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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 26, 1921, Lethbridge, Alberta SATURDAY, FEflHUAHY 2tt. THE LETHURjnGE DAILY H3RALD OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER Provincial Government Believes District Agricultural Representatives is Practical him; been uppruvud by tho UnlUut BUtug Reclamation SorvU-o and tho t.'illfynitu KtiRiut'orliiK Dtipari- mcnt. The preliminary work Indnded ._, ._.. extennlvt) diamond drlllliiK operutioiiH. I The area This irrigation-work will tukn cure of ucres In 'JVtiuma. and Glen count lev of Upper SitiT.iniimto Val- (The following wiia written for the Jluvald by Mr. S. S. otf Ihts Nohlol'ortl ,'ortli the result ol' the ititm- ot the Better Farming confer- ence delegation, compoiod of Mr. Nokto, Mr. Judsotl. of Taher. and Mr. Mills, of Suntfial. with the provincial last Monday. Mr. Noble also niiiUeg a number of practical sugges- tions as to farm methods as a re- mit of his experience and the recent conference1.) Tho Honorable. Duncan Marshall Mid Honorable A. J. McLean when they were seen iu Edmonton on Mon- day were deeply interested in the re- port made to then1 of the findings of tho Better Farming Conference of last week. The resolution that particularly concerned them was the one request- ins the appointment of a competent agriculturalist with five assistants to study tho farming problems of the south country and to assist tho fann- ers in solving them. They saw in the plan a move on the part of the farmers and business men to make Bubstalithi] and permanent advance They j agricultural development, discussed freely ihc ways in such men could advance the "For- j ward Movement" toward smaller Brotect farms, better methods aud more sub-, stantial yearly returns. The minis- icr of agriculture unhesitatingly stat-1 ed that he was in sympathy with any with visions of new activity in cultural work Iu the South unii of largo and exclusive whttut firms be Ing steadily converted iuto farms with a good percent ot win ter rye; a Tenrly increase in bromo grass, rye grui. tweet grown and cultivated iu rowi, per and coru fodder; of Bilos, erm though they may onlj bo trench silos constructed with a plow and Kcrtper mid covered with poles and straw; of more poultry anii hogs; of black and whHc cows with milk and cans at the railway stations: of a small tank balance and tho return of frlendikip with, the lo cat bank imntisr. All these In addi- tion to plcamnt, conforUble homes surrounded with tarMi ind families contented and wHh a. ftellng that there is nothing like i rural, life. At best a little time will lapse be- fore the department can make satis- factory for the starting of this work and we muni ta the mean- time look to what will best safeguard us in the starting of our spring work and insure for us the best net return with the lowest possible cost ot" pro- duction. Losses have resulted from variety of causes such as dry I er, cut worms, soil drifting, weeds grasshoppers. How can we best ourselves against these Suggestions j If we are to continue to grow wheat method "that" would'" bring eife'cUveI we raust land help and encouragement lo the farm-1thau w6 cultivate the right way at er on his farm thill ho consider-: the r'Kllt tinie' As the minister has ed this ma tier L. of such importance' stalel1 have been better for that he delegation to meet I somo ot "s we had had to contend with more of the Alberta stumps dur- ing early development; Plowing done Jn April or May for summerfallow and kept thoroughly cultivated will, in a normal season, produce, from six to ten bushels per acre more than when plowed the latter part of June or July as is so common. The plow must be followed with the packer or disc, weighed and running straight, must ho kept clean ving season and free ds or large, clods during the period when the cut worm moth lays its the first ot August to the middle of' September. In this way no shelter is provided for the moth. There will be few eggs aud few cut worms. Summerfallow plow- ed early, prepared in this way, has since 1910. and including the three rather dry years of MS, '19. '30, pro- duced an average of thirty bushels of wheat per acre for some farmers who have kept records carefully. These methods are then an insurance against loss from dry weather. Strips Through Summerfallow The practice of sowing strips at in the full cabinet. Such it meeting was accordingly arranged find ways and means i'ully discussed. The minis- ters realized that while money was scarce an expenditure for such work as was proposed was sure to be a i good investment as it would relieve financial conditions by assisting in the production of more and better crops; that while good men for such work were hard to find that they Summerfallow during the could best be developed by making i iiurms tns a start in a small way and having rroln weei1 them grow up with the work. U.S. Experiences Tt, was common knowledge to all i bat parts of the cehtral and western States had experienced losses un- known to Alberta fanners and that sections of the country that were populated two or three times greater were now highly prosperous. This was largely brought about through inn work ot county agents and now homes are seen