Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
MORE CANADIAN CONTENT FOR SCHOOL CURRICULUM Pilot school project assesses effect of pressure groups By JIM GRANT Herald Staff Writer A nation-wide effort to put Canadian content into the school curriculum has spread its grassroots research into Lethbridge schools. The movement, sponsored by the Canada Studies Foundation, has spread to a total of 38 centres throughout Canada in an effort to develop a curriculum that gives students an appreciation of their country. Through pilot projects the foundation provides educators from different regions of Canada with the opportunity to work together in the development and exchange of learning materials for use in Canadian schools. The pilot projects in the Western provinces are all planned and developed by teachers at the classroom level under the supervision of a local Project Canada West team. In Lethbridge, Project Canada West projects are supervised by a University of Lethbridge professor and five teachers from county, separate and public schools. They co-ordinate the pilot research work of a special group of teachers in local schools. Each project is developed, tested in the classrooms, revised, submitted to other Project Canada West participants for final evaluation and then edited for final presentation. The final presentation is in the form of a teachers' handbook that can be used to assist in the instruction of a particular unit of the Grade 10 social studies curriculum. Urban life stressed Project Canada West teams concentrate research on urbanization and urban life. The phase of urban life chosen by the Lethbridge participants in Project Canada West was the effect pressure groups have on the decision-making process of urban government. The Lethbridge team chose this area of study because it feels students must be shown that when they become citizens their involvement in political decisions must go beyond just voting in elections. Students must be aware of the manipulation of "public opinion by pressure groups and political party organizers, the team suggests. The team also believes individual frustration with problems of urban living often develop because the average citizen doesn't know what he can do to bring about the necessary changes. To develop a case-study that could be included in the teachers' handbook on pressure groups, the Lethbridge team chose a few Grade 10 classes of students as models to research local controversial issues. The re-development of downtown Lethbridge, the establishment of the University of Lethbridge and the effect of the Holiday Village on its neighboring residential area were a few of the controversial issues studied by the students. Through a process of elimination, the students arrived at a list of the 35 people they found to be the most influential in local political decision- making. They then interviewed the people on the list as well as all other persons who were directly involved with the controversial issue. The students also collected documents and newspaper articles that have a direct relationship to the issue they're researching. They then analyzed the data, debated the issue in discussion groups and simulated, in a game situation, the positions of the people concerned with the issue. In addition to the written report, the final presentation in some projects included a multi-media presentation of slides, audio and video tape and cartoons. Officials co-operative Some students began the project with a negative attitude toward city officials and administrators holding high positions in some firms and were surprised "that these guys would actually take time to talk to ordinary recalls Marge Clark, a Lethbridge Collegiate Institute social studies teacher and a member of the Project Canada West Lethbridge team. She says city officials, aldermen, the mayor, businessmen and many other people in the city have been very co- operative in providing the students with information and opinions of the issue being researched. At'several phases of their research, students conducted their own evaluation. "Students weighed the values the esthetic and the of the issue under study, Miss Clark says. Procedures tested Dick Kanishiro, a member of the Project Canada West team from Kate Andrews High School in Coaldale, says the students found that the opposition of citizen groups to a particular development in the city often is beneficial even though officials decide to go ahead with the development. "The benefits are often hard to see, but they're he says. The fears of the barm the development may cause to the esthetic values of the city, that are voiced by the people who are in opposition, do make the developer and city officials take preventive measures to make sure the fears have no grounds in the future, Mr. Kanishiro says. The whole process helps students recognize and understand the political activity of the urban community in Canada. The research the students and the teacher do in the development of their particular pilot project is used as a test of the procedures that have been included in the newly developed teachers' handbook. Or. Harold Skolrood, associate professor of education at the University of Lethbridge, says Project Canada West is based on the proposition that students and teachers are curriculum makers. "We're all very dedicated to the concept of teacher-student curriculum he claims. Because the curriculum is developed and tested by students and teachers, it should be more applicable to the classroom situation, according to the local team. The department of education, school boards, the Alberta Teachers Association and the universities also provide an input into the development of the final product. The teachers' handbook, the final product, provides the teacher with tested plans for study of a particular issue in urban life. Henry Krause, chairman of the Lethbridge team and a Winston Churchill High School teacher, says a teacher doesn't have to have a political science background to teach urban affairs if he or she uses the teachers' handbook. Expand project One of the long-range goals of Project Canada West is to spur the creation of the role of teacher curriculum developer in educational systems. By the time it completes its role in 1975, Project Canada West teams hope they will have set an example for school boards and the department of education to follow. It is hoped school boards will begin their own experimental programs and the departments of education will create ways and means to employ teachers "in a more meaningful way in the curriculum development an. annual report of the Project Canada West teams states. Mr. Krause says the local team would like to see teacher-curriculum development "expand to all subjects." Dr. Skolrood says the Lethbridge team and other educators in the city "are thinking of developing a curriculum centre." However, at the present time it is only in the "embryo" stage of development. SECOND SECTION The Lethbridge Herald Lethbridge, Alberta, Monday, February 25, 1974 Pages 11 to 20 Good news for sugar beet growers but Steaking prices 'unpredictable' Tired swinger Swinger Brenda Pedersen, 16, of Lethbridge took advantage of Chinook conditions on the weekend to enjoy a lark in the park. Unfortunately, she was not swinging into Spring as the weather office predicts more winter weather ahead. But