Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
IHE lETHBR'.DGE HCRALD Iriclt'V, Fcbiunry 25, 197? A water policy for Alberta Snim ,nU'i- l.iknm (Ulicc last full, in' iic-v. Aliji rta p.UM-mncnt is.'.'iiwl .1 slaleinenl mi water policv Iliat seemed mli'iulL'il more in discmlit liie preuons guvirnnu'iil than to con- tribute lo public iinilurslamlmg ut lilt Since tliiMi there have been o[ more restraint, more responsibility and more thouylit. A water policy Mib.Mance and moaning is being ton- sidercil by Ihe covcrnnienl. Vrc- Loiiuhecd. in his Chamber (it I'l'mmc-ive address in Iliat this part of Ihc prov- UILT iniillU have something of value lo contribute lo the governmenl'.s Tliese. we siiijiml. should be the key considerations in any worthwhile lialer policy: 1. Life iii Aliierla ias in other of Ihc world i is founded on nature and nature's resources, and (hsiurbins these resources can have a deep effect on the province's econ- omy and society. Alore consideration should be yiven to possible ill effects from massive water redistribution. 2. Yd there is an essential inconi- palability between civilization and un- spoiled nature, and at every I ti r n Ihere must be compromises. Compromises on quality, how- ever, will become more and more intolerable. Water pollution can he controlled, nnd governments must in- sist lhat it be controlled. The prin- ciple can be enforced lhat whoever borrows water must return it in as condition as he found it. Stream flow is perpetual. Re- moval of water from a stream bed ludriy lias no effect on tomorrow's snpplv. .Extraction and consumption 14 cas or oil or coal or other min- erals or soil fertility, on (lie oilier hand, means that much is gone for- ever anil will ncu'r be replaced. 5. The world water cycle is not damaged by interruption of the flow inlii any particular ocean. There is nothing intrinsically essential in the present flows into 'the Arctic Ocean or Hudson's Bay, for instance, if bet- ter ulihzation can be obtained by di- u-rlmg some ot the wafer elsewhere. 0. Power development near llie mouths of rivers is inefficient and unwise, if if requires commitment of water lhal might be better utilized, even consumed, upstream. 7 Irrigation is the only serious ''consumer" of water. With every oth- er use, nearly as much is relumed lo (he stream as is withdrawn. il. Irrigation is an essential and honorable function, and as long as Ihe water is available, its use for ir- rigation should be encouraged. '.'I. Southern Alberta, with a vast irrigation potential, is potentially wa- ter-deficient. 10. Northern Alberta, with higher precipitation, larger streams, lower evaporation and little irrigation po- tential, lias a surplus of water. 11. Without overlooking the ecologi- cal problems, the diversion of water from the north to the south should be seriously studied. 12. Northwestern Canada is one of the world's great water surplus areas, and if assistance to water-de- ficient areas anywhere is justifiable, it ought to he from Northwestern Canada. 13. If the extraction and sale Al- berta's non renewable mineral re- sources is good business, surely it is good business at least to think about ihc sale of possible surpluses of a thoroughly renewable resource. In other words it is irresponsible to say at Ihis time, without study, that Al- berta must never sell water. ,4 significant turning Without exception, the hopefuls for Ihc Democratic presidential nomina- tion for this fall's election in the United States have welcomed Presi- dent Nixon's visit to China. The ac- co''d which characterizes Ihc major- My of ihc American people over this matter is remarkable and refreshing. If President Nixon could face an electoral lest at Ihis time, the popu- larity of his initiative in seeking talks with the Chinese would assure him of re-election. But Mr. Nixon will not he. able to submit to the polls until. November, several months hence. The euphoric mood could evaporate by that time. There is a danger that Mr. Nixon may be victimized by the same kind of unrealistic expectations as have be- devilled Canada's Prime Minister Trudeau. .lust as .Mr. Trudeau's dis- avowals of unreasonable