everywhere and land values 01' high levels are established. Jt was realized tliafc', while only a small percentage of Alberta farmers had met with serious losses and that iheBG are common to alt new prairie countries, so far as these farmers were concerned these losses were very grave indeed. Most of them are not only willing but anxious to be helped in their methods and the dis- tricts where such failures were most common should be given the benefit of tbjij best obtainable guidance. varieties. If wo should experience anything Ulio the same advantage here, this ryo should give us a better return than wheat even in good- Alberta, neither been heavy loss years and a- much larger and better in a term of years. The past three years have been mor.f trying. The common winter ryo which re- sponds to good soil culture methods, In proportion to wheat, when seeded summerfallow in the seasons of 1918 and 1920 In Southern Alberta, produced 'from twenty to thirty buihets and in J91D. the drycst year in history, fen to fifteen. If we can for a time imagine Unit since 1916 all areas now affected by soil drifting been kept In winter or summerfallow alternately, this would have provided for nothing but early plowing. The seeding would be done early, insuring germination and there would not bo any soil drift- ing in Southern would there have from dry weather, cut worms or weeds. We are not going to extremes but it is trim there are hinds on which no other crop should ho at- tempted unless as the frost comes out this spring, or at a lime when- light siwws are hurriedly melting or im- mediately after or during light rains, we could use the disc running almost straight with the'scrapers on any land that has blown or land that is in dan- ger of blowing, curling the wet soil and enabling it to dry in this condi- tion, or by the use of the spring tooth harrow or duck foot cultivator. We should not fake a chance on sVeding such land early, but endeavor to cul- tivate a second time if this can be done toAlestroy .weeds before seeding, leaving the coarse particles intact. Tho same might apply where we aro absolutely forced to sow, on stubble land that produced a light crop in 1920. This should be ayoidcd It pos- sible but seeding should never he done without two thorough cultiva- tions three to four weeks apart. Some are unable to make arrangements to enable them to summerfallow as they would like to do. We hesitate to recommend anything but plowing for summarfallow where rye is to hi seeded but where been properly done i may be possible to dispense with it. Ivy. Tho bo a grout behind a (lain llii) foot high and a mile long und tht; total cost will by thirty-seven million dollars. In the South, hi Los AiiKoles county, the flrtit unit hr.s been completed of a new six-reservoir conservation pro- ject, which will bo completed at a total cost of about thirty million dol- lars, ami will complete an adequate, permanent and properly balanced wat- er "supply for Los Angeles eouiuy.s HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOTATION OF CROPS (Experimental Kanus Xote) Tlio most Important consideration IB to decide what rotation be suitable. The prairie is an ex- ceedingly extensive area of land in- cluding many different and types of soil. Different rotations arc required, therefore, to meet; these variations In soil and climato. Tho Dominion Experimental Farm system has located in representative areas experimental farms which have con- ducted experiments for many years in an. effort to learn what rotattons are most suitable iu their respective districts. The most profitable move, therefore, for a farmer who contem- plates commencing a rotation of crops, would be to discuss the matter with the superintendent of the near- est experimental farm, or with a rep- resentative of the Provincial Depart- ment of Agriculture. Tiie information might save him considerable money. The rotation selected should pos- sess the following characteristics: It should not fall to give at least a fair immediate return by having a fro- portiouale- area In a cash crop. It would be unwise to make too radical a change from the proportion of cash crops now grown although a small re- duction might have to bo made in or- der to introduce grass crops. Rotation should provide work for the horses during the" greater part of the grow- ing season, because, other things be- ing or nearly so. .the larger the area which can be handled by one man, the'more profit for that man. Where an appreciable change is mado the plowing has In the cropping system" by increasing in past seasons it I the acreage of grass, more live stock former opponents of Irrigation are now ainoutc the most ardent workers to obtain all the water poeslblo lor the land in their part of the country, red by this huge scheme has some of the most fertile soil on the continent. The country Is already fairly well settled by a class of farmiM'ii whoso skill and Industry aro excelled by nolle. Transportation facilities .are gout! and with the branches contemplated und an exten- sion of om; of tho existing lines, every part of thu areei would bo within ten miles of a railway. TrrtKatiou would make this large area un ideal stock country, and an immense duirying industry could be built 'ip without