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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, February 26, 197) THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 Margaret Luckhiirst Young pioneers head for the open spaces of the strange contra- dictions of Canadian life today is that while many farm- ers are leaving their unproduc- tive way of life fo seek work in the city, large numbers of young people arc rejecting ur- ban living in favor of settling on small holdings in rural areas. where several young families pool their slender capital, work ef- fort and baby sitting problems, have sprung up near Toronto. These are not hippy havens for dropouts, although some of them will doubtless not escape this stigma. Patterned after the Quaker system of sharing, in the mod- em commune there is little in the nature of cash resources. The philosophy is to attempt to survive on a primitive baek-to- the-land basis. Professional fanners flatly state this can't be done, and they probably will prove to be correct in the long run. These young people, how- ever, represent a new breed who are not looking to large bank accounts and the accumu- lation of material possessions. Rather, they arc searching for old-fashioned individual iden- tity and a little personal free- dom. When asked what the pur- pose is behind such a complete reversal of the average Cana- dian life-style, they are some- times uncertain themselves how to define it, but are quite positive on one point. Urban living, with its high pressure competition and freadmill rou- tine, Irakis no interest for them and they arc willing to sacrifice a few of the accepted comforts in exchange for the challenge of rural living. Ontario isn't the only prov- ince where this trend is in mo- tion. Around Winnipeg. Calgary and Vancouver, young couples more and more are looking for homes out of the city, or in smaller towns within commut- ing distance of Lheir work. Communes as such haven't caught on yet in the west, but the idea of working in the city end living in the country is in- creasing in popularity as much here as it is elsowhcre. Indeed it is spreading so rapidly that it's getting hard for young peo- ple to find property at a rea- sonable price and a reasonable distance from tbeir place of work. Our own daughter and her Imsband couldn't get out of the city fast enough after their marriage nearly a year ago. Although our son-in-law Chuck has an average job in Winni- peg, apartment living or being boxed-up in a cosily suburb ap- pealed to them about as much us being committed to a dun- geon. Small farms around Win- nipeg are at present, being snatched up by teachers, law- yers, and red, white and blue collar workers; everything but fanners. So Nancy and Chuck were fortunate in finding a little five-acre place miles, door-to- door from Chuck's office. Needless to say, when the kids let us know they'd taken this project on, we had grave misgivings. Both young people were products of our highly de- veloped urban living, and their naive announcement that they intended to combine a little mixed farm with a 9 to 5 Job sounded too ambitious to us to be workable. On our initial visit, however, we reversed our opinion, albeit somewhat rcluclantly. For SS.KKl (he kids had got them- selves i nice little farm home. Xot fancy mind you. but it had a pood basement, fairly ade- quate heating, cak floors and wonder of wanders a modern, lip-to-dale bathroom. But the little red bam stand- ing amid a field of flowers, was to us as charming rs an Old f'ounlry cottage. Our sugges- tion that they live in Ihe barn and rent out the bouse, evor. was not accepted serious- ly. Why, I don't know, because it .sounded like n good deal in the Toronto and Montreal area, good used barns are being snatched up and convert- ed inlo "country houses'1 as fast as wealthy eccentrics can find them. We wero pleased fo nolc that the kitchen gai-den was man- ngeable although Nancy didn't know you had lo dig potatoes Hi) she thought you picked them off branches like berries. But to her credit she learned quickly. We picked wild plums mid made jam: I lion Inlo.r she wrolc In say she'd put down jolly. I thought Ihis was carrying the bark-to- Ihe-l.'ind imivemrnt a bit loo far but she said she didn't inlcnd to waste anything. For his part in Ihe program, Chuck bought a dozen scraggly chickens who surprisingly laid c.i'Rs with astonishing rogular- ily. "How can riiifkni.s lav vlien there isn't a rooster K'.incy wanted to know, and I found myself launched into a bees and birds discussion on which I myself wasn't too clear. The chickens proved to be a source of con- cern to Nancy when the snow began to fall. ''Are they supposed to stay indoors all the she wrole "1 hate to see them run- ning around in the snow in their bare feet." I replied suggesting she knit