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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 25, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tueiday, February 25, 1975 Enforcement is critical The 24 nation Organization for Economic Co operation and Development, of which Canada is a member, has recently taken a notable step. The organization was formed 14 years ago under UN auspices to promote max- imum economic growth. In this decade, however, it has modified its thinking to the point where its members have agreed unanimously that growth should be correlated with environmental con- siderations. The Declaration of En- vironmental Policy just adopted by ministers of the OECD states has this to say: "The.improvement of the environment should reflect and promote a new approach to economic growth that will take into account all components of the quality of life and not only the quantity of goods produced. Therefore, economic and social development policies must be pursued in close connection with sound environment policies, in order to ensure a balanced contribution to the improve- ment of human well being." Member countries were urged to: Assess the potential environmental effects of chemicals and chemical products before marketing, require en- vironmental impact statements for significant public and private projects, consider taxing noisy aircraft and quiring the labelling of sound characteristics of noisy products, apply the best available abatement techniques for sulphur oxides and participate matter, integrate environmental and energy policies so that environmental protection is not sacrificed, develop a more equitable balance between rights and obligations of states regarding pollu- tion crossing international borders and reduce the eutrophication of surface waters. As the Saturday Review pointed out, in reporting enthusiastically on this declaration, there is no hedging language about costs and member countries are to report within a year on what they have done about some of the recommen- dations. The OECD does not, of course, have any enforcement authority. It simply recommends, as persuasively as possible. This brings up the principle fact of life about the environment. Enforcement of environmental regulations is always the critical factor. Regardless' of how lovely and suitable the laws, regulations and declarations of policy look in print, the test of true intent is the quality of their application. And in any country, this depends to a large ex- tent on public opinion and public concern. Canada is no different. "They're friends... left over from the Winter Do more than stand Questioning procedure in the Senate The spectator mood created by tiers of seats surrounding a playing area, as in the Lethbridge Sportsplex, seems to have the unfortunate effect of encourag- ing non participation in the singing of the national anthem. This has been noticeable at the hockey games regular- ly played in the building; doubly so at the Winter Games. One of the purposes of the Winter Games is to foster a spirit of nation uni- ty. 'That spirit is better expressed by singing the national anthem together than by standing passively while' an organist performs. Until Marvin Fox of the Blood Reserve led the singing of the national anthem before the final hockey game on Satur- day, that aspect of the Games had been largely a perfunctory thing. Some may not have sung even then because of the desire to listen to his splendid voice or because they couldn't sing the French version he employed for the first half of the anthem. Even if this was the case it could hardly be said that the anthem slipped by unnoticed. If it is not possible, henceforth, to provide a vocalist to lead in the singing at major events in the Sportsplex, the least that could be done is to invite patrons to stand and SING the national anthem not just stand. ART BUGHWALD Casting the first stone The CBS show, 60 Minutes, raised an issue two Sundays ago which people are still dis- cussing in Washington. Should the media report on the private lives of public people? More specifically, should a politician's drink- ing and philandering be treated as news? The Doves in. the press maintain that a politician should not be exposed for what he does after work, unless it interferes with his job. The Hawks say everything an elected of- ficial does is news, and the people should be informed as to his moral character from the day the person announced he is running for of- fice. Politicians are obviously on the side of the Doves. In fact one congressman, let us call him Rawhide, said, "If we must answer to the people for our private lives, why doesn't the press answer for theirs? I'd like to know what Mike Wallace does with his evenings." don't think you should take this per- sonally, I said. "How do I know that Barbara Walters doesn't have a few belts before she goes on the Today "At 6 o'clock in the I asked in a shocked voice, t "Well, I think we should know as much about the people giving the news as we do about the politicians they report on." "But that's I said. "I doubt if you could find a more clean living group of professional men and women than we have in the media. Do you know what the White House correspondents do at night'when they go on trips with the Rawhide asked. I. said. "They all make pillows for their wives." "Have you actually seen them doing I admitted, "but White House reporters never lie." "I've heard lots of stories about news- papermen, but I've never repeated them on the floor of the House." "It's good you didn't. You would probably be called on to back them up. Do you know how much Walter Cronkite or John Chancellor "Plenty, I'll Rawhide said. "One glass of wine with dinner, and only after they do the show. People in our profes- sion realize that tlje youth of this country look up to us. We can't afford to have any scandal attached to our names." "You're full of Rawhide said. "Oh, on some special occasion such as New Year's Eve or VE Day, a journalist might let himself go and have two or three drinks. But I'll say this, Congressman, I never saw