in any way diminish- ing the present large grain output of the territory. Kathcr it would bigger crops of grain possible since the risk of crop failure through in- sufficient moisture would be avoided. j The increased prosperity that would accrue to the country as a result of j flic- eventual carrying out ot this pro- ject would be immense. With the larger herds of livestock which the area could maintain if a liberal sup- ply of fresh drinking, water were available at all times, and the heavier crops which irrigation would Insure j year after year, the area would' sup- port, and enable to live in a prosper- ous condition, a population many times as great as at present. When the land is weedy tho large weeds can he cheaply taken off by using a long wire and the land double disced at least twice at intervals of 'our weeks and 'cultivated a third time just before the seeding of winter rye. The ground can be kept clean in this way and while it will probably [lot produce quite as much rye it is much better than neglecting the land and better tliUn trying to plow all .he land if a big percent of it is plow- An absolutely ed late in the tervals through the. summerfallow isie" lilte In season. An absolutely worth a trial. Intloing this one would cleBn ot can be harvested in any ordinary season m this way. Mutt Crop Less plow out narrow lauds from BIX to tea rods apart iu the stubble fields as early in the spring as possible; pack at once; leave for a month or six weeks. Before sowing in tarty or even oats, use a rod weeder or other cultivator to destroy weeds and Sow one or two itli the best practice demonstrated maining portions then having been advantages foreseen, the delegation, were unhesitatingly assured that the government would gladly support this important work in every way possible. Members of the government were assured that, should there be diffi- culty in securing thoroughly experi- enced men, few farmers in Southern Alberta would be like the old "gentle- man who said he would take no ad- vico from that young man since he had already worn out three farms In tbo South, but that both farmery and business men would gladly give theao representatives all help possible. A New Vision The delegation was able to return Mutual Growth Many customers who started as smail deposi- tou or borrowers in The Bank of Nova Scotia are novr amonc the country's largest concerns. They have grown with the bant, and the bank has grown with them. The Bank has helped them, by sound and care- ful service, to grow, and as their business increas- ed so also did that of the THE 6ANK OF NOVA SCOTIA B. M. Macleod Manager Lethbridge 15th of September, preferably when the ground can be found wet, the por- tions between the strips of stubble may be cultivated with the spring tooth harrow, using only three teeth in a section, which leaves the teeth one foot apart, or it can be cultivated with a duck foot cultivator. In this way soil drifting should be prevented entirely. Tho growing or these strips may seem too much work, but it is believed that the little inconven- ience will bo far more than repaid in the better retaining of the winter snows and in enabling us to thorough- ly cultivate the summerfallow for wheat without danger of drifting. Jn this way wo may prodnce the heavy yields that we experienced in the past when, with, the root fibre present in the soil, proper summer- fallow methods were practiced. The farmer may be confused here, not knowing whether there will be danger jjf of cut worms in the strips, but Mr. i Strickland, our government entomo- logist, advises that he thinks there will be no danger, giving his good reasons. The neit spring the portions be- tween the stubble should be cultivat- ed early with whatever tool can most economically be used, sufficient to cover any weed that have blown over the land during the win- ter. If cultivated again, preferably with a rotary rod weeder, just ahead of the drill, four weeks' later, at a time when it is believed wheat in Hie south cold be seeded to best advan- tage, a strong plant and rapid growth will be the result and thero 'will be no weeds. Next is the grasshopper and they CUB te poisoned. Winter Rye Ha-ving considered now we can con- cilium, to grow wheat and protect our- soives against losses, let us deal briefly with winter rye. a crop that can profitably be grown to a much greater extent than it is at present. In tho first place government sta- tistics show that tha common rar- ities ot winter rye have, in a term of ten years yielded live percent morn than whoat, and Unit the price paid for ryo has' a rangi; from scventy.flvn to eighty percent of that paid wlion.1 Tt seems that farmers, generally, are of the opinion that they must con- fine their operations to an acreage that they can properly till, principally by the efforts of their own families. If this is done and diversified methods studied and practiced the district now most affected by conditions may, in the near future, be recogniz- ed as the most interesting part ot Alberta. The farm labor troubles will best right themselves when we. as farm- era, can give up the operation of big wheat farms and by adopting other methods gradually work into mised farming. We can then hope to def- initely establish the