booties for them, but as she made no comment about them further, I expect between she and the chickens, some satis- factory solution has been ar- rived at. Chuck also bought a cow; a rather large, friendly-faced thing with rather penetrating eyes. "We can use the milk." Chuck argued defensively, when we raised our eyebrows over this investment, "And the cream we can sell to our rela- tives." But Nancy had never been nearer a cow than the picture on a condensed milk can and she was properly terrified of the creature. When Chuck un- loaded it into the corral Nancy set a high-jump record leaping the fence. From a safe dis- tance she inquired "How does it "Well" I said, indicating the business end of the cow, "those two are whole milk, that one's two per cent and the other She didn't crack a smile at that old piece of nonsense. "Don't they get cold and freeze up, like a hot water she asked, star- ing worriedly at Ihe cow's ud- der. For a fleeting minute I knew she had vague plans of wliipping up a stretch bra for the beast. "The books don't carry a pat- I advised her, but this didn't put her concerns to rest. "Maybe I can throw a quilt over she decided finally, "and on bad nights I'm sure we can squeeze her into the front proch." To date I haven't found out how Nancy resolved these minor problems, but ap- parently both the chickens and Imssy are going strong so the situation is obviously under control. The big kitchen range is a delight to the kids, and 1 must say I appreciated it. when I visited them recently. Nancy has learned to bake magnifi- cent bread, and I played house baking beans in an old bean pot and brewing up a big soup on lop of (lie range. Nancy hasn't quite mastered the art of keeping the stove going as she forgets to keep putting on until it's almost out, then she has to start all over again; but give her time, give her lime. We were happy lo find that the kids aren't completely iso- lated. Other young couples in similar circumstances live within a few miles of them, and there is a great deal of running back and forth and dis- cussions on chicken feed, fire- worn! and so on. To their credit, all these youngsters have, in a short time, managed to inject new life into the nearby dead village which once years ago he'd promise in a thriving dis- trict. They hustled around and formed a Community Club, flooded a skating rink and slarled a crafts program. For the first lime in a generation a siring of Chrislmas lighls straggled across the village's main street. Now, plans are afoot lo develop under the Local Initiatives Program a park area for the benefit of poor, tired, city folk. there are of course, disad- vantages wiiich these the land young people must face. If they maintain an urban job, as most of them do, dis- tance, and the cost of gas, etc., have to be endured. Long win- ters, when people go back and forth lo work in Ihe dark like moles, is especially difficult for travellers, especially on high- ways which are often drifted in with snow. But the highways everywhere are getting bettor all the time and once spring comes and the days are long- er, Ihe pioneer spirit is rekin- dled and the new breed o( hcmesteiiders wouldn't trade pieces with anyone' except per- haps another homesteader. For years now governments al all levels have been plagued with the exodus from farm Lo city. It creates heartache, un- cmploymenl, and it leaves the rural districts bereft of popula- tion. It's far too fo predict that another mass exodus, this time from city to country, will occur in Ihe future. Bui there are some indications that a re- newed intercsl is well under way. Hcpefully, some cf our small lowns may ycl be saved from extinction by Ihe arrival of young pioneers in the area. Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND Come the water's line by Elwood Ferguson Book Reviews Some questions fairy tales raise "English Folk and Faiij Tales' Joseph Jacobs, ed., (G. P. Putnam's Sons, .Ird edition, 277 pages, S4.25, dis- tributed by Longman Canada rrHIS is a book for all ages. Although Joseph Jacobs, late president of the English Folk- lore Society and collector of a vast number of children's sto- ries from different lands, states in his preface that this compendium of 44 stories is in- tended for "the little it is a book to delight, fascinate, and sometimes mystify the old as well as the young, the spe- cialist as well as the layman, the learned professor as well as the parent and teacher of tiny lots. The child will thrill lo the simply yet powerfully told ac- counts of such well known clas- sics as "The Three Boars." "The Throe I.iltle Pigs." "Jack and the "The His- tory of Tom Thumb'1 and a number of other fine talcs that have never before Ixvn pul> lislied. Part of the charm, too, will be found in die many illus- traled drawings which are pre- Fcnlod sometimes