in the meantime, highs of 35 to 40 degrees and sunny skies are forecast for Tuesday. The price of sugar has so increased on the world market it is impossible to predict what it will be at any given time, says the manager of Canadian Sugar Factories Ltd. in Lethbridge. The most recent price jump amounted to per hundred pounds. Sugar is not priced on a cost of production as are many other products tut on a supply-demand situation. And a world shortage 'now exists, says Dwight Purdy. Canadian Sugar Factories processes sugar beets in Taber and Picture Butte grown on about acres of farmland in Southern Alberta yearly. It sells sugar on the wholesale market throughout Alberta and Saskatchewan. Mr. Purdy said the present selling price for wholesale sugar in Calgary is per hundred pounds, about five cents a pound less than in Lethbridge. Sugar sells for less in Calgary because this is the location in Western Canada which could bring in cane sugar the cheapest. Cane sugar is the base for pricing beet sugar in the west, said Mr. Purdy. For this reason, the price set for sugar by Canadian Sugar Factories is always slightly less than what cane sugar could be delivered to any point in Alberta and Saskatchewan for. Refined sugar on the wholesale market in Montreal was slightly more than per hundred pounds this week but it was selling for less in Vancouver. Because the Vancouver market was lower, the selling price in Alberta Mr. Purdy said farmers in Southern Alberta should be happy with the returns from the sale of beets from the 1973 crop. Farmers received an initial payment when they delivered their beets to (be factory last October 1973. The total sugar processed from UK beets will likely be sold by October or November this year. When the final sales are completed for this sugar, the factory will compute the amount of money made in excess of processing, handling and freight costs. This amount is then divided among the sugar beet growers in Southern Alberta as a final beet payment. Mr. Purdy cautioned that although the price of sugar is high now and the returns for sugar beet growers will be high if it continues, the bottom could fall out of the market at any time. The average payment to farmers has been about per ton but with the current high sugar prices, the payment could reach per ton, he said. With the high expected returns for producers, many fanners who had talked of quitting the sugar beet industry are taking a second look, said Mr. COLLEGE DAY CARE CENTRE GIVES EXPERIENCE TO AIDES Lethbridge Community College has opened a day-care centre on its campus. Intended mainly for children of college students, the centre is open five days a week from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Two classrooms were renovated to provide an activity room and a quiet room for eating and resting. Two-to five-year-old children spend the day in organized activities, educational television watching, recreation and free-time play. The day-care centre also serves a teaching purpose at the college. It provides internship experience for students in the day-care aide course operated under the provincial government's priority employment program. The day-care aide students are supervised by Judy Sandburg, a former school teacher. Furniture was constructed by students in another PEP course, building maintenance, and meals and snacks are cooked by the college's commercial cooking students. Calgary diocese wants no part of Pincher hospital dispute Local team, tops hose-laying contest The lighter side of firefighting dominated the Exhibition Pavilion Saturday as 23 teams from fire departments in Alberta, British Colombia and Montana competed for prizes at the 6th annual Lethbridge hose-laying competition. The Lethbridge No. 2 team came away with the Silver Line trophy for the best aggregate time in the men's competition. They also won the Lethbridge Hotel trophy for the single time in make and break. Make and break is an event in which the team must connect a hose to a hydrant and knock over the target with the stream. They then have to disconnect the brae, attach it to a dummy pumper and knock over the target again. The Camrose team won the Local 237 trophy for the best single time in changing a length. The Picture Botte team came through with second prizes in all three categories. In the women's competition, Picture Botte No. 1 won the McDonald's trophy for the best single time in changing a length, as well as first place for the best aggregate time. Taber came second in changing a length. Picture Butte No. 2 won second for aggregate time. The competition was capped by a banquet and dance Saturday jnght By MURDOCH MACLEOD Herald Staff Writer The Roman Catholic Diocese of Calgary does not want to become involved in a dispute over the future of St Vincent's Hospital in Pincher Creek, Bishop Paul O'Byrne said in Lethbridge Saturday. The provincial government has proposed renovations to a wing of the hospital built in 1948 and construction of a new wing to replace a portion of the hospital built in 1908, but medical personnel and town officials want an entire new hospital, to be controlled by the municipality. The matter was the subject of a heated public meeting in Pincher Creek last week and the town is preparing a submission to the government. Bishop O'Byrne said the diocese's responsibility for the hospital was one of overview, acting in the interests of the Daughters of Jesus, the order of nuns which owns it. "We didn't want to come in and create a hassle or a conflict in the said the bishop. "We only agreed to the present arrangement after we were sure it was acceptable to Pincher Creek and the surrounding community." He said the diocese first became involved "a couple of years ago" when the Sisters felt they did not have enough inembeis available. They did not want to run the hospital from Edmonton, he said, and considered selling it The diocese offered its support, after consulting with other members of the Christian commofiily, to have a hospital in the area with a Christian focus. A !ease was drawn up between the nuns and the diocese, said Bishop after talks with local municipalities. The diocese's involvement, which was in the nature of an experiment, was also cleared with the provincial department of health and social development, he said. The bishop also said the hospital's advisory board agreed to the new arrangement only on condition it become a management board. Board members can be appointed by the Towns of Pincher Creek and Cowley, the Municipal District of Pincher Creek and the Peigan Indian Reserve, he said. Three of the members also act for the diocese. "Although the ownership responsibility, lies with the said the bishop, "The total management responsibility since July lies with the local management board." "The main thing is that the hospital does its he added. He said the diocese stands to make no financial gain from the hospital. The new arrangement took effect July 1, 1973 and one of the board's first acts was to consider the renovation ques- tion, he said. The diocese went along with the decision made by the management board, Bishop O'Byrne said. f Reserved There's more than one way to reserve a seat as this upended bench in Gait Gardens indicates. It won't be long before the benches win all be taken by sufferers 9! spring fever looking for a quiet place in the sun.