value of farm land and encourage the monied men to join their interests with those of the tfeserving laborer who, with the help of the investors' money will provo himself to he a successful farm- er. The undeserving and uninterest- ed help will then he at liberty to plan for himself. IRRIGATION AND WEALTH (Vsnconver Sun) FRESNO. Jan. second pny- hient by the California Associated Raisin'Company on tho 1920 crop, amounting to approximately 000, will be distributed soon to the growers, it was announced yes terday at the oRice of the company here. Tt is expected that the pay- ment will be made about February 1. The lirst payment was made at the time "of the delivery of the crop on will be required; this live stock will utilize the straw to better advantage. In districts where, owing to the freight rates, the market price of grain is relatively low. a relatively larger proportion of stock should be kept. If a farm contains some land which is markedly different from the main type of soil, it is advisable vo crop this land under u separate crop- ping system. It is reassuring to know that results ot experiments show beyond question ot doubt that a suitable ro- tation will yield more profit imme- diately and especially more perman- ent profit than cropping without sys- tem. Moreover, it is useful' to obtain the results of your nearest experi- mental farm and to utilize to advan- tage the experience which they have EAST CLAIMS CREDIT FOR DEVELOPING WEST; FARMERS SHOULD KNOW IT' Ql'EBEC. Feb. council of j the Canadian Manufacturers' asso-, elation met here yesterday at which arrangements were made for the big convention in this city next June. Plans were furthered for the cam- paign to encourage Canadians to buy Canadian-made goods. Sir Charles Fitzpatrick was the chief speaker at the luncheon. He urged that the western farmers should realize what Ontario. Quebec and the maritime provinces, had dons' to develop the west. He appealed for a better understanding of the Krench Canadians by the other races iu this country. SELLS BONDS JlOXTREAb, Feb. an- nouncement was made here yesterday j to the effect that the Abitibi Pulp and Paper company had sold to Peabody, Houghteling and company of New York, a new issue of the bonds of the company. gained. B. S. Hopkins, Dominion Field Husbandman. CANADA'S BIGGEST IRRIGA- TION PROJECT The prospects seem very favorabla to a start being made this summer on the surveys to determine the feas- ibility of the scheme to bring water for irrigation and stock watering pur- poses to .rge area of land in Al- berta anil Saskatchewan, bounded by the Battle North Saskatchewan Rivers and the Tied Deer and South! Saskatchewan Hirers. The area that might bo served by this project covers about seven mil- lion In Alberta and approxl- M I to A YEAfl FOR LIFE A CANADIAN GOVERNMENT ANNUITY PROVIDES IT better life investment available better security obtainable be seized or levied upon for any cautc be replaced if stclsr. cr destroyed affected by trade depresiion from Dominion Income TM medical examination required Anyone over the age of 5 years retident or domiciled in may purchase. Any two persons may purchase jointly. Employers may purchase for their boards for I their for their ministers. Apply to your poumciter; or write, pcitife free, to S. T. Buttdo, i JnlKr.dcnt of Annuities, for new booklet ind other informal State MI and Kgi lut birthday. From Chrome Leather A iferaspower Hame Strap two JM90 ton. TW-y hm ftttraefH ml waring- thftt wiH mofft tfiAa pteMt yom. May we yen oar fine Klection of haitera and fenrneM. C. G. OLANDER .......V.............. CONSUMERS' HARDWARE A SUPPLY CO LTD. LETHBR1DGE L. -B. DUNCAN NEW DAYTON BRITISH CANADIAN TRUST COT HEAD OFFICE, CONYBEARE BLOCK LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA AUTHORIZED TO ACT AS EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRATOR, ASSIGNEE, GUARDIAN, TRUSTEE GENERAL FINANCIAL AGENTS AUTHORIZED TRUSTEE UNDER BANK- RUPTCY ACT if i I in (Vntral ynshalrliowini rlllli iimlnr I'liith-iiiioii. .-nulliint like many rf our ol her varieties ;M larp, h-rlgallon. j Vro.n'tte ,'cni i oi' cereals, Is of Unsslaii origin has distributed in country hir the Michigan ttxperlnunt Stu- I j- iuvmtlsatcil. U'ltliont exception ilicy claim an Incro.ieod yfrtltl or Torty Ui sixty fmiki over ttiu {jumnion none nf c lands had any comnier- tcrnitv of ilic i-liy. v.lm to 'I thulr district thai tton and oiilxmrp In the Xorfli Mm l-liK Iron SrtaMlion (ion it is rximdcd v.ill fa.lp in rjthe HRIH of hifHlif-'Hir-f. jus! ifin- i U iu Suutliuru Alberta the c H 5T JOHN MANAC-IZ" LtTHSRlDCE, ALFA. T. K, LOCKWOOD t-ETHtlKICJGE. MOUTH ENO B'IASCM, ALTA. P. HILL.INGTON MANAGER NEW ALTA. O. J. CGtRDIE MANAGSH STIRLING. AUTA. L. G THOMAS MANAGER COALHURST, ALTA. T. L. HALPIN COALDALE, ALTA. C. T. MCKIIJNON nunncrr, AI.TA. It Costs Nothing to obtain our advice, based OH twenty-five years of experience, in the distribution of your estate under your will. invilj; uonlUlKiittul inquiries in any mutter pertaining to tiiB ailministratiuu ot Estates. TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company, Limited 220 8TH AVE. W., CALGARY ALBERTA. LETHBRIDGE OFFICE, BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDING, J. W. McNIeol, Iniptctor. ;