vith the sim- plicity of Ihe puritans and other times with Ihe elaborate- ness of the prc-raphaelile school of art. Bui il is the mature reader, whether married or nol, wheth- er with children or not, who should find tins book a trea- sure. Perhaps Freud is responsible or perhaps it is our technical age which dogmatizes endless Malij-th-s while ignoring those- trill hs which lie too deep for tears. At any rate modern man is delving more and more into the rich profundity of myths and legends and fairy tales lo uncover Ihe unconscious fears, joys, tapes, and aspirations of all men from infancy lo old age. adull reader of lhe.se lales must surely ponder why children revel in incidents of stealing, lying, and violent slaying of one, two, and three giants. Consider for example tha four episodes in "Mollie Whup- in the first Ihe sweet little heroine, Mollie, tricks the giant into strangling his three inno. cenl daughters; in the second she premeditalingly steals the giant's treasured sword; in the third his money; and in the fourth while stealing his ring she fiendishly tricks the giant into battering his wife lo death. AVbat does tills story and so many olhers like it tell us abiitii Ihe child's pctvpeclive in relation to the authoritarian parental world? And. more iniportanl. what do Ihese tales tell us about adults without whom these tales could not be perpetuated? Many will recall the dedicated terrier in Blackboard Jungle who found one of his greatest arhieu'monl.s in his class's cor.dt'mnation of Jack in the Beanstalk for trespassing on, stealing from, and finally kill- ing the giant. This is one way of looking at these tales. But I don't think it's the right way. For it ig- nores the unique perspective and environment of the child who sees such giants, or or monsters as an all pervasive symbol of evil. In the case of Jack and the Beanstalk, Jacobs' in his excel- lent notes tells us lhat one ver- sion explicitly exonerates Jack by having a fairy inform him that the giant had stolen all his possessions from Jack's dead father. And even in Jacob's version, which omits tiie incident of the fairy, we sec the evil of the giant as the vile devourcr of little children. Consequently, while a super- ficial reading may lead us to believe that such talcs cxfoll evil, the opposite is true. And .such characters as Jack, and the heroines of Tom Tit To! and Mollie Whuppie may be seen as analagous to the arch- angel Michael hi his contin- uous yet victorious battle with Salan and all the forces of evil. There are myriad other fas- cinating questions that arise from reading Jacob's book. For example, w h a t psychological motivations led lo the distor- tion of Southey's version of "The Three In Uiis ori- ginal version wiiich Jacobs, fol- lowing Southey, has the in- truder nol Ihe swecl G o 1 d y Locks but "an impudent, bad, old Women." Why? Or again the student of history, or the- ology, or sociology might well ask why it is that the prc-rcfor- mation laics for children, es- pecially the bestiaries, ,nrc so pronouncedly religious in lone and application while Ihe post- reformaiion lales are almost totally devoid of scriptural or religious references? DR. LcROY R. McKENZIE, TOIVERSITY OF LETI1BRIDGE. Educational use of country 'Tlir Challenge "f Outward Round" liy Basil Heldicr ]lcincm.iiiii, 'PHK educational use of a con n t ry (lint's what Outward Bound is all nliout. Basil Fletcher has composed a very readable and interesting lext on a form of education badly needed in our country and our times. In fact, our province, pos- sesses an environment, wilh its lakes, rivers, moun- tains and wide plains, for this type of schooling. Outward Bound ;-ehonls use the open counlry lo build courses in self- reliance, s e 1 f-confidence and survival. Nothing could he snore relevant today in educa- tion than that. Outward Hound schools aro located in Britain, Kuropo, Africa, Asia and Ihe United Slates. There arc none in Can- ada AS far BS I know, I lived close, lo one such school Loitokitok, Masai land, Kenya we sent groups of young people there each summer. Tim courses did wonders for nearly all students. This educational system is based mainly on outdoor activi- ties which arc connected to many human characteristics and designed to test the human in order to build self-con- fidence. Such courses are roek- climhing, river-crossing, swim- ming, canoeing, individual sur- vival expeditions ami others give the young [person a chance to find out his own strengths and weaknesses. Tho duration of a period at such a school is about 2G days. Mr. Fletcher not go into the del aits of any curriculum be- cause Ihis would require a far larger Itoiok, nol. necessarily a.s readable as this one. Backbone is tho key word in Outward Bound's philosophy. T don't Alberta neods such a school and philosophy, loo. Surprisingly, (.his