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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 26, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Friday, February 26, 1971 - THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID - 19 Cook invented guided tours to help fight drunkenness By PETER MUCCIM LONDON (AP' - Thomas Cook invented the guided tour to help fight drunkenness. Since 1841 his philanthropic venture has blossomed into a multimillion-dollar travel empire. It is owned by the British government but is soon to be sold. Thos. Cook and Son calls itself the world's largest and oldest travel agency. Its fiOO offices in 65 countries do a travel business with an annual turnover of $240 million. Travellers' cheques and foreign exchange dealings bring in $192 million more. The agency made the expression "Cook's Tour" part of the English idiom. It shepherds 10 million customers a year on vacations ranging from simple sun-soaked stays at Spanish resorts to millionaire cruises in the Caribbean. Sir Winston Churchill nationalized the company during the Second World War when it was a subsidiary of Wagon Lits on the Continent. The British war leader resented any control from enemy-held territory and feared Cook's might be used in espionage. Now the Conservative government, the heirs of Churchill, plans to sell Cook's as part of a policy to discard certain state-owned enterprises. American Express has indicated an interest in Lunn- Poly, an offshoot of Cook's i which organizes British tours. Thomas Cook was bom in 1808 and became a Baptist preacher travelling 2,000 miles a year in bone-jarring coaches over rutted country roads. He also worked as a cabinetmaker and a printer, but he never abandoned his missionary zeal. He was horrified by widespread drunkenness in men and women. He was grieved by its evil effect on the children, many of whom worked a 12-hour clay. CHARTER TOURS BORN He resolved to take people into the fresh air of the countryside. About this time the first railways appeared. Cook thought it should be cheaper if he could hire a whole train. That marked the birth of the charter tour. Cook organized his first excursion July 5, 1841, when 500 persons took a 2fr-mile trip from Leicester to a park in Loughborough. The price was one shilling, about 12 cents but then equivalent to a day's wages for a farm laborer. The 500 travelled in sooty, open cars. They drank tea and lemonade, munched buns, ran races and generally enjoyed themselves. For three years Cook treated it all as philanthropy. Then he realized he was sitting on a gold mine. More tours followed-to Mount [See Alaska1 fare for Canadians FINANCIAL HUB OF SOUTH AFRICA - This is downtown Johannesburg the financial and industrial hub of South Africa. It is only 78 years old, but is bursting at the seams keeping up with the general boom conditions in the country. Africans born here and in other white areas of the country are considered "visitors" whose real homes are in largely undeveloped homelands of their ancestors. Charter flights by-pass U.K. Brussels new destination From The* Alberta Motorist Organiz a t i o n s throughout North America are suddenly changing the destination of charter flights from the United Kingdom to Brussels in Belgium, an act which will undoubtedly result in an economic shot in the arm for Belgium and a great deal of soul searching by many European countries. The reason for the change is a decision by the British Government to enforce a regulation prohibiting any organization with a membership in excess of 20,000 to fly charters either into, or out of, the country. The regulation in question has been on the books for many years in many countries, but most governments have recognized it as an antiquated and impractical restriction, not in keeping with today's travel trend. The same restriction was in effect here in Canada for several years, but was thrown out in 1968 by the Canadian Government, which has devel oped one of the most progressive and realistic policies on charter flight operations of any country in the Free World. The reason for the restriction was, of course, to protect scheduled airlines from an over  abundance of charter operations which could severely threaten their financial existence, and this is a valid point. The fact of the matter now however, is that practically all scheduled carriers, both government and private airlines, have entered into the charter field. The restrictions become even harder to understand when it is considered that Britain is at present battling an economic crisis, and is attempting to rebuild a large segment of her economy with the tourist dollar. Negotiations are being carried on at the present time in an effort to change the situation. However government action of a positive nature has not been forthcoming and most The introduction of a new air fare called "See Alaska" has been approved by the Civil Aeronautics Board and is now effective, it was announced by Charles F. Willis, Jr., Alaska Airlines' Chairman of the board and Chief Executive Off i c e r. The fare is especially designed to stimulate travel to and throughout Alaska by Canadians. In making the announcement, Willis commented, "We expect that hundreds of Canadian neighbors will come to Alaska as a result of this new, economical travel package." "See Alaska" is designed for individuals, residing outside the , United States, to enjoy fifteen days of unlimited travel between most major points on the Alaska Airlines route system, for a low package fare of $98. Children 2 to 12, when accom- In announcing the fare Willis noted, "Alaska Airlines is pleased to be the first carrier in the Alaska market to offer this special fare to our nearby Canadian nieghbors. Alaska, with its wealth of beauty, is a destination that we are anxious to share." Snowdon in Wales and to the newly-opened port of Liverpool. Scotland was for many Englishmen a barbarous region of kilted brigands. Cook shrewdly seized on the fact that Queen Victoria loved the country. There were no railways in Scotland. The journey from London was carried out first by train, then by boat through the North Sea and then by horse-drawn coaches. It became a status symbol to visit Scotland. By 18B3 the Cook organization had extended to Europe. A New York office was established in 1865. TRANSPORTED ARMIES Cook also moved into