a drunk newspaperman I didn't like." "Well, what about their sex lives? The FBI files are full of stories of newspapermen who were up to no good." "Lies, all I said. ''Most news- papermen and television commentators have mothers whom they see every Sunday. Do you think they could face their mothers if they had anything to be ashamed of? Frankly, it might be better if members of my profes- sion let their hair down every once in a while. But we just aren't built that way. We have a responsibility to our viewers, listeners and reading public. And they expect each and every one of us to be Mr. Clean. How could we report on politicians if our hearts and minds were not "I guess you're 'Congressman Rawhide said. "I'm sorry I raised the issue. Do you want to meet a beautiful secretary in my "I'd love to, sir. But I have to go to a prayer breakfast." OTTAWA The latest con- troversy involving the relations between the two Houses of Parliament divides two prominent Liberals; one a former minister; the other a parliamentary secretary with very strong claims to cabinet preferment. Herb Gray, until recently minister of corporate and con- sumer Affairs, has emerg- ed at the present session as a persistent and well-informed Liberal critic of government. There is some doubt that his industry has been altogether, welcome. Life tends to be easier for ministers when back-benchers recognize that their role is to be seen but not heard (except, of course, when their enthusiasm is aroused by ministerial state- What is more remarkable is the fact that the critic in this case is under fire from John Reid, who has also been restive on occasion. It was Mr. Reid on Wednesday who delighted the Opposition, but By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator not the government, by replying to a grievance about written questions with' the perceptive observation that ministers "are obviously not doing their work." Mr. Gray, oppressed by a similar conviction, made representations on the same day to the Senate banking committee which has been considering the Canadian Business Corporations Bill. The procedure was admit- tedly unusual; it caused Mr. Reid to pose as a question of privilege the matter of mem- bers of the House appearing before Senate committees to make representations about legislation which has gone through all stages in the Com- mons. It is not necessary to ex- amine Mr. Gray's case in very much detail. His essential argument was that the bill, if passed in its existing form, would not do what the House of Commons might reasonably have expected it to do when it passed third reading. Among other things, the bill a reform of federal company that companies incorporated un- der its authority must have a majority of Canadian direc- tors. It was not presented, un- til the last minute, as a solu- tion to the problem of the intrusion of foreign law in Canada. During the Christmas period, however, there was a furore over reports that Cole Industries, a subsidiary of an American firm, would be barred from carrying out an order for the sale of furniture to Cuba. This, in the view of its parent company, would contravene "the U.S Trading with the Enemy Act. At this point, when the bill had already passed second reading and undergone com- mittee scrutiny, the minister- of. industry, trade and com- merce stated that the government could intervene in the Cole case only by way of complaint and negotiation in Washington since it lacked the legislative authority to be provided by the new Cor- porations Act. There was an apparent case for according the bill very high priority; ac- cordingly, on January 7, without prior notice, the government House Leader moved the report stage and immediately thereafter third reading. Both passed without debate. Mr. Gray, in his former ca- pacity, had a great deal to do with the preparation of the bill. He is in no way opposed to it but maintains that it will simply not provide the government with the legislative authority at- tributed to it by plain implica- tion. In his appearance before the Senate committee, he sug- gested a number of amend- ments which might make it a more effective instrument for dealing with the foreign law issue. Was Mr. Gray's interven- tion proper or was it not? It would be unfair to anticipate the arguments of Mr. Reid, who is a very able debater. New prognosis for South Africa's future WASHINGTON I went to the home of my journalist colleague, Bill Raspberry, recently to view a terribly moving film about South Africa, Last Grave at Dim- baza. My mind was tormented that bad sleep night by pic- tures of black children starv- ing in this land rich with gold, diamonds, uranium and an incredibly high standard of living for the whites who rule it. I had half nightmares over the African men who had been dragged away from their families, whom they would see only once a year, to dp killing labor, for pennies, in the mines that enrich a Euro- pean minority which holds power by maintaining one of the most ruthless police states in the world. How hard it is for any of us to maintain a proper level of indignation about the brutalities that surround us. That movie made me aware of how four years had wiped away the anger and disgust which overwhelmed my wife and me when we saw South African racism firsthand. By Carl T. Rowan, syndicated commentator The movie also caused me to reconsider recent events and conclude that I may have made one misjudgment in what I wrote alter my visit to South Africa. I said the police state in South Africa was so all per- vasive, the economic and military power of the whites so overwhelming, that even the most shrewdly conceived freedom movement by Africans, "coloreds" or In- dians would be crushed in its infancy. My judgment as to the om- nipresence of the police state apparatus remains accurate; what I may have misjudged is the force of the Africans' desire to be free, and the abili- ty of other African states (plus Russia and China in some instances) to inspire and support a black uprising. When I left South Africa, Portugal was a powerful and cocky ally of white supremacy in