kind of school caters for a vide range of young persons, not. just, tho physically strong. It. has adap- tations for juniors, girls, mixed groups, the b a ndi c a pped, youngsters from reform insti- tutes and others. Mr. Fletcher's book belongs on the shelves of school principals, physical edu- cation teachers, smut masters, coaches and all educators, in- deed. Besides, even I lie lay- man and others interested in tlie young would find meat therein. As an afterthought 1 he- Jieve the Prince of Wales Ho- tel Watcrlon National Park would mal.e a fine winter Out- ward Hound Southern Alhcrla has IUYII first before in education why not now? BURKE. oh 72 lo last week's column about the viewpoint or two visitors from Time Magazine has pointed to a genuine interest in something which has been alluded to here before, but not with any explanatory depth. I refer specifically to the official opening ceremonies set for Sep- tember 22, 23 and 24 later this year. As part of the ratlier ominous task of arrang- ing such an evenl the university's graphics division came up with yel another prize logo lhat will be assigned to all letterhead, releases, publications, signs, etc. Ultimate- ly, the title Official Opening 1972 was reduced to simply 00-72. One concept prevaded all initial discus- sions concerning an official cer- emony and this is now effectively express- ed in the kinds of work being done and by the kinds of people taking part. In- deed this concern was for community in- volvement and represents an expression of the importance of the belief that this open- ing of a new university should be just that one involving as many people from the community as passible. After all, the university is attended to and by ths people of this area, complemented by a de- sirable blend such as Great Britain, Aus- tralia, United States, to mention but a few. Constructive suggestions were made that since this was Canada's "Centennial Uni- versity" appropriate national emphasis might be applied. These sorts of discussions took place seven months ago and a great deal has happened since. Primarily the appropriate theme was unanimously agreed to Lethbridge and the commun- ity should be involved as much as possible in this event that will mark one of the most historic achievements in southern Al- berta. A central steering committee has as- sumed responsibility for all arrangements under the chairmanship of a member of the univei-sity senate. There are several sub or "action" committees each of which lias co-chairmen, one from the university and one from the community. Service clubs and local organizations have already indicated their interest and have pledged their support. Many local people not really representing any particular group- have committed their interest and have be- come involved. In fact, by Hie time Sep- tember rolls around, participation and in- volvement by community and university people will be just about as complete as one might ask for. Some of the main features of the pro- gram include: a special convocation that will see the official installation of Dr. Wil- liam E. Beckel as the university's second president; a feature address by Dr. Claude TJisscll, dislinguished former president of the University of Toronto; a public ball to be called Genesis '72 and a public ban- qucl that will be addressed by Premier Pe- ter Lougheed and attended by Lieutenant Governor Dr. Grant MacEwan, the Visitor to the university. Basically 00-72 will be a sophisticated yet informal occasion and certainly the third day Sunday will provide tfie oppor- tunity for all interested persons to tour the campus and take part in the various plan- ned displays and "happenings." One event planned for Sunday (24th) is Eometliing many artists and appreciates of art in this area have waited for for some time. The 22 foot sculpture "Moses'' by Sorel Etrog will be officially unveiled by the sculptor and by a senior executive member of a well-known Canadian com- pany. It was in 1968 that The House of Seagram purchased and generously don- ated this soughl-aftcr work lo Ihe univer- sity. It had previously occupied a rather prominent posilion in front of the Ameri- can pavilion al Expo 67. Feature atlraclions musl certainly be the two major physical component of this first phase of the university campus the main academic-residence complex which is now complete (and recently featured in Time) and the physical education-recre- ation complex scheduled for completion hi May. Officially the evenl is hosted by the uni- versity board of governors and it has sought to ensure the preparation of a pro- gram of interest to all citizens. For per- sons attending the events and those not able to take part there will be an attrac- tive commemorative booklet featuring the photographic and written story of the uni- versity since planning began. Much is yet to be done but the major pieces are beginning lo fall into place. 