hopes avail- ed him nothing, so the warnings President Nixon not to anticipate too much of his visit may not he heeded. II is highly unlikely that the talks in China will have any effect on the war in Vietnam, for instance. But undoubtedly there is a great wish that they migbt somehow lead to a quick settlement. When the Ameri- can people come to the election and find their country still embroiled in that war the disillusionment they will experience may be unfairly attribut- ed to Mr. Nixon's failure to do any- thing about the problem while in China. Even if Mr. Nixon has undertaken this trip with an eye lo getting re- elected (u'hich is placing the lowest kind of interpretation on it) and it should backfire because of those vain expectations, the visit will make an indelible mark on history. A turning of significance the full import of which may not be discernible by next November has taken place. ERIC NICOL Sunday schooling and me middle name is Patrick rnd mo grandfather was of Hie Auld Sod. but I'm still unable to become par- ,'fhniit (he Iroublr.s in Ireland. .Menially 1 march wth neither Catholic PrclesUni. I sympathize both s.des. 1 deplore the Bogsidcr's broken head imirh as I do I lip. sniper's bullet, in a Hi .Soldier. I ;mi a disgrace lo the 1 am neutral. Vilurally I have an alibi. I blame my nitons training, my lliorotigli Jridoclrma- n heathen. Al Ihc v.'lien olhcr children ucrc ab- snriiing Ihfl clen'enli, ot a lasting relation- v.Uh lha Pope OT Cajiterbiiry, I was looking f-jr hrtte. Every Sunday morn- inn found mo out on Iho golf course, or miller in Lhc beside Ihe raimays, rncaL'rrl m pitrj-inl of Ihn Ihc hernnflcr of a had I w a ,s IheolofJically updcrpnvilcKed. Whilr my friends Sunday school, faimnu Ihe kind of IraimnK need lo jink up a :md pile jl at anolhcr "Ood Chi'isUan, 1 experiencing '.lie non-spiri- tual ecstasy of falling lo my knees in dis- covery of NIC I'arDilp iinmacuLile. To IDG no heavenly cherub so divinely dim- pled as a Dunlop. el T li'ilfl no my en's for failing lo inculcate Ihe ichgioiis priiu-ipli's lor Irish blood ,so readily CIHMIS In a hoil. Mo molher came from Ireland (Mice removed. in .-ifi.'j ;is MIC- a rnarilal involi-f-nirnl in llu' World enimhlrd up instniclinn for so many of h. d no real (if priming me He '.hiiii of piety lhat. up an .'uilornobilc. .My ignorance of the difference between Right and English continued well into my teens. It was during lhat period that I first heard the Irish wheeze aljout the good Catholic girl who left home lo lind work in Dublin and when her mother phoned her, confessed that she had become a prostitute. screamed Mother Macrcc. "What, did ye say become a sighed (he molher, much re- lieved. "I thought ye said 'Protestant.'" For me, it look a moment for tire penny to drop, localise F was that ignorant about Irish sectarianism. Even now the humor o! the stoi-y reaches me indirectly, via Ulys- ses and Barn- Pil7.gerald. I conclude that there is something about Die religious climalc of Canada nosiern Canada particularly lhat is hoshle lo I'lianatic Ilibemia. It just doesn't grow the nay it should. Rain and righteousness not- withstanding, in Canada one's Irish withers on the vine Somebody once delined an Irishman ai a man who will slep over six naked women lo reach a bottle, of whiskey. I fail on this count loo. A business acquaintance who know of my Irish heritage once made me a gift of a crock of expensive Irish whis- key. When I told him lhal I had no laslo for hard liquor, he iiale. I had destroyed one of Ihc Irneis nF his Inilb 'Ihe onlv way I ,ser Ibal I might IHTOIIIR emotionally involved with Ireland's turmoil is if Ihe Catholics or the ProleslanU start hurling golf balls at the enemy. Then, lailh. I'll remember my Sunday .schooling. (Vain.....ver I'rnvinrfl Fralmc) Was Washington trade stand a surprise? Answering ques- tions on television last Oct. 15 about the Canadian response ti) UK- United Sfiitcs' import surcharge, T r a d e Minister .lean-Luc Popin said, "I hope we moot again in five monlhs from now and you'll say (lie Canadian Government a s pi-elly shrewd tliroiighonl Ilic whole process and we came out out of it relatively well." Willi one month lo go, the verdict is still in doubt. Ft looked more doubtful Decently v. hen Washington began to ex- ert public pressure on Ottawa for trade concessions. There v.