the southern end of Africa, and was the last great holdout of the European colonial powers. All the evidence suggested that ragtag rebel movements would become farces in the face of Por- LETTER Amazing volunteers tugal's military power, and that Angola and Mozambique would remain Portuguese colonies as far ahead as anyone dared predict. But we have just seen in these colonies the same bitter lesson 'that we Americans learned in Indochina: there are stark limitations on the usages of military power against people who are deter- mined to be free of foreign domination. Not only are the former Portuguese colonies becoming independent; the tragedy is that stubborn and foolish Por- tuguese rulers held .out until the guerrilla wars 'wrecked Portugal's economy and created such internal up- heaval there is now a .grave possibility that this once 'staunch NATO ally may go Communist. This rapid collapse of colonialism in Angola and Mozambique jeopardizes, in ways I scarcely thought possible, the continuation of white minority domination in Rhodesia and South Africa, the two last bastions of white supremacy on the continent. Rhodesia is in special peril. Some whites are trying to hold paradise lands for themselves while relegating five million blacks to ser- vitude and the scrublands, even as bloody black uprisings spring up inside Rhodesia and on the borders.' has shown signs that he realizes an era has arrived in which obdurate apartheid is the route to calamity for 3.5 million whites who have heretofore lorded it over 14 million blacks, two million "coloreds" and close to a million Asians. Vorster wants to withdraw the South African troops that Clearly, however, the member for Kenora-Rainy River will have to overcome some apparently formidable objections if he is to succeed in his presentation. While the appearance of a private member was certainly unusual, it is normal enough for Senate committees to hear cabinet ministers. They also regularly hear represen- tations from private organizations. Mr. Reid will have uncovered a very strange situation if it turns out, on examination, that elected members are subject to disabilities not shared, for example, by the president of the -Canadian Manufacturers' Association. Such a finding would be dis- turbing for another reason. There is no question that the Senate has always enjoyed, and still enjoys, the right to amend such legislation. The House may, of course, accept or reject such amendments. This right was accorded the upper House for an important reason; it was supposed to be a chamber of "sober second thought." In other words it might, by a careful and more leisurely inspection of legislation, save the House of Commons from unnecessary mistakes. The possibility of legislative error has not de- creased with time; indeed, the reverse is true because the volume of business has enormously increased. But if the Senate is to offer considered amendments, it must have the opportunity to hear expert witnesses. Mr. Gray would appear to qualify since lie was the responsible have been defending since he was the responsible Rhodesia. He has moved in' minister when the bill, minus to establish a few subsequent amend seeming panic ._ friendly relations with black African countries. He has; against passionate opposition, made high publicized gestures toward wiping out apartheid as it applies to black foreigners. Vorster knows that in 10 years South Africa could be just an enclave of 3.5 million whites, caught between a con- tinent of angry blacks and the sea. Just as "peaceful co ex- istence" with the Russians was considered a traitorous phase 15 years ago but is total- ly accepted by most Americans today, so the South Africans have begun to think of accepting what has been un- thinkable: a meaningful role in government by black Africans, which ultimately would have to lead to black rule. This won't happen soon, but I'm ready to concede that my talk of 50 years might have been a trifle pessimistic. "I did. ..she just slid 'Why Creek rece pressions of appreciation which are rather difficult to pass on so I am so pleased to have this written thank you. (MRS) J. M. SAWYER, Office Manager, Canada Winter Games, Pincher Creek We have thoroughly enjoyed our stay in Pincher Creek. Ian Smith, prime minister of this regime created in merits, was being developed. It may well be that the gov- ernment, impatient with' delays in the House, would not look with fayor on Senate amendments adding to the legislative workload. But the government, at the outset of the session, emphasized its interest in making the second chamber more effective. It has been credited with a desire to make some appoint- ments from Opposition par- ties because the Conservative group in the Senate has been so reduced over time that it is hard put to staff committees or to mount effective criticism. If the intent is that a Senate so reformed should play a more useful parliamen- tary role, it is curious that a beginning should be made by a move in the Commons which would have the practical effect of limiting the power of the Senate, to hear rep- resentations about pending legislation. Following is a letter left at The skiing has been great but The Uthbridge Herald isinns of haS ffCCd black DOlltiul We were amazed by the number of volunteers and their interest in us. The com- munity couldn't have been nicer. We have slept and eaten in supreme comfort thanks to them all and our perfor- mances can only have benefited. THE MANITOBA CROSS- COUNTRY SKI TEAM He has freed black prisoners and permitted them to engage in dialogues which might pave the way to majori- ty rule. And even though pride and fear have caused Smith to back off this, it must be as clear to him as the certain eventuality of death that white Rhodesians cannot win a struggle which Portugal had to abandon. South Africa's Prime Minister John Vorster also 504 7th SI. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 OLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor HOY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. 8ARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;