00-72 will allow The University of Leth- bridge to inform the rest of Canada, and for Lhat matter the world, that it has set- tled into its permanent home. In closing, it is important to stogie out one point, with emphasis This kind of function and tlie publicity related to it does by no means make reference only to current and future students, faculty and staff. Indeed the diligence, patience and pride displayed by the people of 1967 through 1971 prior to the occupancy o{ the new campus forms the very base of the university as it exists today. These people, particularly Hie alumni, are being encouraged to take an active part in the occasion. (Any suggestions and comments relating to 00-72 should be directed to tha Secretary, 00-72, The University of Lclh- The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY The new-time religion (3) new-time religion must reflect the new ideas and movements of contem- porary society. That is to say religion must be relevant. Because of a failure to meet this demand polls reveal that churches have comparatively little in- fluence on society. Indeed a spirit of fa- tigue even of religious despair is abroad with many religious movements that have lilllc form or unity. Liberalism is defi- nitely in eclipse as the naive faith in the evolutionary developmenl of society is long since gone. Conscquenlly the platiludes and moralizing of liberalism lack any dy- namic. There is a strong revivalist evan- gelicalism which is most apparent in the Jesus groups. Man has nevertheless another nccessily for meaning in his life. As the psychiatrist Viktor E. Frankl says, regarding survival In die concentration camps of Hitler, that the prisoner who lost faith in the future was doomed. When he lost faith in the fu- ture he also lost his spiritual hold and let himself mentally and physically decline ar.d decay. In this quest for meaning it is cerlain that modern man is in the state of transition, moving from the primitive scientific point of view that believed that anything which could not be accounted for matlKmalically or quantitatively measured may be ignored as irrelevant. All profound religious faith has maintained that the significance of a cosmic process is vastly greater than anything man could sec or understand and there is in man a deep, instinctive desire lo overcome the limita- tions of Ihe senses. The fatuous equation of mechanical with moral progress has boon completely contradicted by our au- thoritarian, depersonalized, sadistic, vul- gar, and neurolic technological war society. Tlie Lragody of man is that he knows him- self destined to immortal glories yet is doomed to a divine discontent with a world that denies all his values. 'Ilic new-time religion must keep worship centra] the driving power behind all other activities bill tlie forms of worship must change so lhat congregations are in- volved and congregations cease treating their clergy as objects, or clergy treating their congregation as objects. Worship must lead to fellowship groups in the need to create inlcr-pcrsonal relationships. Op- portunity must be provided for prayer and study. The "Xo-God'1 fire has had devas- tating effect as it has burned its way across society leaving the devastation of atheism and agnostism in its path. A new depth in theology- and faith must be recov- ered. The Bible unhappily remains the least-read best-seller. If tha top-heavy bureaucracy of the mainline churches does not remedy its grave abuses, increasingly a churchlcss Christianity will evolve. Despite the des- perate efforts of bureaucratic denomina- tions to establish themselves more firmly, tlie people are ceasing to regard denomi- national ties as fatalistically binding. A poll discloses that cluidrcn will be mem- bers of at least three different churcho-s by (he time they are adults and by the age of fifty will have Iniongcd to six. A National Council of Churches study of fif- teen thousand congregations in 1957 show- ed that an average of thirty-five to fifty per cent of the members came from other denominations. Some churches reported as high as ninety-three per cent from other denominations. The numbers have grown vastly since that time. The new charisma- tic movement for example cuts right across Protestant and lioman Catholic boundary lines. The church is making a great mistake in outlawing fbo charisma- tic movement which has profound signifi- cance and undoubted biblical basis. People arc searching for as well as purpose in living and just arc not finding (hem in tlie conventional mainline churches, who pil.hor go on their easy ways or grab at every passing fad and folly. Once it is realized that there aro no easy answers people will he. spared much wild expert- rocntation. ;