-as immediate speculation that relations between the two countries hiive deteriorated dangerously, the danger being particularly obvious For the Triiclcau government ns it pre- pares For an election expected some time tliis year. The news from Washington siirpriscil most Canadians. .Since last December, Iho coun- try 1ms been led lo lielieve (hat Canada alone escaped unscathed from inlernatioua) crisis triggered by President Nixon's announcement of the surcharge ]asl August. Trrde and monetary adjust- mcnls, in particular Ihc fixing Hi exchange rates, were actci. From every oilier major trading partner of the United Status. Canada atone retained a Unaling exchange rate. The only concession made Ijy tins Ciiunlry, in lino with its policy lhat Canada was not at all responsible for U.S. diffi- cnllios. was an agreement lo nri'olialc trade "irritants" be- the two countries. apparently hoped that this picture would remain unti] the election was .safely out of Ihe way. But Washington isn't going to play it like that. The Americans realize lhal Hie Tnidcan gov- ernment is particularly sensitive in an election year lo charges of mishandling relaions willi Ihc United States. Despite the rise of nationalist spirit in Canada in recent years, many Canadians remain apprehensive about standing up to the so far friendly elephant to the south. Washington made it plain lhat il is quite pre- pared to employ Ihis Canadian reflex against (lie Canadian government to gain its own ends. The Trmloan gjncrnmcnl has leFt itscIF even more vulnerable to this taciic than it would be normally. It has been less than Frank with about the Full implications [or this coun- try of the international negotia- tions last December. Ft has given the impression that the sheer genius of former finance minislcr Edgar Benson enabled Canada lo stand it-5 ground while every other country was making concessions. When Opposition Leader ftob- crt StanFicid asked Benson in Parliament last Dec. 20 "whether any conditions were attached lo Canada being al- lowed lo Float the dollar that Canadians hadn't been told the Finance minister, according to Ihe Canadian Press report, "shook his head in indication lhat there are not." The news from Washington had many rr.ore Canadians shaking their heads, this time in puzzlement. Was it possible lo believe that the Trudeau government was genuinely sur- prised by the American re- sponse? tlad Benson and Pepin rcaliy expected the Americans to be salislicd w 11 ti concessions "But, monsieur, what can I possibly teach you? You 've been in the business much longer than I have." Letters to the editor Elaboration of reported address for clarification With regards to my address lo the annual meuling of the Lelhbridge Society for Jleals On Wheels which was reported in The Lethbridge Herald on Tuesday, February 22nd, Mr. Ttic1 Swiharl accurate with rcspcet to the words used but the sequence in which lie placed them was not accurate. The sequence in which I had placed the words was as fol- lows: "A social utility is a social invenlion, n reeoiirce. or facili- ty, designed lo meet a general- ly experienced need in social man living. II is delincd as so vital that the broader community sutlers from the results of Iho deprivation faced by an indivi- dual. Because of. this, the pro- vision is not left lo the market economy even though some es- pecially affluent people may continue lo resort la the mar- ket. "The concept 'social utilities' carries the social welfare sys- tem beyond traditional limita- tions of social services. Fn many places, social services have been considered as ad- dressed lo failures, the malad- justed and the sick and as con- sist inp only of facilitating the rehabilitate efforts. The asnmplion M'JJS lhat all .social welfare programs and social work services were basically temporary and transitional. "In recent years another per- spective has been articulated, the institutional view of the social welfare. In this