt a meat curative, or even barbecue sauce, on your car's alternator. This results in lots of white smoke, and generally a few dollars in their pockets. Other tactics include dropping a common anti-acid tablet into a battery cell, which causes the battery to boil over. The leaking-shock-absorber-trick is also good for a few dollars. It is a simple matter for a pump jockey to squirt oil on your shock absorbers while your tank is being filled. If you read this book however, you will know that real shock absorber leaks start at the top of the shocks. But with your car sitting on the ground the attendant can't reach that point with his oiler, and the phony leak will start in the middle of the shock absorber. Tires are also particularly vulnerable to "fixing." For example, as you pull into a freeway gas station, the attendant warns you that your tire is low generally the right tire, which is out of the driver's sight. While supposedly checking the pressure, he is actually releasing a few pounds. He then gasses your car up, and checks your pressure again. Miraculously, it is down again in just a few minutes. Next your car goes to the service bay, where the real handiwork begins. Using either a screwdriver sharpened to a point, a dart tip, or a special ring, he pokes a hole in your tire. The tire is then tested in water, and sure-enough, there's a leak. Meanwhile, he has used this same instrument to "fix" the inside of your tire to show you that it is beyond repair. Then, to add insult to injury, he even goes through the same routine with your spare. Now you must either drive on three tires or buy a new one from him..And usually your old tires are patched and sold to the next sucker. According to Ms. Carlson, one of the best ways to protect yourself from this highway robbery is to ask for the name and address of the attendant who tries to sell you a new tire or battery. A little knowledge goes a long way in keeping your repair bill down. By going to a garage with even a vague self-diagnosis you not only save the mechanic time diagnosing the problem, but also protect yourself against being gypped. The mechanic won't want to risk cheating someone who knows what goes on under the hood. To give you an idea of what might be wrong with your car, the author has included a section on common trouble signs. With this guidance and a few minutes of your time, you should be able to check your battery, spark plugs, brakes and tires. Points on preventative maintenance are also outlined for the entire car. And in case you feel you've already been rooked, there is an entire section on how to get your car fixed right or get your money back. Hopefully you won't have to resort to such drastic measures as the unhappy Lincoln owner who doused his car with gasoline and burned it outside a Ford plant in California. The burned-out hulk is now parked with a tree growing in it and a sign saying, "If it's lemons you are going to buy, you might as well grow your own." In all, this book is a veritable wealth of information for any driver; and one which will pay for itself in one session at the garage. BEV NICHOLS Chinese prisoner retains values "Prisoner of Mao" by Bao Rao-Wang and Rudolf Chelminski (Longman Canada Limited, 318 pages, Wretchedness doesn't necessarily have to smell but can have a flavor, the flavor of life and hope. Bao Ruo-Wang would certainly agree with that. Incarcerated in Chinese "reform through labor" camps, he spent six years under conditions that decry human dignity: even when interpreted with magnanimity. Bao maintains that Chinese prisoners are the only profitable ones on earth. The prison psychology is to work hard to redeem oneself in the eyes of the state, to purify one's mind, to stop thinking as an individual, to start thinking as a group. The prison rules sound like Franz Kaffka's personal creation mysterious and ridiculously naive. For years, a prisoner works without a con- viction and volunteers for the lowest jobs in the hope for leniency (used with veneration by Maoists, but hardly He spends his spare time building a case against himself. The procedure is ironical and consists of confession, self-accusation, recognizing ideological fallacies and asking for the most severe punishment. It's a prosecutor's dream, who can interpret it to his liking and pronounce any sentence desirable. Denunciations among the prisoners are en- couraged and the individual denouncing is protected, since it is better to offend a friend than the government. Daily commands as: get ready for the latrines, for bed, to eat, to work, are enriched by anti-lice campaigns snd struggles