the business of empire-building. Offices ooened in India to ship home British civil servants on leave. The agency's foreign-exchange department acted as paymaster to the British Army east of Suez. The government then commissioned Cook's to carry Moslem pi'grims from India to Mecca to combat the exploitations of this trade by ruthless operators who shinned the niiffrims in slave-trade conditions. In an 1882 rebellion in Egypt, Thos. Cook and Son carried the wounded and sick iro the Nile by steamship. In 1884 the company carried Gen. Charles Gordon to Khartoum in the Sudan with an army of 13,000 and equipment. After Thomas' death in 1892 his son John Mason cevcen-trated on the cash side of the business. Cook's became giant whose fingers penetrated into obscure regions. Political observers predict a row over the sale of Cook's. The Labor opposition sees it as part of a deliberate campaign to distribute profitable state concerns to the Conservative party's business friends. The government view is that Cook's will be more profitable in private hands. Fly-cruise I package offered Three unforgettable weeks of fun and relaxation are offered by AMA World Travel Service in a fly-cruise package beginning May 31. Western Canadians can fly via Air Canada jet from Edmonton to London for tliree nights in the "Swinging City." A train to Southampton and the visitor will embark on the Cun-ard liner Cannania for Lisbon, Morocco, Spanish Canaries, Portuguese Madeira, Gibraltar and Spain. The tour will return to London June 18 with two days set aside for a tour of the upper Thames English countryside. The return flight will reach Edmonton Sunday, June 20. Riekshatvs on ivay out Visitors to Hong Kong who may have contemplated riding in a rickshaw should do it soon, since these traditional coolir-powercd "taxis" are on their way out. The city disclosed that no new rickshaw licenses have been issued for the past six years. As a result, the number has been steadily diminishing. At the end of October, 1969, there were only 213 licensed rickshaws, while one year later the number had fallen to 170. Hong Kong has not deemed it necessary to take any measures to accelerate the natural phasing out which is occurring among rickshaw operators. Due on Broadway next fall is a play called W. C, with Mickey Rooney portraying the great comedian W. C. Fields. responsible charter organizers changed the destination rather than jeopardize the holidays of thousands of passengers by waiting until the last minute for a decision. The decision becomes even more ludicrous when viewed in the light of a recent nationally \ ., t , televised program which was panied by parents, will travel devoted to charter operations at 50 per cent of the special in general, and illegal charters fare- .... in particular. That program Eligible persons wishing to clearly pointed up the fact, that take advantage of "See Alaska" it is larger organizations which must present passports or doc-are operating the v e r y few umems proving their residency truly legal charter flights outside their point of origin. The change of destination ^ will be issued an ex-will create only a minor incon- change order, which they will venience. For most passengers who plan to holiday in the British Isles, low cost transportation is readily accessible from Brussels. Those travelers who plan to holiday on the contin- retain and present to Alaska Airlines personnel prior to subsequent flight departures. Travel will be on space positive, advance reservations, coach basis except between ent will of course find it even I6 S^^f^JL ^ easier by virtue of not having tT*115 to sPace avai1" to cross the English Channel. There is little question that the British Government's action will cost the country heavily in tourist dollars. Most people heading for the Continent nevertheless spend at least a few days in London if their flight happens to land there. These travellers will most certainly not make the extra effort now that they land directly in Europe. On the other hand, many of these people heading for Britain will, in "all likelihood, now spend some time in Belgium, Holland, and several other coastal countries, a further loss of revenue to the British. From the Canadian standpoint, it is truly unfortunate that flights of this nature must now land in a non - Commonwealth country, and although it is highly possible that the regulations may yet be changed in the next few months to a more realistic form, it is nevertheless highly unlikely that many major organizations will alter their plans at such a late date. ability. Come on over to the friendly flavour of Golden West Transatlantic home swapping Swapping your home for a flat in London, a chateau in France, or a villa in Rome is part of a vacation home exchange available through Pan American World Airways. A directory listing homes available on both sides of the Atlantic has been prepared by Pan American with the assistance of two experienced com panies in the field Far East cruise March 4 The 45,000 - ton Canberra, newest and biggest ship in the P and O passenger fleet, and one of the largest liners in the world, heads for the Far East via San Francisco, Los Angeles and Honolulu when she sails from Vancouver March 4. Seven days out from Hawaii, she arrives in Yokohama, Tokyo's port city. The entire trip, including stopovers, takes just 12 days. Passengers can stay on board Canberra in Yokohama during her two - day visit, disembark and begin to explore Japan on their own, or buy an overland tour to Kobe to rejoin Canberra in time to sail for Nagasaki. It's a two - day voyage from this southern - most island of Japan to Hong Kong, a place many a bargain - conscious traveler dreams about. Canberra docks at the ultra - modern Ocean Terminal where dozens of shops sell hundreds of items. Canberra then sails on to Australia or vacationers may return on any of a number of regular air-line flights. 12 million skiers Japan boasts an estimated 12,000,000 skiers with 3.5 million registered in the Tokyo home-exchange area alone. The popularity of Listings of 15 words each the sport indicates a projected cost $8.50 and a picture is $3 20,000,000 skiers in Japan by more. the 1972-73 season. GoldenWfest tastes the way Alberta beer should taste Cheerful, bright, and inviting. ANOTHER FINE PRODUCT OF THE CALGARY BREWING & MALTING CO, LTD. 8574 ;