view so- ciety lakes account of techno- logical and social changes which alter the relationships ot man both lo primary institu- tions and lo Ihe general social environment. New social 'in- ventions' appear (preventive, social services, for example) in response to the functional pre-rcquisitc of life in this changed social environment; and they arc as 'normal' in (heir relationship lo these, changed circumstances, as were the originally developed primary social institutions ot a primitive agricultural econo- my. Nor are they lo be consid- ered temporary or transitional. Social insurance, public hous- ing, services lo Ihe aged, day care services, or counselling programs may be seen as social response lo new chal- lenge and circumstance. To stigmatize or penalize the user is no more rational than it would have been lo have called a ninclccnlh century American Farmer excessively dependent because of the many ways in which he counted on (lie other member of his Family and pri- mary group." ANTHONY Cl. TOB1N Director Preventive Social Services Uithbridjc. which obviously would have no t'ffeel OH I lie problem thai is uppermost in the minds of A m eric a n negotiators, Ihe I'niled .Stales' current unfavor- able balance of trade with Can- ada? "Nu Canadian will fault our politicians For driving a hard bargain with the Uniled Stales. Bui Iliere ;irc dangers in cele- brating a victory after winning an initial skirmish, and in try- ing lo pretend that the real bal- lle is only a mopping-up opera- tion. Tlic danger is lo the credi- bilily of the government. IF (he Americans were under (he impression (hat Canada bad agreed In trade conces- sions, were Ihere hidden con- cessions in any other areas? Cerlain pecple in Toronlo and Montreal investment circles now believe that (here were. Three weeks alter Benson's ''victory" in Washington, his Fi- nance in Ottawa quietly announced the early amendment of (he 1956 Canada- (icrmany income tax conven- tion. Tlie announcement was virtually unnoticed but it did represent an imporlant conces- sion lor Canada, although Die reasons lor the concession are still unclear. The Canada-Germany income tax convention has a unique feature. It provides lhat real estate rental payments and mortgage interest which West Germans receive from Canada arc subject to a 15 po'' cent withholding imposed by Canada but exempt from any further tax in Germany. As a result o[ this unusual provision, real estate invest- ment lias flooded inlo Canada from Germany, No one knows r.vacUy bow much but the cur- rent estimate is a total invest- ment of -S5HO million. Invest- ment experts in Toronlo claim that a single fund in Hamburg has more lhan S250 million in- vested in Canadian real estate. As a result of the tax conven- tion, West Germany now ranks with the most important for- eign source of this type of in-' vestment in Canada. One of the biggest developers in Calgary, fcr instance, constructing dwelling unils a year, is said lo be M per cent German-min- ed. This investment has been useful for Canada, socially and economically. Ft has stimulated residential construction and helped lo keep doivn mortgage rales. It has also had none of Ihe political disadvantages of direct foreign investment in Canadian industry. The federal republic has been trying for at least a de- cade to remove this provision from the income tax conven- tion. Now, although Canada is on the eve of negotiating new bilateral tax treaties with Ger- many and a host of oilier coun- tries, Ottawa has suddenly agreed to remove this pro- vision from the existing treaty riot later lhan the end of this year. This Is clearly a concession on Canada's part. What has Can- ada gained in rclurn? In Monlrcal and Toronto real estate circles, the word is that the special provision was bar- tered for German support of Canada's floating exchange rate lasl December. This explanation is denied by officials in the finance depart- ment but no other rationale for the concession has been given. This kind of report circulates freely in the climate of uncer- tainly lhal the government it- self has created. It illustrates the clisadvanaiages of shielding the public from unpleasant faels for the sake of short-term polilical popularity (Toronto Star Syndicate) lie English heart good lo read Ihe tellers of an educated Irishman like I.mils liurke. 1 have always admired the fair, unbiased, unbilled logic o( the educated man; and in Mr. Burkes outpourings, we get Ihis in Full measure. Witness his generous treatment of lhat German turncoat Mountbatlen il just shows clever Mr. Burke is I served under MounlbatlcM and never knew flll Ihnsc things Mint Minus lunv we stupid F.ngiish- lllcii can lie deceived. I am more than pleased lo con- tribute lo education when it turns mil such as Mr liurke; and I shall be pleased lu .see his next Idler, lolling us clearly and without bias bow those dastardly lOnglishmcn managed lo blow up thai pub m killing nineteen. Hi'l- ler still, he should wnln us ;m historical report on Ihe brilli- ant miblarv operation by Hie 1I1A mi Ihc" Parachute Brigade, III) I rail ice Ihi'so heroes lulled seven murdei ing I'rilish including women and a Roman Calhohc padre. W. COIioniM') A Morn) ulio li'nie'l Save the English image Looking backward On Ihe editorial page rcecnt- ly. there was a comment re- garding a change of name for Ihe RCMP. It was observed that if Ihe name was changed, it really did not mat- ter. 1 beg lo differ. due gels very tired of the. mnulbod plalilndes re- garding Ihe need lo bolsler Ihe I'Vench Canadian image in C'aiKHla. A great deal of money has been spent changing all federal road signs, throughout Canada, inlo boll) French and English. I doubt whether the French language signs have any wesl of Ontario. The same could be said for all federal publications. Apparenlly. .someone in Mr. Cover's department is either naive or idiolie enough lo think lhal I be cresl, and world, from Ihe pol- ice insignia would brighten up the lives of Ihe French-Cana- dians, t doubt wholher there are very many, oven in Que- bec, who are dial, stupid. The RCMI' Force is famed throughout Ihe world, and is linoun as one of, il not Iho most, efficient and unbiased police Forces am where. The name and crest were earned the hard way. It seems lo me it is iime the government paid a little heed lo the traditions and culture ol ICnglish speaking Canada. Tlic liC.W Force is ;jlso a grcal tourist allraelion, and a change of name, or uniform would certainly detract from its image. I am surprised thai (bey do not suggest changing (lie name to something real cute, like 'Canadian Kops'. If the name, 'Koyal'. bothers them so much, perhaps they should consider banning Royal Crown soap From the Canadian markel. II. seems In me', lhal in Hie. malfer oF changing the name, of such a famous as Ihe HO1I', Ihe police Ihem- sclves should be consulted, (f the men were polled, F nm sure, their answer would lie a re- sounding, W. W. IMI.GI.IKSII J'ir.lurR 13ulle mi; IIEIULD Jack Palmer and Fjieiit. II. II. Filzsimmoris, Lclh- bridge's intrepid airmen, are now completing arrangements for a flight from Lelhbridgc lo Ollawa and return in the early part of Hie coming summer. At Ihe end of the IPIb week of the Alberta egg laying cviitlcsl, llie pen of second gen- eration pullets owned by I1'red Gnnick of Coalhurst continue lo niainlaiii their [Kisilion as tile leading pen in the Do- minion for Ihc number of poinLs earned. Boy Scouts joined with Ihonsands of others in establishing a chain of beacon fires across the Do- minion Tuesday evening lo s I i m u I a I c Canada's Second Vielorv Ixian. Shrove Tuesday in l.clhhridrio be nolable this a.s a icsult of a paneako ogling challenge issued by IT, Bob Kil.son. president of the Lethbridge Chamber of Com- bv mayor S. Tureolle. The Lethbridge Herald 501 7Lh KL. S., Lcllibriclgc, Alborla HERALD r'0. LTD., ['rnprirlnrs nnd Publishers Published hy Hon. A. HUf.'HANAN Sncrmd Clfl'.i M.lM Rrril'-lrrtllon No 0013 mlicr ol Thr frrss and Mm C.innih.in Daily. NrwspAcer uljlisnerj' Associ.ilior] Die Autlii Burro u ot C ire LUiil ions CLFO W. AAOWF.RS, Hdilnr ,intl Pulili'.hnr THOMAS U. ADAMS, Gcncidl Mnn.innr PON Pll 1 INT, Wll 1.1 AM HAY t'd'lnr Ml" I riilnj ROY I K WA1KTR AdvertiMno Mnn.Kir-r hililori.il ['.ino llcJilor "THE MCRALD SERVLS THE SOUTH"